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Reference Article on QA

quantum archaeology resurrection science resurrection philosophy

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#1 Innocent

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Posted 13 July 2013 - 03:25 PM


This is a capture of the Quantum Archaeology article. It was written in the language of the day (2013 C.E.) and was an argument to break open the idea to the public, who with the exception of cryonicists al accepted that Death was the end. Religions had never accepted that, but were in conflict with science. It was written when hyertext links were commonly inserted into articles I apologise for their inevitable defunctness and my own many bluinders in setting down the subject.
It may seem at first galnace, that Quantum Archaeology is in conflict with cryonics,. It is not. Our arch aim is the surivival of as many beings as possible. Nor is in conflict with Religion who had predcted resurrection for thousands of years, and some relgious groups have already embraced it.

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QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY


Tthe controversial science of resurrecting the dead.


Posted Image


"All great truths begin as blasphemies."

George Bernard Shaw




  • Micro Map of the past being created.
  • Quantum computers and new maths to calculate detailed histories and memories of everyone dead.
  • Face and body reconstructions a million years old already achieved: mind reconstructions coming.
  • 106 billion people to be resurrected within 40 years.
(c~) text copyrights waived (70,000+ words). Under construction. - Gathered from better minds at kurzweilai.net forums and longecity forums inter alia.. Bibliography to 2012 page 9. Parts of this paper have been published in the online journals turingchurch.com, transhumanity.net and immortallife.info.
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"...information is incapable of being destroyed - that is the deepest physics I know." Leonard Susskind.





INTRODUCTION



Quantum Archaeology is a prescience of resurrection of the dead using proces technologies due in 20-40 years.Organisms extinct for hundreds of millions of years have already been resurrected in evolutionary biology and historical information is now thought incapable of destruction.
It involves building the Quantum Archaeology Grid to plot all knowable events of the past, filling the gaps by cross-referencing heuristically, and deducing by the laws of science. Specialist grids already exist waiting to be merged, including cosmic ones with trillions of moving evolution points. The result will be a mega-matrix crisp enough to describe then simulate the past. Quantum computers and super-recursive algorithms, both in their infancy, may allow vast calculation into the quantum world, and artificial intelligence has no known upper limit. Baring catastrophe it is likely science and technology will resurrect the dead. QA is no way invalidates the need for cryonic suspension where data of the dead are preserved.

Quantum Archaeology (QA) was inspired by Russian born Asimov's psychohistory, written during the second world war and after Einstein - a committed determinist¬¬ - had astounded the world by showing Brownian motion was predictable, in 1905. Brownian motion was so complex it was assumed to be random and not amenable to the laws of physics. Einstein refused any such position and he is almost alone holding the quantum world too must be causal. This casual view of the cosmos includes decaying and cremated brains (and their information conversions as we unify the quantum and classical worlds) is gaining favour with some schools. Quantum computers expected to do near infinite calculations are already operating in what William James called parallel universes (1895) and together with artificial intelligence may revolutionize information retrieval.

Scientific resurrection was a forgotten idea of Fyodorov (1828—1903) and the Russian cosmist movement, chased to oblivion by a century of revolution. Awoken independently after the birth of the world wide web by Frank Tipler's response to cryonics, translations are easier and speculation about information recovery is increasing.+

A theory is emerging that the universe is a hologram^^^ - presumably formed by the infinite branes of M -Theory colliding causing big bang, light and limits. This universe may therefore be made of light, and the laws of light - whether that involves motion or not - and information is it's very core.
QA was forged in discussions on Kurzweilai.net, producing howls of protests as death had been thought an irreversible state, perhaps having special properties and the first attempt was kicked off wikipedia as 'original research' and 'not notable'. It will correct its doubtless many errors as it digs out its pasts with a myriad of forensic archaeology. Coming science may make today's lifeless archaeology seem quaint as we resurrect more living examples from the few we have already done.

It is a gold mine for the superdeterminist. It asserts a man is a mixture of events, existing solely by the laws of physics.> It is moot if those laws are classical, relativistic or quantum: the laws of nature exist and we must journey to find them. What matters is techniques to achieve our aims like survival and resurrection with knowledge of them in the scale sizes we need.

In the quantum realm statistics are used as mechanics. Man's component parts and patterns are swappable with identical ones by the principle of interchangeability. The composites are common to other men and other life forms and reduce commonly, to other biochemical and therefore other physical events. These may be configured theoretically by deduction, and experimentally by trial and error - but then constructed. They are also convertible to 'pure information' and need never be set back in three dimensions.

In an interactive system which the universe seems to be (although we wrestle with only 4% of it), things in one state are linked by immutable laws to things in all other states. QA's conjecture is the whole of any person's past is necessarily deducible from few starting points in the present, known variables, with enough cross-referenced calculation done in techniques like symbolic maths and hypercomputation, and the laws of science. From these starting points in spacetime, zillions of inevitable patterns are tested about a history until a correct description map is achieved. This is the principle of reversibility.>>>

The horror was the size of sums which people intuitively dismissed as too big for philosophy, too big for science, and too big to calculate.They are not too big to write down in symbols! Inventor of set theory, Cantor, into arithmetic, postulated transfinite numbers with aleph orders of infinities. Predictive analytics may suggest a time when he will be revived. Mathematics now calculates infinite complexities - something seen as magic to the layman, using Cantorian set theory as the basis of computing, and describing infinite universes bubbled off infinite cosmic membranes in infinite multiverses.

Data is not random but in discoverable groups and shapes that cross-reference and repeat. One can make shortcuts and confident retrodictions in space-time despite few events surviving.

The maths challenge is like solving cryptologic, with which Rejewski, successfully reverse-engineered Scherbius' genius enigma machine using the theory of permutations and groups.
Rejewski found correct scrambles from 150,000,000,000,000,000,000 combinations, allowing mathematicians to break encrypted messages in wartime. The statistics of complex systems through time can draw on work in dynamics - like quantum turbulence, and we need a mathematics profoundly beyond the thoughts of linear men.

It is the size of sums that is dazzling.

This is the mega problem resurrection and all deep archaeology faces. You could satisfy resurrection deriving all possible peoples, by simple permutes of all possible events. That vast calculation would include a map for resurrecting everyone who could have lived - then resurrect them all with coming robotics! But quantum archaeology is going to use innovative number elimination rules, natural deduction, proof calculus, algorithmic probability and event histories to reduce these near infinite histories to the correct ones in the linear history that we know, and raise everyone with all their memories intact (something none of us have today).

The reductions factor surprisingly quickly. Elimination wipes whole wads of equations and slices through majorities of calculations as impossible like panning for gold. Most of the date available is mud and thrown away by mathematics. The sums are still too big to do manually and computing will need to be many orders of magnitude better for success. But even without step-change, the technology is coming along trajectories that have held for decades, and there is no reason to suppose that two human generations will not be enough.

There are many objections to quantum archaeology, but these are mainly because it is just beginning and as a research area still has many unknowns. Some assumptions will turn out to be false, but the basic premise - that you can assemble the past from few things in the present using the laws of physics - looks unshakable.


It is important enough to be a separate research field: 'if there weren't many unknowns it wouldn't need to be researched'. We can calculate what is coming by trending and looking at prototyping as well as what innovative academic papers and futurist groups discuss.

Computational archaeology, linguistics, semiotics (it is possible to see the whole world as signs and symbols) and other disciplines build increasingly sophisticated maps of events good enough to construct growing parts of the past, and every failure is an opportunity for invention.

Incremental improvements are likely to produce maps good enough to run simulations past the 5 nanometres thought needed to plot individual brains (quantum levels are generally under 100 nm) - for any time in history. When that happens machine technology small enough for physical resurrection is likely to have arrived, and routine revivals become a branch of medicine. Accelerating progress must lead generally to resurrection of the dead, or we will have failed to master very small numbers.


But it can also be specifically attempted. Quantum archaeology is drafted like Laplace's demon, as retrodiction science, back-calculating events that must have been from those known in the present, deducing patiently by the laws of physics from probabilistic reductions. Masses of the work can be done in classical physics in which human consciousness seems to reside and it may be that there is only one physics. However Quantum Archaeology accommodates the quantum (statistical) theory, which modifies classical physics in the world of the very small - just as Relativity modified Newtonian physics for the world of the very big. We are learning to manipulate quanta, and the effects must be unprecedented invention. In 2010 the first quantum machine was built.¬


The unleashing technology will be fantastic. Things thought impossible will be done routinely and things beyond imagination will be built enabling and accelerating one another to more counter-intuitive constructions. More than a trillion trillion trillion machines each more complex than anything man-made today, will fit inside the atom, and these intelligent invisibles will construct smaller, cleverer machines to achieve even more astonishing science as we head into superstring physics and enter other universes with different laws.

For resurrection of the dead we need not advance that much. Relevant sizes are mostly between one atom and one metre for the body and brain. This, coupled to simulable descriptions of local environment, are everything possible in a human mind. Nothing is irrelevant, nothing is left to chance, and nothing happens by spooky forces. We will denoue the mysterious by the discovering relevant laws of natural philosophy. No man is outside nature, and his most private thoughts are solely products of determinable biology, environment and the laws of physics. Memory is caused by body modification to internal and environmental stimuli. All will be revealed by patient analysis and detailed cross-referencing from myriad starting points in histories preserved in the Records.








THE ARGUMENT







Quantum archaeology anticipates fast advances in charting detailed event maps that are faithful and repeatable.
Information gaps may be overcome by studying huge numbers of common timelines, filling in the blanks by eliminating the impossible and recording whatever remains as a fact. We are already doing this with present and historical reconstructions.
The worst case scenario for quantum archaeology is that we plot and resurrect every possible person who has ever lived but have no idea which are the 'real' ones. This is extremely unlikely because the science of probability will eliminate impossible timelines, and in theory, the entire universe may be charted as a moving, reversible system, on computers that already have more variables than all stars and planets combined, as we learn the laws.
It doesn't matter whether the universe is purely causal, or operates by some other sets of laws at quantum levels. Where there are laws, there we can do prediction and retrodiction. There is a hundred year old conflict between the large and the small in physics. These 2 quotations highlight it:


"I think that matter must have a separate reality independent of the measurements. That is, an electron has spin, location and so forth even when it is not being measured. I like to think that the moon is there even if I am not looking at it." Albert Einstein, originator of Relativity.


"All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force... We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent Mind. This Mind is the matrix of all matter." Max Planck, originator of Quantum Theory.


We could side step the fundamentals of quantum explanation in favour of 'What can we do?' 'What can we achieve?' In the case the physical universe cant be reversed, at least archaeology can calculate causally and probabilistically what parts of it necessarily were in theory, for there are limits to the size of what is needed, and retrodiction may be so demonstrably accurate as to assert we have mapped the essence of any person including thoughts known solely to him.

Size doesn't affect the idea, nor does distance to history (the same thing), which assumes only that the world operates by laws, we can state enough of them at our size limits, and can back-calculate necessary events down to the relevant scale of human memory. This comes easily to futurists who are used to predictive and statistical inference calculations since Babbage forced the world's ruling elite through the rigours of the Royal Statistical Society once world peace had freed vast monies from the battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Using axiomatic logic and basic number theory, QA will draft a detailed, expanding four dimensional (moving) graph of history called the Quantum Archaeology Grid, anticipating hypercomputing, synthesis of data banks, and clever, vastly superior ways of manipulating super-recursive algorithms (which may out-perform even quantum computers). We will reach 1 exaflop (a quadrillion floating-point calculations per second) of data manipulation on classical supercomputers, passing what is thought to be one human brain capacity in 2018-22, but it's nothing to what's coming.


Mathematics means you dont need brute calculation. Symbolic abstraction computes pretty well anything knowable. Mathematics is just number short-cuts. Human memories are generally isometric. Although all neurons are unique they have evolved inevitably, and if you have calculated the environment and the biology like DNA at any time on the evolution tree, you are more than half way to describing the dead person. Memory reconstruction is repetition, reaction and environmental permutation, reduced by ascertainable and specific geographical location. The neocortex itself has only 300 million pattern recognition modules, of 100 neurons per module (How to Create a Mind Ray Kurzweil 2012). Human memory is not random but flows like rivers down the paths of least resistance, obeying the body's hormonal goals to sensory input from given or calculable environments. The acceleration of science is forcing it's method as processual archaeology.
Reconstructions might start with a prototype human. Maps would be linked by the laws of physics to other maps a moment later. Dynamic and inevitable map trajectories would be plotted. Over them would be imposed maps from complex databases, personalizing what the person must have been like, at first generally, then in such detail he would be indistinguishable from the real thing. At that point they would be maps of the real thing! Just as RNA copies new cells in your body constantly, a copy of any deceased person would actually be them (Tipler's and Ettinger's objections to this are stated later). All their thoughts, everything that made them them would be present, set in equations, algorithms and countless sums - and therefore backed-up. A reconfigured humanbeing would necessarily hold descriptions in his brain of his tribal environment to help reconfigure others, and these can be simultaneously commenced in the present to describe the past as interaction.


This is living reconstruction.


Each piece of the quantum archaeology enables new pieces. But this wont be done at the rate of people on digs or in labs, but on intelligent machines working near light speed and with errors of much less than the one in a million which is today's state of the art in DNA sequencing. Error checking of complex systems is integral to mathematics' architecture and is well advanced.
Zillions of modifications by speeding computers configuring local data in classical and quantum physics would perfect chronicles and representations into finely detailed snapshots from conception to death.
At that point a license to resurrect might be granted by the medical council. Then microrobots would begin reconstruction.


Things in local areas like books, or an internet which may be a large interactive book, are information node densities - clustering coefficients affecting other information pathways and other nodes, like heavy stars affecting gravity distribution in a universe. As we master large and quantum gravity, these may weight in so accurately it could be impossible for a single moment to escape statistical denouement. We advance like a climbing spider, one success builds conditions for the next, until the grid is weaved and history exact not fanciful, has delivered the magnificent from the mysterious.

This is archaeology rising. Quantum means 'the minimum amount of an entity'. Archaeology: 'the recovery and analysis of human data'. Thus quantum archaeology is the recovery and analysis of the minimum amounts of data needed to describe anything human in history, including human brain cells and even private human events and thoughts. They are plotted as event points on the general quantum archaeology grid.


The points plotted are fixed relatively, but they have pasts and futures, forward and aft, and adjacencies. Together they give moving charts of a man's life and memories. His whole body is not more than 1.8 X 10^27 molecules with its 7 X 10^27 atoms. Tipler has guessed the data for all possible finite universes like ours would be no more than 10^ X 10^ X 123 bytes. Although these are vast numbers they are not infinite and size of calculations should be set aside when pondering the viability of quantum archaeology, for it is reasonable to assume maths in the future will get better, and we already have symbolism and similarity shortcuts to reduce it.


It is easier than it first seems. The bulk of calculation is repetition, and early cosmology techniques enable seed programmes. No seed simulations have resulted in life, but the computing power has not been enough for brute force permutation yet; calculations are increasing as multiples of Moore's Law and the advance of number equations.


Mathematics by arduous minds torturing the edge of abstraction will surely yield to greater intelligence amplification in machines. How fast the big calculators arrive is more than guesswork as constant trajectories have been watched for 50 years, and astonishing leaps have also peppered history. By numbers of actioned patents, discoveries are speeding.


QA posits recovery and reconstruction of sufficient data to calculate the details of anyone dead - including their memories - to prepare a map of them - for technologies like microrobots to build to order when those arrive after the 2020's.


Quantum robots are a form of micro robot based on Feynman's idea, by Paul Benioff in 1982. David Deutsch at Oxford pioneered quantum computation to successfully push the science and it is now a major research industry.


Coming technologies like 3D printing seem to have no scale limits and may eventually be used routinely at quantum levels, nor be restricted to three dimensions. Non-living events, aeons past, and people who are events called 'living', are expected to be resurrected to full functionality, and general ones (of genres) have already been achieved. It is thought we will be able to resurrect a non-specific tribe of Neanderthals since completing their DNA in 2012. This is not yet a specific brain but it is easier to see that this may become possible as archaeology unearths the past by probability and causation to levels that seemed impossible one generation of 20 years ago.


Given enough machine complexity, future people may find simulating this universe is easy on a personal computer- including all its peoples to date. Despite our egos screaming otherwise, these resurrectees must be indistinguishable from the real thing under Ettinger's maxims of identity. Once the quantum archaeological grid is drawn, any number of a specific dead person could be manufactured, a complete simulation of their consciousness from conception to death written down or run as a computer program, and would be demonstrably authentic at the point of revival.


If you have any doubt about this, define what a given human being is. When a simulation meets all your criterea, the reconstruction must logically be accepted by you as the real thing. The issue of identity is dealt with later on.


There are huge and growing record bases that can help, some reaching back millions of years. As we reconstruct given histories they provide a platform to go back further, since each human mind is a library.


The processing power is already here for the surface work, the mathematics already in place, but sufficient technology not expected for 20-40 years. That is a wide time-frame in accelerating technology. The problems of resurrecting over 106 billion dead people since 50,000 B.C.E. into the modern world may look ridiculous, but in a few decades what is possible will have multiplied by many factors, and the world into which the dead shall rise will have possibilities and technologies not even thought of today. As to housing, the universe is full of space, and dimension distortion in your own apartment may come. Some people say they dont want to be resurrected but this is the Lazarus Long Delusion explained later. When people cite possible problems after resurrecting, the essential idea has been understood and scientists should begin the work.


We are attempting to label all things manufactured by men as the Internet of Things which is slowly covering the globe. Bar codes are being put on items by description, and those descriptions may become specific enough to re-engineer any of them - including moving ones as 3D printers move into the home and connect to the internet. Things are progressively built by machine systems planning and designing them; which forces innovative mathematics and startlingly good model-driven software. At some stage voice commands to a portable device will be enough for most things to be assembled in front of you at speed from the dust in the air (Hans Moravac), and objects once of great value will become disposable and recyclable. The wave may bring excellence enough in high technology for the manipulation of quantum archaeological data. Demand may get program makers to have ancient artefacts and people available to download as programs to your home assembler, subject only to payment and legality. If this seems science fantasy, it is, on the contrary science fiction ie it has to comply with the laws of science. Science Fiction makes predictive models of the future, usually incorporating a storyline. Precursors are already being used and computing power is the main thing holding it back.


This paper highlights the accelerating progress of technologies and sciences, not only in archaeology and reconstructing the past, but generally, with advances like self-driving cars, printed body parts, quantum teleportation (transporting over distance, now done routinely in labs) and invisibility cloaks.




THE OBJECTIONS



The three main objections to it, and their possible defeats are briefly:




1. Information is irrecoverably lost or there's too much of it to make sense:

- defeat: - archaeology recovers information and with accelerating capacity. QA is not attempting infinite recovery, but between the atom and the body, generally. One quantum computer is expected do more than all classical computers combined. All possible deceased's memories could be calculated initially, and QA will reduce these to the few then the one by probability and causation. Ettinger (cryonically suspended) nearing ninety thought there might be a Law of Conservation of Information and nothing is lost in the universe, though his search hadn't found it. Leonard Susskind, an originator of string theory states "information is incapable of being destroyed - that is the deepest physics I know" ^^^ (and Stephen Hawking conceded that information cannot be destroyed).

2. Entropy says the universe is not reversible therefore no local part of the universe is reversible. When brains decay, part of their descriptions are lost as thermodynamic heat and there is no known way of retracing it.>>>

- defeat - M Theory implies other universes: energy for reversal can be created or siphoned from them; local parts may therefore be reconfigurable because there will be enough energy to do it. The entire universe is debated as a simulation. If so, the universe is logically reversible and the burgeoning numbers of events in the present all trace to similar histories in the past: they are like branches of trees tracing to common trunks. They are not unit events but classes, with reversible laws with limits.

Further, QA isn't relying on total information reconstruction from surviving fragments but the construction of the quantum archaeology grid which sources events before, after and adjacent to a given person's timeline. It works by logical reconfigurations, using both causality and probability. It isn't seeking the actual particle that made the deceased's brain, but multi-time pathways that made those particular brains inevitable, so seeks to produce a complete enough description of the past.

3. Quantum Theory proves Cause & Effect are obsolete so we'll never know the past.*

- defeat - "No-one understands the Quantum Theory." (Richard Feynman).


There isn't anything to add to this! However to engage in debate - Feyman's statement is still true: a challenge to Quantum Archaeology from Quantum Theory cannot succeed since it is argumentum ad ignorantiam, - argument from ignorance. We dont know what is happening in the quantum world because we cannot observe it yet. To throw out Galileo's hard-won first maxim ("Observation then explanation.") looks foolhardy, and QT's success is from statistics not physics.> "What can be said can be said clearly." Wittgenstein: Tractatus 4.116. Einstein's attacked Quantum Theory's explanations of what was happening in the world of the very small and predicted Causation would be reinstated. Superdeterminists also posit this.


It seems generally agreed there are laws in the quantum and where there are laws prediction has always followed.






Many scholars seem horrified at the size of calculations in quantum mechanics, but it can be shown the amount we can sum grows on a trajectory; thus at some stage we will be able to calculate enough.



Quantum Archaeology does not need to go quantumly small scale to complete its grid, and most quantum theory may be irrelevant to it: 5 nanometres is the smallest relevant size. Where laws exist, prediction and retrodiction are thought possible and even in Quantum Theory the world works by laws. Geometrical lines of intersection will be constructed probabilistically, proving events from the records and this has already been done past 100 million years.


Additionally, the world can be described as a purely cause and effect system using the Many Worlds Interpretation¬¬ and Einstein who could be called a superdeterminist, might be right: causality underpins all nature. Brilliant probability science giving astoundingly good statistical predictions is a triumph for probability science not a refutation of determinism. MWI dismisses probability cloud observer collapses by quantum decoherence. Even allowing quantum probability alone, closed and unobserved quantum systems are demonstrated to be both predictable and reversible. (See also 2012 Nobel Physics Prize"for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"). Debate rages about how to capture the laws of the quantum realm, and camps traditionally oppose each other, some believing causation, existing, too complex and too quick for mankind. Nature has had infinite time for infinitely deep complexity predating our universe. Einstein was more hopeful of finding a way and dismissed quantum theory as a lack of perspective. Quantum Theory and Relativity contradict each other: they cant both be right, and Relativity is both observable and proven correct.


As the quantum realm has yet to be thrashed out, this paper will argue the limits of science: that deceased Man is built by and therefore retrievable by its absolute laws: no-one and nothing may exist outside them. It will also attempt to argue that extropian resurrection is a greater, more powerful philosophy than the brute will of the Nietzschean, Nazis and Marxist schools - all preemptive misreadings of Darwin which never dwelt on philosophy - and QA must inevitably lead to recursive civilization on rising Kardashevian scales. Intelligence demonstrably outperforms breeding and is leading to sentient ascendency though information technology.

Heidegger's assertion 'death must be accepted in order to be free.' is also refuted. Death never was. Death is an illusion. No-one has died because everyone will be resurrected. Man is special because of his ingenuity and his mastery over nature will ensure his actual rebirth. There is no strict freedom since everything is bound by law. Higher degrees of freedom evolve as responses to the environment and the compatibility argument ends the conflict between free will and determinism:- they are different perspectives on a system which owns its own qualian self. The quantum world may yield a wider explanation of surely wondrous complexity but is in its infancy, and causality is on detention there, perhaps because its grand complexity is intense. Human intelligence, even as memory modification at ion speed in nuerons, hasn't yet (2013) been passed by artificial general systems good enough to fool a blind man in Turing's imitation game.


Massive life extension looks viable and resurrection theory is running after it shouting "Dont forget the dead!" The mathematics and technologies needed are covalent. Cryonics is presently the best way of preserving organic data, and it would be safer to use it, and comprehensive scanning technologies look likely to emerge and make it viable eg from sonics, electromagnetics and internal mapping by nanobots. They will not be needed if QA is correct but QA is a futurist and unproven idea until researched, and no university department has yet included it.



For the poet-artist, death seems a joke by Nature trying to cage the truth of the imagination, since, as a rule, what can be imagined in detail can be built by engineers. Marvin Minsky's mindless agents forming the society of mind are absolutely determined by science laws in what they must and cannot do: with sufficient understanding and computing their lives and histories may be absolutely retrodictable.


If we are to 'extract the surrender of all supernaturalism and fixed dogma by superior perspicacity,' futurists must stir the core humanity that objectivism mechanized out of the Industrial Revolution. QA is a snowball that has begun rolling, its argument annealed with visionary technology and invention. In the words of Victor Hugo, nothing is more powerful than an idea whose time has come. We are about to move from the Age of Information to the Age of Intelligent Machines, and the speed of science revolutions is accelerating.


The conflict between Relativity and Quantum Theory is absurd:



"Contradictions do not exist. Whenever you think you are facing a contradiction, check your premises. You will find that one of them is wrong." Ayn Rand.


Extropian is the foresighted raising a shield against ageing, and cracking the long-brimming dam of the tomb with the axe of discovery.


Man is a being that has never died.
Man is a being that never dies.
Man is incapable of death.
Man owns his future.
The laws of science cannot be broken.
You have been formed by eternity.
You will always be.
The dead will rise.
We shall rise.
We will rise in groups and we will rise for ever.
Resurrection is certain.
Immortality is certain.
A man is intrinsically precious from his conception, because he never dies.
You are intrinsically precious.
Your cause is as valid as the universe.
You, yourself are as valid as the universe for you, yourself are law in the universe.


With such bold maxims, extropian questions about suffering and life's meaning obliterate. Suffering is not only going to end, it is going to be reversed, because the human past is not fixed at death - the universe can be run backwards and corrected without loss of identity. Suffering will be Paradise Engineered out of the present and future. Life's meaning is a faulty speculation because eternal existence is the actual human world and it has always been, though few going to their 'deaths' may have thought so. Transhuman Man is meaning as reaction viewed after the event, and His existence is the base state of the human Multiverse.

Extropian is the resurrecting hero at war with death and chaos.Hopefully by the end of this paper it will be thought possible no man has irrecoverably died, individual human life is not philosophically pointless, private thoughts and actions - certainly viewable from the future - incur moral duty by pragmatism, and the awful price of history we first suffered was worth it.

What is coming will shortly be driven solely by the imagination as machine slaves take over labor, experiment and discovery.

Man will be relatively free from drudgery where depth in philosophy as machinery - brings weak into strong and old into youthful equality. Recursive continuance should keep us away from



'the greatness which does not bow before children '(Kahlil Gibran)



where what is possible is everything that can be dreamed - within law. Resurrection is another branch of medicine, a civil and human right, impossible to deny to morally and actually, for there is simply no time limit and those dying will rise subjectively within a moment of their deaths. The moment you die you will resurrect in the future.

As this paper reads, doubts will repeat that we can do the size of calculations necessary.

They are certainly vaster than anything mankind has attempted. But so are the coming machines and mathematics. We already juggle infinities. So long as we avoid catastrophe, it is surely certain - sooner or later - we will achieve an archaeology astronomically smaller than the present. The danger is we think other people's views are inferior to our own because we pursue a higher cause that resurrects and reverses suffering. We have no such thought-right: we become elitists and ignore LaCann's 'the other' before our own doom. Whether its philosophical foundations are correct or consistent, because raising the dead is the prize, quantum archaeology will proceed. To the horizon of history, to every man who has shivered and sweltered on the earth, to each suffering sentient under our stewardship of science past, and struggling in civilisation present, this is the future:



We will bury our dead, we will mumify our dead, we will cremate our dead, we will freeze our dead, we will mourn our dead.... then we will resurrect our dead.


Where Prometheus stole fire from the gods, Extropian ripped elemental meaning from technology and made it think back to us. The gnomes of this renaissance have begun a world wide web of runaway technical atomicism. Unexpected and profoundly difficult science lies ahead in shortening time-steps, physically affirming the Law of Accelerating Returns - that technological change is high-exponential - with high existential risk, but the rewards are astronomical.

People born today wont need to die, and people dying today will resurrect tomorrow. A better, kinder world awaits, where scrambles for abundant power is pointless.This is Fururism rising.




[left]We now draw with ourselves an arrow through the Singularity. Instead of aim and unreachable star, we exist by trajectory and impetus. Self-generation and degrees of freedom are everything. There is no reified point ahead, only launch.

We, the subject, are ourselves the absolute inside the eternal multiverse - which is as far as men have seen.

Expansion, love of life, abolition of limit - including every kind of death, unite us** and if this is mad, it is also brave because it demands constant self-belief, constant rechecking of scientific assumptions, deletion of impossibles, zealous keeping of improbabilities. Man is his own quest for the absolute and there are infinite possibilities as we move to the cosmic branes and beyond. Courage and cooperation have brought homo sapiens sapiens to the top of the mountain whopping every species on earth that has tried to wipe him.

Now Man is stalking death.

In the naked desert of machine logic, the resurrecting power of imagination as technology that turned Victorian archaeologists Petrie and Carter into legends will make heros spring back to actual life and actual immortality. Definitions of dead and unborn will cease to exist, but the clamour for the old to guide us is still desperate:



"Yet when we achieved and the new world dawned, the old men came out again and took our victory to re-make in the likeness of the former world they knew. Youth could win, but had not learned to keep: and was pitiably weak against age." - Archaeologist T.E. Lawrence
(Severn Pillars of Wisdom)

Science is climbing, gasping, to another high plateau, with a formula for resurrection, and the message that the dead are not permanently dead, their sacrifices not personally futile, their individual histories just beginning, and the opening future is far beyond the dreams of dangerous men. It looks unbelievable until you study it.

But Man is chained to fear of death until the first resurrections come, and Quantum Archaeology, fragile and embryonic, is regarded as heresy - or worse - is unknown. It is unthought of by nature: statistical technology bringing recursive civilization. It is revolution, with no obvious precedent, and in direct contravention of biology. I can find no case of the dead resurrecting anywhere in nature and quantum archaeology - by any name- seems blasphemy against Death - which is the darkest false veil ignorance has ever built. No-one has died. You will not die. We are all, logically, incapable of death in an infinite multiverse where anything that can happen can never be excluded. the must think in our calculations about the actions of menin the future and not jst what technolgies will become..


The dead will rise.
Man is the warden of the world.
Man is the womb of intelligence.
'Man is the measure of all things'.""
Man is heroic Will rising from the scattered dusts.
Man is his own best richness.
All is not vanity and vexation of spirit, but architecture, assembly, form and reach.


In the ascendant of time, Man calls on the wizardry of science, draws his aspects with obsessive detail, to build a species natal chart that plots the histories, meticulously tapastrying together smallest relevant parts with the near mystical synastry of information physics, to regale his pasts - collective and individual - to gather them - to set them down - to preserve them, and so answers his own dying pleas with mathematics and machinery, metabolizing his past in an information matrix of the quantum archaeology grid that prepare to resurrect us.



For the archaeologist - who as you see does occasionally look forwards - homo sapiens sapiens is passing to homo sapiens jugis: wise man continuing.

Posted Image

Archaeology Dept - London












Notes
Quote 1 "A problem I have explaining QA to people is that they cant juggle multiple perspectives: they just haven't learned to. You have to consider partial solutions to different areas which compensate for their incompletenesses: eg the data is vast, but that is offset by the evolutionary tree limiting what could have been possible in the past ; - or the number of calculations is too much, but that's offset by events have to be within the laws of physics. All of them are juggled with what we know from the data bases like the cosmic record, the geological record, the archaeological record, and all of that run against cross checking, elimination rules, probability algorithms like SRAs and then you're coming at each memory construction from zillions of geometrical places at once - one event has zillions of lines to it. The spacetimelines don't cross so often unless they're relevant. You're sifting, refining, reducing, deducing, inferring backwards, and working with huge gaps while still pressing forward until they're filled at the end. I know it seems magic like you're pulling a rabbit out of the hat in quantum archaeology and how do you know you've constructed the right person? But it's really tons of small steps run at once down many streets -.each one is not much, together they can tell what William the Conqueror was thinking when he coughed on a given Sunday...ion by ion. And of course once you have constructed one person, you've got their memories and you're close to constructing people they interacted with as people are only their biology plus their environment and much of environment is interactions with other people."
Quote 2" I dont know if the universe is a holographic simulation or not but I know that's a good way to consider it for retrodiction (quantum archaeology)."
>>> Tim Tyler "The laws of physics appear to be time reversal invariant under an operation involving inverting the parity and charge of all its elements. This is true of both classical and quantum physics. People seem to have a hard time accepting this symmetry for some reason." http://finitenature.com/reversibility/


+ John Archibald Wheeler talked of using a stone retrieved from Plato's Academy being put into a machine and its acoustic memory being peeled back to reveal Plato talking to Aristotle. Jack Donovan a toy dealer at Nottinghill, London used to speculate that such a device was buildable after studying sound machines for decades.

* Quantum Theory a serious objection to Quantum Archaeology. If the quantum world is random, then nothing is predictable in it. However we are already making successful probabilistic predictions in the quantum world, and systems have already been built achieving reliable results. It is easy to see how people think information could be lost into such a world but it's mysteries will surely fall to denouement as its laws are recorded. The moment prediction is viable we should attempt retrodiction, - both are available in closed quantum systems. The best position may be to just describe what is useful in the quantum and to delay explanations.

^ eg 1., The Pauli Exclusion Principle states no identical fermions may occupy the same quantum state at once.

eg 2., The Principle of Interchangeability states identical particles are absolutely interchangable, and this is likely to apply to many things in the quantum world.

¬ http://article.wn.co...th_Seahawks_2/.



Quote 4: "We shouldn't get freaked about having to do all the reconstruction at once. People think 'resurrecting someone from 1,000 years ago ? No way- toooo complex' but they could concede we MIGHT be able to reconstruct someone's DNA from then using probabilities. From the DNA you can map out a clone...an identical body. Now you look for how the brain grew through their life to the moment of death. That can only be two ways...the DNA and the environment variables.At that point people say well OK you've got copies of them with no memories.But here's where archaeology comes into its own. People's brains are reactants to their world...only that. Most of the variables in that world are going to be the landscape and the other people/lifeforms....and you are already computer-generating all the other people from their DNA. The other records and those you configure like the geological record, the archaeological record, the biological record, the climate record etc will all synthesize with incredible definition. If anyone existed at pretty much anytime in human history they're going to show up in these cross-referenced mappings - warts and all. People wrongly think that memories are mystical - somehow outside the range of possible archaeological reconstruction, but they're physical entities same as bones ...each is inevitable given the right variables. Note we're not just looking at the decayed brain and trying to get back the information dissolved as radiant heat, but we're coming at reassembly loads of different ways which facilitate each other on a quantum archaeology grid. I dont know how small we'll get, but my hunch is into the quantum world, even though the 'you' stuff of the body/brain is between 5 nanometres and a one metre body. Dont get hung up on Quantum Theory because most of the archaeology wont refer to it...we aren't chasing subatomic particles - nor trying to find the actual bit that's disintegrated, but what must have been, by relating spacetime coordinates to each other in a meso world. It's like joining up the dots or doing jigsaws, only certain bits will fit when juxtaposed, but on a mind-blowingly massive scale "

Quote 5 :"The 2 big issues:

1) Our ego's dont get 'all people
are reconfigurable composites' ;
2) Size of ca
lculations needed is so massive people dont think when they could be done with future computers, they imagine in time present."

Quote 6: "We're taking everyone with us, the dying, the sick, the lost, the helpless. We're not leaving anyone behind. We're taking the dead with us, and that's what makes quantum archaeology a revolution. It doesn't matter if you're dead and forgotten a million years ago, we're coming back for you and making sure you get the benefits of technology and immortality....you dont have to believe it you can see it in the work archaeologists are already doing. Faces not seen for thousands and more years are already being reassembled. As technology speeds we'll do the brains - everyone's - it's breathtaking what's happening in maths & science... "

> 1. Nobel Prize winning physicist
Gerard 't Hooft has "deviating views on the physical interpretation of quantum theory".[17] He believes that there should be a deterministic theory underlying quantum mechanics.[31] Using a toy model he has argued that such a theory could avoid the usual Bell inequality arguments that would disallow such a local hidden variable theory.".wiki

and


> 2. On Superdeterminism: Gerard 't Hooft "...the only reasonable view on the laws of nature is that they determine everything that happens, uniquely. This insight is necessary if you want to understand what is going on in a quantum system, in particular when you have entangled particles. However, this does not imply that the future is "predictable" in any way. Nature itself is the fastest calculator there is, and no one will ever beat that, apart from making statistical statements. That's what qm is." (to me -2013). This argument on limits is argument from size of calculations and (future) inflation. We can also assume we can describe the environment we live in by finding shortcuts to data aggregations and patterns that repeat. These are the laws of physics that will be delivered increasingly by coming accelerating intelligence. t'Hooft has attacked labeling in philosophy and seems to be arguing from set theory.

¬¬ See also The Many Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (wiki) that resolves the central paradoxes and is absolutely a determinist theory of Cause and Effect in the quantum realm, rejecting the weirdness of the observer effect in favour of quantum decoherence, a splitting of worlds.


""Many Worlds Interpretaion removes the observer-dependent role in the quantum measurement process by replacing wavefunction collapse with quantum decoherence. Since the role of the observer lies at the heart of most if not all "quantum paradoxes," this automatically resolves a number of problems; see for example Schrödinger's cat thought-experiment, the EPR paradox, von Neumann's "boundary problem" and even wave-particle duality. Quantum cosmology also becomes intelligible, since there is no need anymore for an observer outside of the universe.
** see Extropian Principles http://www.maxmore.com/extprn3.htm

^^^ view online: Leonard Susskind Standford: The World As A Hologram; and on Superdeterminism: "I find QM so puzzling I dont know what to believe. I'd be surprised if SD is the answer. Then again, I'd probably be surprised by whatever the answer is." (to me - 2013)

"" Protagorus



Go to Page 2 >>>>

Edited by Innocent, 13 July 2013 - 04:01 PM.

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#2 Innocent

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Posted 13 July 2013 - 04:33 PM

page 2/9




CHAPTER 1.



We must attack death on every front, plan against it for the future, dismember it in the present, and revoke it in the past!


In our hands lie the great tools of science and technology. Behind them, the tested systems of causality and probability by which all known laws in the cosmos exist.


Added to these are the vast facts in growing databases like "Tree of Life on the Web" project. Then come the brilliant modern sciences, statistics, mathematics and computing. There are growing innovative techniques and devices and the accelerating discipline of artificial intelligence which began giving men orders in London as exploding traffic lights outside Parliament in 1868, but has improved and is now integral to civilization with no known nor containable limit.


At some point in the future the specific ,description of tiniest events - even thoughts and memories - will be calculated and exposed for all the world to see. Man is not outside the laws of Nature and it is not different science to reconstruct his brain than any other part of him.


If this sounds fantastic, the logic behind it is valid, the starting propositions are agreed, and the best proof is that it is already happening. Facial reconstructions over a million years old, resurrected organisms extinct for more than 100 million years, and moving maps of the cosmos for the last 13 billion years have been built and verified by our method. Archaeology is in revolution, and archaeologists shout increasing demands for "More technology!" "More machine intelligence!" and much more mathematics and computation.



Forensic archaeological reconstruction of Richard III from skeletal remains. Archaeology is just at the edge of what it is going to do with Singularity Technology.

Quantum archaeology is painstaking, laborious, meticulous and cunning. It involves careful gathering, cataloguing and interpreting: iterating causation equations; proceeding by incrementals, and reassembling apparently chaotic information into what is probable, what can't have been, and what must have been. The genius of sublime deduction and inference permed by sublime algorithmic cross-referencing and brainiac mathematics.


This is enough to make the statistician raise an eyebrow, for the necessary degrees of certainty are awesome. It demands exactitude with sliding scales of perspective, for one early error can ruin a lifetime. One wrong calculation and the thing you resurrect and 3D print would not be the deceased.


Assistance may come from predicted dimensioned atomic assemblers, feeding on subjective data and gobbling energy from dust in the air to build living parts. Not yet built, they will bring wealth as fast as they bring up our history. The process must be savoured with precision - better than the best methods used today, and juicy law suits for mistaken identities might run to billions. The techniques ordered from a growing menu of skills and ideas are so spiced with new mathematics that grown men stay awake all night shaking their heads at the meagre gruel of skills they thought to dine on. The banquet set before quantum archaeologists of delicious technology matrices, fractal chaoses and recursions had not yet been cooked-up when they threw back their aperitifs as pre-internet undergraduates.



Techniques were set down for data handling by Babbage who founded the Royal Statistical Society and rode a penny farthing.


He and his contemporary Malthus introduced a finery of detail numbers men have sought to copy - including Darwin in his magnum opus where he attributes his method:


"This is the doctrine of Malthus, applied to the whole animal and vegetable kingdoms." Origin of Species 1859.


Quantum archaeologists must apply the doctrine of Malthus (below) to the whole human historical kingdom.



Quantum archaeologists must voyage, when required, into the quantum realm, discovering a complete, verifiable, archaeological record of all men; listing known data and calculating missing data. Using causation and probability they must then reconstruct data once thought unknowable on accurate timelines which are graphical statements of the laws of physics, cross-referencing as small as specific neurons for all the dead who have ever lived, and expand to construct a giant grid of archaeology for every known and deducible event (see the Quantum Archaeology Grid), inventing new techniques of symbolic data storage.


This seems an enormous undertaking - so it is - but its sole difficulty can stated in one word: calculation!


Calculation is the basis of mathematics as well as of science. It is the heart of prediction into the future and retrodiction into the past. The man on the Clapham internet uses calculation every day. He works out what to look up, to guess his lose change, to predict what must happen if he is to get what he needs, and uses his memory calculation and best guesses for retrodiction of what happened yesterday.


Plantonists believe mathematics is truer than human reality. Purists believe the entire cosmos is calculation. Engineers think we will build self-generating computers the size of snowflakes to do better mathematics and are designing them.


But exactly how much calculation is needed to resurrect the dead? How much mathematics? And what can we do right now? If not enough, can we plot when we will have enough calculation to describe all the dead who have ever been? Then exactly when will we have the robotic technology to rebuild them?


The first department of Quantum Archaeology has not yet been set up. It may be years before success although the dead can wait for the stakes are high, but ideas, drafts and discussions wont deliver resurrected men. We must act!


If we succeed, the dead will rise, a new age will dawn - The Age of Resurrected Man - and this anticipation will utterly transform human psyche.


Ancient men will mill about with modern, and their demands and contributions will alter society. This coming age of recursive civilization is foreseeable, calculable and predictable. Incredible uplift awaits people who believed their lives would end, and there was only one seal on events: death. No such seal exists. They were utterly wrong. Intuition is progressively wrong on science's breaking possibilities. Man will change as quickly as the coming technologies mutate. Some with imagination will change faster!


Where Cryonics was a serious attempt to abolish dying, Quantum Archaeology is a serious attempt to abolish the history of death.


Undying, Man has at last found his intrinsic value. He is immortal. His identity - now definable as a man's moving pattern - is infinite, for it can have no known limit, never dying. If accident kills, calculation and robotics will surely restore again.


Death is abolished and revoked, and the life of man no longer, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short, not pointless because of brevity, senseless by death and suffering, nor dependent on looping existentialism as illusion: actual immortality is breaking, and as costs of technology and medicine tumble, it will be fly-free in under two generations. We can and we must master great parts of Nature - perhaps never all of it - but enough to halt & reverse it's cruelty, senseless time-limits, and blind heuristic reaction.


David Peace's Paradise Engineering provides a philosophical direction, and Intelligence Amplification foreseen by Verner Vinge in his famous 1993 address to NASA has heralded a great new dawning comparable to the mastery of fire.


Two great goals - resurrection and and re-engineering suffering out of the sentient world, are emergent pillars of transhumanism, said to be 'the world's most dangerous idea.' They unabashedly aim the Utopia Max More's Extropian Principles summarized and he and the Extropian group launched into America and the truly new world.


Few dared dream so much so soon, but the advent of the machine calculator has empowered the great thoughts of men, and step-change is afoot.


The present computation systems are antiquated and sums are anticipated to become vast, configuring historical positions for every atom in the ocean, ten drops of which have more molecules than all the stars in the universe.


What insane mind could attempt such leviathan mathematics?! Nothing human. they will be done by the coming machines.


Without known limits to calculation size, quick-coming systems shall surely calculate where each sea molecule has been - back to the dawn of water on earth - and information loss, as entropy, will not remain unsolvable to the genius mind of men and their coming sentient systems. These super-men will not just be our descendants, they will be you and me and also those of us dead and cryonically suspended at the moment.


James Clerk Maxwell said you couldn't recover the exact tumblerful of water thrown into it. Einstein stood on his shoulders and drew a new universe, but computing power hadn't taken off yet. The same tumblerful of water could indeed be reconstituted bit by bit, history by history, path by path, with calculation power vaster, faster, and using the new mathematics and the cataloging cross-referencing patience of a Darwinian lunartic.

Einstein stood on his shoulders and drew a new universe, but computing power hadn't taken off yet. The same tumblerful of water could indeed be reconstituted bit by bit, history by history, path by path, with calculation power vaster, faster, and using the new mathematics and the cataloging cross-referencing patience of a Darwinian lunartic.


Great minds of the age, grave men, who see with blinding sight the laws of physics opening to absolute physical causation and statistical probability shout from the centre of the world that advancing mathematics changes everything.The brain and its memories are not a special case of artefact reconstruction. They are being mapped in 3D and soon will have plots down past the atomic levels. We are too old to adapt to the pace of innovation, but explosion is breaking and it has been heard by the young, still capable of dramatic change of perspectives, and their wisdoms are being effected into accelerating technologies.

Science and technology are arriving faster today than we could grasp yesterday - and faster tomorrow that we can grasp today.


Human linear history, fondly recanted, enables only linear projections, but Ray Kurzweil has demonstrated technology accelerates on a doubling that itself doubles. The human mind cant grasp even exponential growth, and instinctively underestimates the speed of change to come.


Man may find the power to democratically alter the environment, to describe then build the fantastic, to defeat suffering and dying, and to map then resurrect the dead by innovative compensation maths and technology all using coming calculation power.


If so, no-one is out of the game. No-one is beyond repair - because no-one is actually dead. Not having any body to work on doesn't stop quantum archaeologists. They will reach back and calculate what you must have been; what you were thinking throughout your whole life, moment by moment, thought by thought. Then they will deliver with emerging technology the tools to rebuild all our ancestors with legally required accuracies.


The paradigm shifts quantum archaeology demands are daunting. Flexible thinkers, including professors who once strode nimbly through cobwebbed departments shaking academic boards by the scruff of their necks with revolutionary ideas find it challenging, but long-held beliefs must be jettisoned in the face of this new wind rising in archaeology.


Who knows where mathematics as machinery might go? It holds hands with statistics and descends into Quantum Archaeology with Ariadne's thread, brazing the astonishing, huge, beautiful, underworld where past, present and future blur in measurements smaller than the invisible atom. In the minutiae of the planck scale where effects of quantum gravity change, we rely on probability statistics for navigation in a wondrous spooky kingdom.


Under the floor, under the desk, deep within the stuff of mobiles and walls, within everything seen or observed, is a secret world of strange spooky laws, and you might well be advised to arm yourself with coming quantum robots and a primer on the quantum theory, for there is no telling what might be found in its colourful labyrinths, infinite regresses and complexities. Doors to new worlds have been proved by mathematics: Drake's equation and Woolfram's New Kind of Science speculates probabilities for other beings, existing in given orders of variables and magnitudes. The world of the small is being tested, as statistics, against the world of the big, as mathematics, trying the ancient maxim Newton studied 'as above so below' (for Isaac Newton- full of gravity - was 'the last of the alchemists and first of the scientists' bombarding himself with the Corpus Hermeticum). As everything we can create in technology is said to already exist in Nature (Richard Dawkins), could everything that exists in the macro world of cosmology exist in the micro world of quantum events? Fractal theory thinks so: it is based on it.


QA will one day be seen as self-evident. Schopenhauer noted the two stages a new truth goes through before it becomes accepted:
"To truth only a brief celebration of victory is allowed between the two long periods during which it is condemned as paradoxical, or disparaged as trivial." The World as Will and Representation 1829


Quantum archaeology has been noticed by at least 1000 thinkers, and that may be enough to light men's souls, for 'the invasion of an idea cant be resisted as easily as an army, and nothing is more powerful than an idea whose time has come' (Victor Hugo writing on the French coup of 1851).


Resurrection by science has been spotted by the imaginative. This unusual spark, alerting individual futurists from the most curious of disciplines, has lit groups not usually associated with coming technology who positioned outside philosophy, for may answer one of the most ancient questions: what are we (and what is everything else)?


Disparate peoples are uniting in futurist groups to rivet new ideas to world views in the furnace of hard thought: and this is ruthless intellectual climate change. It takes no prisoners among those who cling to instinctive opinion over demonstrable logic.


If Quantum Archaeology works and we achieve recursive civilization, people from the past will interact with people from the present. Dimension alternatives as Greg Bear has spelled out in Eon, will accommodate all. People from the present will emigrate to the past. People from the past will also emigrate to the present, and a new definition of present will have to be made in non-sequantial terms. Your grandfather and your great grandmother will look as young as you are and common ancestors a million years and more old will sit next to you in the theatre.

There will be peer-to-peer argument on legal points between the Roman Senate and the American Senate; between the leaders of the United Nations and the pharaohs advisers of ancient Egypt. If this seems science fiction it is because traditional schools have excluded futurism and it is now collapsing on their head as astounding technologies.

Resurrection of interactive time zones forces thinkers to writhe in agony: not only is human being a pattern of reconfigurable molecules and atoms, but society, believed dead history is also about to change! History too will now resurrect. Where can one stand if not on the uniqueness and death of a human being? A man is a particular pattern of particles - that is a fact. Any number of copies may be made of him.

Recursion is a fact: it is already here in language and in computing, and society will adopt it as retroactive and interactive multi-periods civilisation. Technology is accelerating so fast few can say with confidence what life will be like in 20 years. A grandfather already has more in common with a Roman centurion than he does with his own high-tech grandchildren who are throwing away their textbooks.

There are other implications to resurrecting the dead but this paper's object is to argue that a resurrection engineering science is imaginable, thinkable, feasible, and ought to be be attempted in college departments.

The concept has already been proved with classical archaeology.

Remarkable facial reconstructions of people burned to the bone are instantly recognized by relatives. Polish police forensics have reconstructed the face of the great Copernicus (see later). None of it remained, and it was deduced from bone in the present - as was Tutankhamen (above) and the more than a million year old Georgian couple (below). The method of these probability reconstructions, mixing science and art, are provably good, so a principle exists even using presently crude techniques, that its possible to deduce some of the past from the present with accuracy. Quantum archaeology conjectures the brain must also be reconstructable using environmental records, causalities, knowledge of biology like DNA, neural connection laws, evolution, quantum supergridding and probabilities using hypercomputers.

There will be no recovery difference in principle between things inside or outside a skull, or things about which we have no surviving fragments or records and those which have a lot. The vast depth of calculation makes this so. The linkage connection between one thing and its neighbour makes it so.

This is no way invalidates cryonics which is the best way we have of preserving data of the dying for future reconstruction, and is complimentary to it. Quantum archaeology and cryonic restoration must converge in rebuilding people by the same micro robotic techniques and could do well to encourage each other.

The environment is an interactive, interrelated system, many extant variables can be used to construct what has existed by cross-referencing, using the laws of physics, back-tracking to what must have been. The only requirement seems to be enough computing power or innovative mathematics.

The sizes of a human being, that are unique, are in nanometres, with the lower ranges of not more than the ions which determine neural cavity receptors. Classical physics can deal with most of it. Quantum physics is still unravelling, but at least one interpretation is deterministic, and probability is able to make predictions (and implicitly retrodictions) for the others.



All events are limited by, and linked by laws.


Einstein refused to accept Brownian motion was random. Causing controversy, he proved moving smoke was predictable using kinetic theory in the Annus Mirabilis papers. An unabashed determinist, he was sure everything existed by cause and effect - however complex it seemed. The world of the very small is being studied for understandable laws and measurements of which presently few seem to be known and synthesis with Relativity elusive. The small world is only calculable at the moment using probability statistics.

The scale of calculations made resurrection unthinkable but emerging computers and maths see them as small problems chiefly to do with symbolic factoring. Important techniques like super-recursive algorithms (SRAs) may enable vast data manipulations better even than quantum computers. The descriptive data of a person who died long ago doesn't have to exist any more - there just has to be a maths to get to it. It may be recreated probabilistically and by Cause and Effect and the beginnings of that maths is already here.

Cosmologists use maths to reach back in time, reconstructing events within the first 10 -35th (0.00000000000000000000000000000000001) of a second after the big bang. Mapping human beings a few thousand years ago, all of whom have near identical parts with their kith and kin seems a much easier task!

Cosmologists have tons of planets, suns and galaxies to work back from. These can be called known events in the present. Quantum archaeologists have a growing number of data bases, both in the present and assembled from the past like the archaeological record, and the biological record. Coupled with others like DNA records, epigenome records, geological records, history (which has varying degrees of reliability) and known laws of science, is it too difficult to imagine a reconstruction - so accurate that a deceased person's mind could be precisely plotted and rebuilt - in the future?

How far could we go right now? Could we describe an ancestor a million years ago? Would this indeed be the deceased person - and is a copy the same as the original? How would they be rehabilitated? Where would they live, and what would be their rights? Will the world in 40 years be the same as it is now? Would the resurrectees be zombies or real flesh and blood? Would they inherit the lives of those they used to be or be someone different? Are men - living or dead - definable by science or do some other laws apply to us?

Quantum archaeology postulates resurrection, attempts to answer these questions in terms of science, and is a first attempt at a method. There is no department of quantum archaeology anywhere in the world at the time of writing.

It must be true we can find or calculate causal and probabilistic pathways to what must have been in the minds of deceased people at the moment of their deaths if we can reconstruct a detailed enough simulation of the past.

The physical make-up of a person is surely expressible as dynamic data sets, and these should be calculable for any time in the past, given enough computing. Quantum archaeology side-steps the issue of free will, where it arises in identity, by adopting philosophical compatibilism - both determinism and free will are true but different perspectives.

Drawing space-time coordinates by statistical techniques and assuming one history, it may be easier to calculate backwards than forwards, as there are more events in the present than the past.

Cross-checking available event pathways can give accurate historical maps in great enough detail for required timelines. Digital probabilistic physics suggests the cosmos is at least a probabilistic system. If so other laws may be relevant in addition to pure causality, but where there are laws there is predictability and where probability is accurate there are laws!

Our particular universe, thought in M-theory to be one of an infinite number*, is an interrelated system, not just connected by gravity, but by all the events and laws that exist. Each affects the other. Nothing is isolated. What happens in the north affects what happens in the south, and some particles affect each other instantly with almost unbelievable symmetry across incredible distances, although we dont understand how they are causally connected yet, and causation may have new sets of laws for us to ponder.

Time is not the issue in physics as it is in the normal world. In physics time is the relationship between events, and movement and distances are ways of describing the forces of energy affecting them. Einstein showed time is relative, and it may be possible for events in the past to influence events in the future - interactively. It might be useful to leave this aside for a while, and focus on linear history.

It doesn't matter when a person died in order to recover them. What matters is whether we have enough processing power or maths to do the calculations accurately describing them in a resurrection. These calculations are too big for us at present, but may eventually be done by bright people using coming science and technology.

In the coming computers, massive calculations will be easier and we can enter the mathematics using inflatable symbolism - like small seeds contain inflatables for big trees. We even have a maths for infinities! Every bit of a person's life - including their most private thoughts - are going to be drawn by quantum archaeologists, at first for genus or species, but then specific individuals.

The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany announced that they had sequenced the Neanderthal genome. Others have expressed a wish to clone groups of them. Although this is scientifically possible, it does not aim at specific individual resurrections but getting the DNA in place throughout the ages is step closer. Once we have a map of a person we will resurrect them robotically in groups when our technology is ready. That may be between 2027-2045 based on trends, although predictions are notoriously out.

It doesn't matter if quantum archaeology takes a hundred billion years.... the dead are in no hurry! Within a few seconds of their subjective loss of consciousness, they will be alive again, in full haelth and with better tools possessions and abilities than they ever dared dream for.The impact on the psyche may be enormous as people realize death is not a terminal. We can already say what computing power will be needed to construct accurate maps of the past because we already have an idea about how to do it and maps with hundreds of billions of moving variables already exist (eg New World Simulation 2011).

Predicting how computing is advancing, and what we need, we guess that in 20-40 years we'll be able to map anything that has ever lived on earth down to their individual atoms.

This paper attempts to show that nothing of a long dead person need still remain and yet a complete map of their brain and body can be drawn by retrodiction from present events. Then it will attempt to show that coming quantum robots will physically resurrect them.

As we gain mastery over the quantum world, we can learn to create or gather quantum information. Groups of thinkers are examining the line of logic on this, testing what is known to be possible in science against what is expected to be possible as our machines improve.

The very small obey laws so we can calculate where things were.

Quantum archaeology, a useful addition to experimental archaeology, involves probabilities to reassemble the past by cause and effect, by measurement and calculation, by time grids and algorithmic probability, and by cross-referencing across vast reconstruction systems, including at the planck scale of the quantum world.

It makes makes no assumption that we'll be able to mine information from the past light cone of the universe, although it will attempt that as well, but it is about using the information in the present to figure out what detailed events in the past must have been

Quantum Archaeology is the deliberate reconstruction of data from the past, to recreate persons, places, things and relationships using probabilities, and classical cause and effect, to retrodict and rebuild people back to life: at first as detailed mapping, and then reassembling atoms.


3000 yrs old: Lichtenstein Cave Museum - these reconstructions of a Bronze Age family are good enough for their kin to recognize them.


There are many starting points.

A person's memory is their raw DNA neuron growth, altered by the events that happen to them which cause memory, both epigenetically and by RNA changes. However memories are built by physically determined lawful reactions to previous events, and we will attempt to reconstruct everyone who has ever lived to full youthful health: that man who lived near you; that boy who was killed in an accident; that old woman you once knew; all the soldiers dead on the battle field; all the babies stillborn at birth; it seems only a matter of enough computing power, for the present is littered with effects of earlier causes and these can surely be traced back causally since anything that is or ever was absolutely exists by laws, and these laws must eventually be findable as regards human relevant sizes.

Computing power increases by predictable amounts annually and we should have enough by 2027 to achieve first results and be operational by 2045.


Many methods of classical archaeology are useful. Relative dating, 'record assembly' and keeping, preservation protocols, intellectual property, stewardship, and meticulous rigour are necessary. What is different is the accelerating science of computation which makes things possible that were too vast to be thinkable before. A dead person is not of infinite complexity. A person is 3 billion letters of DNA effected by epigenetic, RNA, and brain changes....plus anything else we discover, multiplied by the events and time of history. So far as medical corrections are concerned the DNA dominates the epigenetics and everything else (Craig Venter). Once you have the DNA the rest seems to follow. To calculate those possibilities by hand and then eliminate the impossible ones would take trillions of man-years. The coming computers are predicted to be able do trillions of man-years in fractions of seconds, and be error free. It is a statisticians dream world!

For however complicated men's lives were, all have been determined within the laws of science. With enough computing power it should be possible to trace every event - and every thought!


'Biology is still in the empirical phase...we learn by trial and error" Craig Venter


This also applies to most of science. Great complex discoveries beyond men have never been achieved because simulation capacities to make models and test varied inputs and conditions, were not possible. They will certainly come, and in levels of complication that looks quite beyond imagination - both in frozen systems and in fast dynamic representation with zillions of possibilities running at once.

After they come, machine intelligence will direct experiment for itself without any specific commands, discovering and recording new laws...which are merely patterns in numbers....and bringing their relevance to scientists who will concentrate on higher and higher overviews, until they too are unnecessary and your smart phone or other device will have more ability than a billion Einsteins working non-stop in a quadrillion laboratories round the world, and eventually in outer space.

What is pivotal is that our power to crunch numbers is accelerating.



http://dw2blog.files...ercomputers.png

This shows mechanical calculation in floating sums per second in Supercomputers


There is no known plateau for intelligence increase. There is no upper limit. Improvement will not only progress on the trends that have been observed, as the trends reach the knee of their curves they will shoot up, doubling their performance per dollar in half the time, then a quarter of the time, then an eighth of the time in asymptotic and accelerating increases. Somewhere in that runaway technology mankind will become immortal and resurrect himself, modifying with his machines to become better, stronger, faster, more: the relative differences between rich and poor a thing of the past like the colloquial corals. To those who say '"Why would we want this?" comes the answer "it is not only going to happen but it is already happening - and it is unstoppable."


Technology is getting better and cheaper - faster:


Technology is getting better, cheaper, faster in shorter & shorter time units. Much information, including films is virtually free.


It isn't the aim of this paper to deal in any detail with economic, social nor political issues. Emerging technology is likely to cope because the scale of improvement that is coming is thought to be massive, and the viability of quantum archaeology and techniques of how resurrection may be done is the paper's central theme.

I have also tried to avoid theological debates, whose enormous portion deals with resurrection of the dead, because the philosophies of theology and science have been in opposition since Darwin in society as was still evidenced by the (online) Dawkins v Williams Oxford debate.

I have used hypertext where necessary but generally removed links where they are easily highlighted to a search engine. If this paper is book-published, references will be inserted by a professional indexer.

I am hopeful that anybody objectively reviewing these ideas will conclude that quantum archaeology needs to be explored, and more rigorously than I am able to do.


THE QUESTIONS


Is death beyond a rigorous resurrection science?


The controversial debate in transhumanism, challenges assumed values and considers the limits of archaeology.

How far can archaeological reconstruction go?


How small must measurement be to reassemble every detail relevant to a deceased person?


To the cell? To the mitochondria? To the atom? To the superstring?


How accurately can we plot history? To living memories? Further?


If we cant retrieve the data, can we reconstruct it by a probability matrix - a sort of quantum archaeology grid of all relevant past events?





"When will the stone open it's tomb?" Ted Hughes

Stonhenge, The ancient burial tombs of the British surround the ruined temple.


For generations men have said 'If there's one thing certain - it's death" But is this true as archaeology accelerates?

We are faithfully reconstructing more and more artefacts. We could reassemble ruins, then we could reassemble artefacts, then we could reassemble bones and skeletons, and recently accurate and full facial reconstructions of people dead for thousands of years. Achieved by probability, these are provably so accurate their friends would instantly recognize them.

What is to stop archaeology...assuming science and technology progress...from reassembling a living person and their memories? Is that too much for the imagination applied to calculations in Nature?

Why shouldn't death be reversible like, any other causal process?

We can turn ice to water and water back to ice, and we can break and re-form complex molecules with greater speeds and at diminishing cost, stealing energy from different sources to make up for entropy or energy loss and reassemble them.

We can do this with lost hieroglyphs and empires broken in the dust, and dead sea scrolls. Why couldn't we do that with deceased men?

I will show in this paper that some species have already evolved ways to live forever, and Man may evolve to that too.

Here are some ideas on how attempts to resurrect the dead may become possible using things like engineering technologies, mathematics and statistics.


Quantum deals with the very small. (Bosonic sodium). Mad randomness or intricate order with causal laws we dont yet know?


Archaeologists deal with recovery of lost things.
Austen Henry Layard c.1894


CAN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING RAISE THE DEAD?


Facial reconstruction of two Russians from fragments 1.8 million years ago. Georgia National Museum

Most of a deceased person can be reconstructed using classical physics, and if there's any left, then we'll use quantum physics. Huge advances in probability mean we can accurately build prototype people for any era in history and the quest is how to reconfigure their brains using past environment-capture and cross-referencing. Quantum archaeology can try to sketch ideas for theories of how to describe the living past in detail, plotting multi-dimensionally on what is initially called the quantum archaeology grid.



<<<<------1st proof read above this line------>>>>>>

For the quantum archaeologist this has to be accurate enough to reconstruct any given person and their entire memories which means the scales have to be between 1 atom and 1 human body in size, generally, and extend to groups of people as upper limits and the quantum particles as lower. Grids are used in classical archaeology to describe and monitor geographical dig sites so that nothing is lost and relationships of artefacts can be used for reassembly. In quantum archaeology a grid is a set of dimensional timelines, a sort of fish tank with events drawn in as they are discovered or configured in connecting lines. This enables inevitable lines to be drawn from intersections called events, to establish other events by geometry. Although is an enormous undertaking and much must be done by hand, computerization is coming by which we can scan and configure more than a trillions events at once.

If we succeed, anyone who has ever died will be describable on the quantum archaeology grid, to be resurrected to life with coming quantum robots.

This is not fanciful, the techniques are already in their infancy and will germinate in the lifetime of people already born.

A classical archaeological grid in 1715.

People have common ancestors so they certainly have common timelines.

When traced back, each would give the same result - enough information to construct a complete map of a deceased person, good enough for robots to resurrect them. What techniques could be used to map our ancestors? What scientific barriers are there to mapping everyone who has ever lived? How many are there? How far back should we go? When is someone a man or something else? Where would everyone be put? What are the legal and ethical concerns? When could we be technologically advanced enough to do it? How will it be done? Will the rich raise ancestors leaving the poor with no histories? How much would a resurrection cost and why should the State pay for it?


Can science be set to correct history?

With only our present retrodictive measuring abilities, human memory seems lost at death. Because the brain looks closed off from the rest of the world it wasn't thought possible that once destroyed it could ever be recreated. The brain seemingly had mystical powers that prevented it being rebuilt by probability axioms!

Quantum archaeology posits that the brain and its neurons are no different from anything else in the world - subject to the same laws - growing, changing and decaying by absolute laws of physics, and a past brain is but a composition of a set of historical events and hierarchical events by information node density.

The brain is a particular system that using its genetic inheritance, codes data from the outside world to form, and is to some extent a reflection of that environment. It is a moving wet machine. Supercomputer simulations may eventually be able to replicate life and history in such detail it may be indistinguishable from reality. Human brain and past human brains may be available in computer programs, and as processing power factors up, any human brain that could ever have existed may be simulable on the equivalent of a desktop computer.

Cause and effect, and probability which is a peculiar branch of it, are two great tools of science that allow measurement and prediction.

We are using them to construct mathematics to map the past, and are building systems to peer into the quantum world and manipulate it. In coming years we expect to have consummate mastery of the very small, as we do of the medium big. Once manipulation of the quantum world is achieved, resurrection may be much easier. Archaeology is converging with quantum physics to recover astounding details of information thought long lost.


Howard Carter Born 1874 London Archaeologist Howard Carter found and saved the mummy of Tutankhamen 1922


Quantum theory is slowly being decoded giving us increased mastery of the very small. Quantum archaeologists guess people and their brains & memories from the past will be mapped for reassembly and some theory of reconstruction is inevitable. For the dead it doesn't matter when this happens as only a few seconds will elapse in subjective time between death and revival.

Piece by piece, line by line, check point by check point, recovery will be done by Man's machines and these will be more intelligent than the whole of civilization of Man ever was. Smarter machines are built every year, and when they can process 10^40 operating points per second, they will be many times more intelligent than mankind and capable of simulating a whole world.

On present trends these will arrive in 20-40 years.


Science and technology are speeding up.

Advancing trends are too clear to need to need to argue them here. The rate of progress is accelerating on a double exponential function - faster than rice on a chessboard.

The acceleration of technology is itself accelerating. We see evidence every day amused and little alarmed. An Olympic prosthetic leg, an electronic book with a million texts, a smaller quantum particle, a smaller microchip; 3D printing, nano-machines inside human cells, holograms, invisibility cloaks, prototype brain chip melts. We expect them to keep getting better, smaller, cheaper and more innovative. So far we have adapted to them because men are inventing them. But machines are planned to take over tasks from men, not just the tedious robotics chores, but the intellectual creative, brilliant ones. They will become 'indistinguishable from magic' when the trends are faster than human intuition can comprehend. Advances we intuit must be 100 years away will be upon us in 20. 10,000 years of progress with today's acceleration will be done in only 100 (Kurzweil). You can plot this on graphs of accelerating change.

Our statistics and mathematics will be done by machine intelligences, and this is especially true for the maths of probabilities. We first calculate what MUST have happened, and then assemble as many confirmation checks as we need to pronounce with certainty, throwing out the impossible, reducing and refining the probable by cross-checking, until only one possible history remains. This logic is good for law cases arguing what must have happened and it is good for quantum archaeology, carefully sifting the evidence via vast statistical calculations.


QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY IS BASED ON KNOWN LAWS.



Galileo's first maxim states

'Description then explanation.'


Einstein's maxim states:

“Everything is determined"


Lavoiser's maxim states:

"Total amounts of mass and energy in a closed system remain the same"


Quantum Theory

Everything behaves probabilistically in the quantum realm.


The entire universe was said by science to spontaneously pop into being with no cause until Edward Witten published M -Theory showing that infinite cosmic branes collide and form universes as bubbles from it - as causal reactions.

Thoughts were deemed special, and the brain inaccessible, but both are subject to the same laws of cause and effect and probability as everything else.

If Darwin was an affront to the uniqueness of Man, quantum archaeology affronts it more by suggesting we can make living copies of dead people and they would be exactly the same as them. People who are resurrected will not have changed from the moment of their deaths though their bodies will have been rejuvenated with all the skill of coming medical science.


HOW ACCURATE ARE THE PREDICTIONS OF QUANTUM MECHANICS?

They are the most accurate any science predictions have ever been.


THE ISSUES

If we can reconfigure the events around people during their lives in a quantum archaeology grid, and we reconfigure things like their DNA, we are going to be able to reconfigure their entire memories in supercomputers and physically resurrect them to youthful, disease-free bodies with coming quantum robots. Quantum robots, theoretically buildable, are tiny robots that carry quantum computers on their backs and set off into the quantum worlds to do their work.

Until recent times the calculations involved might have been fantastic, but computers and mathematics are hurtling forward in a stampede of invention.

We have probably past the level of quanta we need for resurrections.

The advent of atomic physics into archaeology began with radiocarbon dating in 1949. Complex formulas configure the date of once living artifacts by measuring sub-atomic particle changes over time.

Probabilistic measurements are worked out unveiling the ages of bones, teeth, and many objects whose age had only been guessed at before.

"When radiocarbon dating came in it allowed for the first time ....the establishing of chronologies for different things in different places...it wasn't possible to have a world prehistory until radiocarbon dating was established...it was a turning point...because until that time much of the work of archaeologists had to go into the establishing of chronologies." Baron Renfrew (2008)

It is a fantastic tool for archaeologists, but it's nothing to what's coming! Each discovery of a new technique brings the possibility of more precision, enabling checkpoints of reference from which to draw a huge grid of our past in wondrous and minute detail that those outside the field might think impossible. This probabilistic assembling of facts, each step nothing special of itself, when combined looks like supernatural powers!

Hundreds more techniques at quantum levels will arrive as we construct cumulatively more accurate maps of deceased people. It doesn't matter to the dead how long it takes.

At some stage in our quickening future we will have enough skill to describe anyone who has ever lived, calculating astronomically big equations even past their genomic levels , making descriptions of entire bodies, memories and worlds.


THE BEGINNING OF SUB-ATOMIC ARCHAEOLOGY

Archaeologists already use sub-atomic data to reconstruct events.


Is Resurrection of the dead becoming scientifically possible?

This is the aim of quantum archaeology - to raise everyone who has walked the earth. To restore them to full youth, improved facilities, and full memory. As you sketch a chart of what needs to happen to achieve this the most remarkable thing is that no-one had thought of it before. Or had they?

Mathematics, reconstruction theory, mass forensics, probability, retrodiction, statistics, biology, chemistry, physics and a host of other disciplines are merging with accelerating computing to provide tools of simulation beyond the dreams of power and wealth.


THE ARGUMENT

Quantum Archaeology - (Quantum Archeology) also known as quantum resurrection quantum information retrieval and resurrection science, is a controversial and emerging pre-science idea about process technologies using coming hypercomputing and mathematical methods. Statistics probability, and number crunching are increasingly specific in assisting archaeological retrodiction, plotting detailed maps of our ancestors, and with enough computing power are likely to be able to describe their memories, and resurrect them.

The cosmos is governed by causal laws, even at the tiniest levels: and where there are laws, predictions can follow.

As artificial intelligence advances into technology, more machine help will be coming on line. Quantum Archaeology can be an independent field with enough identity to make it a valid academic discipline and ask serious questions.

What are the limits to manipulating matter? How accurately will we be able to trace minute details of the past? Is it possible, someday, to make our machines reconstruct anyone who has ever lived? Could we calculate how to (and then actually rebuild) anyone to full, youthful health and with all their ancient memories intact? Quantum Archaeology theorizes we can and is drafting the details to do it.

Quantum Archaeology holds that all events in the cosmos exist by laws and makes no special conditions for human beings or any observers. It was first discussed on-line at kurzweilai.net forums in 2002. Initially regarded as pseudo-science, it began to be taken seriously and received endorsement from Frank J. Tipler and written about (see Notes) as quantum resurrection.

Men are assemblies caused by many definable laws and limits, all of which must eventually be chartable , then simulatable, because man is busy building machines that are much smarter than he is in specialist way. Parts of the brain are slowly being replicated on chips and wired into living brains in neuromedicine. It is a fair prediction that all a human brain will be replaceable artificially on chips. The moving information on chips will be loaded into computers, which can analyze it for faults.

It is easy to see from this point that we could use computers to calculate backwards, seeing what memories you had a a child by simple chains of cause and effect and where those are insufficient, by cross-referencing and probability. This backwards computer calculation will be done for whole groups and retrodicted to our ancient histories, configuring first the DNA of past generations, then configuring specific individuals to their point of death using dazzlingly large and innovative calculations.

The quest is on to map a synapse including their most complex bio-pathways and DNA's, and do one general brain at the Human Brain Project, and is expected to be complete before 2020. When we have one human brain in a computer simulation we will factor many, using the results to build even more intelligent computers that can solve Man's problems.

At some point we will have enough brains as equations in vast processors to be capable of retrodiction to ancestral histories: first for general classes of mankind, then for specific individuals about whom there is no living knowledge.

Facial reconstructions from fragments of the dead are already good enough to be recognizable by those who knew them.


I J Good who in 1965 predicted the machine intelligence explosion


In a real sense when someone dies they have '"Gone to the future" because in their subjective time only moments will pass between death and resurrection.


Archaeology is moving at a dramatically fast pace, driven by computer modelling.

"The New Archaeology has focused attention on the fact that archaeology is grounded in common sense and the principles of such basic sciences as geology and biology. Heuristic use of the hypothetico-deductive covering-law model has made all archaeologists recognize the need for explicit statements of how interpretations are derived from data. Archaeologists are not philosophers; they need not be concerned with metaphysical questions about reality. In particular skepticism strengthens confirmation techniques--it does not jeopardize our knowledge of the past." Richard A. Watson.


JOIN THE DOTS


Quantum archaeology is astonishingly simple. You record all the events you can, then join up the dots!

All events in history are linked. You can plot them as dots on a huge grid. The causal lines between - however bizarre - must describe the laws of physics. Building the quantum archaeology grid is going to increase our understanding of how the cosmos works.

Quantum Archaeology's time will come, and once it is heard of by a minimum number of people it will sink into our psyche's and science will make it happen. Transhumanists and futurists are some of the most skeptical of those with imagination. Many are trained scientists putting everything through the scientific method.There is no scientific reason why it is impossible to raise the dead: recursion and copying happen all the time in nature. Fear of death exists at present. QA will move from philosophy to technology via science (which is measurement and prediction theory) and death is going to be dumped on the scientist's desk with a roaring public demand made that they solve it.




Anyone who dies could be resurrected within a few seconds of their own subjective time. Death is reversible if quantum archaeology is correct.


WHEN WILL WE BEGIN?


For the 106 billion dead of the past 50,000 years, there's no rush!

It doesn't matter to them whether they are raised in ten years or in ten billion years. And compared to obliteration, being raised on distant planetary systems with superior systems or on earth with a local expansion vortex to near infinite dimensions, could look attractive.

This essay wont concern itself with with the nature of a future that is beyond the technological Singularity, because when he hit the knee of the curve of accelerating technology any predictions will seem shallow. Every step in the quantum archaeological process must be meticulously inspected: the future will inspect the past and the past will inspect the future as interactive complexity comes. This interaction has been theorized by quantum physicists as entanglement, and by mystics and sci-fi writers who state time is just one of many dimensions that certainly exist.

Much exact revival detail has to be configured, land and facilities planned for, and a host of logistics, including legal issues established, if we are to have any form of society It wont be practically possible to do this until we have great colonies in the galaxy grown by coming technology, or if we can access some of the near infinite alternate and empty worlds in parallel dimensions on earth (presently thought impossible).

But the future for the dead is bright, and rescue revivals will become sophisticated and competitive. The the poets' dreamings to the engineering is a series incremental steps of patient labor.
Scientists are learning how to manipulate and simulate the human body.

People reborn will enter an environment of unimaginably advanced technology, youthful - illness-free health with machines to instantly adjust you without altering your consciousness, and resources at your command beyond the wildest dreams of the most famous emperors are going to arrive.

In a multiverse so vast even extinction disasters will probably not be enough to prevent quantum archaeologists raising us in distant futures. Indeed, given the infinite multiverse, it is logically impossible we will not be resurrected because of the nature of infinity. But we want to do it as fast and safe as possible. Within the lifetimes of those now working, quantum archaeology is likely to be viable.

Man is driven to envisage life after death, and this expectancy is so profound in his psyche, he will enact it. The motive is clear: life is so special resurrection will refute death as part of the 'will to life'. People who have lived and died will be seen as only just begun (and if we can pull off resurrection this will certainly be true).

Even as I write, the struggle to overcome my own assumed values makes me wince. The dead were definitely dead. I never questioned that. No-one questioned that. Ignorant of the species that dont die, cited later, by the age of seven most people accepted death as part of the great cycle of Nature and ceased thinking about it's legitimacy. It is a real mental challenge to realize the dead are potentially alive and may soon be active again. Villains and heros, kings and commoners, extinct civilizations and extinct species must inevitably be recalled from the grave. Indeed the hardest part of quantum archaeology is effecting personal belief shifts - not the technologies which are coming and are inevitable if we survive the age of intelligent machines.


Technology is logical, but science - the theories and ideas behind it - is not so easy. We see but one of ourselves: quantum physicists theorize there are near infinite copies. We look out on one universe...science believes there may be infinite universes. The large-minded will ask why we don't 'resurrect' all copies in all worlds? That is a fantastic aim, perhaps not impossible with the coming of Superintelligence, expected on computing trends by 2030-45 (Vinge, Kurzweil).

Quantum archaeology is cautiously assuming ONE timeline and working for ONE rescue for each deceased person. That has to be the starting point, to be a true science we must set up departments and pay for PhDs.

It is inevitable we attempt the first resurrection, and efforts are being made future years may find laughable without the spacetime coordinates of serious data about the person.

We can do many now from DNA, but they would be too rough. Man is adventurous, sentimental, thinks he owes a duty to the dead, is accelerating technologically, and has no known upper limit to what he may achieve. The concerns of a halt then a restart to consciousness may be an assault on the ego, but poses no problem to science.

A majority of scientists believe Many Worlds exist and quantum computers are being built.



In the vastness of the universe what is highly improbable always happens, and in an infinite universe everything highly improbable may happen an infinite number of times. By probability alone, resurrection is certain if it is possible. The aim of this paper is to ask you if you think quantum archaeology is possible or impossible? Secondly, should we attempt the science behind it or index it as a ridiculous blasphemy?

MANIPULATING DATA

Quantum computers have been progressing since Paul Benioff thought them up in 1981at the Argonne National Laboratory. (He has since thought up quantum robots). Their progress is exponential and they will burst into the world in the late 2020's doing millions of times more calculations than all the most powerful classical supercomputers combined running for billions of years....in 1 second.

Quantum computers may shortly make classical computers obsolete.
"A Comparison of Classical and Quantum Computing

Classical computing relies, at its ultimate level, on principles expressed by Boolean algebra, operating with a (usually) 7-mode logic gate principle, though it is possible to exist with only three modes (which are AND, NOT, and COPY). Data must be processed in an exclusive binary state at any point in time - that is, either 0 (off / false) or 1 (on / true). These values are binary digits, or bits. The millions of transistors and capacitors at the heart of computers can only be in one state at any point. While the time that the each transistor or capacitor need be either in 0 or 1 before switching states is now measurable in billionths of a second, there is still a limit as to how quickly these devices can be made to switch state. As we progress to smaller and faster circuits, we begin to reach the physical limits of materials and the threshold for classical laws of physics to apply. Beyond this, the quantum world takes over, which opens a potential as great as the challenges that are presented.

The Quantum computer, by contrast, can work with a two-mode logic gate: XOR and a mode we'll call QO1 (the ability to change 0 into a superposition of 0 and 1, a logic gate which cannot exist in classical computing). In a quantum computer, a number of elemental particles such as electrons or photons can be used (in practice, success has also been achieved with ions), with either their charge or polarization acting as a representation of 0 and/or 1. Each of these particles is known as a quantum bit, or qubit, the nature and behavior of these particles form the basis of quantum computing. The two most relevant aspects of quantum physics are the principles of superposition and entanglement .
Superposition

Think of a qubit as an electron in a magnetic field. The electron's spin may be either in alignment with the field, which is known as a spin-up state, or opposite to the field, which is known as a spin-down state. Changing the electron's spin from one state to another is achieved by using a pulse of energy, such as from a laser - let's say that we use 1 unit of laser energy. But what if we only use half a unit of laser energy and completely isolate the particle from all external influences? According to quantum law, the particle then enters a superposition of states, in which it behaves as if it were in both states simultaneously. Each qubit utilized could take a superposition of both 0 and 1. Thus, the number of computations that a quantum computer could undertake is 2^n, where n is the number of qubits used. A quantum computer comprised of 500 qubits would have a potential to do 2^500 calculations in a single step. This is an awesome number - 2^500 is infinitely more atoms than there are in the known universe (this is true parallel processing - classical computers today, even so called parallel processors, still only truly do one thing at a time: there are just two or more of them doing it). But how will these particles interact with each other? They would do so via quantum entanglement.

Entanglement Particles (such as photons, electrons, or qubits) that have interacted at some point retain a type of connection and can be entangled with each other in pairs, in a process known as correlation . Knowing the spin state of one entangled particle - up or down - allows one to know that the spin of its mate is in the opposite direction. Even more amazing is the knowledge that, due to the phenomenon of superpostition, the measured particle has no single spin direction before being measured, but is simultaneously in both a spin-up and spin-down state. The spin state of the particle being measured is decided at the time of measurement and communicated to the correlated particle, which simultaneously assumes the opposite spin direction to that of the measured particle. This is a real phenomenon (Einstein called it "spooky action at a distance"), the mechanism of which cannot, as yet, be explained by any theory - it simply must be taken as given. Quantum entanglement allows qubits that are separated by incredible distances to interact with each other instantaneously (not limited to the speed of light). No matter how great the distance between the correlated particles, they will remain entangled as long as they are isolated.

Taken together, quantum superposition and entanglement create an enormously enhanced computing power. Where a 2-bit register in an ordinary computer can store only one of four binary configurations (00, 01, 10, or 11) at any given time, a 2-qubit register in a quantum computer can store all four numbers simultaneously, because each qubit represents two values. If more qubits are added, the increased capacity is expanded exponentially."(Committee on AMO 2010, National Research Council)


When I began this essay the faults of quantum computers were thought an impossible barrier. A desktop google could outperform the best of them; but in 2012 IBM announced it was approaching error resolution in quantum computing and they would be commercial in under 15 years.

If this is achieved many problems too big to compute would be achievable and open new technologies.

"I soon learned to scent out what was able to lead to fundamentals and to turn aside from everything else, from the multitude of things that clutter up the mind." Einstein


"The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest number of empirical facts by logical deduction from the smallest number of hypotheses or axioms." Albert Einstein

Einstein's success at being able to predict the movements of molecules in Brownian motion looked like magic to his contemporaries, who queued up to say he must be wrong, but he showed you could use probabilistic laws in apparently random behavior, and experiment proved him right in 1908.

Great scientists work in patterns like Archimedes, who found constant relationships between size, weight and shapes.

Eisenstein used techniques to simplify things and see patterns and shortcuts: "It takes a touch of genius -- and a lot of courage -- (to make things simple)" he wrote. His doctorate was failed because it was too short. He won a nobel prize and resubmitted it successfully after adding one paragraph.

Quantum Archaeology assumes the universe is made of events and the laws that govern them.

When we can measure a system - causally or probabilistically - we can delineate it's laws. When we know the laws of a system and have a minimum number of information points, we can construct the entire system, past, present and future. We have enough computing power already to do huge simulations, and several already exist of the entire superficial universe (The New Horizon Run Cosmological N-Body Simulations, 2011. See the quantum archaeology grid).

When we cannot yet measure the system causally, or our measurements affect what we're measuring, we use the laws of probability to make predictions about it, or try to find related forces, fields and events that we can measure from. Even events described by the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum theory should fall to denouement as the quantum world begins to be manipulated, and we are already in the early stages of doing it. We use probability and aggregation when massive amounts of data are virtually incomprehensible and extract useful results doing this.

Law governs everything, and where there is law there is surely reversibility. By knowledge of the laws, we should be able to sketch things in reverse, like running a film backwards.

It doesn't matter whether events are planets in orbit or ions entering the fabric of the neuron, everything is made of events and their governing laws, and this excites archaeologists!


According to M-Theory, our universe is a bubble made when infinite membranes collided. It is finite and like the earth can be completely mapped.

Scale prevented much complex work being attempted, but scale wont mean much with coming hypercomputers, forecast to deal with unimaginably large number crunching, and their supporting innovative statistics. It shod be as easy to calculate human history as to calculate a shopping list.

We are going to do real complexity and manipulate things at astonishingly small scales, maybe smaller than superstrings which are presently only mathematical constructs and the smallest things posited.

Quantum Archaeology ruthlessly asserts:

there is no qualitative difference between information expressed as a set of data or expressed as a living human being;

that any long dead person will be describable and therefore resurrectable by coming technologies;

that by reconfiguring space-time coordinates any past event may be re-assembled.



A person is a set of physical events assembled according to the laws of science.

It allows for entropy or information loss by noting the zillions of timelines that can be retrodicted to establish the same historical point. While the physical data may be lost, the vast correlations we are able to cross-reference make establishing the past viable.

Quantum Archaeology guesses any past or future event may be calculated, since the past and future are subject to the same universal laws. The future is much harder than the past to plot because reconfiguring it from our time line may take many factors more computer processing power, and there are more possibilities because of recursion. The past is easier to rebuild than the future because some of it is known and archives of it locked away in things like DNA and geology. This is where Quantum Archaeology has currency.

It anticipates hypercomputing which includes, but is not limited to quantum computing, nanocomputing, light computing, 3D computing,biological computing, and chemical computing, and it attempts to look at resurrection issues in terms of data manipulation in a future world that may have post-human intelligence (assumed to be possible at more than 10^17 flops of computing power) (Hans Moravec) and due in 2022.

Given infinite regress and species continuance, there is no known limit to how detailed our plots of past events can become. From seemingly unrelated markers in the present, increasing amounts of the whole past may be constructed as simulations in computers. At that point we could actually be rebuilt by micro robots.

Quantum archaeology describes a person, including their memories, as a grid of space-time points.

It consists of the quantum archaeology grid, plus the techniques to build anything that has existed back to new.

Three important issues are

1. What is the resuscitation threshold? Hitherto there was assumed to be a point at which resuscitation was impossible due to entropy of data. Cryonics may have pushed that barrier back: quantum archaeology abolishes it.

2. Data gathering...what are coming techniques for gathering and calculation?

3. What technology will we need to rebuild people?


The answers are encouraging, and many of the new science topics are already underway.

PROBABILITY

One of the most useful tools for prediction and retrodiction is probability.

Isaac Newton who drew up the fist life insurance tables was a master of approximations. He discovered that you didn't need exact solutions to problems but used fluxtions (calculus) to make approximate measurements giving aggregately correct answers. Like the wisdom of crowds, mass measurements can give a level of accuracy that beggars belief.

A numeric sequence is said to be statistically random when it contains no recognizable patterns or regularities; sequences such as the results of an ideal dice roll, or the digits of π exhibit statistical randomness. (wiki)


This idea of randomness is now the public idea of randomness. Emerging disciples are overwhelmed by new ideas flooding in and often use already established words for quote different meaning. This is most unhelpful to the novice who brings their comprehension of language with him and must not only learn specialist words, but now overturn, redefine and deal with conflicting definitions of words.

Randomness like chaos does not exist in a model of the universe that is causal.

Both mean 'without order' to the man on the internet and this is in conflict with Causation which is observable everywhere we look. Both views cannot be true or logic is defeated. Either chaotic randomness must be dismissed or causation must be dismissed or both must be dismissed. there are good reasons why Causation should not be dismissed, including that it is apparent in everything we can see and measure.

The mathematician John Von Neumann believed computers could not create randomness. I believe it could not exist except by redefining it as relatively extreme complexity. If we redine randomness or chaos as relatively extreme complexity, we are in danger of confusing ideas. I find it safer to state extreme complexity as extreme complexity and that is what I have done in this essay.

Statistical methods are improving retrodiction, and are hurtling forward at dramatic speed, using approximations and pattern matching and graph techniques like 'squeezing' to show the quantum world - once thought impossible to predict. We are accurately measuring and describing molecular and atomic events. Once quantum computers are efficient enough, we will simulate histories in astounding depth - past the atomic scale, describing quantum miniscule details from thousands of years ago with the accuracy of reforming a chess match from the end positions plus the memories of the two players.

Quantum archaeology describes initial ideas for raising the ancient dead using advancing statistical probabilistic sampling quantum calculations, like those pioneered by the late Ray Solomonoff and treating a person as a data set at coordinate points of space-time - then reconstructing them using robotics.



Solomonoff's lecture was amazing at Dartmouth Park in 2006. It revealed the consummate statistician at work in dazzling but patient creativity. He tweaked seriously vast tons of chaotic data to draw accurate information from them using the statistics he pioneered. Anyone who heard him in a cafe would assume him mad. Those with a grounding in figures knew he was brilliant.


Statistics, is founded on agreed memes. It is a self-referential but unbounded system. It helps information survival by accurate calculation plotting. Solomonoff's algorithmic information theory which led to Algorithmic Probability was a landmark advance in statistics and he was one of the original founders of Artificial Intelligence.

He confirmed probabilistic assumptions on averaging during conversations and emails with me before and after AI@50, which was a meeting of 150 world experts in Artificial Intelligence at the Second Dartmouth Park Conference in 2006. The first had been 50 years previously, where A.I. had been invented, and I predict the next one will demonstrate Superintelligence, and also that I will be rejuvenated or resurrected to attend it!

Has mankind been defeated by Death or can the imagination of scientists revoke it?


to Valentina Serova

Wait for me, and I'll come back!
Wait with all you've got!
Wait, when dreary yellow rains
Tell you, you should not.
Wait when snow is falling fast,
Wait when summer's hot,
Wait when yesterdays are past,
Others are forgot.
Wait, when from that far-off place,
Letters don't arrive.
Wait, when those with whom you wait
Doubt if I'm alive.

Wait for me, and I'll come back!
Wait in patience yet
When they tell you off by heart
That you should forget.
Even when my dearest ones
Say that I am lost,
Even when my friends give up,
Sit and count the cost,
Drink a glass of bitter wine
To the fallen friend -
Wait! And do not drink with them!
Wait until the end!

Wait for me and I'll come back,
Dodging every fate!
"What a bit of luck!" they'll say,
Those that would not wait.
They will never understand
How amidst the strife,
By your waiting for me, dear,
You had saved my life.
Only you and I will know
How you got me through.
Simply - you knew how to wait -
No one else but you.

1941 Konstantin Simonov


"Quantum Archaeology" first surfaced on Kurzweilai forums 2002 in discussions about Frank Tipler's The Physics of Immortality. Undoubtedly a genius of thought, Tipler's idea is that @ the Omega point at the end of time, we would have a sentient computer spanning the entire universe. It would make simulations of everything possible and being compassionate would make sure we're all OK.

QA's conjecture is that we build hypercomputers and develop maths enough to calculate back in time to anyone who has lived building them back with microrobots. This is theorized to be possible in 20-40 years, and my best calculation based on steady trends in science, and work now being done, is an arrival date for resurrection of 2027.


At the moment this is preposterous amongst those who have not thought it through - even amongst scientists, the majority of whom have also not thought it through. Our gut opinions of things are always worth listening to, but technology and science are becoming less intuitive: our predictions have to be worked out, set down and calculated in machinery, and results are increasingly different from what we are capable of guessing.

To assess the Truth of Quantum Archaeology it may help if you jot down on paper what a person is, and what would need to be done in order to bring the dead back. Almost no-one had done this before, because almost no-one could think it might be possible. Death was such a monster lurking in the psyche it never crossed anyone's mind that it was reversible, like any other patterns in physics. All you needed was enough computing power to simulate a complete description of every possibility: then, at the same time, whittle out the false probabilities.



Go to page 3 >>>>

Edited by Innocent, 13 July 2013 - 04:41 PM.

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Posted 13 July 2013 - 04:49 PM

QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY page 3/9

Professor Frank J. Tipler opened the scientific resurrection debate in the modern era.



QA discussion also involved Steven Wolfram's A New Kind of Science, using the forecasting ideas of new statistics, ideas from science fiction, with a focus called the Omega Point by Pierre Teilihard De Chardin a Jesuit priest, and Vernor Vinge's famous 1993 NASA paper predicting the coming of Superintelligence by 2030. QA is seen by some as the maturing of transhumanism into a theology.

There is increasing understanding that data is classifiable as dimension matrices from which fast readings may be obtained, giving startlingly accurate results in mass co-ordinations by cross- referencing.

This uses only fractions of the computing time and power that was used before. Artificial intelligence cuts hours, and penetrates complexity. For instance Argonne National Laboratory is solving problems in quantum chemistry using A.I. to short-cut calculation times and depth of work. "...in the past few years, powerful computing has become so ubiquitous that thousands of density-functional field theory calculations can be made within days" (instead of months or years) and now algorithms "can predict the properties and behaviors of 'zillions' of molecules. "(Royal Society of Chemistry 2011).

With the approaching era it will be cut to fractions of a second, returning the results even before you have finished typing the data in, as google presently does with language and plain maths.

Archaeological archives need computerizing to matrix a full time grid (Museum of London).



We can plot when classical computers will be powerful enough to permute every possible human history, then mathematically extract the correct one for any dead person, enabling robotic resurrection. That is currently estimated to be before 2045.


TOWARDS A NEW SCIENCE

As the quantum world opens up, we will have fantastic changes to manipulate and build machines that are invisible to the human eye.


Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China's terracotta army who guard him in the afterlife.



Coming armies are going to be robotic. Instead of fighting men they will fight the elements.


With its roots in classical measurement and calculation, the emerging science of quantum archaeology as a deterministic philosophy would have been applauded by Pythagorus:

"....something that once was possible could appear possible a second time only if the Pythagoreans were correct in thinking that with the same constellations of the celestial bodies the same phenomenon on the Earth also had to repeat itself, even in small single particulars, so that when the stars have a certain position relative to each other, a Stoic and an Epicurean will, in an eternal recurrence, unite and assassinate Caesar and, with another stellar position, Columbus will eternally rediscover America." Friedrich Nietzsche On the Use and Abuse of History for Life 1874

Quantum Archaeology, written in ignorance and independently of Russian cosmism, was inspired by the Russian born American Isaac Asimov in his Foundation trilogy where Hari Seldon predicts across thousands of years using psychohistory a concept of mathematical sociology using the law of mass action. It may have been drawn from Einstein (1905) who was influenced by Newton, both of whom extracted accurate results from approximation techniques.

"Hari Seldon, a fictional character, is the intellectual hero of Isaac Asimov's Foundation Series. In his capacity as mathematics professor at Streeling University on Trantor, he developed psychohistory, allowing him to predict the future in probabilistic terms. " wiki

The point is that we can calculate data about deceased people by herculean feats of probability and averaging. QA simply adds determinism to probability and makes statistics work hard, anticipating coming systems.

Probability is a different expression of data to strict causation and can give results with large data volumes. It is used with adroit success in the quantum world, where the causal laws have so far not been uncovered (I shall stake my view with einstein that that will be discoveered!).Mapping the visible heavens is on the same scale as mapping the human brain. We are in the process of doing doing both. Spacetime coordinate mapping is a growing science that can deal with realtime dynamic systems like on the 80 foot screen below that helps manage California's electric grid system:

California's ISO is a computer real time grid control system.

Asimov's idea was that imponderably large classes can be predicted aggregately. Anyone's death is like a mini Seldon Crisis. With coming computing likely to be much more powerful than at present, the size of an event will not be problematic.

"A Seldon Crisis is a fictional socio-historical phenomenon in Isaac Asimov's Foundation Series of science fiction novels. If successfully configured they eventually leave only one possible, inevitable, course of action.

They are named after Hari Seldon, who founded the field of psychohistory, and who appears as a pre-recorded hologram at the climax of each crisis"(wiki)

Asimov described psychohistory as prediction. Q.A. is about retrodiction.

Part of our work as theoreticians is to assist prediction and correction protocols for events like Singularities.

Psychohistory predicts the future but only aggregately on a mass scale. The larger the number of years the more accurate the predictions. In quantum archaeology, the larger the number of samples the greater the accuracy. Actually all science works like that but the borders and parameters are defined. They actually dont exist! They are all approximations and there is a blurring where one starts and other stops analyzable to nothing if you reduce enough as Zeno suggests in the Achilles and the tortoise and advanced by Lewis Carroll's analysis in What the Tortoise Said to Achilles



Some futurists on Kurzweilai.net argued psychohistory could be done in reverse because there are zillions of measurable variables in the present which all had to converge on the same historical point. Even if vast amounts of information is lost, tiny amounts that survive are enough to reconstruct the whole past.

The further back - the fewer the events. Your calculations reduce quickly as you plot back in time.

All events can be handled singly - using cause & effect - or as categories of other events (using probability). Further aggregation is only an issue of scale, and can describe minute events just as well as mass events, with coming measurement facilities.

Royal Microscopical Society

From the naked eye, to the invention of

Aristophanes' "lens", from 424 BC, a glass globe filled with water

magnifying glass 13th century (Roger Bacon)

spectacles (1284

the microscope (1590)

ultramicroscope (nobel prize 1925)

phase contrast microscope (1930)

electron microscope (1931)
field ion microscope (1951)

scanning tunnelling microscope('quantum microscope' 1981)

atomic force microscope (1986)

STED microscopy (1994)

AC-STEM (2012)

electron holograph (2012)

3D Microscope micron-scale spatial light modulator (SLM 2012)
Purdue Microscope (speculative) combines Atomic Force Microscope and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (2013)***

STEHM (built 2013)

Neutron Microscope (under development)
Through-Focus Scanning Optical Microscopy (TSOM) < 11 nm achieved (2013)



The history of science has been the increasing mastery of observational scale measurement. This trend of diminishing scale will surely continue. It is likely we will be able to examine all of the brain in the future, and to levels that are subatomic if that is necessary. We are also speeding up the time taken to measure smaller Once we can measure and describe we will manipulate, since machines of that size will be immediately buildable.

Ophelia PRB


However we dont need to physically measure nor observe in order to predict and retrodict what must come and what has been. Mathematics enables accurate prediction from initial observations. Lines plotted by the laws of science can be drawn from starting points to create maps of how those systems used to look. Then they can be cross-checked doing equational proof.

If we know enough starting points and we knows all the laws that will operate, we can draw a complete diagram of worlds and events, past and future that are are probabilistically accurate. With computation we will crosscheck them each many trillions of times.

We can therefore make simulations that are as good as the real world. At Duke's university for instance an electron was simulated by a network of supercomputers in 2012 and split in half, allowing scientists to study the effects.

All events are limited and linked by laws, probabilistically or by cause & effect when the parameters of classes are apparent. A skill of the philosopher is to view multiple perspectives at once, and this helps in quantum archaeology, because you are moving from one scale of events to another, juggling them to establish check point grids in a history.

People's memories, seemingly lost and disintegrated, are no special set of laws but similar to any other set of events with space-time coordinates. They are constructed by the laws of physics and they disintegrate by the laws of physics. These may be reconfigurable with enough measurement and calculation: once we describe in detail any long dead person, it is possible to rebuild them.

A new definition of death is required, because death can be shown to be logically impossible as a final state: as long as mankind or any species with an interest in resurrecting mankind survives, history will be reconstructed by them given the vastness of our universe where every remote possibility always happens - however improbable. Although the chances are small of it happening by other beings, in an infinite universe it is 100% certain.

Why shouldn't the universe be infinite? Asserting it is as honest as asserting it is finite, because we dont know. However the greater our measurement of the large, the bigger the universe has been scaled up, and many a philosopher subscribes to the theory of infinite regress, where there is no limit to the smallness nor bigness of things.

WHAT IF WE CANT MANIPULATE THE ATOMIC WORLD?


We are already doing it! We'll achieve incredible mastery over smaller and smaller events that today seem like science fiction.

Its possible there is some limit to how small our techniques will be able to move things about. This would contradict the idea of infinite regress and we haven't found it yet, despite light affecting observation of the very small.Techniques are likely to be able to go smaller and smaller and even if there are temporary limits of size mathematics can still describe them both by aggregation and in detail.

Fields or particles, quantum events follow laws which means they are items in classes, and absolutely predictable.


Man's size is essentially from the amino acid to the body. Measurements above and below that are less important for envisaged reconstructions.

However mankind is almost certain to reconstruct his own world history in Bostrom simulations if we survive, and these will be as detailed as our measurement capacity allows.

We are already using mathematics much below the requirement for memory which is little smaller than ionic, and are rapidly acquiring skill in subatomic manipulation.

Quantum archaeology is a go, and psychohistory has become a real life study of the psychological motivations of historical events as retrodictions.



Hari Seldon by Tzibtak








Samplings, approximations, random variables, probability distributions, confidence intervals, correlations, cross checking, eliminations and time series all help configure exact positions and descriptions of brain and body particles from the past

A present day glossary of statistical terms runs into thousands, and in the future as machine systems invent and do the labor of the lifetimes of a million men in a second, may run into millions as computing systems discover and classify laws of mathematics.



Professor Henry Markram at the Human Brain Project who knows about the need to deal with large data sets, has pioneered 'predictive reverse engineering' on a general model of the mammalian cortical column "When you combine rules you find new rules." "If you follow biology very closely - modeling becomes easy." "From the macroscopic constraints you can specify microscopic detail." and generally, using a hierarchy matrix of rules the amount of computing power needed per operation shrinks proportionately.


Even with the most amazing techniques Markram is aware of the immediate future role of supercomputers:

"The future of supercomputers is in hybridization (multiple processor designs on one chip - generic, FPAs - ASICs -Quantum modules - hierarchical memory systems - in-memory databases - high off-process memory -super high-speed interconnects - automated memory management processors - on-chip/close chip graphic rendering - remote visualization) as well as bio-mimicry." (2009 -to me)

Coming hypercomputers including supercompters and quantum computers will be able to reconstruct a human being as easily as reconstructing a particular DNA is today.

Reconfiguring a specific human brain and body is far easier than doing the same for a non-biological reconstruction, because when you have programmed in the constraints, the parameters collapse. ibid. It is easier too because all men share common ancestries and there will be basic common structures from which to model.


Firing neurons:Project Bluebrain uses IBM Supercomputers.

Like the Human Brain Project, quantum archaeology will create model maps, used to make specific maps and grids, which are cross referenced at omic levels to pin point exact brain and body structures at different scales. If you know half the synapses of the brain, the other synapses position themselves on reconstruction. Biology has inbuilt homoeostasis and seeks to constantly revert to its safe patterns.

This is counter intuitive. The resurrection of a long deceased person about whom little or nothing is known seems impossible to carry out. Tricks like cross referencing that you can work out accurately as we are all related make it easier than it seems. The largesse of the reconstruction is similar for all people, and the further back in time you are aiming the easier it becomes because there are fewer events there, but many more starting points of known events in the present- all of which point back in time. However complex systems are, they are described by smaller sets or rules and lie in groups and subgroups, both in hierarchies- which are very stable systems in Nature- and matrices.

"...there exist models, principles, and laws that apply to generalized systems or their subclasses, irrespective of their particular kind, the nature of their component elements, and the relationships or "forces" between them." General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications 1968 Ludwig von Bertalanffy

The robot population is rising exponentially.

Every event in history is linked by chains of causation to every other event. Luckily for quantum archaeologists, each event has a myriad of other events linked to it, and once you have a few starting points you are able to deduce to any given event "with absolute precision."

This fact means that no event in the past can be buried, it will always be available to inquiry by calculations that can exactly describe it down to the smallest & largest detail our measuring science can go. And those limits are constantly broken, restrained only by our mathematics and calculating machines.

Inside the Neutrino Lab in the UK -small compared to KM3net being built under the Mediterranean to observe Neutrinos, Earth's 2nd largest structure.

Quantum Archaeology will be done by Man if our race survives. There is a thirst for accurate history and a romantic will to defeat death. The indignity of suffering and degeneration at the end of one's life is further horrified by the cold logic we are going to end. We are describable as biochemical factories, producing continuations of many patterns of atoms and molecules, all of which must be eventually manipulable and reconfigurable as space-time coordinates of history by coming computing. Man has a strong instinct that death is not the end. Now it seems death may not only not be final, but logically impossible in a vast universe where the improbable always happens, however slim the odds.

Why shouldn't we finally find the skills with our accelerating technology to manipulate through time and raise the dead? Is that really beyond Man's day dream?

(Click to enlarge) Hanging of John Brown. What happens next ?


Immortality-which resurrection implies- since if you die you will be reconstructed again-is going to demand a huge works of deep thought to deal with the shift in Man's psyche.

Conflicts thought buried in history and long settled are still alive. Empires buried under dusty old ruins are still alive, and we may have to chose between competing philosophies, loyalties and sympathies as supermen and monsters rise up from our ancestors. History will become more scientific and empirical than Gibbon's ever conceived it.

No doubt there will be factions, followers, disappointments and wonders as in any age. But Man is not resurrecting alone: he will have modern tools of intelligent machines to guide his amazing and recursive path. Where will and wisdom have conflicted wisdom has always won through eventually, and quantum archaeology is sure to be embraced as apart of human destiny.

Nature does immortality presently as reproduction, but without conscious memories being reproduced. Quantum Archaeology seeks to describe techniques for reconstructing memories as well as the original bodies. It sounds a monstrously difficult labour. It is simpler when you begin listing what needs to be reconfigured. People's brains are at least 90% identical therefore give a standard starting point for revival. Progressive information can be added until you are in a position to cross-check trillions of references at microscopic detail. At some stage you will have completely reassembled every point in a human being and cross checked it for every error.

The blurs of history will have detail built up around them by coming calculation systems.

The complexity of the brain stuns even modern workers, and would have amazed Fyodorov. Yet brains are not mystical entities but cells with genes yielding membranes with many of over 350 different types of voltage-sensitive ions carrying electricity. These are not random, but have been built from the genes in the fabric of each neuron. The neurons are individual, in 32 types, 2 classes and 16 different characters (Henry Markram, Human Brain Project). The personality of the individual neurons has come about by cause and effect, by growth and decay themselves absolutely subject to the laws of science. As such their histories cannot remain mysteries, but must give way to simulations when we have enough processing power to recreate them.

It is now known that memories are stored in specific neurons (MIT Nature 22 March 2012 :Susumu Tonegawa) and not evenly distributed as was thought. This may make their reconfiguration easier..

We calculate and describe human genomes at accelerating speeds.

We will construct different scales, groups, individuals, moleculars and atomics, and constantly cross check , building up matrix histories, reading off required data to assist further points to be carefully reconstructed. Once one ancestor is mapped out, local others will be mapped, and from those others, more remote ones still, using the contents of one brain's memory to draft others; at first by DNA and atomic approximations, but then also molecular patterns, group patterns and environment interaction patterns.


Scanning & mapping 100 millions neurons in a mouse brain in an hour

If this vast, it is only vast by today's standards. Coming technologies are going to be able to cope with it, at first laboriously, then effortlessly, and to the dead it wont mater when they are resurrected!

With the skill of a plastic surgeon, reconstructions of people long dead will be achieved in brains, and heavily relying on a myriad of techniques including probability and statistics, from calculations and constructed data bases from similar brains.By plotting the laws of biochemistry and micro physics, better and better approximations of the deceased will be achieved.

At some point in the future there will be enough accuracy available to faithfully reconfigure any person's brain who has ever lived at any point in its history. Then they will be rebuilt robotically. Upon revival, the person will have more memories than at their point of death, as well as being in amazing health. Notice this forecast means that people who died with brains that had decayed will be revived with fully functioning ones with superior memories.


THE RUSSIANS ARE COMING!


."..death is merely the result or manifestation of our infantilism, lack of independence and self-reliance, and of our incapacity for mutual support and the restoration of life." Fyodorov 19th century.


Who else but the Russians would have the romance to seize on this idea, and actually attempt it?

Although I hadn't heard of him when I began this paper, scientific resurrection had been thought of by Russian philosopher Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov in the 1800's and his works are being translated.

Fyodorov tried to plan specific actions for scientific research of the possibility of restoring life and making it infinite. His first project was connected with collecting and synthesizing decayed remains of the dead based on "knowledge and control over all atoms and molecules of the world". (wiki) It is surely a tremendous leap of thought for a Victorian working as a presumed eccentric in Moscow's leading lending library, who also predicted space flight. He was certain death must be conquered - for ourselves - but also insisted we had a duty to the dead to resurrect them.

Fyodorov wanted the world to unite and treat the anti-death project on the scale of war. Russian romanticism is a sublime genius and it is apt that Asimov and Fyodorov spearhead a serious drafting of technological resurrection or quantum archaeology, and it is even possible Asimov knew of him for despite his obtuse views, Fyodorov was embraced by Russia's elite circle in his lifetime, and wanted the Czar to lead his worldwide resurrection project.Despite there being a Cosmist movement behind him, the time was too early. The science and technology support structure was not yet in place. By Christmas 1903 when he died, so many important discoveries lay ahead, although the mathematics of Russell was well under way, the computer which used it to move hardware by machine code had halted at Babbage, after his funder had had enough.

Only by 1950 did the theme get going again and not until 2000 when the human genome had been discovered and sequenced and we dared conceive manipulating human existence, and munching sums of data so big that they are practically infinite, that this strange little Russian's work awoke some of the great pioneering transhumanists to discuss it.

Nikolai Fyodorov the Moscow librarian predicted rebirth. Leonid Pasternak

TIME SCANNING

Quantum Archaeology has also been discussed as Time Scanning:

"...someday it will be possible to acquire very detailed information from the past. Once time scanning is available, we will be able to resurrect people from the past by “copying them to the future” via mind uploading. Note: time scanning is not time travel, and it is free from the “paradoxes” of time travel. Time scanning is just a form of archaeology — uncovering the past by means of available evidence and records. Of course the very high definition form of time scanning proposed here is orders of magnitude more powerful and sophisticated than archeology as we know it, but the concept is the same." Giulio Prisco

PSYCHOHISTORY REVERSED

"In solving a problem of this sort, the grand thing is to be able to reason backward. That is a very useful accomplishment, and a very easy one, but people do not practice it much. In the everyday affairs of life it is more useful to reason forward, and so the other comes to be neglected. There are fifty who can reason synthetically for one who can reason analytically." Sherlock Holmes Study In Scarlett.

The basis of psychohistory is the idea that, while the actions of a particular individual could not be foreseen, the laws of statistics could be applied to large groups of people and used to predict the general flow of future events.

These Asimos from Honda are already running at 9kmh and plugging themselves in. They solve dexterous problems. 2012

Quantum Archaeology does it backwards, ie uses statistical methods to determine the past at quantum level detail, instead of the future. It is retrodictive rather than predictive

It is well written about under specialist headings as information theory, and the resurrections of the dead is one of the most bizarre applications of quantum forecasting and information retrieval using quantum mechanics. Ancestor states are the same for ancestors of groups of sub-atomic particles or for the memories in the brain and body of a long deceased person. The parameters of the tank development is dependent only upon what variables or fixed points you can measure from the present, deducing backwards to what must have been, like a joining up the dots in a child's puzzle.

Quantum Archaeology advances that it is possible to reconstruct the exact states of any event whose space-time coordinates can be established, and recreate it, given sufficient technical skill, enabling the resurrection of any person, when no physical part of them remains in the present. It is based on the view that the cosmos is subject to law, even at the quantum level, and any past points in space-time are therefore discoverable by enough calculation and cross referencing.

Asimov used the analogy of a gas. In a gas, the motion of a single molecule is very difficult to predict, but the mass action of the gas can be predicted to a high level of accuracy -known in physics as the Kinetic Theory.

Quantum archaeology is the opposite of psychohistory and is an attempt at ideating a method to prepare for the science of how those predictions are made, including methods like sampling (probability) and is in its infancy.

It assumes the cosmos is a determinist system and it further assumes since human complexity of the cosmos is increasing there will be vastly more useful data available in the present than the past, from which to construct adequate coordinates.

Although the application of quantum archaeological techniques to resurrection is novel, the techniques had been researched since the quantum theory formed from Einstein's monumental work in Relativity.

For a long time it seemed that the cosmos was lawless, but the Many Worlds Interpretation returns it to complete cause and effect. Quantum mechanics is a subset of Newtonian theory (F J Tipler 2011 Turing Church Workshop)

The Cosmos is like a moving pool table of particles

It is a determinist theory, holding that the cosmos is a sea of particles changing according to the laws of science and not randomly, which the discovery of the Higgs Boson confirmed.


Inner space is likely to have geometric patterns. It is also determined because it has laws. The notion it was non-deterministic has been successfully refuted by Many Worlds Theory.


Einstien was a determinist. He was sure the universe obeyed Laws.

Einstein, who thought himself a failure, in a pathos filled letter to Max Born

“(I believe) in complete law and order in a world which objectively exists, and which I, in a wildly speculative way, am trying to capture. I hope that someone will discover a more realistic way, or rather a more tangible basis than it has been my lot to find. Even the great initial success of the Quantum Theory does not make me believe in the fundamental dice-game, although I am well aware that our younger colleagues interpret this as a consequence of senility. No doubt the day will come when we will see whose instinctive attitude was the correct one.” (Sept 1944)

We know from Everett's theory that the universe is entirely governed by causal laws, even at the very small levels and once they have been grasped, it is immediately obvious that laws must permeate to the smallest thermodynamic levels, leaving traceable footsteps to any point in the past since the existence of any event has only come about by reaction. But Everett's meeting with Neils Bohr in Copenhagen in Spring 1959 went terribly; Bohr wouldn't allow him to discuss his Many Worlds Theory and Everett gave up physics. One cant know Bohr's objections but the theory is an assault on the uniqueness of a man (and on Bohr's work) and that it is probably true makes it less forgivable.

It seems incredible to the layman that a science could advance or retreat according to politics, but the professional scientist knows only too well one has to fight for a new theory, and that it wont be ignored once exposed. Darwin and Newton had refused to discuss their new science after barrages of attacks, and what is being called one of the most important theories of the 20th century (BBC 'Parallel Lives') is giving circulation to Everett's work which has led to the advent of quantum computers using parallel worlds to make calculations.

Nanomachines the size of blood cells (Germany). We're engineering at quite small levels right now. In a DARPA research lab I had to use a microscope to see complex machines they had made!


When quantum archaeology began to be discussed, there was a refusal to take it seriously, partly because it overturned the long-held paradigm that death was irreversible when nothing of the physical body was left. When scientists examined it there was surprisingly little hostility as it became clear it was correct quite quickly, and also that human death could not be a permanent state in terms of the scientific identity of any possible past human, which had to be describable in terms of data or else it was outside science. But Man has no special treatment in the universe: he is subject to the same winds and waters that the mountains are. He rises and falls by the same universal laws that govern the elements, and he can be remade like any archaeological artifact can be remade.

It became obvious looking at a data manipulation trajectory we would be able to do enough calculations soon to model the local environment, and that included any brain state of any person alive or deceased.

The only issue was then could a point of space time be plotted that gave enough historical coordinates to resurrect someone when nothing of them remained? That reduced to how much computing power would it take to effect a Bostrom Simulation of the local universe.


Information loss was a big issue before Quantum Archaeology. We should mitigate this because there are vastly more events in the present than in the past to back trace from.

That means one event in someone's memory in 1000 AD has zillions of pathways in the present that ALL lead back to it, so you can cross check with incredible accuracy, making it unlikely you would not be able to faithfully retrieve the actual person and his astounded group!

(Click to enlarge) Brains are predictable machines working by laws.


WHO IS GOING TO DO THIS?


Pioneers at first, probably wealthy visionaries, who will certainly get even wealthier if they can pull it off. Private funders have shaken up science and speeded crucial and important directives by their willingness to back the fantastic. Its important to realize that investors are vital in new sciences playing roles as useful as researchers, and that they offer different skill sets. Science will push quantum archaeology both by convergence and explosion and people who see the area as a valid one will simply begin studying it for interest (then get seized with the amazing idea of it!). What is speculative today becomes the norm tomorrow as many new fields have proven.

It is possible that resurrection may become a basic human right to be carried out by public private partnerships.

(Below) Pushing himself to his last ounce of effort, visionary funder Lord Carnarvon months before he co-opened Tutankhamen's tomb in 1922. He was dead within a year, fulfilling the Curse.


Transhumanist pioneer Peter Theil who financed facebook and Paypal!


Organisations, presently transhumanists, are working at theories worldwide. Lord Carnarvon (above) realized quickly that success in discovering and excavating a great tomb in the Valley of the Kings was going to depend on funding and set it in place before he died.


Quantum archaeology is surfacing in Russia under different names, and investors may be keen to assist there:

"One of the ideas of QA is "second step" DI (Digital Immortality) -
reconstruction of personality by indirect information - consciousness reconstruction by solving the reverse problem of brain simulations". Сергей Евфратов (Sergei Euphrates to me 2012)


MUCH COMPUTING POWER IS NEEDED?

We're probably looking at 10/\40 operations per second, as computers are currently constructed, though it is hard to see what inventions are coming many are likely to be more spectacular than the Internet as they build on innovative technology. The advent of post human general intelligence will change what we can do enormously and our forecasts may pale in comparison.

Astonishingly, calculations for the whole of human history have been done at Oxford by Professor Nick Bostrom in his famous paper: The Simulation Argument:

"(for) a realistic simulation of human history...we can use ~10^33 - 10^36 operations as a rough estimate. As we gain more experience with virtual reality, we will get a better grasp of the computational requirements (100 billion humans50 years/human30 million secs/year[10^14, 10^17] operations in each human brain per second [10^33, 10^36] operations."


Quantum man is trillions of space-time points that will be mapped by coming computers in historical simulations.Then rebuilt by tiny robots.


and also:

"a rough approximation of the computational power of a planetary-mass computer is 10^42 operations per second, and that assumes only already known nanotechnological designs, which are probably far from optimal. A single such a computer could simulate the entire mental history of humankind (call this an ancestor-simulation) by using less than one millionth of its processing power for one second." (ibid)

The the Russians above have noted, it is unlikely no trace of anyone who has ever lived could be deduced by powerful computers likely to be available by 2045. We can know roughly when they will arrive by trend graphs which plot the amazingly predictable increase in yearly processing power, and which has held true for decades. We also know what plans are under way to build the next factorial computing milestone for computers which is 2018 to achieve exaflop computing (10^18 floating operations per second). These time scales take no account of breakthroughs like quantum computers which are still not efficient, super recursive algorithms which are still undeveloped, and Strong Artificial Intelligence (SAI) which is pivotal. In the latter case the advent of post human intelligence would accelerate capabilities far beyond what we can predict. Sci-fi writer Greg Bear guesses they could metabolize the galaxy in a few weeks (Blood Music. 1983.).

SAI also called Artoficial General Intelligence (AGI) isa system that would be post-human in general problem solving, including thought, planning, description and an hundred other processes Man is good at. There is a chance it may be built, invalidating any prediction curve that has ever existed.


Neurons are being pain stakingly copied and simulated in supercomputers.

This chance is not so remote: Professor Ben Goertzel runs a yearly conference for Artificial General Intelligence experts attempting just this. Any one of them may achieve it, or it may come from one of the commercial or academic attempts who dont disclose their work like billionaire scientist David E Shaw who has fathered Anton a massive biochemical simulator supercomputer and made it freely usable by dozens of research bodies. Anton can presently do chemical processes 100 times faster than real life. At that rate it should be possible with enough scaling to run an entire person's DNA plotting it from birth to death at 100 years old, and studying and intervening in all the biochemical process that happen - including in the brain- over a year. He has pioneered and built millisecond scale simulation hardware. At some stage machines will be able to simulate sub-atomic particles, routinely pinpointing each of them for spacial study, changing variables, and describing bio-geographies presently too complex to attempt. "We're often trying to impute mechanism from what we see."(2011 David E Shaw).

TRAJECTORY

Biotechnology is about to burst into our world after decades on a gathering exponential acceleration of developments. After that in the 2020's robots will burst in. They will affect every level of life and become indistinguishable from humans. They have been creeping unnoticed into the first world as hoovers, typewriters, dishwashers and ketles in theior 2nd wave, after their first wave as the industrial revolution where factories were mechanised. The thrid wave will merge into truly intelligent machines between 2030-45 and is the last invention protocol man need ever make.

Providing we dont destroy ourselves with them, they should move our civilization to a Type 3 Kardashev Civilization within minutes or at the most, weeks of being launched. Nothing in out genetic history has prepared us for this and it is unthinkable and therefore dismissed as irrelevant: but advances in science are progressively counter intuitive and we could stretch to ponder and plan for them, perhaps by using geometrical drawings.

THE WORLD'S SUPERCOMPUTER RACE

China, India, Russia, Europe and other nations are involved in a supercomputer race. not just for intelligence concerns, but to further economic growth and protect from climate disasters. The speed of advance is gathering pace and we will hit the threshold at which machines outperform all human beings at multitasking by 2030.
Like something out of sci-fi: Oak Ridge supercomputer centre in the USA.

Whether we have a hard take off into super technology with strong artificial intelligence, or a gradual take off, scientists agree it is going to arrive. When it comes, many tasks will be instantly easier, chief among them, the huge number crunching tasks of quantum archaeology, where vast bulk data sets can be swiftly or instantly analyzed.

People long dead are going to be brought to life, and this can be done by State policy.

At first the resurrectees may not be faithful representations of the deceased, but before long they will be legally ready to be brought back to life with all their memories intact and computers used to instantly reconstruct and rehabilitate them. Even now we can sketch crude copies of the deceased and Hanson Robotics has evenmade life-like representations of some famous people.

We can and do assemble quite specific surface and general structure details of long dead people, with little information that has survived in the environment It is done by probability which underpins all science. Here is an example done in the first decade of the 21st century by common reconstruction techniques.


At some point the accuracy to the deceased is going to be so good it will be that person, and at that point - at the same time we are achieving conscious computers, permits to complete builds may become legally available.

To argue this is impossible, is to argue there are known limits to hypercomputing power which would affect resurrection, which is false. Present day peak performances will be passed tomorrow, and supercomputers such as those at CERN I have stood inside and watched being built - the size of castles - will follow trends of shrinkage, accelerating performance power, and be copied into mobile devices.

The complexity of your mobile would in your parent's lifetimes have covered a whole country had it been buildable. Miniturization isn't going to stop and conceptualists are already ideating machines inside the quantum world.

A corridor in a block: CERN supercomputing grid


Quantum archaeology will use statistical techniques to configure a near infinite assembly of points of reference for any dead person deduced from remote variables gatherable in the present world:



Reconstruction of the philosopher Copernicus from his skull.(Polish police).


Copernicus a father of determinism, publishing 'On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres' 1543 (English Translation) -, the starting point of modern astronomy and a start of the scientific revolution - was riddled with doubt about public reception to his discoveries. His work, coming after the Muslim astronomer Ibn al-Shatir (c. 1375) was controversial like Darwin's and Newton's (who both refused to discuss their breakthroughs because of public ridicule).

Writing to the Pope Coppernicus was near to giving up: "When I weighed these considerations, the scorn which I had reason to fear on account of the novelty and unconventionality of my opinion almost induced me to abandon the work which I had undertaken completely."

But unconventional opinions can be revolutionary.

Well researched and presented they can bring a light to guide Man's path (the motto of Oxford University) in an unbounded universe of horror and wonder as we struggle to live forever and throw off suffering. Knowledge is the great path to enlightenment for the scientist, in fact sceintist means 'he who deals in knowledge'.

Many people who have concluded the certainty of death while they are young will take much persuading that death cannot be a final state by logical deduction. The future is likely to hold fantastic sciences and technologies. Infinite regress suggests that we can reduce measurement skills indefinitely, way past the size that affect human ancestor memories and these may be executable on a home computing device within 30 years.

Manipulation of cells, proteins, DNAs, atoms and sub-atomics are coming within our technolgies.

In The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis Alan Turing described the way in which patterns 'bud' naturally out of homogeneous, uniform states. Freak waves or 'superwaves' are such buds. Mathematicians have advanced Turing's work, so that complexity can be shown to emerge from simple sometimes quite short programmes. If we can figure what these are, we will be nearer to comprehensive resurrection techniques.

Our archaeological skills are crude compared to what we expect them to become. Billionaire Professor Stephen Woolfram pushed even further than Turing, positing our entire universe may proceed from cellular automata and spends spare time looking for them on computer models. He also states there are enough pockets of computer reducibility and we can find better descriptions of how our cosmos must be ordered. He thinks we will be able to hold in our hands a little model with formula of the entire cosmos, in the same way a seed grows into a tree following fractal laws.



This tiny seed builds the biggest tree on earth, the giant sequoia..

It is because small programmes can produce large complex structures that we may be able to advance quantum archaeology into resurrecting our dead by figuring out starting positions for our programmes of ancient history. We will do prediction as well as retrodiction and converge on a human being in historyt. We already analyze living men into base four DNA, and because they are subsets of them, memories are less complicated and always co-evolve with the environment.

Dealing with multiple perspectives is what coming machines will be good at.

At first resurrection descriptions may be insufficient to get legal medical approval, but once a family or company can meet resurrection criteria to Nth amounts, they will be given the go ahead to recreate past people who will resume their colorful lives - but with extra facilities.

Upon resurrection, if you dont feel quite yourself you will be able to go to quantum archaeologists and have yourself 'corrected'. Some experts will be better than others and no doubt charge more, as dentists do today!

Founder of Cryonics, the suspended Robert Ettinger had wrestled alone with such ideas and broke new ground.

( Feb 2008 to me: "I suspect--although I don't know--that there is a Law of Conservation of information, so that in principle no information is ever lost and is in principle capable of recovery").

It is important quantum archaeologists and cryonicists work together, and indeed they are often the same people.

Quantum archaeologists aren't going to stop at resurrecting the dead. We are trying to recover everything from Man's past, and are preparing to go to the quantum level to it!

Full simulations of the quantum past will be attempted and probably achieved at or before singularity technology arrives (expected in 2045 on growth trends). Huge amounts of money is being pumped into amazing projects to measure then manipulate our environment to the tiniest levels.

The great European Underwater Neutrino Observatory is being assembled under the Mediterranean Sea is the 2nd largest man-made structure after the Great Wall of China. The success of quantum archaeology is proportional to our measurement and manipulation technology skills which improve on known trends.




(Click to enlarge) KM3NeT, the new deep-sea research infrastructure miles under the Mediterranean will detect cosmic-earth neutrinos as we learn detection then manipulation of atomic physics.It will be Man's 2nd largest Earth structure.


(Click to enlarge) Km3Net being constructed in 2012 miles under the sea to capture quantum particles as a neutrino cosmological earth telescope.


*** Charilaos Mousoulis et al., Atomic force microscopy-coupled microcoils for cellular-scale nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Applied Physics Letters, 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4801318


Go to page 4 >>>>

Quantum Archaeology 4/9



"Much that once was is lost for none now live who remember it."
Lord of the Rings


Excavations of Pompeii where Mount Vesuvius erupted and ashed the town in 79C.E.



THE WILL TO RESURRECT



Does Man have the organic will to resurrect?

Is recursion inevitable for human and all life?

Resurrection tales are everywhere in rites, prayers, fantasies, art, literature and legends. Many civilizations like the Egyptian evoke resurrection. No civilization is without such myths, and this, perhaps epigenetic biological desire is arguably a living force:- an action sufficient of itself to drive a species incantation 'Let the dead arise!' Resurrection may be an emergent property of intelligence, which once genetically evoked cannot be kept in the tomb!

We are capturing information once lost about things long forgotten.

Quantum archaeology is attempting the theory preceding the science about how to reconfigure dead information, by tracing cause and effect timelines before the moment of death for any person who has ever lived.

Ettinger's brilliant solution was to capture as much of a clinically dead person as possible in a cryonic suspension. That logic is still good and it makes sense to freeze yourself on clinical death if it is within your means

He anticipated that future techniques would allow revival and rejuvenation, and that as much information as possible should be stored, beginning with the brain. This wise and early philosophy began the transhumanist movement. Frank Tipler's best seller, The Physics of Immortality is a tribute to Ettinger's The Prospect of Immortality.

Artificial Intelligence starting and stopping has finally gone commercial with SiRi and will be driven by profits to improve.

Technology is getting smarter exponentially and machines are likely to be interacting with us as equals in the 2020's and using us as we use washing machines and mobiles after 2045.


We must upgrade ourselves faster than artificially intelligent machines or become slaves to them.

Human like robots are improving at dramatic rates. Many of the skills they have surpass humans. They are not limited to 5 senses, and their speeds of reaction will become too fast for the human eye to see..Publically available data from the military includes the Petman series:


Boston Dynamic Petman


To the consummate determinist, the dynamic cosmos is as viable run backwards as forwards! It is fashionable to view the cosmos as a computer program - though as Roddey Brooks head of A.I. at M.I.T pointed out to us during AI@50...this too is fashion: before computers the cosmos was thought to be clockwork.

The principle in the meso world is immutable causation, and in this sense there can be said to be a Law of Conservation of Information that nothing is ever lost, since running a sufficient simulation backwards must logically make all events in the cosmos reconfigurable.
A local piece of the world's largest (2011)moving model of our universe is the Korean New Horizons Simulator using 370 billion variables. In 40 years time the number may rise to infinities. * passed in 2012

The lawyer and the historian trade in being able to reconstruct data from the past - data assumed lost - by cross examination, the study of surviving objects, memories, plied with masses of deduction. Then judgements are made according to what is most probable. The archaeologist is no less theatrical, including the imaginative excavator of Troy.

Flinders Petrie, who lived in my village, luckily set it as the most meticulous and precise of disciplines, side stepping Schliemann, and it is the honest, painstaking path archaeologists follow today. Finds, mapping, calculation by logic, preserving recording, and where possible restoring.

Quantum Archaeologists will do more logic than is perhaps imaginable using coming super systems, because computers are logic machines running at incredible and accelerating speeds.

Ray Kurzweil and others have discovered formulaic graphs which are consistent, showing technology increases by predictable lines (The Singularity Is Near 2005).



http://images.techhive.com/images/article/2013/04/transistor-counts-100032505-orig.png
(click to enlarge) Far from from being guess work, the advance of supercomputing is quite predictable and follows a straight line

Quantum Archaeology is convergent combinations of cause and effect and probability systems of retrodiction. In simple English QA is about working out past events using averages and plotting in straight lines into the past.

"Archeometry or Scientific Archaeology is collaboration of sciences between archaeology, physics, chemistry, biology, biochemistry, earth sciences, material science, mathematics, statistics and computing." (wiki). This is the forerunner of Quantum Archaeology where we are focused on describing enough detail to raise the dead.

Resurrection is an inevitable aim of mankind if we survive extinction.

Frank J. Tipler immediately supported the idea and his letter was published on Kurzweilai, although he saw raising the dead as three dimensional resurrectees as unnecessary because a computer simulation will be the same thing as our reality:

(to me 2002) “You are indeed correct that this is possible because the current universe has limited complexity....the complexity of the visible universe today is bounded above by 10^{123} bits of information. It is indeed correct that the 2nd law of thermodynamics applies to the universe as a whole. In fact, the Second Law is essential in the proof that the laws of physics REQUIRE the computer capacity of the universe to increase without limit.”


Jülich Supercomputers in Germany can do vast calculations which will get vaster.

The idea that Man might be able to reconstruct his deceased ancestors has been exploded into the world of philosophy and it is up to scientists and technologists to come up with the solutions.

Death and its entry pains are so horrific to the observer that a form of complex but solace denial has become useful for group bonding (an evolutionary use of suffering), from the last rites administered to the dying, to funeral ceremonies and carved and kept masonic graveyards performed and built only by and for the living.



WILL PAST CRIMES BE DETECTED?

Not only past crimes, but past thoughts - all of them will be laid bare for everyone to see! That must be the case if we plot a detailed enough quantum archaeology grid.

In Europe, which is leading the world in jurisprudence, punishment as a policy is fading in law, in favor of asking the questions, what caused the problem and how is it best fixed?

A society where any object can be recreated and duplicated, and any person can be raised from the dead, makes arguments of theft and murder obsolete. No person would act against society if they knew society acted in their interests.

Seeing a chain of causation where repeated psychological injury makes a mind rebellious could be easily corrected by actual physical rehabilitation, with the criminal's (now the the patient's) consent.

The doctrine of culpability was good for the old European empires but is being abandoned in the modern world. People are questioning whether a State should ever be involved in revenge or vengeance or executions when the causes of crime and restoration are becoming possible.

In fact no-one has ever been murdered, no property has ever been stolen nor damaged, and no-one has erred irretrievably as Quantum Archaeology comes. The murdered will simply be resurrected; the stolen item returned and duplicated, the damaged repaired as good as new.

Much science is used in planning for the future: a company that aims to produce something in five years without working out how the world will have changed then may find that its product is obsolete on launch, and no-one wants it.

There are many instances of a fast change: the cd made records obsolete quickly, and the motorcar made the buggy obsolete.

We are entering a stage where the mathematical description of anything past or present, that is or once was, can be configured. Then it can be rebuilt using coming quantum robots.

THE COMING OF THE QUANTUM ROBOTS

A robot is a machine that has specified degrees of freedom and a range of tasks it can perform in an environment. It doesn't matter how many dimensions it exists in... an on screen robot only exists in three..height, width and movement i time. The environments are many, and may have many dimensions in future!


Quantum robots were conceptualized by Paul Benioff in 1982.

The idea that we could build and send quantum robots into the quantum world, carrying quantum computers on their backs, may seem science fiction, but the forerunners to such robots are already here as nano machines, which will eventually build them. These nanorobots have already entered the human cell and quantum computers already exist.

The quantum world is anything smaller than the atom and extending to the planck scale.

Robots that build smaller robots which build smaller robots to do the work are a reality, and wait for sufficient artificial intelligence, which alone will change the galaxy and beyond.


THE NEED FOR A RESURRECTION THEORY IN SCIENCE

There is a need for a modern resurrection theory, and it better come from within science or it will be flung contemptuously aside by technologists, who tolerate futurists because they are so ruthlessly good at predicting technology, many of us are rich able to command vast resources, and our futurism is based on demonstrably correct trend graphs like Moore's Law and The Law of Accelerating Returns.

As a talented student pf the famous John Wheeler, it seems to me Tipler is correct in many of his assertions and his science should be studied. His prediction that the cosmos is made of knowable laws and therefore manipulable with enough computing power looks irrefutable.The human body has a relevant scale for resurrection from the ion which is a negatively charged atom, to a group of people in an environment which no computer can accommodate yet. De Chardin's observation that a biological organism emerges at 10 billion cells and cooperation accelerates as it approaches that, seems to be happening as world population passes 7 billion. We are already engaging physics to the planck scale which is lengths to Planck length 1.616252×10−35 meters, your body includes scales of 10^3 - 10^-6 metres.

To argue the observable cosmos (thought by M Theory to be a bubble on an infinite membrane in a larger organization) is never going to come under the command of future science, is to attribute mystical properties to it. Our history shows growing mastery of the environment by evolution and tool making. Is there a limit to computational power with coming artificially intelligent machines? People have a right to any belief, but the evidence is that machines are doubling in complexity on provable trends, quantum mechanics makes even better predictions and retrodictions than classical physics in unobserved states, and man is getting mastery of his destiny, his biological body and his environment. He may well master cosmic forces.

But there is confusion about the quantum world, with many holding the view that it is not governed by laws because we cannot measure velocity and position and the observer affects experiments, and also because we can only make probabilistic predictions. as we build and send quantum robots into the world of the very small exciting new laws are sure to be discovered, and these will give us increased manipulation possibilities.

Archaeologists used plaster casting on the Pompeii citizens.

Time is a measure of relative position and is best called space-time. No past event is veiled from future forensics: unsolved deaths thousands of years ago are being revealed as murders by new techniques. In the future our very thoughts from the dawn of the world may be posted on to the Interplanetary Internet.
(Click to enlarge) Letter from Everett to De Witt about parallel worlds).

Everything that exists operates from laws, but they are so compounded by evolution in some systems, the system itself believes it is initiating them, rather than absolutely following them. The venus fly trap is no different from the bi-metal strip that bends in the heat. And the venus flytrap is a meat eating, part-moving plant related to Man.


Which is these is conscious?
The Venus Fly trap is as conscious as the bi-metal strip below.

Triggered by external stimuli...a hair trigger touched by an insect, or else heat forcing one metal side to expand faster than another and making the bi-metal strip bend....both systems are either conscious or causal or both, depending on your perspective. And so it is for men.
The brass and iron expand at different rates in heat , forcing the strip to bend and move the arrow.

Our bodies are made of millions such evolved tricks and size has nothing to do with it, as miniaturization demonstrates.

A consciousness or intelligence is a reflection of its environment, as the late philosopher Alan Watts noted, but transferring someone to a different time zone, perhaps a million years in the future, would not kill their consciousness, and once emerged can operate in a variety of environments, subject only to their physical survival. This theme has been well worked out in sci-fi.

PHILOSOPHICAL CHANGES IN THE HUMAN PSYCHE

People using a Quantum Archaeology Grid. (there are likely to be competing ones you can buy) are going to be able to witness your every movement and your every thought. That must follow from the axioms of quantum archaeology.

When that is generally realized, it may act to make people law abiding in thought and action - at least until post-human intelligence arrives.

It is likely in my view that were quantum archaeology to be accepted crime would necessarily fall, as people realized they could never conceal a crime however ingenious they were.


THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

The Scientific method cant just be thrown away when examining parts of philosophy and it is easily memorized:
There are many parts to the Scientific Method which helps preventing blunders and delusions in our calculations. Occam's razor is incredibly important and demands we reduce to simplicity for accuracy.


The simplest explanation that fits all the facts must be the one that's accepted.
William of Ockham


Determinism seems an assault on the Man's uniqueness by seeming to eliminate free will, but this may be an error of dichotomy and the compatibility argument covers both views amicably. There are multi-perspectives and mankind but scratches the surface of what things are (Joe Davis @ MIT to me 2005).
According to Sir Roger Penrose the large and the small obey different laws so there couldn't be two of him.

Many-worlds interpretation Before the universal wavelength collapses from its superposition of parallel worlds, Penrose explained on how many worlds there are in the superposition: "There are an infinite number of infinities" (Gresham Lecture -to me 2004, citing Cantor). Almost all scientists in the field believe there are infinite parallel worlds, but Copenhagenists think they collapse & resolve into one world before each quantum event, rather than decohere from already existing states, splitting into parallel worlds. What matters is that parallel worlds are being used to build quantum machines and quantum computers.

This cup of philosophy looks very difficult because it is counter-intuitive (it has been said science generally is becoming counter-intuitive), and although the maths works out beautifully there are few experiments which support it, and why those experiments work is open to interpretation.

The Many Worlds theory works for the large and the small as one system, showing that everything can be analyzed as Cause and Effect, particles, waves or what physicists are now calling in the canteen, 'wavicles'. Its mathematics is elegant. Its rationale watertight. Whichever view is correct, most experts think there are many worlds.

In one world you are an athlete in another a pauper: 'yous' are separated by a single event of difference. It is utterly against our experience Our ego's reject it as impossible. It could well be wrong, but to Quantum Archaeology it doesn't matter. laws rule, and we will find them and use them. We will advance in reconstructions as new techniques are discovered pragmatically but necessarily using whatever works.

We can do quite a lot now. These NASA avatars can work on the moon from 2012, controlled by scientists on earth.

Frank Tiper thinks the cosmos is a closed system. Stephen Hawking that it is finite but unbounded. Joe Davis, artist in residence at MIT & Harvard that it is unknowable. Thales that it is made of Water. Dr David James a researcher at GlaxoWelcome that it is made of light. So far as Quantum Archaeology is concerned it doesn't matter, we will operate in the human level of existence and on the human scale of size from atoms in cells, to resurrect people in groups in defined environments, empowering them by introducing technology in a way that doesn't obliterate their identity not threaten anyone else.

It is sometimes a struggle to accept people are sets of events like grains of sand or rivers or mountains, - that you are sets of events - and draw up charts accordingly.

Statistically, QA conjectures we have enough points in the present to describe an archaeological matrix of any past event on the earth - probably back billions of years, and this includes any human being who has ever lived. This remains to be seen and QA is a pre-research area at present.

Like classical archaeology which is able to reconstruct objects from ancient times using surviving fragments, plus knowledge about similar objects, and probabilities, quantum archaeology will enable this by back-tracing using laws of cause and effect and probability with emerging mathematics and methods in vastly more sophisticated systems than we have today.

In an inflating universe there are always more present variables in the cosmos than there were in history, allowing enough information to be gathered to reconstruct any historical event down to the quantum particle.

To retrodict one specific event in history you could use several small sets of many billions of possible sets of data, and it is improbable enough relevant sets would not exist in the present for a complete and accurate resurrection.

before- as found in a bog:


After facial reconstruction: Of high status, Lindow Man was strangled in about 100CE a ceremony used by Roman occupiers on enemy leaders. We can faithfully recreate what he looked like but quantum archaeologists hope by 2030-45 we'll be able be able to bring him and his group back to life (Cheshire UK Before/after).


THE SKILL OF ESTIMATIONS

Estimation probability can become a very useful science because of cross-referencing. Probability estimation is magic to the quantum archaeologist! From very general figures amid loads of data, exact events may be mapped with great confidence. eg In year 1 there may be 100 events. But from it evolves by cause and effect a trillion events in the year 100. It follows that there are on average 100,000,000,000 events in year 100 from which to plot back to configure each event in year 1.

Those are good odds, and information for quantum resurrection is unlikely to be lost because of them. Many lines of them would probably give any one event exactly by retrodicting from known laws of science. Quantum archaeologists believe that since the universe is becoming increasing complex any group of variables should plot backwards to a time when there are fewer events.

Pioneer Archaeologist ('peer polity' inter alia) Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn, who's approach was to try and understand how things worked.

Atomic measurement of dead people is the start of quantum archaeology.

That is the question! By observation and calculation certainly. The more observered the less is calculated. The more is calculated the less you need to observe. With enough powerful calculation you need almost no observation no surviving facts in the present. Almost everything can be done by equations and statistics. Almost everything can be reconstructed by mathematics deduction cross referencing timeline check points and probability.
Artist's reconstruction of Lucy (Australopithecus)

We can describe whole classes of hominids and with computing power of perhaps 10^42 operations per second (we have planned to build 10^18 ops in 2018) we would have enough processing power to reconstruct specific individuals in those classes, which means anyone in history.

In 2010 the University of Copenhagen reconstructed the entire nuclear genome of an extinct human being describing him to a high degree (Nature 463, 757-762 (11 February 2010) . This will be increasingly applied to reconstruct other events such as previously living human beings from mere fragmentary data, and where no specific data exists it will be deduced by massive and progressively accurate calculations. Eventually quantum archaeologist will be good enough to resurrect the ancient dead as far back as requested. probabilities will combine with sampling to such an accurate degree no one would challenge that it is faithful.

We will use hypercomuting...coming computers together with archaeology mathematics, especially statistics.

There are many ways to describe a deceased person to the Nth degree, for example using DNA from 5000 years ago which we have, all possible permutes to the present could be synthesized. Added to this we could factor in all possible environments. Once those are done, we could start eliminating the timelines that are known form historical and other data to be impossible.

So many eliminations will take place that the complete mind set for a specific person should be achievable. This seems an enormous amount of work taking thousands of man-years, but for coming computers it will may be done in seconds, with better accuracy than we may dare imagine.

Josep Burcet wrote in 2005 about a 'retrieval hypothesis' for recovering enough information about deceased people to effect a resurrection, citing Ervin Laszlo's 'Creative Cosmos' (below) where information is held indefinitely in the Quantum Vacuum until a fundamental change occurs in the cosmos, and the issue is how to extract it.

The idea behind time travel is that information about people exists but is back in time.

Everett's Many Worlds Theory implies that many future worlds will have only a few common ancestors. Moreover, as time advances, the number of events in the cosmos multiplies allowing checking of back tracing from different variables to common roots. Therefore enough variables will exist at any future time to resurrect any past event in infinite or near infinite worlds.


(click to enlarge) History is a timeline of events whose descendants exist in the present. Many attempts are being made to accurately trace them back into the past. Eventually everything will be mapped out even smaller than particles in the human brain.

If present trends that have held since the dawn of computing hold, then we will achieve manipulation of each atom of all human beings who have ever lived before 2045.

We are slowly reconfiguring space-time events in increasing detail and a thought is no different from a battle. It is merely a matter of scale- which is something computers are good at brushing aside.

We will not create alien beings out of fiction, but of our own ancestors; many of us will be their descendants and have direct kinship with them.

SIMULATED OR REAL RESURRECTION?


"Any illusion indistinguishable from reality IS reality."
Maxim of Witchcraft


A debate surfaces about the validity of a simulation in a machine, though few in science doubt such simulations will eventually be possible:


"Humans are interested in the past. Archaeologists scrutinize fragments of pottery and other broken artefacts, painstakingly piecing them together and attempting to reconstruct the cultures to which such objects belonged. Evolutionary biologists rely on fossil records and gene sequencing technologies to try and retrace the complex paths of natural selection. If the freely-compounding robot intelligences ultimately restructure space into an expanding bubble of cyberspace consuming all in its path, and if the post-biological entities inherit a curiosity for their past from the animals that helped create them, the 10^86 bits available would provide a powerful tool for post-human historians. They would have the computational power to run highly-detailed simulations of past histories- so detailed that the simulated people in those simulated histories think their reality is (real)." Extropia. Kurzweilai

There is no step difference between repairing someone manually or robotically; no step difference between using artificial materials inside a person to repair them - pacemakers, hips and internal microchips are increasingly used. At some stage each part of a human being will be adequately made by artificial parts, and after that since those constructed parts can be upgraded, the whole person can be artificial, with no obvious reason to ever die.

Once we have sufficient skill to do this, possibly in the 2020's based on biotechnology robotics and computing trends, it should be possible to load a complete person dynamic details into a computer. Once we have enough of them and also mapped out the environment and logged every historical event we can find (Watson of Jeopardy fame has already memorized wikipedia and many other data sources) it looks like it will be possible to generate a quantum archaeological grid of specifically detailed history reaching back many thousands of years, and yielding exact descriptions of anyone's detailed brains whop has ever lived.

The limits are the size of computers, and it is possible to accurately guess when they will be powerful enough to be adequate because their capacity growth follows trends like Moore's Law.

Vernor Vinge's prediction at NASA in 1993 that by 2030 technology will have sped so much what happens in the next second will be impossible to predict has many supporters, and if true quantum archaeology will be possible by then.

We live in the age of information. But we are moving into the age of biotechnology, followed by the age of robotics and after that, which is as far as anyone can see, the age of intelligent systems. There is no known limit to intelligence and its increase may be similar to transcendental numbers which keep calculating and never repeat themselves. If true intelligence in our cosmos at least may have to be regarded as a fundamental force of nature, and the way it interacts with other forces factored into prediction calculations.


AFTER THE MAP, THE REBUILDING


Once a quantum archaeology grid has been built and an individual's details extracted, microrobots can build them (or any other technical devices that have emerge from science).

If you produce a recipe or a map of a complete event, like a human being and all their memories at the instant of their death, it should be possible with technologies of the future to resurrect them. You could make lots of them.


Some find difficulty with problems of identity and some philosophers spend their careers pondering it.
Substrate independence- the idea each small piece of a human can be replaced without affecting the nature of a person has often been discussed in philosophy as the Ship of Theseus.

As each part of Theseus' ship is replaced is it the same ship?

Leibnitz' Identity of indiscernibles explains this in more detail and involves the idea that identical particles eg one atom of oxygen are interchangable. Robert Ettinger has dealt with identity in Chapter 8 of the Prospect of Immortality, which although drafted to deal with cryonics, is also relevant for quantum archaeology:-

"Striding eagerly into the new world, (the revived) feels like a new man. Is he?

Who is this resuscitee? For that matter, who am I and who are you?

Although most resuscitees will not represent such extreme cases-we hope most of us will be frozen by non damaging methods-nevertheless we cannot sidestep the issue. We are now face to face with one of the principal unsolved problems of philosophy and/or biology, which now becomes one of prime importance in an exceedingly practical way, namely that concerning the nature of "self."

What characterizes an individual? What is the soul, or essence, or ego? This seemingly abstruse question will shortly be seen to have ramifications in almost every area of practical affairs; it will be the subject of countless newspaper editorials and Congressional investigations, and will reach the Supreme Court of the United States.

We can bring the problem into better focus by putting it in the form of two questions. First, how can we distinguish one man from another? Second, how can we distinguish life from death?

Later I shall offer some tentative partial answers. First we can illuminate the question, and perceive some of its difficulties and subtleties, by considering a series of experiments. Some of these experiments are imaginary, but perhaps not impossible in principle, while others have actually been performed.

Experiment 1. We allow a man to grow older

Legally, he retains his identity; and also subjectively, and also in the minds of his acquaintances (usually). Yet most of the material of his body is replaced and changed; his memories change, and some are lost; his outlook and personality change.

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It is even possible that an old acquaintance, seeing him again after many years, might refuse to believe he is the same person. On first considering this experiment, we are apt to feel slightly disturbed, but to retain a vague conviction that "basically" the man is unchanged. We may feel that the physical and psychological continuity has some bearing on the question.

Experiment 2. We watch a sudden, drastic change in a man's personality and physique, brought about by physical damage, or disease, or emotional shock, or some combination of these. Such has often occurred.

Afterwards, there may be little resemblance to the previous man, mentally or physically. There may be "total" amnesia, although he may recover capability of speech.

Of course he retains, e.g., the same fingerprints, and the same genes. But it would be absurd to say the main part of a man is his skin; and identical twins have the same genes, yet are separate individuals.

Although the physical material of his body is the same stuff, he seems-and feels-like a different person. Now we are more seriously disturbed, because the main continuity is merely physical; there is a fairly sharp discontinuity in personality. One might say with some plausibility that a man was destroyed, and mother man was created, inheriting the tissues of his predecessor's body.

Experiment 3. We observe an extreme case of "split personality."

It is commonly believed that sometimes two (or even more) disparate personalities seem to occupy the same body, sometimes one exercising control and sometimes the other. Partly separate sets of memories may be involved. The two "persons" in the same body may dislike each other; they may be able to communicate

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only by writing notes when dominant, for the other to read when his turn comes.

We may be inclined to dismiss this phenomenon by talking about psychosis or pathology. This tendency is reinforced by the fact that apparently one of the personalities is usually eventually submerged, or the two are integrated, leaving us with the impression that "really" there was only one person all along. Nevertheless, the personalities may for a time seem completely distinct by behavioral tests, and subjectively the difference is obviously real. This may leave us with a disturbing impression that possibly the essence of individuality lies after all in the personality, in the pattern of the brain's activity, and in its memory.

Experiment 4. Applying biochemical or microsurgical techniques to a newly fertilized human ovum, we force it to divide and separate, thereby producing identical twins where the undisturbed cell would have developed as a single individual. (Similar experiments have been performed, with animals.)

An ordinary individual should probably be said to originate at the moment of conception. At any rate, there does not seem to be any other suitable time-certainly not the time of birth, because a Caesarean operation would have produced a living individual as well; and choice of any other stage of development of the foetus would be quite arbitrary.

Our brief, coarse, physical interference has resulted in two lives, two individuals, where before there was one. In a sense, we have created one life. Or perhaps we have destroyed one life, and created two, since neither individual is quite the same as the original one would have been.

Although it does not by any means constitute proof, the fact that a mere, crude, mechanical or chemical manipulation can "create a soul" suggests that such portentous terms as "soul"

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and "individuality" may represent nothing more than clumsy attempts to abstract from, or even inject into, a system certain "qualities" which have only a limited relation to physical reality.

Experiment 5. By super-surgical techniques (which may not be far in the future) we lift the brains from the skulls of two men, and interchange them.

This experiment might seem trivial to some. Most of us, after thinking it over, will agree it is the brain which is important, and not the arms, nor the legs, nor even the face. If Joe puts on a mask resembling Jim, he is still Joe; and even if the "mask" is of living flesh and extends to the whole body, our conclusion will probably be the same. The assemblage of Joe's brain in Jim's body will probably be identified as Joe. But at least two factors make this experiment non-trivial.

First, if the experiment were actually performed and not merely discussed, the emotional impact on the parties concerned would be powerful. The wives would be severely shaken, as would the subjects. Furthermore, Joe-in-Jim's-body would rapidly change, since personality depends heavily on environment, and the body is an important part of the brain's environment. Also, we may be willing to admit that Joe's arms, legs, face, and intestines are not essential attributes of Joe-but what about his testicles? If Joe-in-Jim's-body lies with one of their wives, he can only beget Jim's child, since he is using Jim's gonads. The psychiatric and legal problems involved here are formidable indeed.

Some people might be tempted to give up on Joe and Jim altogether, and start afresh with Harry and Henry. In one sense, this is an impractical evasion, since the memories, family rights and property rights cannot be dismissed. From another view, it may be a sensible admission that characterization of an individual is to some extent arbitrary.


Coming technologies may enable exact copies of living bodies. After that they will configure exact copies of persons long dead.

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Once again, the suggestion is that physical systems (i.e., real systems) must in the end be described by physical parameters (operationally) and that attempts to pin profound or abstract labels on them, or to categorize them in subjective terms, cannot be completely successful.

Experiment 6. By super-surgical techniques (not yet available) we divide a man s brain in two, separating the left and right halves, and transplant one half into another skull (whose owner has been evicted).

Similar, but less drastic, experiments have been performed. Working with split-brain monkeys, Dr. C. B. Trevarthen has reported that " . . . the surgically separated brain halves may learn side by side at the normal rate, as if they were quite independent." (121) This is most intriguing, even though the brains were not split all the way down to the brain stem, and even though monkeys are not men.

There is also other evidence in the literature which we can summarize, with certain simplifications and exaggerations, as follows. Either half of a brain can take over an individual's functions independently. Normally, one half dominates, and loss of the other half is not too serious. But even if the dominant half is removed, or killed, the other half will take over, learning the needed skills.

There is presently no conclusive evidence that so drastic an experiment as ours would necessarily succeed; but in principle, as far as I know, it might, and we are not at the moment concerned with technical difficulties.

If it did succeed, we would have created a new individual. If the left half was dominant, we might label the original individual Lr; the same skull containing the left half alone after surgery we might call L, and the right half alone, in a different skull after the operation, is R.

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L thinks of himself as being the same as Lr. R may also think of himself as Lr, recuperated after a sickness, but to the outside world he may seem to he a new and different, although similar, person.

In any case, R is now an individual in his own right, and regards his life to be as precious as anyone else's. He will cling to life with the usual tenacity, and if he sees death approaching will probably not be consoled by the knowledge that L lives on.

Even more interesting is the attitude of L, the formerly dominant half, now alone in the skull. Suppose that, before the operation, we had told Lr that the dominant half of his brain was diseased, and would have to be removed, but that the other half would take over, albeit with some personality changes and possibly some loss of memory. He would be worried and disturbed, certainly-but he would probably not regard this as a death sentence. In other words, Lr would be consoled well enough by the assurance that R would live on. Yet after the splitting, and transplanting operation, L would regard his own destruction as death, and it would not satisfy him that R lived on, in another body.

This experiment seems to suggest again that, psychologically if not logically, the physical continuity is an important consideration.

Experiment 7. A man is resuscitated after a short period of clinical death, with some loss of memory and some change in personality.

This experiment has actually been performed many times. (97) Death was real by the usual clinical tests (no respiration, no heartbeat) but of course most of the cells remained alive, and most people would say that he had not "really" died, and that he was certainly the same person afterward. This experiment is important only as background for the following ones.

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Experiment 8. A man dies, and lies unattended for a couple of days, passing through biological death and cellular death. But now a marvel occurs; a space ship arrives from a planet of the star Arcturus, carrying a super-surgeon of an elder race, who applies his arts and cures the man of death and decay, as well as his lesser ailments.

(It is not, of course, suggested that any such elder race exists; the experiment is purely hypothetical, but as far as we know today it is not impossible in principle.)

The implications are apt to shake us. If decay is to be regarded as just another disease, with a possibility of cure, then when may the body be considered truly dead? If "truly" dead be taken to mean "permanently" dead, then we may never know when we are in the presence of death, since the criterion is not what has already happened to the man, but what is going to hap pen to him in the (endless?) future.

Experiment 9. A man dies, and decays, and his components are scattered. But after a long time a super-being somehow collects his atoms and reassembles them, and the man is recreated.

Once more, the difficulty or even impossibility of the experiment is not important. We also disregard the question of the possibility of identifying individual elementary particles. Is it the "same" man, in spite of the sharp physical discontinuity in time? If memory, personality, and physical substance are all the same, perhaps most of us would think so, even though we are disturbed by the black gulf of death intervening. But if we so admit, we must open the door even wider.

Experiment 10. We repeat the previous experiment, but with a less faithful reproduction, involving perhaps only some of the original atoms and only a moderately good copy. Is it still the same man?


We are doing things once thought impossible- it has much further to go.

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Again, perhaps, we wonder if there is really any such thing as an individual in any clear cut and fundamental sense.

Experiment 11. We repeat experiment 10, making a moderately good reconstruction of a man, but this time without trying to use salvaged material.

Now, according to the generally accepted interpretation of quantum theory, there is in principle as well as in practice no way to "tag" individual particles, e.g. the atoms or molecules of a man's brain; equivalent particles are completely indistinguishable, and in general it does not even make sense to ask whether the atoms of the reconstructed body are the "same" atoms that were in the original body. Those unfamiliar with the theory, who find this notion hard to stomach, may consult any of the standard texts.

If we accept this view, then a test of individuality becomes still more difficult, because the criteria of identity of material substance and continuity of material substance become difficult or impossible to apply.

Experiment 12. We discover how to grow or to construct functional replicas of the parts of the brain - possibly biological in nature, possibly mechanical, but at any rate distinguishable from natural units by special tests, although not distinguishable in function. The units might be cells, or they might be larger or smaller components. Now we operate on our subject from time to time, in each operation substituting some artificial brain parts for the natural ones. The subject notices no change in him - self, yet when the experiment is finally over, we have in effect a "robot"!

Does the "robot" have the same identity as the original man?

Experiment 13. We perform the same experiment as 12, but more quickly.

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In a single, long operation, we keep replacing natural brain components with artificial ones (and the rest of the body likewise) until all the original bodily material is in the garbage disposal, and a "robot" lies on the operating table, an artificial man whose memories and personality closely duplicate those of the original.

Perhaps some would feel the "robot" was indeed the man, basing the identity in the continuity, on the fact that there was never a sharp dividing line in time where one could say man ended and robot began. Others, well steeped in democracy and willing to apply political principles to biology, might think the robot was not the man, and ceased to be the man when half the material was artificial.

The subject himself, before the operation, would probably regard it as a death sentence. And yet this seems odd, since there is so little real difference between experiments 13 and 12; 13 merely speeds things up. Perhaps sufficient persuasion could convince the subject that the operation did not represent death; he might even be made to prefer a single operation to the nuisance of a series of operations.

Experiment 14. We assume, as in the previous two experiments, that we can make synthetic body and brain components. We also assume that somehow we can make sufficiently accurate nondestructive analyses of individuals. We proceed to analyse a subject, and then build a replica or twin of him, complete with memories.

Does the identity of our subject now belong equally to the "robot" twin? It might seem absurd to say so, but compare the previous experiment. There is scarcely any difference, especially since in 13 the subject was under anaesthesia during the operation; 13 was virtually equivalent to destroying the subject, then

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building a robot twin. The only real difference between 13 and 14 is that in 14 both the original and the duplicate survive.

Experiments 15, 16, and 17. We repeat experiments 12, 13, and 14 respectively, but instead of using artificial parts we use ordinary biological material, perhaps obtained by culturing the subject's own cells and conditioning the resultant units appropriately. Does this make any difference?

In logic, one would think perhaps not, but blood is thicker than water. Some people might make a different decision on 15 and 16 than on 12 and 13.

Experiment 18. We assume the truth of an assertion sometimes heard, viz., that in certain types of surgery a patient under certain types of anaesthesia suffers pain, although he does not awaken and afterwards does not remember the pain. The experiment consists in performing such an operation.

Most of us do not fear such operations, because we remember no pain in previous experiences, and because authoritative persons assure us we need not worry. Even a warning that the pain under anaesthesia is real is unlikely to disturb us much, if we are not of very nervous temperament. Still less do we fear ordinary deep anaesthesia, in which there seems to be no pain on any level, even though for the conscious mind this gulf is like that of death. Yet a child, or a person of morbid imagination, might be intensely frightened by these prospects.

Thus again we note a possible discrepancy between the logical and the psychological.

Experiment 19. A Moslem warrior is persuaded to give his life joyfully in a "holy war," convinced that the moment his throat is cut he will awaken in Paradise to be entertained by houris.


The synapse...the most complex machine known- and still a mystery.


An artificial synapse has been attempted in Germany 2012


We draw the obvious but useful conclusion that, from the

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standpoint of present serenity, it is merely the prospect of immortality that is important.

Experiment 20. We pull out all the stops, and assume we can make a synthetic chemical electronic mechanical brain which can, among other things, duplicate all the functions of a particular human brain, and possesses the same personality and memory as the human brain. We also assume that there is complete but controlled interconnection between the human brain and the machine brain: that is, we can, at will, remove any segments or functions of the human brain from the joint circuit and replace them by machine components, or vice versa.

In a schematic sense, then, we envisage each of the two brains, the biological one and the mechanical one, as an electronic circuit spread out on a huge "bread board" with complete accessibility. From the two sets of components, by plugging in suitable leads, we can patch together a single functioning unit, the bypassed elements simply lying dormant.

To make the picture simpler and more dramatic, let us also assume the connections require only something like radio communication, and not a physically cumbersome coupling.

We might begin the experiment with the man fully conscious and independent, and the machine brain disconnected and fully dormant. But now we gradually begin disconnecting nerve cells or larger units in the man's brain, simultaneously switching in the corresponding units of the machine. The subject notices no change - yet when the process is completed, we "really" have a machine brain controlling a "zombie" human body!

The machine also has its own sensory organs and effectors. If we now cut off the man's sensory nerves and motor leads and simultaneously activate those of the machine, the first subjective change will occur, namely, an eerie transportation of the senses from one body to another, from the man's to the machine's.

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This might be enjoyable: perhaps the machine's sense organs are more versatile than the man's, with vision in the infra-red and other improvements, and the common personality might feel wonderful and even prefer to "live" in the machine.

At this stage, remember, the man is entirely dormant, brain and body, and the outside observer may be inclined to think he is looking at an unconscious man and a conscious machine, the machine suffering from the curious delusion that it is a man controlling a machine.

Next, we reactivate the components of the man's brain, either gradually or suddenly, simultaneously cutting off those of the machine, but leaving the machine's sensors plugged in and the sensors of the human body disconnected. The subject notices no change, but we now have a human brain using mechanical senses, by remote control. (We disregard such details as the ability of the human optical centre to cope with infra-red vision, and the duplication of the new memories.)

Finally, we switch the human effectors and sensors back in, leaving the man once more in his natural state and the machine quiescent.

If we perform this sort of exchange many times, the subject may become accustomed to it, and may even prefer to "inhabit" the machine. He may even view with equanimity the prospect of remaining permanently "in" the machine and having his original body destroyed. This may not prove anything, but it suggests once more that individuality is an illusion.

Discussion and Conclusion. In discussing these hypothetical experiments we have touched on various possible criteria of individuality-identity of material substance, continuity of material substance, identity of personality and memory, continuity of personality and memory-and seen that none of these is

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wholly satisfactory. At any rate, none of these, nor any combination, is both necessary and sufficient to prove identity.

One cannot absolutely rule out the possibility that we have missed the nub of the matter, which may lie in some so far intangible essence or soul. However, such a notion seems inconsistent with the ease with which man can instigate, modify, and perhaps actually create life, and with several of our experiments.

The simplest conclusion is that there is really no such thing as individuality in any profound sense. The difficulty arises from our efforts first to abstract generalities from the physical world, and then to regard the abstractions, rather than the world, as the basic reality. A rough analogy will help drive home the point:
The classification "man" is useful, but not sharply definable. Is a freak a man? Is an aborted foetus a man? Is a pre-Neanderthal or other "missing link" a man? Is a corpse a man if some of the cells are still alive? And so on. A label is handy, but objects may be tagged arbitrarily. In the physical world there is no definite collection of objects which can be called "men," but only shifting assemblages of atoms organized in various ways, some of which we may choose to lump together for convenience."


Where an entire human being is held in a computer simulation it should be easier to envisage retrodictions to all our ancestors and living reconstructions being mathematically and technologically viable.

No event happens in isolation, but is caused by myriad events that hurtle forward changing yet other events in the future.Computers should be able to plot backwards and reconstruct them to the neurons and synapses.

Tipler describes the principle of identity, that if you make a good enough copy, it is the same event. Quantum Archaeology asserts that resurrection will take place long before the final state of the universe and is dependent only on mathematics computing and technology successes, likely to here before 2045 when computing equals group human intelligence, and this is anticipated by trend graphs..

Robert Ettinger describes 20 experiments to find what identity is in chapter 8 of The Prospect of Immortality (free online), and by Oxford philosopher Professor Derek Parfit.

Other issues are the computing capacity needed, and the social and legal difficulties of raising the dead.
Egyptians prepared important people for resurrection

Quantum Archaeology is assuming any person is a combination of knowable particles. These particles are interchangable with similar others without loss of identity.


World's largest radiocarbon dating lab uses atomic observation and calculation.


COMMON OBJECTIONS


Q.A. IS IMPOSSIBLE BECAUSE OF ENTROPY


"The 2nd law of thermodynamics has the same degree of truth as the statement that if you throw a tumblerful of water into the sea, you cannot get the same tumblerful of water out again." James Clerk Maxwell d.1879

Although Maxwell had no concept of computers, on the surface this seems an insurmountable obstacle. Things decay. Information gets lost.

As information breaks down, it takes progressively more energy to restore it. Order demands more energy than disorder. When there was assumed to be only one universe, that meant our cosmos would undergo a heat death into a luke warm radiation.

Modern science as M - Theory, now posits there are zillions of universes bubbling off from infinite branes.

They are all potential energy sources. There is no longer a cap on how much information we can recover since we can gather energy from other worlds.

The pathways to reconstruction are many....far more than we need - to construct any one event like a human synapse, and it is further evidence that quantum archaeology is viable.

Indeed the whole of scientific detection and forensic science fulcrums on the fact that the lost past can be constructed by deduction from events in the present.

The criticism of the theory is that too much information is lost for ever on death and the destruction of the body. Death is not a special category that our superstitious past impelled us to believe through fear, but an event like any other. A mystical spirit doesn't need to be involved in a cause and effect process.

Could entropy not imply abstract chaos but presently unmeasurable complexity? A shuffled pack of card would be impossible for a lower primate to order, but it is no problem to something like a human who is more skilled at using intelligent thinking processes like pattern matching, deduction and cross checking knowing the law of suits.

It may seem impossible to reconstruct the exact deck of cards that has just been shuffled after it has been ordered in suits, but this is not so: the shuffled deck of cards didn't achieve apparently random order by chance but by the actions of the intermediary...the shuffler. All those actions absolutely and completely existed solely by the laws of physics. If you could simulate the man, the cards and the conditions, it is reasonable to suppose you could simulate the order he shuffled in.

http://www.inspiration.com/community/system/files/cards+experiment.jpg

Like a pack of cards, everything in the cosmos follows laws.

Just as Lavoisier proved the mass in a closed systems always remains the same..no matter what you do to things in it, so the order in a system is always the result of all the things it has come into contact with to that point.

This is in direct conflict with our ego which has a vested interest in believing it has freedom, but everything that exists is the sum of what has gone before it in its subjective state. There are no exceptions in the classical world and we dont understand the quantum world yet.

The number of surviving points in the present from which we can back trace to what existed years ago is much larger than the size we need to calculate events in history, because, in our time line, events multiply with time. If you wanted to configure a person's DNA and he left 4 sons that would be 4 starting points to assist your calculation. As time went on he may have 20 great grandchildren and these could help calculations. You could begin sketching in what cousins and relations could and could not be. Each event calculated along one trajectory would not give a definite event yet, but a certain minimum number would do that. Such conclusions by trajectories into the past involve the science of probability. The tool of probability calculation is well advanced and will get much better as time goes on. It is highly likely we will be able to probablize details thought lost forever, and be able to do it on presently immeasurably small particles as well as on big ones. From seemingly unrelated facts in the present a complete archaeological history will be revealed in breathtaking detail. Good enough to bring people back.

BRAIN PARTICLES DECAY IRRETRIEVABLY

Yes many, most or all decay, but there are so many ancestor states from any one event that you can configure by logic where they must have been at any given time by back-plotting from known data available in the present. You can even do this now, using classical methods.

Because there are many more events in the present than the past, many points will back-plot to exactly the same event in history: you dont need all of them to get a definitive reading!


Facial Reconstruction of Alexander the Great's father

THE QUANTUM WORLD IS NON-DETERMINISTIC AND CANT BE MANIPULATED

The quantum world obeys laws. We are on the edge of discovering what laws exist, and when we have enough we will be able to make minutely accurate predictions. the predictions in quantum mechanics are famously much more accurate than classical mechanics. we know that quantum systems are reversible so long as no one observes what's happening, and quantum theory supports not destroys quantum archaeology's assertions.

Coming machine and artificial systems will be sophisticated and clever perhaps more than anything we have imagined today.

We are already manipulating some quantum particles and have been since before the first atomic experiments when Rutherford split the atom in 1917.
The atomic force microscope (1989) has been used for measuring, and manipulating matter at the nanoscale, and more powerful devices are inevitable.


The Atomic Force Microscope can observe and manipulate quantum particles.


Thus as we produce more and better manipulation capabilities at smaller and smaller levels, we will be able to move quantum particles with more precision. Computers are uniquely good at handling the vast number crunching calculations that will be needed to retrodict where particles have come from, and reconfigure and map the co-ordinates.

When sufficient space-time points have been matrixed, all relevant points of a person and their memories will be inevitably calculated, allowing any long deceased person to be drafted, similar to drafting someone's DNA sequence.

When the map of the person has been established and cross-checked, it may be taken to be made up in an atomic robotic assembly hospital.

Each event has a traceable pathway in space-time.

There are many more events in the present than in the past so tracing anyone who has died is easier than constructing someone in the present or future. In our universe history is shaped like a cone:

It should be possible to "see" back into the past using coming calculating machines.


TECHNOLOGY IS ACCELERATING MAN'S STRUCTURE

Neanderthal 4,500 years ago (archaeological surface reconstruction of a particular individual).


Projection of imminent robots (before 2025) that will work while we sleep.






DOES QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY DEPEND ON QUANTUM
COMPUTERS?

'Hypercomputation would be necessary only if time is limited. If time unlimited, then classical computation would do' Kurzweilai.net forum. Classical computing is growing on a known trajectory and eventually our computers will be powerful enough to calculate histories without quantum computers. However if we are in a race against coming catastrophes like global warming, then there may be a limit.

It is a case of how accurate our measurements and deductions can be. Every action leaves a chain of actions from it. One way to think of it is like a snooker table; by taking measurements like the speed and position of the balls in play you can deduce where they must have come from since the last hit. in a bid enough simulation, i.e. a machine having enough processing power, you would be able to reconstruct the snooker room as well! The speed and position of an electron may be a mystery, but whether we can reverse quantum systems is not. They are absolutely reversible.
Quantum computers are about to change science

"Quantum computing can handle 128 Qbits and that number will grow. There is excitement about.the size of calculation quantum computers will achieve- far vaster than anything we could need however the more calculations they do the less accurate they are proportionately and there is no known way round this." The former paragraph was correct on 27th February 2012, but on 29th February 2012 IBM announced it had found a way to begin cancelling the errors in quantum calculations with increasing fidelity and quantum computing was achievable. If this is correct it changes everything in this essay and quantum archaeology can be easily achieved using quantum computers alone.


Classical computers are growing enormously powerful. Mathematical methods are progressing as well as brute force to be able to give simulations and symbolic simulations of increasing complexity. It is only a matter of time before people and groups of people are simulated then it will be possible to retrodict or back plot people long dead and their memories, which are expressed as the positions of molecules in their brains.


Japan's K computer was the world's fastest when thi8s essay was begun at 10.51 petaflops, - only a fraction of the power that is coming.

YOU NEED SUB-ATOMIC DETAILS OF DISPERSED MEMORY?

The brain is made of molecules and atoms, and sub-atomic particles may be pretty irrelevant in reconstruction. Once the molecular cells are correctly reconstructed they are likely to generate their chemical and electromagnetic properties. For instance once you have correctly rebuilt a person's endocrine system it will begin producing the correct hormones. Quantum archaeology aims to reconstruct the cells of the body, inclining those upon which memory is premised working upwards from prababized DNA's and the environment.

Quantum particles need not concern us. However if they are needed, these too will be calculable by retrodiction, following the same principle...that there are many loci points in the present from which to calculate backwards and reconstruct the deceased.

Memory is important, and you must have rights to any memories that are recoverable by coming techniques. Companies may well be set up to retrieve personal memories in more and more detail that you can buy, and as we live without death, there will be plenty of time to buy them!

But a person is much more than just conscious memories and includes all the machinery of the brain and body...many of which can be simply restored by replications of DNA accurate bodies.

A probability graph can show how likely a given event is to occur.
Future computers will combine trillions of these at trillions of event scales..

EXACTLY HOW MUCH COMPUTING POWER IS NEEDED?

We are going to be manipulating far fewer than the number of atoms in the earth if we resurrect using atomic manipulation. We need to configure an equation for any given who has ever lived and we need the maths and computing to do it. If we have very little maths, we need very big processing power, and if we have very big maths, we need relatively little processing power. That is the power of mathematics, it is systems for pattern spotting and short cuts to manipulate vast numbers.

Estimates of 10/\40 operations per second have been mentioned as what is needed . This is a vast number: 10/\18 will be here in 2018-22 by Moore's Law. By 2030 post-human artificial intelligence is expected as techniques and technologies like super-recursive algorithms and quantum computers will have far surpassed one human brain in processing capacity. A recursion paradigm will emerge based on how far and fast they can improve themselves. It is expected to be very fast leading to a technological singularity by 2045...a point after which improvements are so rapid no predictions can be made.

It would be astonishing if machines can not match and surpass human intelligence because it would mean there is some aspect of biological intelligence which is beyond our science. But nothing shows that so far, and brain simulations are progressively accurate.

Too much data to process/it is too far back in time/brains have finally disintegrated, are all objections boiling down to the same thing: whether we can extract the needed information from vast amounts of data and how much calculation power can be muster?

A guide to amounts we are likely to be able to manipulate are plotable on trend graphs. This is a famous one by Hans Moravec:


http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/~hpm/talks/revo.slides/power.aug.curve/power.aug.gif

(Click to enlarge)

Human work is being replaced by machines that do it billions of times better and faster. But no post human general machines have been achieved yet.

It is worth repeating that computer capacity needed for a task decreases the more maths is involved.

The more representation or abstraction you use, the less computer crunching you need. Maths is about finding short cuts to massive tasks, utilizing patterns.

Conversely the more computing power you have the less maths you will need.

Trial and error combinations are ;produced in computers at massive speeds. A process of discarding is incited where any timelines that are in conflict with known checkpoints of history are thrown away. This process of refining will go on and on until you are left with the distilled map of the person to be resurrected at the time of their death. Final checks can be made with other timelines and other resurrectee maps, and when we are sure we have the correct description, the person can be built by millions of small robots.

It's meaningless to talk of computing size without mathematical capacity. I dont know what size a computation would be needed with today's maths (if I could ever guess that accurately!) as individual mathematicians have curious ways of short cuts and equations, much probably unpublished despite the internet, so it's hard to say what is possible mathematically.

Present computing can handle incredibly accurate retrodiction because of statistical sampling. We will do progressively more detailed reconstructions using machine intelligence as it becomes available.

The brain/memory is the holy grail, but it is a blunder to think they are somehow outside the laws of science or different from eg skin cells except by size, which is only a question of factoring up.

Those factors are probably large like in the synapse but there aremany techniques to slash the multiples. eg the brain has an integrity and if parts of it are wiped by a stroke the rest can completely compensate without any memory loss. This must mean that reconstructions involve laws, which as they are being discovered in the human brain project, enables massive inflation from a much smaller number of formulas.

What laws govern what can and cant be held in memory reduces to how the physical structure of the brain, presumably compacted as DNA programmes is itself but a small set of possible combinations for retrodiction skills to modify per resurectee.

It is thought that by 2020 we will be able to do more general calculations than one human brain can presently do. At some stage in the future we will be able to simulate the local world and run it backwards and forwards with astonishing accuracy.

While some information has decayed much has remained reconfigurable, and from that the whole of the human past should. be possible to reconfigure at complex grids. You could then select anyone at all and produce the exact equation for them at any point in their lives. Companies may compete to offer resurrection of deceased loved ones sooner than is immediately obvious because of exponential growths of technology.

The rate of progress is speeding up...and that speeding up is itself speeding up. It is no longer a safe bet to say something is impossible because it is very complex.

Simulations of the entire universe are growing in detail and at some future point will have enough sophistication to model the whole of human history down to sub-atomic levels.


"Within a quarter century, nonbiological intelligence will match the range and subtlety of human intelligence. It will then soar past it because of the continuing acceleration of information-based technologies, as well as the ability of machines to instantly share their knowledge." Ray Kurzweil


By December 2011 the Korea Institute for Advanced Study in Seoul had used the Tachyon II supercomputer with 157,392GB of disk space and over 26,232 processing cores to build a simulation of the early universe. The processing took 20 days, despite the supercomputer being one of the world's fastest. This was 8800 times bigger than a similar construction 6 years before, playing with 374,000,000,000 particles instead of 10,000,000,000 in 2005 compared to just 300 particles in 1970 at Princeton.



[Click for higher resolution image.]

High-resolution simulation of a galaxy hosting a super-luminous supernova and its chaotic environment in the early Universe. Credit: Adrian Malec and Marie Martig (Swinburne University).


'Moore's law describes a long-term trend in the history of computing hardware: the number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit doubles approximately every two years (or 18 months)' wikipedia.

It doesn't matter whether Moore's law is a self-fulfilling prophesy or a natural law, because companies use it to plan computing developments, which ensures faster and more complex computation.
Ray Kurzweil has plotted trends of speed up and declared a Law of Accelerating Returns is valid. The underlying acceleration of technology is faster than it seems.

http://emergentbydesign.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/chaissonphicurve.jpg

WORK BEING DONE

Much work is being done in many fields which must converge successfully if quantum archaeology is to be a reality.

The most important of these is undoubtedly A.I. Artificial Intelligence was tabled as a separate discipline in 1956 by John MacCarthy,

"... to proceed on the basis of the conjecture that every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves."


Despite difficulties that involved governments withdrawing funding and calling A.I. workers 'crackpots' ((the 'A.I. winter') a few people kept going in it and it revived by 2000 to become used in every part of technological society, though the elusive general problem solving machine that matched human capacity even of one brain has not been achieved at the time of writing this.

As the brain is made of sub-systems, in turn made of sub-systems and at the smallest biological level these are increasingly being simulated and described, it is a matter of time alone before we can replicate the intelligence part of the brain (much of which controls the bodies functions) and once we have replicated it in models, to make bigger and bigger general intelligences, just as have been made in the animal kingdom, which we are also studying with accelerating success.

It is already clear that size of brain does not command higher intelligence, but clear that neuron number in the neocortex is what counts.

Reverse engineering a complete map of the brain is regarded as so important for mankind's future that it has been labelled the Human Brain Project and many organizations and visionaries are racing to fund it.

By 2030 because of trends in science we are likely to have machines that far excel human capabilities, and that are recursive or self-improving.

That will speed up mutation times on a predictable acceleration. Ray Kurzweil has calculated that by 2045 the speed of innovation will have reached a technological singularity after which predictions break down.

But scientific predictions are notorious false in technology: there are list of famous, now hilarious ones, including by IBM who stated there was no commercial need for more than 5 computers in the world. Although we have a right to be cautious, what is easier to state is that progress will continue, and from the work being done, highly intelligent systems are going to emerge.

In 2012 a detailed 2 neuron chip and synapse was built at MIT with about 400 transistors to mimic a human synapse, and it is certain this will get more and more detailed.

Eventually we are going to make them better and faster than human ones and link up trillions in software distributed programmes, simulating the largest intelligence in human history. Such systems will solve problems of human illness, but also discover including how to build more intelligent ones with intelligences beyond human comprehension.

These will be superintelligences and quantum archaeologists will rush to utilize their retrodiction capacities. which will surely be subatomic in detail.

We are going quite far by long hand already!

Recently scientists extracted 139 genetic sequences from organisms. They then calculated backwards to find their most likely ancestors using "ancestral gene resurrection and manipulative genetic experiments to determine how the complexity of an essential molecular machine—the hexameric transmembrane ring of the eukaryotic V-ATPase proton pump—increased hundreds of millions of years ago."

What is astounding is that they managed to pin point an evolutionary event 800 million years ago by deduction from present day data, which they then confirmed by trials in living yeast. They synthesized the DNA inserting it into yeast to test whether it functioned and found it successfully produced a fully functioning proton pump (Gregory C. Finnigan et al., Evolution of increased complexity in a molecular machine, Nature, 2012). "Our strategy was to use 'molecular time travel' to reconstruct and experimentally characterize all the proteins in this molecular machine just before and after it increased in complexity," said the study's senior author Dr.Joe Thornton.

This is an example of first stages in quantum archaeology, using present day computing which is very crude to those expected in the coming years.

"Advances in DNA sequencing, however, have allowed us to calculate what the earlier proteins must have looked like. And scientists have now started to engineer DNA sequences that "resurrect" these long dead proteins, and examine how they function. In the latest work of this sort, a team has resurrected parts of an ancient molecular machine, and shown how some of its specialized protein components evolved." John Timmer Ars Technica 2012.

University of Minnesota scientists using similar techniques have 'resurrected' life forms last seen at the beginning of the Cambrian explosion 530 million years ago (January 16 2012 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences).

These tiny steps, almost unnoticed in the vastness of scientific work, alert the careful historian to the coming of archaeological revolution.


RESURRECTIONS ALREADY ACHIEVED

Since the debate began in technology and statistics techniques have succeeded exactly as envisaged to prove resurrection of past events, including in classes of dead species, is a reality.

It isn't just physical advances but advances in calculation and volume efficiency in data mining that enable resurrection of past patterns.

Presently we are aiming at resurrecting classes of past events: a mammoth, a DNA sequence, but in future we will be aiming to resurrect individuals within that class....a specific mammoth or a specific man and indeed we are doing so with facial and body features where there is physical remains or imprint traces already.

A proton pump from 100 million years ago was successfully recreated in a living yeast cell in 2012 at the University of Oregon.




Stephen A. Benner at the Benner Laboratory was an originator of the field of experimental paleogenetics, where genes and proteins from ancient organisms are resurrected using bioinformatics and recombinant DNA technology.

Mechanisms have been rebuilt, demonstrably accurate, of organisms 600 million years old using deduction and probability eg at University of Oregon's lab by Joe Thornton in synthetic biology "...by re-engineering proteins as they existed in the past, we can test hypothesis about their functions and mutations that caused them ....Given [the] phylogeny and the extant sequences, at any side in the sequence we can infer the most likely ancestral state using a maximum likelihood algorithm....we then use synthetic biology to synthesise that DNA."



Helen Pearson: Prehistoric proteins: Raising the dead : Nature 2012

Evolution isn't random but inevitable and follow knowable laws. Computational phylogenetics can be synthesised with other techniques to state what organic material was hundreds of millions of years ago.

Organic matter like human brains, is easier to calculate than inorganic material, because they follow fewer (evolutionary) rules, or at least they are narrower. So many data bases are being created that the scienece of syntesing them is already a profession, leading to counter-intuitive results about what the past was.

In 2012 scientists reconstructed the recreation of an ancient cricket's love song from a 165 million year old fossil of Archaboilus musicus.




As we reassemble body parts from creatures and organisms hundreds of millions of years old, is it too much of a leap of foresight to think we will complete the Quantum Archaeology Grid and infer deduce and probalizing individuals and their living brains?

We sketch classes of the ancient dead, and occasionally specific individuals at a surface layer only. Eventually we must surely reconstruct exact individuals and groups in amazing enough detail to bring them back to life.

The deflation of technology falls on a trendable graph plot eg the human genome can be mapped for a fraction of the cost 10 years ago and while everyone's DNA will be routinely mapped as gene therapy medicines become available, they all point back in time to common ancestors. so there are many time line to trace back to single events in the past. We will be able to map our ancestors DNA long before we can retrodict their memories at the point of death.

The Siberian Mammoth Museum and Japan’s Kinki University, are on a 5 year project to resurrect the woolly mammoth.


Ghengis Khan searched for immortality, but was told it was impossible.His fabulous tomb remains undiscovered by the Kentii mountain range in Mongolia.













WHAT IS AN ARCHAEOLOGY MATRIX?

I have covered this in more detail as the Quantum Archaeology Grid. Below is what a portion of it may look like (drawn from The Matrix).

Quantum Archaeology will use computer a matrix that is in motion to reconfigure near infinite space-time points to that past events can be described. Then atomic robots will reassemble. This is a frozen moment under the threshold of human biochemical actions at sub-cellular levels. It is not necessary to probability excavate for most of the reconstructions.

It should be possible to construct a matrix of history to quantum levels
using probabilities, in order to resurrect whole groups together.

A subset of the Quantum Archaeology Grid, an Archaeology Matrix is a dimension grid of check points like a three dimensional log table, and you would be able to read off points of relevance to fill in complete people. The checkpoints help locate positioning of the artefact you are trying to recreate from the past.

The world is a particle, wave, or event matrix of check points and many groups and people will help to build its archaeological structure like a family tree or Human Genome data base., It may be in everyone's interests to do so. The Archaeology Matrix could become a valuable tool for recreations and will be as detailed as our progressive technology allows.


IT HASN'T BEEN DONE YET

Objections from cryonics founder the 'suspended' Professor Robert Ettinger that a theoretically objective perspective may not encompass a subjective one - which should also be assigned validity, and may be much more important for survival in human terms - is hard to dispel. He has urged caution in quantum archaeology and gives the example of the human mind uploaded into a robot to demonstrate:

“...it may eventually be possible to simulate as large a portion of spacetime as desired, to any desired degree of accuracy. But that does not necessarily mean that a simulated person would be alive in our sense, i.e. capable of having subjective experiences.... A simulation is a description of a thing and not the thing itself.”

and again

“In general, the map is not the territory. A description of a thing is not the thing, except in the case that the "thing" is itself an abstraction or description. In particular, a description of a physical object is not that object and lacks some of the properties of the object, as well as including some properties that the object does not have. Further, an automaton that behaves like a person is not necessarily a person, i.e. alive in our sense, capable of subjective experience or feeling. In other words, a person has qualia. A quale is a physical state or phenomenon, not yet understood, but not necessarily duplicable in inorganic matter."- Robert Ettinger 2007, 2008 (to me).

Robert seems to be saying that there is something one cant describe about a person. You can ask him yourself as he's covered both ways: quantum archaeologically and also he's been cryonically suspended since engaging in this debate (an unreplyably good argument!).

The objection from qualia is a nightmare for many physicists as there is no way to disprove it nor prove it, and history has been a progression of more complex denouements about the specialness of Man. While it is true we would be foolish to assert we know everything about the composition of the brain...we clearly do not understand it yet...there is good reason to believe we will be able to completely map it and simulate it in the coming decades, and possibly as early 2020-30.

At that point simulation could be tweaked to make larger brain and theoretically yield superintelligence. Even if we are out by several factors in guessing complexity, we will at some stage be able to simulate accurately. After that we will be able to make computer simulations of past brains by retrodiction from current known coordinates.

General Relativity Professor Roger Penrose has stated that we may not know everything necessary about the brain and has advanced an idea about quantum gravity acting at the synapses to explain the deeper manifestations of human consciousness. Should this theory be correct it will reduce our workings by factors of size and not disprove our underlying method, that by applying the laws of science to probability and observation we can reconstruct things from the past that are indistinguishable from what they were.




(Click to enlarge) Synapse self-organising map,

Some philosophers have criticized transhumanism on the grounds that it is an argument to the future -banned in philosophy- and that transhumanist's absence of of a subjective valuation system for Man except as an object, is dangerous.

Extropians rebuff this by asserting the theory values Man so much it attempts a survival strategy for the assumed dead as well as for the living!

Another objection from quantum mechanics is that retrodiction traces myriad histories, not just one common past, and therefore it would be impossible to calculate the exact person as required. This is refuted on the grounds that Many Worlds Theory has returned cosmology to determinism, and the sheer scale of the calculation involved baffles people into believing it is not possible.

We may well describe many worlds, but there are likely to be ways of calculating which exact world we wish to resurrect artefacts....living or non-living....from.

Anything that has existed or will exist has definite pathways, however many parallel worlds split, and therefore are always calculable. The aim is not to capture the actual person from the past, but only to calculate their space-time or other coordinates to the Nth degree, and then to reconstruct them in the present.Ötzi, the 5,300-year-old mummy from the Alps

WHAT WILL BE RESURRECTED?
It is even now possible to resurrect a clone of some mammals including Neanderthal Man, so some form of immortality is possible with present technology; the real challenge is retrieving everyone's memories, for memories constitute the man.

How far this can be taken is dependent on our measuring and construction expertise, though most agree this is likely to leap with the advent of hypercomputers, when machines begin designing and inventing for themselves. Invention is close to the heart of Man's genius, but it cannot be a mystical process and so will be achieved mechanically.

The objection assumes some special property of a human being not accessible by the laws of science.

Techniques are likely to be discovered that can manipulate the extremely small as well as the very large, but it is thought unlikely that faithful replication beyond sub-atomic levels would be necessary to resurrect people and their memories, even if superstrings are not the smallest possible state, which they may well not be.


5,300 yr old Otzi a find in the Hauslabjoch glacier.

Otzi's (see picture above) reconstruction is a science of probables
Present day reconstructions cant do the brain yet, but it is still made of particles that may be reconfigurable with coming computing.

We can tell that Ötzi had three gallstones, Lyme disease and a weak heart, ate ibex before he was shot in the back, probably by an enemy tribesman and died half an hour afterwards. His is the oldest surviving blood sample to date.

All his memories are likely to be recreated with Quantum Archaeology.


AREN'T BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES IRREVERSIBLE?

We used to think so. However maths and statistical insights mean we may be able to computerize many biochemical processes predicting and retrodicting to amazing degrees. Quantum archaeologists are not trying to reverse biological processes, but describe the ones that existed then build people back. Heat loss is a major issue but it does not confound building archaeological grids and inserting what must have been the state of deceased brains, based on correlating constructed and extant information.

Brains are no different from other organic things in nature and exist and develop and change by knowable laws and rules. It is therefore possible to rebuild them from classical physics and chemistry using coming computing machines.

At present we do not know how life comes into being, so we cant run accurate simulations of evolution, but we are getting closer to it and at some stage will run simulations of earth's history that are so accurate it may be indistinguishable from our own.

ASSEMBLY

With 3D printing you can [print off interesting pretty basic items..tools, clothes, trainers, basic food, engine parts have been 3D printed for a while.

But it is going to get much more complex with quantum robots!

Nano-nozzles will focus and fire assemblies by a myriad of techniques, and will continue improving until assembly is so detailed and accurate that identical living organisms will be made in front of your eyes from programs you download online.

The cumbersome cartridges used presently have evolved from desktop ink jet 2D printers. They 3D print by a variety of methods, including line printing and melting and you can see the continuation trend of printing as a graph that is rushing to increase in complexity.

Woodblock printing (200)
Movable type (1040)
Printing press (1454)
Etching (ca. 1500)
Mezzotint (1642)
Aquatint (1768)
Lithography (1796)
Chromolithography (1837)
Rotary press (1843)
Offset printing (1875)
Hectograph (19th century)
Hot metal typesetting (1886)
Mimeograph (1890)
Screen printing (1907)
Spirit duplicator (1923)
Dye-sublimation (1957)
Phototypesetting (1960s)
Dot matrix printer (1964)
Laser printing (1969)
Thermal printing (ca. 1972)
Inkjet printing (1976)
Stereolithography (1986)
Digital press (1993)
3D printing (ca. 2003)
(wiki)
Human (living) body parts (2010)
Full human being (2030?)

LONG-HAND TECHNOLOGIES

The big leap will be when machine intelligence takes over from man-designed systems.

Meantime we are having fun with breaking technologies which demonstrates Man is learning to manipulate energy, and that will mean forwards and backs in time, as prediction and retrodiction hot up! .
A 3d home printer

This bicycle came from a 3D printer.


2012 an elderly woman had her complete titanium jaw from a 3D printer.

In 2012 the first house was 3D printed in the UK.

Coming:


Inside, coming:


RepRap has been going one of the longest and is involved with open source programmes. Prices of 3D Printers have begum dramatically falling in 2012 from $10,000 to $1,000 and in March $350 from MakiBox.

Technologies hit the knee of the development curve then seem to suddenly appear and take off:

http://www.nickhunn.com/wp-content/gallery/general/3dfunding.pngRise of 3D printing

Circuit boards, mobiles and other electronics are all going to be printed and new businesses are springing up worldwide with new possibilities for weekly shopping. The construction of most atoms in the periodic table may be a next big step to convert domestic waste into new atomic structures, though that could be decades away. Shops may become completely different to what we have known stocking only what you cannot print at home.

All this is happening now, but from history's accelerating trend of technology , what is coming is more spectacular than anything we can dream.

At some point a move from printing body parts to a given particular alive human being (we began printing living body parts in 2007) will occur.

That printout will depend only on a detailed enough computer program being plotted out effectively. That seems an enormous undertaking, and the oft cited speed up time to sequence a specific human genome is surely an example of how fast a specific person's map will be entered into a computer once we begin to do the time line calculations.

A home laptop could hold or get the equation set for anyone who has ever lived.

If that seems like a jump, consider that transhumanists are talking about simulating the entire galaxy, and that is only restrained by how much computer power is traded against shortcut mathematics we use.

Prehistoric Man's mind cannot be unknowable by retrodiction.

You dont need remains of the dead to reassemble them!

This is the brilliant bit of Quantum Archaeology. You dont need anything left of a person to resurrect them: memories and all.

Ben Goertzel who does pioneering work in Artificial Intelligence

You are retrodicting (opposite of predicting...just means going backwards) from known present variables, a simulation of past events on a cosmic moving pool table. The world is not chaos, it is complex order, and here is the magic:

once you know the laws of science AND you have any handful of dirt to deduce from, you can construct everything that there is. That is true because everything is connected.

MOST variables will be categorized repeats eg the periodic table will underpin everything needed for reconstruction of all elements.

A man who died alone 200 years ago, or 2,000,000 years ago may look different propositions to resurrection. Not at all! It just needs many more calculations. Something that coming computers excel at.

You could analyse 10 variables in the present and retrodict back to anyone by unbroken chains of cause and effect.


Resurrection kiosks may look like this in the future.

A person's memory and life were not random, but inevitable events which all MUST leave changes collectible in the future.

From the future, many billions will point back to very few events in the past, and from very many cross-checkable starting retrodiction points. The laws governing science are being set down and new ones deduced to find short cuts to predictions covering vast amounts of raw data.

We are at the very edge, the significant beginning, of what is possible in archaeology. Our computing systems are but precursors to ones in the future. Man seems complex and history seems dead but archaeology is recovering it bit by bit, and its move to quantum methods has begun.There is no scientific reason why a local world could not be entirely reconstructed and this is solely dependent upon our measuring and calculation abilities.


Gerald Moore in 1965 theorized computer power doubled every 18 months.

Moore's Law and other trends popularized and discovered by Kurzweil indicate when there will be enough processing power to achieve simulations complex enough to map out a world, and it is expected that a 200 Qubit quantum computer may be able to do this.

It is assumed that singularity technology and Artificial General Intelligence will be required to model enough of the local universe to simulate any human being and many futurists including Vernor Vinge and Ray Kuzweil expect it when intelligent technologies reach predictable points on consistently performing trend graphs.

There were very few attempts to build accelerating intelligence and the first conference for Artificial General Intelligence was set up for March 2008; if any of the AGI projects succeed ahead of 2030, it will fulfill the criteria for resurrection by quantum archaeology.


Meticulous archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie had read trigonometry and geometry as a boy and introduced 'cross-dating' to establish details in his Egyptian and Greek digs. He was self-taught and had no formal schooling.

Oxford archaeologist T.E. Lawrence c 1910 who gave up a promising career in medieval pottery shards under Petrie.
.


Go to page 5 >>>>

Quantum Archaeology 4/9



"Much that once was is lost for none now live who remember it."
Lord of the Rings


Excavations of Pompeii where Mount Vesuvius erupted and ashed the town in 79C.E.



THE WILL TO RESURRECT



Does Man have the organic will to resurrect?

Is recursion inevitable for human and all life?

Resurrection tales are everywhere in rites, prayers, fantasies, art, literature and legends. Many civilizations like the Egyptian evoke resurrection. No civilization is without such myths, and this, perhaps epigenetic biological desire is arguably a living force:- an action sufficient of itself to drive a species incantation 'Let the dead arise!' Resurrection may be an emergent property of intelligence, which once genetically evoked cannot be kept in the tomb!

We are capturing information once lost about things long forgotten.

Quantum archaeology is attempting the theory preceding the science about how to reconfigure dead information, by tracing cause and effect timelines before the moment of death for any person who has ever lived.

Ettinger's brilliant solution was to capture as much of a clinically dead person as possible in a cryonic suspension. That logic is still good and it makes sense to freeze yourself on clinical death if it is within your means

He anticipated that future techniques would allow revival and rejuvenation, and that as much information as possible should be stored, beginning with the brain. This wise and early philosophy began the transhumanist movement. Frank Tipler's best seller, The Physics of Immortality is a tribute to Ettinger's The Prospect of Immortality.

Artificial Intelligence starting and stopping has finally gone commercial with SiRi and will be driven by profits to improve.

Technology is getting smarter exponentially and machines are likely to be interacting with us as equals in the 2020's and using us as we use washing machines and mobiles after 2045.


We must upgrade ourselves faster than artificially intelligent machines or become slaves to them.

Human like robots are improving at dramatic rates. Many of the skills they have surpass humans. They are not limited to 5 senses, and their speeds of reaction will become too fast for the human eye to see..Publically available data from the military includes the Petman series:


Boston Dynamic Petman


To the consummate determinist, the dynamic cosmos is as viable run backwards as forwards! It is fashionable to view the cosmos as a computer program - though as Roddey Brooks head of A.I. at M.I.T pointed out to us during AI@50...this too is fashion: before computers the cosmos was thought to be clockwork.

The principle in the meso world is immutable causation, and in this sense there can be said to be a Law of Conservation of Information that nothing is ever lost, since running a sufficient simulation backwards must logically make all events in the cosmos reconfigurable.
A local piece of the world's largest (2011)moving model of our universe is the Korean New Horizons Simulator using 370 billion variables. In 40 years time the number may rise to infinities. * passed in 2012

The lawyer and the historian trade in being able to reconstruct data from the past - data assumed lost - by cross examination, the study of surviving objects, memories, plied with masses of deduction. Then judgements are made according to what is most probable. The archaeologist is no less theatrical, including the imaginative excavator of Troy.

Flinders Petrie, who lived in my village, luckily set it as the most meticulous and precise of disciplines, side stepping Schliemann, and it is the honest, painstaking path archaeologists follow today. Finds, mapping, calculation by logic, preserving recording, and where possible restoring.

Quantum Archaeologists will do more logic than is perhaps imaginable using coming super systems, because computers are logic machines running at incredible and accelerating speeds.

Ray Kurzweil and others have discovered formulaic graphs which are consistent, showing technology increases by predictable lines (The Singularity Is Near 2005).



http://images.techhive.com/images/article/2013/04/transistor-counts-100032505-orig.png
(click to enlarge) Far from from being guess work, the advance of supercomputing is quite predictable and follows a straight line

Quantum Archaeology is convergent combinations of cause and effect and probability systems of retrodiction. In simple English QA is about working out past events using averages and plotting in straight lines into the past.

"Archeometry or Scientific Archaeology is collaboration of sciences between archaeology, physics, chemistry, biology, biochemistry, earth sciences, material science, mathematics, statistics and computing." (wiki). This is the forerunner of Quantum Archaeology where we are focused on describing enough detail to raise the dead.

Resurrection is an inevitable aim of mankind if we survive extinction.

Frank J. Tipler immediately supported the idea and his letter was published on Kurzweilai, although he saw raising the dead as three dimensional resurrectees as unnecessary because a computer simulation will be the same thing as our reality:

(to me 2002) “You are indeed correct that this is possible because the current universe has limited complexity....the complexity of the visible universe today is bounded above by 10^{123} bits of information. It is indeed correct that the 2nd law of thermodynamics applies to the universe as a whole. In fact, the Second Law is essential in the proof that the laws of physics REQUIRE the computer capacity of the universe to increase without limit.”


Jülich Supercomputers in Germany can do vast calculations which will get vaster.

The idea that Man might be able to reconstruct his deceased ancestors has been exploded into the world of philosophy and it is up to scientists and technologists to come up with the solutions.

Death and its entry pains are so horrific to the observer that a form of complex but solace denial has become useful for group bonding (an evolutionary use of suffering), from the last rites administered to the dying, to funeral ceremonies and carved and kept masonic graveyards performed and built only by and for the living.



WILL PAST CRIMES BE DETECTED?

Not only past crimes, but past thoughts - all of them will be laid bare for everyone to see! That must be the case if we plot a detailed enough quantum archaeology grid.

In Europe, which is leading the world in jurisprudence, punishment as a policy is fading in law, in favor of asking the questions, what caused the problem and how is it best fixed?

A society where any object can be recreated and duplicated, and any person can be raised from the dead, makes arguments of theft and murder obsolete. No person would act against society if they knew society acted in their interests.

Seeing a chain of causation where repeated psychological injury makes a mind rebellious could be easily corrected by actual physical rehabilitation, with the criminal's (now the the patient's) consent.

The doctrine of culpability was good for the old European empires but is being abandoned in the modern world. People are questioning whether a State should ever be involved in revenge or vengeance or executions when the causes of crime and restoration are becoming possible.

In fact no-one has ever been murdered, no property has ever been stolen nor damaged, and no-one has erred irretrievably as Quantum Archaeology comes. The murdered will simply be resurrected; the stolen item returned and duplicated, the damaged repaired as good as new.

Much science is used in planning for the future: a company that aims to produce something in five years without working out how the world will have changed then may find that its product is obsolete on launch, and no-one wants it.

There are many instances of a fast change: the cd made records obsolete quickly, and the motorcar made the buggy obsolete.

We are entering a stage where the mathematical description of anything past or present, that is or once was, can be configured. Then it can be rebuilt using coming quantum robots.

THE COMING OF THE QUANTUM ROBOTS

A robot is a machine that has specified degrees of freedom and a range of tasks it can perform in an environment. It doesn't matter how many dimensions it exists in... an on screen robot only exists in three..height, width and movement i time. The environments are many, and may have many dimensions in future!


Quantum robots were conceptualized by Paul Benioff in 1982.

The idea that we could build and send quantum robots into the quantum world, carrying quantum computers on their backs, may seem science fiction, but the forerunners to such robots are already here as nano machines, which will eventually build them. These nanorobots have already entered the human cell and quantum computers already exist.

The quantum world is anything smaller than the atom and extending to the planck scale.

Robots that build smaller robots which build smaller robots to do the work are a reality, and wait for sufficient artificial intelligence, which alone will change the galaxy and beyond.


THE NEED FOR A RESURRECTION THEORY IN SCIENCE

There is a need for a modern resurrection theory, and it better come from within science or it will be flung contemptuously aside by technologists, who tolerate futurists because they are so ruthlessly good at predicting technology, many of us are rich able to command vast resources, and our futurism is based on demonstrably correct trend graphs like Moore's Law and The Law of Accelerating Returns.

As a talented student pf the famous John Wheeler, it seems to me Tipler is correct in many of his assertions and his science should be studied. His prediction that the cosmos is made of knowable laws and therefore manipulable with enough computing power looks irrefutable.The human body has a relevant scale for resurrection from the ion which is a negatively charged atom, to a group of people in an environment which no computer can accommodate yet. De Chardin's observation that a biological organism emerges at 10 billion cells and cooperation accelerates as it approaches that, seems to be happening as world population passes 7 billion. We are already engaging physics to the planck scale which is lengths to Planck length 1.616252×10−35 meters, your body includes scales of 10^3 - 10^-6 metres.

To argue the observable cosmos (thought by M Theory to be a bubble on an infinite membrane in a larger organization) is never going to come under the command of future science, is to attribute mystical properties to it. Our history shows growing mastery of the environment by evolution and tool making. Is there a limit to computational power with coming artificially intelligent machines? People have a right to any belief, but the evidence is that machines are doubling in complexity on provable trends, quantum mechanics makes even better predictions and retrodictions than classical physics in unobserved states, and man is getting mastery of his destiny, his biological body and his environment. He may well master cosmic forces.

But there is confusion about the quantum world, with many holding the view that it is not governed by laws because we cannot measure velocity and position and the observer affects experiments, and also because we can only make probabilistic predictions. as we build and send quantum robots into the world of the very small exciting new laws are sure to be discovered, and these will give us increased manipulation possibilities.

Archaeologists used plaster casting on the Pompeii citizens.

Time is a measure of relative position and is best called space-time. No past event is veiled from future forensics: unsolved deaths thousands of years ago are being revealed as murders by new techniques. In the future our very thoughts from the dawn of the world may be posted on to the Interplanetary Internet.
(Click to enlarge) Letter from Everett to De Witt about parallel worlds).

Everything that exists operates from laws, but they are so compounded by evolution in some systems, the system itself believes it is initiating them, rather than absolutely following them. The venus fly trap is no different from the bi-metal strip that bends in the heat. And the venus flytrap is a meat eating, part-moving plant related to Man.


Which is these is conscious?
The Venus Fly trap is as conscious as the bi-metal strip below.

Triggered by external stimuli...a hair trigger touched by an insect, or else heat forcing one metal side to expand faster than another and making the bi-metal strip bend....both systems are either conscious or causal or both, depending on your perspective. And so it is for men.
The brass and iron expand at different rates in heat , forcing the strip to bend and move the arrow.

Our bodies are made of millions such evolved tricks and size has nothing to do with it, as miniaturization demonstrates.

A consciousness or intelligence is a reflection of its environment, as the late philosopher Alan Watts noted, but transferring someone to a different time zone, perhaps a million years in the future, would not kill their consciousness, and once emerged can operate in a variety of environments, subject only to their physical survival. This theme has been well worked out in sci-fi.

PHILOSOPHICAL CHANGES IN THE HUMAN PSYCHE

People using a Quantum Archaeology Grid. (there are likely to be competing ones you can buy) are going to be able to witness your every movement and your every thought. That must follow from the axioms of quantum archaeology.

When that is generally realized, it may act to make people law abiding in thought and action - at least until post-human intelligence arrives.

It is likely in my view that were quantum archaeology to be accepted crime would necessarily fall, as people realized they could never conceal a crime however ingenious they were.


THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

The Scientific method cant just be thrown away when examining parts of philosophy and it is easily memorized:
There are many parts to the Scientific Method which helps preventing blunders and delusions in our calculations. Occam's razor is incredibly important and demands we reduce to simplicity for accuracy.


The simplest explanation that fits all the facts must be the one that's accepted.
William of Ockham


Determinism seems an assault on the Man's uniqueness by seeming to eliminate free will, but this may be an error of dichotomy and the compatibility argument covers both views amicably. There are multi-perspectives and mankind but scratches the surface of what things are (Joe Davis @ MIT to me 2005).
According to Sir Roger Penrose the large and the small obey different laws so there couldn't be two of him.

Many-worlds interpretation Before the universal wavelength collapses from its superposition of parallel worlds, Penrose explained on how many worlds there are in the superposition: "There are an infinite number of infinities" (Gresham Lecture -to me 2004, citing Cantor). Almost all scientists in the field believe there are infinite parallel worlds, but Copenhagenists think they collapse & resolve into one world before each quantum event, rather than decohere from already existing states, splitting into parallel worlds. What matters is that parallel worlds are being used to build quantum machines and quantum computers.

This cup of philosophy looks very difficult because it is counter-intuitive (it has been said science generally is becoming counter-intuitive), and although the maths works out beautifully there are few experiments which support it, and why those experiments work is open to interpretation.

The Many Worlds theory works for the large and the small as one system, showing that everything can be analyzed as Cause and Effect, particles, waves or what physicists are now calling in the canteen, 'wavicles'. Its mathematics is elegant. Its rationale watertight. Whichever view is correct, most experts think there are many worlds.

In one world you are an athlete in another a pauper: 'yous' are separated by a single event of difference. It is utterly against our experience Our ego's reject it as impossible. It could well be wrong, but to Quantum Archaeology it doesn't matter. laws rule, and we will find them and use them. We will advance in reconstructions as new techniques are discovered pragmatically but necessarily using whatever works.

We can do quite a lot now. These NASA avatars can work on the moon from 2012, controlled by scientists on earth.

Frank Tiper thinks the cosmos is a closed system. Stephen Hawking that it is finite but unbounded. Joe Davis, artist in residence at MIT & Harvard that it is unknowable. Thales that it is made of Water. Dr David James a researcher at GlaxoWelcome that it is made of light. So far as Quantum Archaeology is concerned it doesn't matter, we will operate in the human level of existence and on the human scale of size from atoms in cells, to resurrect people in groups in defined environments, empowering them by introducing technology in a way that doesn't obliterate their identity not threaten anyone else.

It is sometimes a struggle to accept people are sets of events like grains of sand or rivers or mountains, - that you are sets of events - and draw up charts accordingly.

Statistically, QA conjectures we have enough points in the present to describe an archaeological matrix of any past event on the earth - probably back billions of years, and this includes any human being who has ever lived. This remains to be seen and QA is a pre-research area at present.

Like classical archaeology which is able to reconstruct objects from ancient times using surviving fragments, plus knowledge about similar objects, and probabilities, quantum archaeology will enable this by back-tracing using laws of cause and effect and probability with emerging mathematics and methods in vastly more sophisticated systems than we have today.

In an inflating universe there are always more present variables in the cosmos than there were in history, allowing enough information to be gathered to reconstruct any historical event down to the quantum particle.

To retrodict one specific event in history you could use several small sets of many billions of possible sets of data, and it is improbable enough relevant sets would not exist in the present for a complete and accurate resurrection.

before- as found in a bog:


After facial reconstruction: Of high status, Lindow Man was strangled in about 100CE a ceremony used by Roman occupiers on enemy leaders. We can faithfully recreate what he looked like but quantum archaeologists hope by 2030-45 we'll be able be able to bring him and his group back to life (Cheshire UK Before/after).


THE SKILL OF ESTIMATIONS

Estimation probability can become a very useful science because of cross-referencing. Probability estimation is magic to the quantum archaeologist! From very general figures amid loads of data, exact events may be mapped with great confidence. eg In year 1 there may be 100 events. But from it evolves by cause and effect a trillion events in the year 100. It follows that there are on average 100,000,000,000 events in year 100 from which to plot back to configure each event in year 1.

Those are good odds, and information for quantum resurrection is unlikely to be lost because of them. Many lines of them would probably give any one event exactly by retrodicting from known laws of science. Quantum archaeologists believe that since the universe is becoming increasing complex any group of variables should plot backwards to a time when there are fewer events.

Pioneer Archaeologist ('peer polity' inter alia) Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn, who's approach was to try and understand how things worked.

Atomic measurement of dead people is the start of quantum archaeology.

That is the question! By observation and calculation certainly. The more observered the less is calculated. The more is calculated the less you need to observe. With enough powerful calculation you need almost no observation no surviving facts in the present. Almost everything can be done by equations and statistics. Almost everything can be reconstructed by mathematics deduction cross referencing timeline check points and probability.
Artist's reconstruction of Lucy (Australopithecus)

We can describe whole classes of hominids and with computing power of perhaps 10^42 operations per second (we have planned to build 10^18 ops in 2018) we would have enough processing power to reconstruct specific individuals in those classes, which means anyone in history.

In 2010 the University of Copenhagen reconstructed the entire nuclear genome of an extinct human being describing him to a high degree (Nature 463, 757-762 (11 February 2010) . This will be increasingly applied to reconstruct other events such as previously living human beings from mere fragmentary data, and where no specific data exists it will be deduced by massive and progressively accurate calculations. Eventually quantum archaeologist will be good enough to resurrect the ancient dead as far back as requested. probabilities will combine with sampling to such an accurate degree no one would challenge that it is faithful.

We will use hypercomuting...coming computers together with archaeology mathematics, especially statistics.

There are many ways to describe a deceased person to the Nth degree, for example using DNA from 5000 years ago which we have, all possible permutes to the present could be synthesized. Added to this we could factor in all possible environments. Once those are done, we could start eliminating the timelines that are known form historical and other data to be impossible.

So many eliminations will take place that the complete mind set for a specific person should be achievable. This seems an enormous amount of work taking thousands of man-years, but for coming computers it will may be done in seconds, with better accuracy than we may dare imagine.

Josep Burcet wrote in 2005 about a 'retrieval hypothesis' for recovering enough information about deceased people to effect a resurrection, citing Ervin Laszlo's 'Creative Cosmos' (below) where information is held indefinitely in the Quantum Vacuum until a fundamental change occurs in the cosmos, and the issue is how to extract it.

The idea behind time travel is that information about people exists but is back in time.

Everett's Many Worlds Theory implies that many future worlds will have only a few common ancestors. Moreover, as time advances, the number of events in the cosmos multiplies allowing checking of back tracing from different variables to common roots. Therefore enough variables will exist at any future time to resurrect any past event in infinite or near infinite worlds.


(click to enlarge) History is a timeline of events whose descendants exist in the present. Many attempts are being made to accurately trace them back into the past. Eventually everything will be mapped out even smaller than particles in the human brain.

If present trends that have held since the dawn of computing hold, then we will achieve manipulation of each atom of all human beings who have ever lived before 2045.

We are slowly reconfiguring space-time events in increasing detail and a thought is no different from a battle. It is merely a matter of scale- which is something computers are good at brushing aside.

We will not create alien beings out of fiction, but of our own ancestors; many of us will be their descendants and have direct kinship with them.

SIMULATED OR REAL RESURRECTION?


"Any illusion indistinguishable from reality IS reality."
Maxim of Witchcraft


A debate surfaces about the validity of a simulation in a machine, though few in science doubt such simulations will eventually be possible:


"Humans are interested in the past. Archaeologists scrutinize fragments of pottery and other broken artefacts, painstakingly piecing them together and attempting to reconstruct the cultures to which such objects belonged. Evolutionary biologists rely on fossil records and gene sequencing technologies to try and retrace the complex paths of natural selection. If the freely-compounding robot intelligences ultimately restructure space into an expanding bubble of cyberspace consuming all in its path, and if the post-biological entities inherit a curiosity for their past from the animals that helped create them, the 10^86 bits available would provide a powerful tool for post-human historians. They would have the computational power to run highly-detailed simulations of past histories- so detailed that the simulated people in those simulated histories think their reality is (real)." Extropia. Kurzweilai

There is no step difference between repairing someone manually or robotically; no step difference between using artificial materials inside a person to repair them - pacemakers, hips and internal microchips are increasingly used. At some stage each part of a human being will be adequately made by artificial parts, and after that since those constructed parts can be upgraded, the whole person can be artificial, with no obvious reason to ever die.

Once we have sufficient skill to do this, possibly in the 2020's based on biotechnology robotics and computing trends, it should be possible to load a complete person dynamic details into a computer. Once we have enough of them and also mapped out the environment and logged every historical event we can find (Watson of Jeopardy fame has already memorized wikipedia and many other data sources) it looks like it will be possible to generate a quantum archaeological grid of specifically detailed history reaching back many thousands of years, and yielding exact descriptions of anyone's detailed brains whop has ever lived.

The limits are the size of computers, and it is possible to accurately guess when they will be powerful enough to be adequate because their capacity growth follows trends like Moore's Law.

Vernor Vinge's prediction at NASA in 1993 that by 2030 technology will have sped so much what happens in the next second will be impossible to predict has many supporters, and if true quantum archaeology will be possible by then.

We live in the age of information. But we are moving into the age of biotechnology, followed by the age of robotics and after that, which is as far as anyone can see, the age of intelligent systems. There is no known limit to intelligence and its increase may be similar to transcendental numbers which keep calculating and never repeat themselves. If true intelligence in our cosmos at least may have to be regarded as a fundamental force of nature, and the way it interacts with other forces factored into prediction calculations.


AFTER THE MAP, THE REBUILDING


Once a quantum archaeology grid has been built and an individual's details extracted, microrobots can build them (or any other technical devices that have emerge from science).

If you produce a recipe or a map of a complete event, like a human being and all their memories at the instant of their death, it should be possible with technologies of the future to resurrect them. You could make lots of them.


Some find difficulty with problems of identity and some philosophers spend their careers pondering it.
Substrate independence- the idea each small piece of a human can be replaced without affecting the nature of a person has often been discussed in philosophy as the Ship of Theseus.

As each part of Theseus' ship is replaced is it the same ship?

Leibnitz' Identity of indiscernibles explains this in more detail and involves the idea that identical particles eg one atom of oxygen are interchangable. Robert Ettinger has dealt with identity in Chapter 8 of the Prospect of Immortality, which although drafted to deal with cryonics, is also relevant for quantum archaeology:-

"Striding eagerly into the new world, (the revived) feels like a new man. Is he?

Who is this resuscitee? For that matter, who am I and who are you?

Although most resuscitees will not represent such extreme cases-we hope most of us will be frozen by non damaging methods-nevertheless we cannot sidestep the issue. We are now face to face with one of the principal unsolved problems of philosophy and/or biology, which now becomes one of prime importance in an exceedingly practical way, namely that concerning the nature of "self."

What characterizes an individual? What is the soul, or essence, or ego? This seemingly abstruse question will shortly be seen to have ramifications in almost every area of practical affairs; it will be the subject of countless newspaper editorials and Congressional investigations, and will reach the Supreme Court of the United States.

We can bring the problem into better focus by putting it in the form of two questions. First, how can we distinguish one man from another? Second, how can we distinguish life from death?

Later I shall offer some tentative partial answers. First we can illuminate the question, and perceive some of its difficulties and subtleties, by considering a series of experiments. Some of these experiments are imaginary, but perhaps not impossible in principle, while others have actually been performed.

Experiment 1. We allow a man to grow older

Legally, he retains his identity; and also subjectively, and also in the minds of his acquaintances (usually). Yet most of the material of his body is replaced and changed; his memories change, and some are lost; his outlook and personality change.

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It is even possible that an old acquaintance, seeing him again after many years, might refuse to believe he is the same person. On first considering this experiment, we are apt to feel slightly disturbed, but to retain a vague conviction that "basically" the man is unchanged. We may feel that the physical and psychological continuity has some bearing on the question.

Experiment 2. We watch a sudden, drastic change in a man's personality and physique, brought about by physical damage, or disease, or emotional shock, or some combination of these. Such has often occurred.

Afterwards, there may be little resemblance to the previous man, mentally or physically. There may be "total" amnesia, although he may recover capability of speech.

Of course he retains, e.g., the same fingerprints, and the same genes. But it would be absurd to say the main part of a man is his skin; and identical twins have the same genes, yet are separate individuals.

Although the physical material of his body is the same stuff, he seems-and feels-like a different person. Now we are more seriously disturbed, because the main continuity is merely physical; there is a fairly sharp discontinuity in personality. One might say with some plausibility that a man was destroyed, and mother man was created, inheriting the tissues of his predecessor's body.

Experiment 3. We observe an extreme case of "split personality."

It is commonly believed that sometimes two (or even more) disparate personalities seem to occupy the same body, sometimes one exercising control and sometimes the other. Partly separate sets of memories may be involved. The two "persons" in the same body may dislike each other; they may be able to communicate

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only by writing notes when dominant, for the other to read when his turn comes.

We may be inclined to dismiss this phenomenon by talking about psychosis or pathology. This tendency is reinforced by the fact that apparently one of the personalities is usually eventually submerged, or the two are integrated, leaving us with the impression that "really" there was only one person all along. Nevertheless, the personalities may for a time seem completely distinct by behavioral tests, and subjectively the difference is obviously real. This may leave us with a disturbing impression that possibly the essence of individuality lies after all in the personality, in the pattern of the brain's activity, and in its memory.

Experiment 4. Applying biochemical or microsurgical techniques to a newly fertilized human ovum, we force it to divide and separate, thereby producing identical twins where the undisturbed cell would have developed as a single individual. (Similar experiments have been performed, with animals.)

An ordinary individual should probably be said to originate at the moment of conception. At any rate, there does not seem to be any other suitable time-certainly not the time of birth, because a Caesarean operation would have produced a living individual as well; and choice of any other stage of development of the foetus would be quite arbitrary.

Our brief, coarse, physical interference has resulted in two lives, two individuals, where before there was one. In a sense, we have created one life. Or perhaps we have destroyed one life, and created two, since neither individual is quite the same as the original one would have been.

Although it does not by any means constitute proof, the fact that a mere, crude, mechanical or chemical manipulation can "create a soul" suggests that such portentous terms as "soul"

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and "individuality" may represent nothing more than clumsy attempts to abstract from, or even inject into, a system certain "qualities" which have only a limited relation to physical reality.

Experiment 5. By super-surgical techniques (which may not be far in the future) we lift the brains from the skulls of two men, and interchange them.

This experiment might seem trivial to some. Most of us, after thinking it over, will agree it is the brain which is important, and not the arms, nor the legs, nor even the face. If Joe puts on a mask resembling Jim, he is still Joe; and even if the "mask" is of living flesh and extends to the whole body, our conclusion will probably be the same. The assemblage of Joe's brain in Jim's body will probably be identified as Joe. But at least two factors make this experiment non-trivial.

First, if the experiment were actually performed and not merely discussed, the emotional impact on the parties concerned would be powerful. The wives would be severely shaken, as would the subjects. Furthermore, Joe-in-Jim's-body would rapidly change, since personality depends heavily on environment, and the body is an important part of the brain's environment. Also, we may be willing to admit that Joe's arms, legs, face, and intestines are not essential attributes of Joe-but what about his testicles? If Joe-in-Jim's-body lies with one of their wives, he can only beget Jim's child, since he is using Jim's gonads. The psychiatric and legal problems involved here are formidable indeed.

Some people might be tempted to give up on Joe and Jim altogether, and start afresh with Harry and Henry. In one sense, this is an impractical evasion, since the memories, family rights and property rights cannot be dismissed. From another view, it may be a sensible admission that characterization of an individual is to some extent arbitrary.


Coming technologies may enable exact copies of living bodies. After that they will configure exact copies of persons long dead.

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Once again, the suggestion is that physical systems (i.e., real systems) must in the end be described by physical parameters (operationally) and that attempts to pin profound or abstract labels on them, or to categorize them in subjective terms, cannot be completely successful.

Experiment 6. By super-surgical techniques (not yet available) we divide a man s brain in two, separating the left and right halves, and transplant one half into another skull (whose owner has been evicted).

Similar, but less drastic, experiments have been performed. Working with split-brain monkeys, Dr. C. B. Trevarthen has reported that " . . . the surgically separated brain halves may learn side by side at the normal rate, as if they were quite independent." (121) This is most intriguing, even though the brains were not split all the way down to the brain stem, and even though monkeys are not men.

There is also other evidence in the literature which we can summarize, with certain simplifications and exaggerations, as follows. Either half of a brain can take over an individual's functions independently. Normally, one half dominates, and loss of the other half is not too serious. But even if the dominant half is removed, or killed, the other half will take over, learning the needed skills.

There is presently no conclusive evidence that so drastic an experiment as ours would necessarily succeed; but in principle, as far as I know, it might, and we are not at the moment concerned with technical difficulties.

If it did succeed, we would have created a new individual. If the left half was dominant, we might label the original individual Lr; the same skull containing the left half alone after surgery we might call L, and the right half alone, in a different skull after the operation, is R.

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L thinks of himself as being the same as Lr. R may also think of himself as Lr, recuperated after a sickness, but to the outside world he may seem to he a new and different, although similar, person.

In any case, R is now an individual in his own right, and regards his life to be as precious as anyone else's. He will cling to life with the usual tenacity, and if he sees death approaching will probably not be consoled by the knowledge that L lives on.

Even more interesting is the attitude of L, the formerly dominant half, now alone in the skull. Suppose that, before the operation, we had told Lr that the dominant half of his brain was diseased, and would have to be removed, but that the other half would take over, albeit with some personality changes and possibly some loss of memory. He would be worried and disturbed, certainly-but he would probably not regard this as a death sentence. In other words, Lr would be consoled well enough by the assurance that R would live on. Yet after the splitting, and transplanting operation, L would regard his own destruction as death, and it would not satisfy him that R lived on, in another body.

This experiment seems to suggest again that, psychologically if not logically, the physical continuity is an important consideration.

Experiment 7. A man is resuscitated after a short period of clinical death, with some loss of memory and some change in personality.

This experiment has actually been performed many times. (97) Death was real by the usual clinical tests (no respiration, no heartbeat) but of course most of the cells remained alive, and most people would say that he had not "really" died, and that he was certainly the same person afterward. This experiment is important only as background for the following ones.

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Experiment 8. A man dies, and lies unattended for a couple of days, passing through biological death and cellular death. But now a marvel occurs; a space ship arrives from a planet of the star Arcturus, carrying a super-surgeon of an elder race, who applies his arts and cures the man of death and decay, as well as his lesser ailments.

(It is not, of course, suggested that any such elder race exists; the experiment is purely hypothetical, but as far as we know today it is not impossible in principle.)

The implications are apt to shake us. If decay is to be regarded as just another disease, with a possibility of cure, then when may the body be considered truly dead? If "truly" dead be taken to mean "permanently" dead, then we may never know when we are in the presence of death, since the criterion is not what has already happened to the man, but what is going to hap pen to him in the (endless?) future.

Experiment 9. A man dies, and decays, and his components are scattered. But after a long time a super-being somehow collects his atoms and reassembles them, and the man is recreated.

Once more, the difficulty or even impossibility of the experiment is not important. We also disregard the question of the possibility of identifying individual elementary particles. Is it the "same" man, in spite of the sharp physical discontinuity in time? If memory, personality, and physical substance are all the same, perhaps most of us would think so, even though we are disturbed by the black gulf of death intervening. But if we so admit, we must open the door even wider.

Experiment 10. We repeat the previous experiment, but with a less faithful reproduction, involving perhaps only some of the original atoms and only a moderately good copy. Is it still the same man?


We are doing things once thought impossible- it has much further to go.

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Again, perhaps, we wonder if there is really any such thing as an individual in any clear cut and fundamental sense.

Experiment 11. We repeat experiment 10, making a moderately good reconstruction of a man, but this time without trying to use salvaged material.

Now, according to the generally accepted interpretation of quantum theory, there is in principle as well as in practice no way to "tag" individual particles, e.g. the atoms or molecules of a man's brain; equivalent particles are completely indistinguishable, and in general it does not even make sense to ask whether the atoms of the reconstructed body are the "same" atoms that were in the original body. Those unfamiliar with the theory, who find this notion hard to stomach, may consult any of the standard texts.

If we accept this view, then a test of individuality becomes still more difficult, because the criteria of identity of material substance and continuity of material substance become difficult or impossible to apply.

Experiment 12. We discover how to grow or to construct functional replicas of the parts of the brain - possibly biological in nature, possibly mechanical, but at any rate distinguishable from natural units by special tests, although not distinguishable in function. The units might be cells, or they might be larger or smaller components. Now we operate on our subject from time to time, in each operation substituting some artificial brain parts for the natural ones. The subject notices no change in him - self, yet when the experiment is finally over, we have in effect a "robot"!

Does the "robot" have the same identity as the original man?

Experiment 13. We perform the same experiment as 12, but more quickly.

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In a single, long operation, we keep replacing natural brain components with artificial ones (and the rest of the body likewise) until all the original bodily material is in the garbage disposal, and a "robot" lies on the operating table, an artificial man whose memories and personality closely duplicate those of the original.

Perhaps some would feel the "robot" was indeed the man, basing the identity in the continuity, on the fact that there was never a sharp dividing line in time where one could say man ended and robot began. Others, well steeped in democracy and willing to apply political principles to biology, might think the robot was not the man, and ceased to be the man when half the material was artificial.

The subject himself, before the operation, would probably regard it as a death sentence. And yet this seems odd, since there is so little real difference between experiments 13 and 12; 13 merely speeds things up. Perhaps sufficient persuasion could convince the subject that the operation did not represent death; he might even be made to prefer a single operation to the nuisance of a series of operations.

Experiment 14. We assume, as in the previous two experiments, that we can make synthetic body and brain components. We also assume that somehow we can make sufficiently accurate nondestructive analyses of individuals. We proceed to analyse a subject, and then build a replica or twin of him, complete with memories.

Does the identity of our subject now belong equally to the "robot" twin? It might seem absurd to say so, but compare the previous experiment. There is scarcely any difference, especially since in 13 the subject was under anaesthesia during the operation; 13 was virtually equivalent to destroying the subject, then

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building a robot twin. The only real difference between 13 and 14 is that in 14 both the original and the duplicate survive.

Experiments 15, 16, and 17. We repeat experiments 12, 13, and 14 respectively, but instead of using artificial parts we use ordinary biological material, perhaps obtained by culturing the subject's own cells and conditioning the resultant units appropriately. Does this make any difference?

In logic, one would think perhaps not, but blood is thicker than water. Some people might make a different decision on 15 and 16 than on 12 and 13.

Experiment 18. We assume the truth of an assertion sometimes heard, viz., that in certain types of surgery a patient under certain types of anaesthesia suffers pain, although he does not awaken and afterwards does not remember the pain. The experiment consists in performing such an operation.

Most of us do not fear such operations, because we remember no pain in previous experiences, and because authoritative persons assure us we need not worry. Even a warning that the pain under anaesthesia is real is unlikely to disturb us much, if we are not of very nervous temperament. Still less do we fear ordinary deep anaesthesia, in which there seems to be no pain on any level, even though for the conscious mind this gulf is like that of death. Yet a child, or a person of morbid imagination, might be intensely frightened by these prospects.

Thus again we note a possible discrepancy between the logical and the psychological.

Experiment 19. A Moslem warrior is persuaded to give his life joyfully in a "holy war," convinced that the moment his throat is cut he will awaken in Paradise to be entertained by houris.


The synapse...the most complex machine known- and still a mystery.


An artificial synapse has been attempted in Germany 2012


We draw the obvious but useful conclusion that, from the

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standpoint of present serenity, it is merely the prospect of immortality that is important.

Experiment 20. We pull out all the stops, and assume we can make a synthetic chemical electronic mechanical brain which can, among other things, duplicate all the functions of a particular human brain, and possesses the same personality and memory as the human brain. We also assume that there is complete but controlled interconnection between the human brain and the machine brain: that is, we can, at will, remove any segments or functions of the human brain from the joint circuit and replace them by machine components, or vice versa.

In a schematic sense, then, we envisage each of the two brains, the biological one and the mechanical one, as an electronic circuit spread out on a huge "bread board" with complete accessibility. From the two sets of components, by plugging in suitable leads, we can patch together a single functioning unit, the bypassed elements simply lying dormant.

To make the picture simpler and more dramatic, let us also assume the connections require only something like radio communication, and not a physically cumbersome coupling.

We might begin the experiment with the man fully conscious and independent, and the machine brain disconnected and fully dormant. But now we gradually begin disconnecting nerve cells or larger units in the man's brain, simultaneously switching in the corresponding units of the machine. The subject notices no change - yet when the process is completed, we "really" have a machine brain controlling a "zombie" human body!

The machine also has its own sensory organs and effectors. If we now cut off the man's sensory nerves and motor leads and simultaneously activate those of the machine, the first subjective change will occur, namely, an eerie transportation of the senses from one body to another, from the man's to the machine's.

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This might be enjoyable: perhaps the machine's sense organs are more versatile than the man's, with vision in the infra-red and other improvements, and the common personality might feel wonderful and even prefer to "live" in the machine.

At this stage, remember, the man is entirely dormant, brain and body, and the outside observer may be inclined to think he is looking at an unconscious man and a conscious machine, the machine suffering from the curious delusion that it is a man controlling a machine.

Next, we reactivate the components of the man's brain, either gradually or suddenly, simultaneously cutting off those of the machine, but leaving the machine's sensors plugged in and the sensors of the human body disconnected. The subject notices no change, but we now have a human brain using mechanical senses, by remote control. (We disregard such details as the ability of the human optical centre to cope with infra-red vision, and the duplication of the new memories.)

Finally, we switch the human effectors and sensors back in, leaving the man once more in his natural state and the machine quiescent.

If we perform this sort of exchange many times, the subject may become accustomed to it, and may even prefer to "inhabit" the machine. He may even view with equanimity the prospect of remaining permanently "in" the machine and having his original body destroyed. This may not prove anything, but it suggests once more that individuality is an illusion.

Discussion and Conclusion. In discussing these hypothetical experiments we have touched on various possible criteria of individuality-identity of material substance, continuity of material substance, identity of personality and memory, continuity of personality and memory-and seen that none of these is

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wholly satisfactory. At any rate, none of these, nor any combination, is both necessary and sufficient to prove identity.

One cannot absolutely rule out the possibility that we have missed the nub of the matter, which may lie in some so far intangible essence or soul. However, such a notion seems inconsistent with the ease with which man can instigate, modify, and perhaps actually create life, and with several of our experiments.

The simplest conclusion is that there is really no such thing as individuality in any profound sense. The difficulty arises from our efforts first to abstract generalities from the physical world, and then to regard the abstractions, rather than the world, as the basic reality. A rough analogy will help drive home the point:
The classification "man" is useful, but not sharply definable. Is a freak a man? Is an aborted foetus a man? Is a pre-Neanderthal or other "missing link" a man? Is a corpse a man if some of the cells are still alive? And so on. A label is handy, but objects may be tagged arbitrarily. In the physical world there is no definite collection of objects which can be called "men," but only shifting assemblages of atoms organized in various ways, some of which we may choose to lump together for convenience."


Where an entire human being is held in a computer simulation it should be easier to envisage retrodictions to all our ancestors and living reconstructions being mathematically and technologically viable.

No event happens in isolation, but is caused by myriad events that hurtle forward changing yet other events in the future.Computers should be able to plot backwards and reconstruct them to the neurons and synapses.

Tipler describes the principle of identity, that if you make a good enough copy, it is the same event. Quantum Archaeology asserts that resurrection will take place long before the final state of the universe and is dependent only on mathematics computing and technology successes, likely to here before 2045 when computing equals group human intelligence, and this is anticipated by trend graphs..

Robert Ettinger describes 20 experiments to find what identity is in chapter 8 of The Prospect of Immortality (free online), and by Oxford philosopher Professor Derek Parfit.

Other issues are the computing capacity needed, and the social and legal difficulties of raising the dead.
Egyptians prepared important people for resurrection

Quantum Archaeology is assuming any person is a combination of knowable particles. These particles are interchangable with similar others without loss of identity.


World's largest radiocarbon dating lab uses atomic observation and calculation.


COMMON OBJECTIONS


Q.A. IS IMPOSSIBLE BECAUSE OF ENTROPY


"The 2nd law of thermodynamics has the same degree of truth as the statement that if you throw a tumblerful of water into the sea, you cannot get the same tumblerful of water out again." James Clerk Maxwell d.1879

Although Maxwell had no concept of computers, on the surface this seems an insurmountable obstacle. Things decay. Information gets lost.

As information breaks down, it takes progressively more energy to restore it. Order demands more energy than disorder. When there was assumed to be only one universe, that meant our cosmos would undergo a heat death into a luke warm radiation.

Modern science as M - Theory, now posits there are zillions of universes bubbling off from infinite branes.

They are all potential energy sources. There is no longer a cap on how much information we can recover since we can gather energy from other worlds.

The pathways to reconstruction are many....far more than we need - to construct any one event like a human synapse, and it is further evidence that quantum archaeology is viable.

Indeed the whole of scientific detection and forensic science fulcrums on the fact that the lost past can be constructed by deduction from events in the present.

The criticism of the theory is that too much information is lost for ever on death and the destruction of the body. Death is not a special category that our superstitious past impelled us to believe through fear, but an event like any other. A mystical spirit doesn't need to be involved in a cause and effect process.

Could entropy not imply abstract chaos but presently unmeasurable complexity? A shuffled pack of card would be impossible for a lower primate to order, but it is no problem to something like a human who is more skilled at using intelligent thinking processes like pattern matching, deduction and cross checking knowing the law of suits.

It may seem impossible to reconstruct the exact deck of cards that has just been shuffled after it has been ordered in suits, but this is not so: the shuffled deck of cards didn't achieve apparently random order by chance but by the actions of the intermediary...the shuffler. All those actions absolutely and completely existed solely by the laws of physics. If you could simulate the man, the cards and the conditions, it is reasonable to suppose you could simulate the order he shuffled in.

http://www.inspiration.com/community/system/files/cards+experiment.jpg

Like a pack of cards, everything in the cosmos follows laws.

Just as Lavoisier proved the mass in a closed systems always remains the same..no matter what you do to things in it, so the order in a system is always the result of all the things it has come into contact with to that point.

This is in direct conflict with our ego which has a vested interest in believing it has freedom, but everything that exists is the sum of what has gone before it in its subjective state. There are no exceptions in the classical world and we dont understand the quantum world yet.

The number of surviving points in the present from which we can back trace to what existed years ago is much larger than the size we need to calculate events in history, because, in our time line, events multiply with time. If you wanted to configure a person's DNA and he left 4 sons that would be 4 starting points to assist your calculation. As time went on he may have 20 great grandchildren and these could help calculations. You could begin sketching in what cousins and relations could and could not be. Each event calculated along one trajectory would not give a definite event yet, but a certain minimum number would do that. Such conclusions by trajectories into the past involve the science of probability. The tool of probability calculation is well advanced and will get much better as time goes on. It is highly likely we will be able to probablize details thought lost forever, and be able to do it on presently immeasurably small particles as well as on big ones. From seemingly unrelated facts in the present a complete archaeological history will be revealed in breathtaking detail. Good enough to bring people back.

BRAIN PARTICLES DECAY IRRETRIEVABLY

Yes many, most or all decay, but there are so many ancestor states from any one event that you can configure by logic where they must have been at any given time by back-plotting from known data available in the present. You can even do this now, using classical methods.

Because there are many more events in the present than the past, many points will back-plot to exactly the same event in history: you dont need all of them to get a definitive reading!


Facial Reconstruction of Alexander the Great's father

THE QUANTUM WORLD IS NON-DETERMINISTIC AND CANT BE MANIPULATED

The quantum world obeys laws. We are on the edge of discovering what laws exist, and when we have enough we will be able to make minutely accurate predictions. the predictions in quantum mechanics are famously much more accurate than classical mechanics. we know that quantum systems are reversible so long as no one observes what's happening, and quantum theory supports not destroys quantum archaeology's assertions.

Coming machine and artificial systems will be sophisticated and clever perhaps more than anything we have imagined today.

We are already manipulating some quantum particles and have been since before the first atomic experiments when Rutherford split the atom in 1917.
The atomic force microscope (1989) has been used for measuring, and manipulating matter at the nanoscale, and more powerful devices are inevitable.


The Atomic Force Microscope can observe and manipulate quantum particles.


Thus as we produce more and better manipulation capabilities at smaller and smaller levels, we will be able to move quantum particles with more precision. Computers are uniquely good at handling the vast number crunching calculations that will be needed to retrodict where particles have come from, and reconfigure and map the co-ordinates.

When sufficient space-time points have been matrixed, all relevant points of a person and their memories will be inevitably calculated, allowing any long deceased person to be drafted, similar to drafting someone's DNA sequence.

When the map of the person has been established and cross-checked, it may be taken to be made up in an atomic robotic assembly hospital.

Each event has a traceable pathway in space-time.

There are many more events in the present than in the past so tracing anyone who has died is easier than constructing someone in the present or future. In our universe history is shaped like a cone:

It should be possible to "see" back into the past using coming calculating machines.


TECHNOLOGY IS ACCELERATING MAN'S STRUCTURE

Neanderthal 4,500 years ago (archaeological surface reconstruction of a particular individual).


Projection of imminent robots (before 2025) that will work while we sleep.






DOES QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY DEPEND ON QUANTUM
COMPUTERS?

'Hypercomputation would be necessary only if time is limited. If time unlimited, then classical computation would do' Kurzweilai.net forum. Classical computing is growing on a known trajectory and eventually our computers will be powerful enough to calculate histories without quantum computers. However if we are in a race against coming catastrophes like global warming, then there may be a limit.

It is a case of how accurate our measurements and deductions can be. Every action leaves a chain of actions from it. One way to think of it is like a snooker table; by taking measurements like the speed and position of the balls in play you can deduce where they must have come from since the last hit. in a bid enough simulation, i.e. a machine having enough processing power, you would be able to reconstruct the snooker room as well! The speed and position of an electron may be a mystery, but whether we can reverse quantum systems is not. They are absolutely reversible.
Quantum computers are about to change science

"Quantum computing can handle 128 Qbits and that number will grow. There is excitement about.the size of calculation quantum computers will achieve- far vaster than anything we could need however the more calculations they do the less accurate they are proportionately and there is no known way round this." The former paragraph was correct on 27th February 2012, but on 29th February 2012 IBM announced it had found a way to begin cancelling the errors in quantum calculations with increasing fidelity and quantum computing was achievable. If this is correct it changes everything in this essay and quantum archaeology can be easily achieved using quantum computers alone.


Classical computers are growing enormously powerful. Mathematical methods are progressing as well as brute force to be able to give simulations and symbolic simulations of increasing complexity. It is only a matter of time before people and groups of people are simulated then it will be possible to retrodict or back plot people long dead and their memories, which are expressed as the positions of molecules in their brains.


Japan's K computer was the world's fastest when thi8s essay was begun at 10.51 petaflops, - only a fraction of the power that is coming.

YOU NEED SUB-ATOMIC DETAILS OF DISPERSED MEMORY?

The brain is made of molecules and atoms, and sub-atomic particles may be pretty irrelevant in reconstruction. Once the molecular cells are correctly reconstructed they are likely to generate their chemical and electromagnetic properties. For instance once you have correctly rebuilt a person's endocrine system it will begin producing the correct hormones. Quantum archaeology aims to reconstruct the cells of the body, inclining those upon which memory is premised working upwards from prababized DNA's and the environment.

Quantum particles need not concern us. However if they are needed, these too will be calculable by retrodiction, following the same principle...that there are many loci points in the present from which to calculate backwards and reconstruct the deceased.

Memory is important, and you must have rights to any memories that are recoverable by coming techniques. Companies may well be set up to retrieve personal memories in more and more detail that you can buy, and as we live without death, there will be plenty of time to buy them!

But a person is much more than just conscious memories and includes all the machinery of the brain and body...many of which can be simply restored by replications of DNA accurate bodies.

A probability graph can show how likely a given event is to occur.
Future computers will combine trillions of these at trillions of event scales..

EXACTLY HOW MUCH COMPUTING POWER IS NEEDED?

We are going to be manipulating far fewer than the number of atoms in the earth if we resurrect using atomic manipulation. We need to configure an equation for any given who has ever lived and we need the maths and computing to do it. If we have very little maths, we need very big processing power, and if we have very big maths, we need relatively little processing power. That is the power of mathematics, it is systems for pattern spotting and short cuts to manipulate vast numbers.

Estimates of 10/\40 operations per second have been mentioned as what is needed . This is a vast number: 10/\18 will be here in 2018-22 by Moore's Law. By 2030 post-human artificial intelligence is expected as techniques and technologies like super-recursive algorithms and quantum computers will have far surpassed one human brain in processing capacity. A recursion paradigm will emerge based on how far and fast they can improve themselves. It is expected to be very fast leading to a technological singularity by 2045...a point after which improvements are so rapid no predictions can be made.

It would be astonishing if machines can not match and surpass human intelligence because it would mean there is some aspect of biological intelligence which is beyond our science. But nothing shows that so far, and brain simulations are progressively accurate.

Too much data to process/it is too far back in time/brains have finally disintegrated, are all objections boiling down to the same thing: whether we can extract the needed information from vast amounts of data and how much calculation power can be muster?

A guide to amounts we are likely to be able to manipulate are plotable on trend graphs. This is a famous one by Hans Moravec:


http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/~hpm/talks/revo.slides/power.aug.curve/power.aug.gif

(Click to enlarge)

Human work is being replaced by machines that do it billions of times better and faster. But no post human general machines have been achieved yet.

It is worth repeating that computer capacity needed for a task decreases the more maths is involved.

The more representation or abstraction you use, the less computer crunching you need. Maths is about finding short cuts to massive tasks, utilizing patterns.

Conversely the more computing power you have the less maths you will need.

Trial and error combinations are ;produced in computers at massive speeds. A process of discarding is incited where any timelines that are in conflict with known checkpoints of history are thrown away. This process of refining will go on and on until you are left with the distilled map of the person to be resurrected at the time of their death. Final checks can be made with other timelines and other resurrectee maps, and when we are sure we have the correct description, the person can be built by millions of small robots.

It's meaningless to talk of computing size without mathematical capacity. I dont know what size a computation would be needed with today's maths (if I could ever guess that accurately!) as individual mathematicians have curious ways of short cuts and equations, much probably unpublished despite the internet, so it's hard to say what is possible mathematically.

Present computing can handle incredibly accurate retrodiction because of statistical sampling. We will do progressively more detailed reconstructions using machine intelligence as it becomes available.

The brain/memory is the holy grail, but it is a blunder to think they are somehow outside the laws of science or different from eg skin cells except by size, which is only a question of factoring up.

Those factors are probably large like in the synapse but there aremany techniques to slash the multiples. eg the brain has an integrity and if parts of it are wiped by a stroke the rest can completely compensate without any memory loss. This must mean that reconstructions involve laws, which as they are being discovered in the human brain project, enables massive inflation from a much smaller number of formulas.

What laws govern what can and cant be held in memory reduces to how the physical structure of the brain, presumably compacted as DNA programmes is itself but a small set of possible combinations for retrodiction skills to modify per resurectee.

It is thought that by 2020 we will be able to do more general calculations than one human brain can presently do. At some stage in the future we will be able to simulate the local world and run it backwards and forwards with astonishing accuracy.

While some information has decayed much has remained reconfigurable, and from that the whole of the human past should. be possible to reconfigure at complex grids. You could then select anyone at all and produce the exact equation for them at any point in their lives. Companies may compete to offer resurrection of deceased loved ones sooner than is immediately obvious because of exponential growths of technology.

The rate of progress is speeding up...and that speeding up is itself speeding up. It is no longer a safe bet to say something is impossible because it is very complex.

Simulations of the entire universe are growing in detail and at some future point will have enough sophistication to model the whole of human history down to sub-atomic levels.


"Within a quarter century, nonbiological intelligence will match the range and subtlety of human intelligence. It will then soar past it because of the continuing acceleration of information-based technologies, as well as the ability of machines to instantly share their knowledge." Ray Kurzweil


By December 2011 the Korea Institute for Advanced Study in Seoul had used the Tachyon II supercomputer with 157,392GB of disk space and over 26,232 processing cores to build a simulation of the early universe. The processing took 20 days, despite the supercomputer being one of the world's fastest. This was 8800 times bigger than a similar construction 6 years before, playing with 374,000,000,000 particles instead of 10,000,000,000 in 2005 compared to just 300 particles in 1970 at Princeton.



[Click for higher resolution image.]

High-resolution simulation of a galaxy hosting a super-luminous supernova and its chaotic environment in the early Universe. Credit: Adrian Malec and Marie Martig (Swinburne University).


'Moore's law describes a long-term trend in the history of computing hardware: the number of transistors that can be placed inexpensively on an integrated circuit doubles approximately every two years (or 18 months)' wikipedia.

It doesn't matter whether Moore's law is a self-fulfilling prophesy or a natural law, because companies use it to plan computing developments, which ensures faster and more complex computation.
Ray Kurzweil has plotted trends of speed up and declared a Law of Accelerating Returns is valid. The underlying acceleration of technology is faster than it seems.

http://emergentbydesign.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/chaissonphicurve.jpg

WORK BEING DONE

Much work is being done in many fields which must converge successfully if quantum archaeology is to be a reality.

The most important of these is undoubtedly A.I. Artificial Intelligence was tabled as a separate discipline in 1956 by John MacCarthy,

"... to proceed on the basis of the conjecture that every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves."


Despite difficulties that involved governments withdrawing funding and calling A.I. workers 'crackpots' ((the 'A.I. winter') a few people kept going in it and it revived by 2000 to become used in every part of technological society, though the elusive general problem solving machine that matched human capacity even of one brain has not been achieved at the time of writing this.

As the brain is made of sub-systems, in turn made of sub-systems and at the smallest biological level these are increasingly being simulated and described, it is a matter of time alone before we can replicate the intelligence part of the brain (much of which controls the bodies functions) and once we have replicated it in models, to make bigger and bigger general intelligences, just as have been made in the animal kingdom, which we are also studying with accelerating success.

It is already clear that size of brain does not command higher intelligence, but clear that neuron number in the neocortex is what counts.

Reverse engineering a complete map of the brain is regarded as so important for mankind's future that it has been labelled the Human Brain Project and many organizations and visionaries are racing to fund it.

By 2030 because of trends in science we are likely to have machines that far excel human capabilities, and that are recursive or self-improving.

That will speed up mutation times on a predictable acceleration. Ray Kurzweil has calculated that by 2045 the speed of innovation will have reached a technological singularity after which predictions break down.

But scientific predictions are notorious false in technology: there are list of famous, now hilarious ones, including by IBM who stated there was no commercial need for more than 5 computers in the world. Although we have a right to be cautious, what is easier to state is that progress will continue, and from the work being done, highly intelligent systems are going to emerge.

In 2012 a detailed 2 neuron chip and synapse was built at MIT with about 400 transistors to mimic a human synapse, and it is certain this will get more and more detailed.

Eventually we are going to make them better and faster than human ones and link up trillions in software distributed programmes, simulating the largest intelligence in human history. Such systems will solve problems of human illness, but also discover including how to build more intelligent ones with intelligences beyond human comprehension.

These will be superintelligences and quantum archaeologists will rush to utilize their retrodiction capacities. which will surely be subatomic in detail.

We are going quite far by long hand already!

Recently scientists extracted 139 genetic sequences from organisms. They then calculated backwards to find their most likely ancestors using "ancestral gene resurrection and manipulative genetic experiments to determine how the complexity of an essential molecular machine—the hexameric transmembrane ring of the eukaryotic V-ATPase proton pump—increased hundreds of millions of years ago."

What is astounding is that they managed to pin point an evolutionary event 800 million years ago by deduction from present day data, which they then confirmed by trials in living yeast. They synthesized the DNA inserting it into yeast to test whether it functioned and found it successfully produced a fully functioning proton pump (Gregory C. Finnigan et al., Evolution of increased complexity in a molecular machine, Nature, 2012). "Our strategy was to use 'molecular time travel' to reconstruct and experimentally characterize all the proteins in this molecular machine just before and after it increased in complexity," said the study's senior author Dr.Joe Thornton.

This is an example of first stages in quantum archaeology, using present day computing which is very crude to those expected in the coming years.

"Advances in DNA sequencing, however, have allowed us to calculate what the earlier proteins must have looked like. And scientists have now started to engineer DNA sequences that "resurrect" these long dead proteins, and examine how they function. In the latest work of this sort, a team has resurrected parts of an ancient molecular machine, and shown how some of its specialized protein components evolved." John Timmer Ars Technica 2012.

University of Minnesota scientists using similar techniques have 'resurrected' life forms last seen at the beginning of the Cambrian explosion 530 million years ago (January 16 2012 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences).

These tiny steps, almost unnoticed in the vastness of scientific work, alert the careful historian to the coming of archaeological revolution.


RESURRECTIONS ALREADY ACHIEVED

Since the debate began in technology and statistics techniques have succeeded exactly as envisaged to prove resurrection of past events, including in classes of dead species, is a reality.

It isn't just physical advances but advances in calculation and volume efficiency in data mining that enable resurrection of past patterns.

Presently we are aiming at resurrecting classes of past events: a mammoth, a DNA sequence, but in future we will be aiming to resurrect individuals within that class....a specific mammoth or a specific man and indeed we are doing so with facial and body features where there is physical remains or imprint traces already.

A proton pump from 100 million years ago was successfully recreated in a living yeast cell in 2012 at the University of Oregon.




Stephen A. Benner at the Benner Laboratory was an originator of the field of experimental paleogenetics, where genes and proteins from ancient organisms are resurrected using bioinformatics and recombinant DNA technology.

Mechanisms have been rebuilt, demonstrably accurate, of organisms 600 million years old using deduction and probability eg at University of Oregon's lab by Joe Thornton in synthetic biology "...by re-engineering proteins as they existed in the past, we can test hypothesis about their functions and mutations that caused them ....Given [the] phylogeny and the extant sequences, at any side in the sequence we can infer the most likely ancestral state using a maximum likelihood algorithm....we then use synthetic biology to synthesise that DNA."



Helen Pearson: Prehistoric proteins: Raising the dead : Nature 2012

Evolution isn't random but inevitable and follow knowable laws. Computational phylogenetics can be synthesised with other techniques to state what organic material was hundreds of millions of years ago.

Organic matter like human brains, is easier to calculate than inorganic material, because they follow fewer (evolutionary) rules, or at least they are narrower. So many data bases are being created that the scienece of syntesing them is already a profession, leading to counter-intuitive results about what the past was.

In 2012 scientists reconstructed the recreation of an ancient cricket's love song from a 165 million year old fossil of Archaboilus musicus.




As we reassemble body parts from creatures and organisms hundreds of millions of years old, is it too much of a leap of foresight to think we will complete the Quantum Archaeology Grid and infer deduce and probalizing individuals and their living brains?

We sketch classes of the ancient dead, and occasionally specific individuals at a surface layer only. Eventually we must surely reconstruct exact individuals and groups in amazing enough detail to bring them back to life.

The deflation of technology falls on a trendable graph plot eg the human genome can be mapped for a fraction of the cost 10 years ago and while everyone's DNA will be routinely mapped as gene therapy medicines become available, they all point back in time to common ancestors. so there are many time line to trace back to single events in the past. We will be able to map our ancestors DNA long before we can retrodict their memories at the point of death.

The Siberian Mammoth Museum and Japan’s Kinki University, are on a 5 year project to resurrect the woolly mammoth.


Ghengis Khan searched for immortality, but was told it was impossible.His fabulous tomb remains undiscovered by the Kentii mountain range in Mongolia.













WHAT IS AN ARCHAEOLOGY MATRIX?

I have covered this in more detail as the Quantum Archaeology Grid. Below is what a portion of it may look like (drawn from The Matrix).

Quantum Archaeology will use computer a matrix that is in motion to reconfigure near infinite space-time points to that past events can be described. Then atomic robots will reassemble. This is a frozen moment under the threshold of human biochemical actions at sub-cellular levels. It is not necessary to probability excavate for most of the reconstructions.

It should be possible to construct a matrix of history to quantum levels
using probabilities, in order to resurrect whole groups together.

A subset of the Quantum Archaeology Grid, an Archaeology Matrix is a dimension grid of check points like a three dimensional log table, and you would be able to read off points of relevance to fill in complete people. The checkpoints help locate positioning of the artefact you are trying to recreate from the past.

The world is a particle, wave, or event matrix of check points and many groups and people will help to build its archaeological structure like a family tree or Human Genome data base., It may be in everyone's interests to do so. The Archaeology Matrix could become a valuable tool for recreations and will be as detailed as our progressive technology allows.


IT HASN'T BEEN DONE YET

Objections from cryonics founder the 'suspended' Professor Robert Ettinger that a theoretically objective perspective may not encompass a subjective one - which should also be assigned validity, and may be much more important for survival in human terms - is hard to dispel. He has urged caution in quantum archaeology and gives the example of the human mind uploaded into a robot to demonstrate:

“...it may eventually be possible to simulate as large a portion of spacetime as desired, to any desired degree of accuracy. But that does not necessarily mean that a simulated person would be alive in our sense, i.e. capable of having subjective experiences.... A simulation is a description of a thing and not the thing itself.”

and again

“In general, the map is not the territory. A description of a thing is not the thing, except in the case that the "thing" is itself an abstraction or description. In particular, a description of a physical object is not that object and lacks some of the properties of the object, as well as including some properties that the object does not have. Further, an automaton that behaves like a person is not necessarily a person, i.e. alive in our sense, capable of subjective experience or feeling. In other words, a person has qualia. A quale is a physical state or phenomenon, not yet understood, but not necessarily duplicable in inorganic matter."- Robert Ettinger 2007, 2008 (to me).

Robert seems to be saying that there is something one cant describe about a person. You can ask him yourself as he's covered both ways: quantum archaeologically and also he's been cryonically suspended since engaging in this debate (an unreplyably good argument!).

The objection from qualia is a nightmare for many physicists as there is no way to disprove it nor prove it, and history has been a progression of more complex denouements about the specialness of Man. While it is true we would be foolish to assert we know everything about the composition of the brain...we clearly do not understand it yet...there is good reason to believe we will be able to completely map it and simulate it in the coming decades, and possibly as early 2020-30.

At that point simulation could be tweaked to make larger brain and theoretically yield superintelligence. Even if we are out by several factors in guessing complexity, we will at some stage be able to simulate accurately. After that we will be able to make computer simulations of past brains by retrodiction from current known coordinates.

General Relativity Professor Roger Penrose has stated that we may not know everything necessary about the brain and has advanced an idea about quantum gravity acting at the synapses to explain the deeper manifestations of human consciousness. Should this theory be correct it will reduce our workings by factors of size and not disprove our underlying method, that by applying the laws of science to probability and observation we can reconstruct things from the past that are indistinguishable from what they were.




(Click to enlarge) Synapse self-organising map,

Some philosophers have criticized transhumanism on the grounds that it is an argument to the future -banned in philosophy- and that transhumanist's absence of of a subjective valuation system for Man except as an object, is dangerous.

Extropians rebuff this by asserting the theory values Man so much it attempts a survival strategy for the assumed dead as well as for the living!

Another objection from quantum mechanics is that retrodiction traces myriad histories, not just one common past, and therefore it would be impossible to calculate the exact person as required. This is refuted on the grounds that Many Worlds Theory has returned cosmology to determinism, and the sheer scale of the calculation involved baffles people into believing it is not possible.

We may well describe many worlds, but there are likely to be ways of calculating which exact world we wish to resurrect artefacts....living or non-living....from.

Anything that has existed or will exist has definite pathways, however many parallel worlds split, and therefore are always calculable. The aim is not to capture the actual person from the past, but only to calculate their space-time or other coordinates to the Nth degree, and then to reconstruct them in the present.Ötzi, the 5,300-year-old mummy from the Alps

WHAT WILL BE RESURRECTED?
It is even now possible to resurrect a clone of some mammals including Neanderthal Man, so some form of immortality is possible with present technology; the real challenge is retrieving everyone's memories, for memories constitute the man.

How far this can be taken is dependent on our measuring and construction expertise, though most agree this is likely to leap with the advent of hypercomputers, when machines begin designing and inventing for themselves. Invention is close to the heart of Man's genius, but it cannot be a mystical process and so will be achieved mechanically.

The objection assumes some special property of a human being not accessible by the laws of science.

Techniques are likely to be discovered that can manipulate the extremely small as well as the very large, but it is thought unlikely that faithful replication beyond sub-atomic levels would be necessary to resurrect people and their memories, even if superstrings are not the smallest possible state, which they may well not be.


5,300 yr old Otzi a find in the Hauslabjoch glacier.

Otzi's (see picture above) reconstruction is a science of probables
Present day reconstructions cant do the brain yet, but it is still made of particles that may be reconfigurable with coming computing.

We can tell that Ötzi had three gallstones, Lyme disease and a weak heart, ate ibex before he was shot in the back, probably by an enemy tribesman and died half an hour afterwards. His is the oldest surviving blood sample to date.

All his memories are likely to be recreated with Quantum Archaeology.


AREN'T BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES IRREVERSIBLE?

We used to think so. However maths and statistical insights mean we may be able to computerize many biochemical processes predicting and retrodicting to amazing degrees. Quantum archaeologists are not trying to reverse biological processes, but describe the ones that existed then build people back. Heat loss is a major issue but it does not confound building archaeological grids and inserting what must have been the state of deceased brains, based on correlating constructed and extant information.

Brains are no different from other organic things in nature and exist and develop and change by knowable laws and rules. It is therefore possible to rebuild them from classical physics and chemistry using coming computing machines.

At present we do not know how life comes into being, so we cant run accurate simulations of evolution, but we are getting closer to it and at some stage will run simulations of earth's history that are so accurate it may be indistinguishable from our own.

ASSEMBLY

With 3D printing you can [print off interesting pretty basic items..tools, clothes, trainers, basic food, engine parts have been 3D printed for a while.

But it is going to get much more complex with quantum robots!

Nano-nozzles will focus and fire assemblies by a myriad of techniques, and will continue improving until assembly is so detailed and accurate that identical living organisms will be made in front of your eyes from programs you download online.

The cumbersome cartridges used presently have evolved from desktop ink jet 2D printers. They 3D print by a variety of methods, including line printing and melting and you can see the continuation trend of printing as a graph that is rushing to increase in complexity.

Woodblock printing (200)
Movable type (1040)
Printing press (1454)
Etching (ca. 1500)
Mezzotint (1642)
Aquatint (1768)
Lithography (1796)
Chromolithography (1837)
Rotary press (1843)
Offset printing (1875)
Hectograph (19th century)
Hot metal typesetting (1886)
Mimeograph (1890)
Screen printing (1907)
Spirit duplicator (1923)
Dye-sublimation (1957)
Phototypesetting (1960s)
Dot matrix printer (1964)
Laser printing (1969)
Thermal printing (ca. 1972)
Inkjet printing (1976)
Stereolithography (1986)
Digital press (1993)
3D printing (ca. 2003)
(wiki)
Human (living) body parts (2010)
Full human being (2030?)

LONG-HAND TECHNOLOGIES

The big leap will be when machine intelligence takes over from man-designed systems.

Meantime we are having fun with breaking technologies which demonstrates Man is learning to manipulate energy, and that will mean forwards and backs in time, as prediction and retrodiction hot up! .
A 3d home printer

This bicycle came from a 3D printer.


2012 an elderly woman had her complete titanium jaw from a 3D printer.

In 2012 the first house was 3D printed in the UK.

Coming:


Inside, coming:


RepRap has been going one of the longest and is involved with open source programmes. Prices of 3D Printers have begum dramatically falling in 2012 from $10,000 to $1,000 and in March $350 from MakiBox.

Technologies hit the knee of the development curve then seem to suddenly appear and take off:

http://www.nickhunn.com/wp-content/gallery/general/3dfunding.pngRise of 3D printing

Circuit boards, mobiles and other electronics are all going to be printed and new businesses are springing up worldwide with new possibilities for weekly shopping. The construction of most atoms in the periodic table may be a next big step to convert domestic waste into new atomic structures, though that could be decades away. Shops may become completely different to what we have known stocking only what you cannot print at home.

All this is happening now, but from history's accelerating trend of technology , what is coming is more spectacular than anything we can dream.

At some point a move from printing body parts to a given particular alive human being (we began printing living body parts in 2007) will occur.

That printout will depend only on a detailed enough computer program being plotted out effectively. That seems an enormous undertaking, and the oft cited speed up time to sequence a specific human genome is surely an example of how fast a specific person's map will be entered into a computer once we begin to do the time line calculations.

A home laptop could hold or get the equation set for anyone who has ever lived.

If that seems like a jump, consider that transhumanists are talking about simulating the entire galaxy, and that is only restrained by how much computer power is traded against shortcut mathematics we use.

Prehistoric Man's mind cannot be unknowable by retrodiction.

You dont need remains of the dead to reassemble them!

This is the brilliant bit of Quantum Archaeology. You dont need anything left of a person to resurrect them: memories and all.

Ben Goertzel who does pioneering work in Artificial Intelligence

You are retrodicting (opposite of predicting...just means going backwards) from known present variables, a simulation of past events on a cosmic moving pool table. The world is not chaos, it is complex order, and here is the magic:

once you know the laws of science AND you have any handful of dirt to deduce from, you can construct everything that there is. That is true because everything is connected.

MOST variables will be categorized repeats eg the periodic table will underpin everything needed for reconstruction of all elements.

A man who died alone 200 years ago, or 2,000,000 years ago may look different propositions to resurrection. Not at all! It just needs many more calculations. Something that coming computers excel at.

You could analyse 10 variables in the present and retrodict back to anyone by unbroken chains of cause and effect.


Resurrection kiosks may look like this in the future.

A person's memory and life were not random, but inevitable events which all MUST leave changes collectible in the future.

From the future, many billions will point back to very few events in the past, and from very many cross-checkable starting retrodiction points. The laws governing science are being set down and new ones deduced to find short cuts to predictions covering vast amounts of raw data.

We are at the very edge, the significant beginning, of what is possible in archaeology. Our computing systems are but precursors to ones in the future. Man seems complex and history seems dead but archaeology is recovering it bit by bit, and its move to quantum methods has begun.There is no scientific reason why a local world could not be entirely reconstructed and this is solely dependent upon our measuring and calculation abilities.


Gerald Moore in 1965 theorized computer power doubled every 18 months.

Moore's Law and other trends popularized and discovered by Kurzweil indicate when there will be enough processing power to achieve simulations complex enough to map out a world, and it is expected that a 200 Qubit quantum computer may be able to do this.

It is assumed that singularity technology and Artificial General Intelligence will be required to model enough of the local universe to simulate any human being and many futurists including Vernor Vinge and Ray Kuzweil expect it when intelligent technologies reach predictable points on consistently performing trend graphs.

There were very few attempts to build accelerating intelligence and the first conference for Artificial General Intelligence was set up for March 2008; if any of the AGI projects succeed ahead of 2030, it will fulfill the criteria for resurrection by quantum archaeology.


Meticulous archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie had read trigonometry and geometry as a boy and introduced 'cross-dating' to establish details in his Egyptian and Greek digs. He was self-taught and had no formal schooling.

Oxford archaeologist T.E. Lawrence c 1910 who gave up a promising career in medieval pottery shards under Petrie.
.


Go to page 5 >>>>

QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY 5/9


"No man against my fate sends me to Hades..." The Iliad


Kenington's marble effigy of Lawrence St Martin's Church, Dorset

Archaeology moves down some astonishing pathways. After opening Tutankhamen's tomb in 1922, it is about to burst onto the world stage again, by theorizing resurrection science.

Man is not so special his brain is outside the laws of physics, nor is his entire history nor thought so extreme it cannot be recreated in a laboratory with sufficient computing. Random number crunching, at worst, would chart all possibilities of all possible events in our world. That would guarantee everyone is resurrected as sets of equations or simulations. From there microrobots could rebuild them. It would also build other possible people, but your ancestors would certainly be included.


This logical argument has no valid counter arguments and cannot logically be refuted. Tipler states it is self-evident to occur at the end of time in our universe, - at the Omega point. Even that prediction may look conservative. He is a distinuished but elderly scientist and his prediction may be even faster when accelerating technology growth is multiplied by accelerating science growth. Human capacity may have passed resurrection capability in under 40 years at least as abstractions (maths) and micro robotics advanced enough to reconfigure the whole of human archaeology including living and dead peoples will surely follow. It will happen quickly because vast areas of technology and science are speeding up, helping each other to accelerate what they can do. Those breakthroughs make bigger breakthroughs happen, in turn leading to massive leaps.


In coming machines, we could compute every possible version of your ancestors. But the picture is not so bleak nor the locations of where they are impossibly innumerable. We will not have to calculate every possible human with every possible thought in every possible environment and configure complex probabilities and causal pathways to them all to find the correct one!


Resurrection is a great and ancient dream.


"All men dream...but not equally... the dreamers of the day are dangerous men for they may dream their dreams with open eyes, and make it possible." Lawrence of Arabia



We have dreampt of resurrection and archaeologists will make it happen.


REDUCING THE SAMPLES


QA will find ways of reducing the samples drawing chronology lines of knowable events in the quantum archaeology grid (which be be expressed mathematically as well as graphically, or left in computer code). One elimination procedure which would have taken a million trillion man hours for a single general history line will be done instantly by coming systems.


At each elimination zillions of impossible histories will be crossed out because they conflict with known data, and these in turn will eliminate zillions more that spend from them like branching trees. Find the exact person to describe may be like finding the exact leaf of a tree in an ancient forest, or exact snowflake in any given storm.


Most people wince at this. That is encouraging because they realize the size of calculations involved.


At first it seems ridiculous to attempt, but with the coming tools of statistics and machine intelligence, the manipulation of numbers is not only viable, it is easy.


I sat in lectures at the Pentagon-funded AI@50 where 150 brilliant scientists had gathered to assess artificial intelligence and saw the great Solomonov talking about accurate data extraction from impossibly large masses of numbers.


His lecture was electrifying as he showed how to find needles in haystacks by statistics that seemed magic. Professor Bart Selman later poached by the defence department, confirmed his work and showed even more ways to extract exact requested and specific information from zillions of data, analysts had regarded as white noise because it was too much to be useful.


I rushed to quiz them both during their lectures and by email about what and exactly how their techniques could recover specific instances, because one early stumbling block in QA was data was so large, people thought it useless: 'the answer is in there but it could never be extracted' was the general attitude. 'Never' is a shortening time in accelerating science. That which was impossible on Monday, is only unthinkable on Tuesday; by Wednesday it is merely absurd on Thursday crackpots were saying 'why not?' on Friday they are attempting it, and by the week-end mainstream scientists are achieving it everyone knew it was doable all along!


This is paraphrasing Schopenhauer's 3 stages of Truth, but that which is regarded as impossible may only be improbable, and in the vastness of the cosmos, if it is only improbable, that means it will certainly happen.


Things moving down many rivers and disparate disciplines of science and technology a re now converging, in part because the internet enabled synthesis, but also because mathematicians are inventing ways to do sums which were only in doable in fables in the 19th century.


The architecture of any QA recovery was so vast any mistake - even one error - could ruin it. I managed to get on a post grad course in mathematical logic at Oxford University which showed how to cross-check the veracity of an entire (large) system. Despite being the class dunce, I learned the basis of Z and confirmed it could be used to check huge QA resurrection calculations.

Resurrection will become a basic civil and human right, as it becomes clear that it is indeed possible to raise the ancient dead with our coming technology. That could happen soon as we construct the quantum archaeology grid - a dense matrix of events and their connections. Using coming quantum computers which will do the same as all present computers running to the end of the universe in a few seconds, this might be a very easy task.

We must outline probable scientific methods by which resurrection may happen, and invite people to contest the validity of these assertions.

People may insert into their wills the legal right only to be resurrected into specific areas or future times. Many legal issues will be thrashed out when QA becomes common knowledge and as different sciences debate its veracity.

Although wonderful things are ahead of us, things of terror - beyond the wildest horror - also await us. We may be like mayflies hatching before universal predators, with insufficient technologies of defence and as naive as island peoples looking at the first gunboats approaching.


THERE ARE MANY PAST HISTORIES YOU WONT FIND THE CORRECT ONE?



"...when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth!" Sherlock Holmes. The Sign of Four


This objection is from The Many Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics, that states the world is splitting into more at each event.

It is answered from statistical dynamics within Many Worlds maths.

All past and all future possible histories are correct in that they do tend to exist.

However any defined history will have effect markers in the present able to converge to tributary specificity beyond out present science to configure, and conformable as the correct histories by cross-calculation proofs as done in simultaneous equations from other markers and marker effects.

The required past, calculated within a set of known present markers, is not all the past but a narrowing field of the past as you begin to eliminate irrelevant histories by impossibilities, calculating probabilities that will tend to 100%. The short answer is we should resurrect all of them.

Computers are coming that will surpass human powers of abstraction, calculation and all sciences in all fields. we will be able to machine calculate to unimaginably small sizes our greatest minds have not get described.


WHAT ABOUT LAW OF ENTROPY?

Archaeologists are constantly restoring order! It was thought that as things tend to disorder, eventually the universe would die in a heat death of lukewarm radiation, as there wouldn't be available energy to restore order and counter information loss. This may not be true as it is thought our universe is but one of many in M Theory.

Much information recovery will be above sub-atomic levels, but even at levels down to the Planck scale, knowledge of the laws of the quantum world should enable reconstructions.


"Is MWT reversible? Hard to say for sure, since reversibility and entropy in this context can be a bit slippery, due to it's subjective nature. I can see the argument for saying it is reversible: entropy can be thought of as information loss from individual universes as they split (the information is diluted with each split), so viewed from the overall multiverse perspective there is no information loss, hence no entropy increase hence reversible. But on the other hand, there are processes (like inflation that drove the expansion of our universe) that produce heat (i.e. entropy), which are irreversible." (MC Price - to me 2012).


Despite entropy, recovery may still be possible from present data by probabilizing, and cross-referencing the huge data banks that are coming on line. We can calculate what must have been in astonishing ways. Your DNA is an historical record going back millions of years, and like tree trunk rings holding information about the environment.

Not only human DNA but all DNA holds such information.. Separately it may not say much, but synthesized it uncovers the past these archaeological techniques may counter the effects of entropy.

Particles decay by law and dont please themselves how they change! This area seems complex to us but at today's rate of progress the next 100 years will see 20,000 years of advance. it would be a brave forecaster whop thought that in 20,000 years we wouldn't have unimaginably vast computing resources! The quantum world is not chaos but complex order, and we will manipulate it and map it as Artificial intelligence arrives.


There is a list of all known sub-atomic particles . It will expand as more are found (CERN is hunting for the Higgs Boson).It is a USA government site and the best available (http://pdg.lbl.gov). It lists things like:

GAUGE AND HIGGS BOSONS (gamma, g, W, Z, ...)

gamma

g (gluon)

graviton

W boson

Z boson

Higgs Bosons (H0 and H+-),

Heavy Bosons, Other Than Higgs Bosons,

Axions (A0) and Other Very Light Bosons,

LEPTONS (e, mu, tau, neutrinos, heavy leptons ...)

electron

muon

tau

Heavy Charged Lepton

Neutrino Properties

Number of Neutrino Types

Double-beta Decay

Note on Neutrinoless Double-beta Decay

Neutrino Mixing

Heavy Neutral Leptons,

QUARKS (u, d, s, c, b, t, ...)

LIGHT QUARKS --- u, d, s

c quark

b quark

t quark

b' quark (4**th Generation)

t' quark (4**th Generation)

MESONS (pi, K, D, B, psi, Upsilon, ...)

LIGHT UNFLAVORED MESONS (S = C = B = 0)

OTHER LIGHT UNFLAVORED MESONS (S = C = B = 0)

STRANGE MESONS (S = + −1, C = B = 0)

CHARMED MESONS (C = + −1)

CHARMED, STRANGE MESONS (C = S = +−1)

BOTTOM MESONS (B = +−1)

BOTTOM, STRANGE MESONS (B = +−1, S = −+1)

BOTTOM, CHARMED MESONS (B = +−1, C = −+1)

c cbar MESONS

b bbar MESONS

NON-q qbar CANDIDATES

BARYONS (p, n, Lambda_b, Xi, ...)

N BARYONS (S = 0, I = 1/2)

DELTA BARYONS (S = 0, I = 3/2)

LAMBDA BARYONS (S = -1, I = 0)

SIGMA BARYONS (S = -1, I = 1)

XI BARYONS (S = -2, I = 1/2)

OMEGA BARYONS (S = -3, I = 0)

CHARMED BARYONS (C = +1)

DOUBLY-CHARMED BARYONS (C = + 2)

BOTTOM BARYONS (B = -1)

Magnetic Monopoles

Supersymmetric Particles

Quark and Lepton Compositeness

WIMPs and Other Particles


Quantum Archaeology will cause us to look differently on loss and tragedy, forcing a change in the human psyche.

Though much is lost, the number of lines pointing into the past are so vast that almost everything in the present would have to be wiped out for the past lost. We can draw recovery lines by plotting backwards on a quantumarchaeology grid. There is plenty of energy available because we believe we can eventually create energy and even make universes.

The Law of Entropy states things get more disordered. If an agent like a person or a machine orders an environment, it takes increasing energy to restore the order. If the universe was a closed system, this would doom any attempt to metabolize it in an intelligence. However M Theory posits that our universe is but one of many, and we may be able to create energy, and universes, and that there are infinite universes.

Data is certain arrangements events, expressed as differing energies.

Data is constantly arranging and rearranging, but it absolutely has to move according to the laws of science and not in unpredictable ways. In finite bubble like our universe that means anything has a limited number of expressions of its component data. With advancing measurement and calculation techniques, the quantum world is opening to scrutiny, and its laws are being uncovered. Even if it does not, cross referencing and other statistical techniques will enable full and essentially accurate resurrections.


Death is tragedy but can science find ways to describe the past in subatomic detail? Romeo & Juliet.


Moving atoms inside molecules were 'photographed' for the first time in 2012 using lasers. It is not such a leap from atoms to sub atoms.

Cause and effect is an astoundingly successful science theory. Coupled with probability we have powerful prediction and retrodiction tools.

Every thought you have ever had is the inevitable resultant of things moving according to scientific laws, and this was also true for your ancestors, whether they were ape men or amino acids.

It is therefore not possible that an event in our limited world history could be lost - given sufficient computing power, or great statistical techniques for recreating information. More, the amount of computing power needed for such a calculation estimated now at below 10^42 operations per second is likely to be surpassed both by quantum computers and also by classical computers given enough time. And time is what the dead have plenty of. It doesn't matter to the dead how long it takes to raise them.

It's important to note that Quantum Archaeology is not trying to reverse the cosmos, but to calculate where the state of what things must have been as mathematical formulas and spacetime coordinates. For this reason alone it does not violate the law of entropy.

The answer to this most serious of all objections to Quantum Archaeology is then that there are so many starting points available near infinite lines of calculation will aggregate to the required event points.


We manipulate quantum particles already. CERN particle accelerator is an early atom machine but it is cumbersome and expensive.


THE GENIUS OF MATHEMATICS


Maths is a sublime genius! It is a basket of short-cuts for doing things.

Logic and statistics are two of it's branches, and it can reveal answers to things that are so accurate and penetrating it looks like magic. Unfortunately it is vast subject and no-one in the world knows the whole of it. Most people have no idea of what a powerful force it is to discover things thought hidden for ever; if they did they may feel uneasy talking to mathematicians who, with a few swift calculations can deduce what you had for breakfast yesterday using observation, probability and logic.



At present the first general mathematics programme done by computers (Woolfram's Mathematica) is in widespread use. You need some maths knowledge to use it.

"Features of Mathematica include:

Elementary mathematical function library

Special mathematical function library

Matrix and data manipulation tools including support for sparse arrays

Support for complex number, arbitrary precision, interval arithmetic and symbolic computation

2D and 3D data and function visualization and animation tools

Solvers for systems of equations, diophantine equations, ODEs, PDEs, DAEs, DDEs and recurrence relations

Numeric and symbolic tools for discrete and continuous calculus

Multivariate statistics libraries including fitting, hypothesis testing, and probability and expectation calculations on over 100 distributions.

Constrained and unconstrained local and global optimization

Programming language supporting procedural, functional and object oriented constructs

Toolkit for adding user interfaces to calculations and applications

Tools for image processing[and morphological image processing including image recognition

Tools for visualizing and analysing graphs

Tools for combinatoric problems

Tools for text mining including regular expressions and semantic analysis

Data mining tools such as cluster analysis, sequence alignment and pattern matching

Number theory function library

Tools for financial calculations including bonds, annuities, derivatives, options etc.

Group theory functions

Libraries for wavelet analysis on sounds, images and data

Control systems libraries

Continuous and discrete integral transforms

Import and export filters for data, images, video, sound, CAD, GIS, document and biomedical formats

Database collection for mathematical, scientific, and socio-economic information and access to WolframAlpha data and computations

Technical word processing including formula editing and automated report generating

Tools for connecting to DLLs. SQL, Java, .NET, C++, FORTRAN, CUDA, OpenCL and http based systems

Tools for parallel programing

Using both "free-form linguistic input" (a natural language user interface) and Mathematica language in notebook when connected to the Internet" (wiki)


This has made Stephen Woolfram, its futurist creator a billionaire, but is not yet high artificial intelligence. Coming A.I.'s will allow you to talk to you computer in general terms (Apple is already this) silently and quickly. Faster than you ask it will anticipate and you. It will. do all the maths needed without you needing to know any maths at all.


What seems hidden in the past exists solely by the laws of physics and must inevitably be revealed by mathematics which will reverse engineer any situation in an instant.


IS DETERMINISM NECESSARY FOR QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY?


Von Neumann dismissed 'random' as impossible and Einstein dismissed non-determinism as impossible.
The best way to approach the conflicts in physics are to accept that laws operate at all scales and we are learning to use them to predict with amazing accuracy.


"Scientific research is based on the assumption that all events, including the actions of mankind, are determined by the laws of nature." Einstein.




QUANTUM INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

If we have to configure details of the dead down to the to the quantum scale to describe the them, that still looks possible as everything in the known universe obey laws, and as we discover them we are able to reconfigure necessary events. We could, in any case, permute ALL possible combinations of events that have ever been thus recreating all peoples who have ever lived as a starting point. From these near infinite data sets we can begin to eliminate the impossible lines by parallel cross-checking. None of this will be done by hand and all of it at speed so that we may be left with very few possible resurrection scenarios to chose from. As the quantum archaeology grid gets established, complex truth tables, and sophisticated architectural models like those enabled using "Z" called the ultimate language, which can cross-check vast numbers of elements can be used to dismiss the impossible.


Quantum information is now thought retrievable.


Once thought lost in decay, emerging ideas about refinding information are surfacing. One promising inquiry is at the University of Calgary’s Institute for Quantum Information Science (IQIS) Here researchers have demonstrated that perfectly "recovering the original quantum information from its imperfect copies." is a fact. "They also hypothesized an experiment to perform the perfect recovery of original quantum information." If successful, this may confirm Ettinger's hunch that there is a Law of Conservation of Information inside the realm of science.

We are approaching the knee of the curve of exponential quantum computation, thought likely to hit us in the 2020's. It looks like nothing much is happening then suddenly we take off. as acceleration velocity point is reached.

The knee of the curve- when quantum computing arrives - will be dramatic..



HOW DOES THIS DIFFER FROM TIPLER'S VIEWS?

Tipler predicts resurrection at the end of the universe in computer simulations. Quantum archaeology predicts resurrection in 20-40 years as physical beings, ie not inside computers. Tiper predicts all possible variations of people will be resurrected in simulations, quantum archaeology is concerned with just one time line and one history.

Tipler assumes one, finite universe, Quantum archaeology assumes an infinite multiverse of universes and also assumes energy requirements could be met by creation of universes (our universe was created therefore a universe is possible to create with enough knowledge). Tipler's hypothesis posits a superbeing at an omega point, quantum archaeology doesn't require an omega point. However the idea is tracable to his work.

THERE ISN'T ROOM TO BRING BACK THE DEAD?

We will make and find new places to live in the cosmos when we have enough science to resurrect the dead. Such a time may be closer than many think if they consider computer ability trends. Kurzweil has shown men make predictions linearly. A guess as to how long something takes is based on the past and in a straight line. Your guess considers speeds of present day developments but technological change is speeding at exponential rates which the human mind is incapable of sensing. It can only be seen accurately on trend graphs like Moore's Law.

The push to colonise space is about to begin. Artificial intelligence may hit the knee of the curve about 2030.. Carina Nebula at the edge of the Milky Way (NASA).

As advanced artificial intelligence is constructed is is theorized by some scientists that we could bend and manipulate space-time. This happens whenever you walk or move but the changes are imperceptibly small. It may be that we acquire the skill to bend dimensions skilfully enough to give a world of space to anyone who wants one in their own home. Cities and the whole earth may become just portholes to personal space which could include areas vast and luxurious. however fantastic this seems, mastery in science is coming across all disciplines which are inciting speed of discovery in others and it is probable that this will happen as it is consistent with known laws of physics.

HOW MANY PEOPLE HAVE LIVED ON EARTH?


About 106,000,000,000 according to the Population Reference Bureau going back to 50,000 BCE. All of therm have the right to resurrection.


Asimov has dealt with this in his Foundation series, indicating empires will rise and fall and reinforce main branches as in genetic evolution. Asimov was exceptional because he helped set a code in science fiction where stories had to conform to possible science and couldn't be science fantasy.

Splits will undoubtedly happen and new cosmoses be created and die.


CONTINUITY STOPS SO THE RESURRECTEES ARE NOT THE SAME PEOPLE?

Despite time passing, so long as you accurately restore the deceased to their last state, repairing them to full health and youth, does not mean they are entirely different people. The key to men is their memories. There is great hope to assume we will be able to restore all memories, including some we thought were lost as we aged.

TRANSHUMANISM IS GETTING HEADLINES

Regarded as a group of crackpots initially, the vast finances they have (many are wealthy - some billionaires) and their impact on the world by forcing science fiction into science technology, means transhumanists are altering things The military and government have to examine what they are forecasting:



Growing incidence of Transhumanist terms in government and military publications.

This incurs huge duties on transhumanists to produce philosophies of high moral codes, not only to guide coming artificial technologies so that they do not cause genocide, but to give the comforts that other schools have long given, and not leave it to machines in the future to run amok to the machines' own self-evolved goals.



THE COMING OF ARTIFICIAL GENERAL INTELLIGENCE

The US Gvmt SYNAPSE project aims at mimicing the human brain.

A.G.I. (Artificial General Intelligence, also called 'Strong' and 'Super' Intelligence)) will have the biggest impact in the history of life, and possibly in the history of the known universe.

Generally in computing, memory and speed are changed or modified according to data fed into them, and data those changes themselves produce. There is a computing relationship between Intelligence, Memory, and Speed, written conveniently:

I=MS


This equation is useful in designing machine intelligence. Memory is a special thing. Our whole bodies are forms of pattern energies and modified or mutated patterns are passed on as memories from cell to new cell. It is better written 'memory modified at speed' because this is what learning is (Danny Kopec - to me AI@50 2006) When you learn something, you are modifying your memory. The speed at which you can do this makes you more or less intelligent, since it determines your success in problem solving.

The computer screen is coming alive: it can not only sense you touching it, it can now touch back.

Haptic technology raises itself out of its 2 dimensional world eg to create a keyboard you can feel. It is but a few steps to making it extend and do robotic tasks whilst you interact with it.

Haptic technology is breaking, promising truly interactive computing.

Convergent technology will join the internet with robots and 3d printers and mobile communications that will utilize the waste around you, like extracting pollution from the air, to build useful objects including food.. Permanent objects and machines may become things of the past as we gain mastery over assembly and deconstruction with coming machine intelligence.

We build bigger and bigger memory storage facilities each year (Google is building a storage centre the size of a town) and our speeds are already much faster than human. Speed is often simply the length of time it takes for a computer cycle, or traditionally, how many cycles the Central Processing Unit (C.P.U.) makes in one second. We can call the resulting processes floating operations per second (flops) and the Z3 was the first machine to achieve this in Berlin (bombed by the allies in 1943).

I J Good famously wrote "the first ultraintelligent machine is the last invention that man need ever make". He worked with Turing at Bletchley Park cracking war codes and his use of "Ultra" had a special meaning. It was the designated word for allied intelligence signals. Later it was taken to mean superintelligence by common usage. Good was prolific, specializing in Bayesian statistics and probability to extract and predict information patterns.

Artificial just means 'man made' from artisan and artifact, and intelligence just means 'problem solving'. The words were strung together by the late John McCarthy for the 1956 Dartmouth Park Conference where a pioneering group of scientists met and planned how they would attempt to build A.I. By 1973 they had still not build it and it was ridiculed especially by the United Kingdom as impossible because of the combinatorial explosion - the bigger you made a system the more calculations it had to make- and departments were shut down (AI winter) in the UK, USA and Japan, which was almost all of them. A few mavericks kept going in it and by 2000 weak A.I. or particular specialist intelligent systems were everywhere.

The number of machines systems using A.I. is now so vast that the world would crunch to a halt if they were withdrawn, this is particularly true of the financial markets, and developed states have protocols for emergency action during solar storms.

A.I. is being constructed using reductionism and reverse engineering theory: looking at what problem needs to be solved then constructing automatic systems, mainly in software, to solve them. Chess and Jeopardy! are examples of weak A.I.s. and they are much faster than any living human solutions.

The defeat of the world chess champion Gary Kasparov by a computer was shocking in 1997, with Deep Blue examining 200,000,000 (two hundred million) moves a second:

It's impact was that money poured in to A.I. research again and by 2003 many universities world wide had some kind of A.I. department.

The same is happening after ibm Watson beat the best Jeapardy! human player..

Convergent systems are likely to be built with the umbrella of many skills as general A.I. becomes feasible (predicted for the late 2020's by Vinge)

There is no theoretical limit to how intelligent machines can get, and sub-disciplines of genetic algorithms, neural networks, and simulations generally are hurtling forward making better and braver intelligent auto-systems.

But A.G.I. (Artificial General Intelligence) also known as strong A.I. has not yet been achieved. One reason is that almost no team is attempting it as it is thought too difficult.

"We dont know how to build artificial intelligence so we are reverse engineering human intelligence" Professor Andrew Ng (to me 2005).

The human brain with the largest complex neocortex of any species has not been reverse engineered in enough detail yet, in 2012 the synapse is still not mapped completely, although estimates from those working on the human brain project (project blue brain) think it will be available in 2018-20. the idea is that if we can model the thinking part of the human brain accurately, we can factor it up in supercomputers and get acceleration from intelligence levels.

London A.I. Club has not assumed that has has different constructs.

Human intelligence is not confined to one human brain but the group and it is evolved by natural selection to function in a given environment - the world. One human brain when simulated may be incapable of intelligence alone.

1809 A fake A.I. Napoleon Bonaparte vs The Turk Napoleon playing white was thrashed by a dwarf hidden inside.

Few scientists doubt that we will eventually build systems more intelligent in a general way than mankind, and that it may take over it's own intelligence increase, limited only by the laws of science. When this happens, any solvable problems like raising the dead will be made in the blink of an eye.

The fun thing is to try and do it by long hand and get a good enough material together from a set of patchy ideas and insufficient knowledge to advent a discipline and effect a paradigm shift in people about dead not being dead. There is no scientific reason why the dead have to remain dead, and when A.G.I. is reached, resurrection will no doubt be part of the services a family doctor can perform!


INVESTMENT FUNDING: VIEWING HISTORY BY QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY

Before physical resurrection which will require robots of astounding precision and complexity, we are likely to be able to make accurate scenarios of past events to the planck level, if trends continue. Battles, famous lives, climate events and disputed sequences will surely be laid bare for the public and blasted on the internet to help educators and entertainment.

It is therefore in large commercial companies' interests to back research into QA!

Crowds would pack cinemas to see the actual Battle of Hastings or the murder of Julius Ceasar, with skillful director's cuts between actual scenes,and full interactive senses and haptics. These will be available long before the owners of those bodies are resurrected and demand copyright duties or evoke privacy laws as they return to the centre of world events on upgrading their minds.

Although I am impatient for quantum archaeology and wish the wealthy corporations and investors to begin backing research into it, it will surely arrive by osmosis as technology snowballs. Nothing is more powerful than an idea whose time has come. Yet the faster we have such capabilities, the sooner we can halt the pathos-filled suffering that pervades human and sentient experience. Suffering is what our bodies have evolved to deal with incursion and the elements, but Paradise Engineering seeks to find ways to correct this.

Paradise Engineering seeks to re-engineer suffering out of life forms.

TECHNOLOGY IS WRONG AND SHOULD BE STOPPED!

That may be correct, but how can you stop it?

It is not a stupid view since technology may destroy us as well as giving us resurrection.


Boss of Sun Microsystems Bill Joy wrote in the landmark article Why The Future Doesn’t Need Us:

“We are being propelled into this new century with no plan, no control, no brakes. Have we already gone too far down the path to alter course? I don’t believe so, but we aren’t trying yet, and the last chance to assert control – the fail-safe point – is rapidly approaching. We have our first pet robots, as well as commercially available genetic engineering techniques, and our nanoscale techniques are advancing rapidly. While the development of these technologies proceeds through a number of steps, it isn’t necessarily the case – as happened in the Manhattan Project and the Trinity test – that the last step in proving a technology is large and hard. The breakthrough to wild self-replication in robotics, genetic engineering, or nanotechnology could come suddenly, reprising the surprise we felt when we learned of the cloning of a mammal.” (Wired: issue 8.04 | Apr 2000).

"We cannot prevent the Singularity, that its coming is an inevitable consequence of the humans' natural competitiveness and the possibilities inherent in technology." Vernor Vinge:




The Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence was founded in 2000 by one of the great pioneering minds of the age,self-taught Eliezer Yudkowsky and others to study the dangers and try to develop human friendly A.I.

Technology isn't going to stop so we have to learn to work with 'superscience', and the Ethics of A.I. was born to address the issues, building on the Foresight Institutes's learned work in nanotechnology issues.

Intelligent machines that can calculate higher and higher orders of problem solving are being built at faster and faster rates.

Sooner that it is common to admit, machines will be able to have calculations available for everyone who has every lived, at any point in their lives: memories and all! That is likely to be within the next twenty years if computing power increases as the same rate and quantum computers become available for massive calculations into history. The majority of people working in the fields think both are true.


MATHEMATICS = COMPUTING

M=C

This equations holds.

The more mathematics we have, the less computing we need. It's not an exact equation, but its generally true. Mathematics shortcuts and pattern spotting enables things like equations and class groupings, where problems can be solved symbolically and in shorthands, requiring only tiny amounts of computing power.

Computing systems are also increasingly able to do and will invent their own mathematics. Stephen Woolfram has pioneered the automation of mathematics and become a multi-billioniare selling his systems to the science community. Quantum archaeology is a fantastic field for people who love achieving shortcuts! It is also so new and will be a major part of human thought in the coming years that it will be highly rewarding.


(Click to activate) The Sieve of Eratosthenes assists finding prime numbers (wiki)


THE RULE OF LAW?

The Rule of Law is likely to be utterly robot patrolled (that began with the first traffic lights), and whereas personal computers have been plagued by viruses in the past, patrolling "lawbots" may become the norm. they are already built and being used in trial areas by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and though most dont look human hominid prototypes are already achieving running capabilities.



Robodogs at Boston Dynamics have solved walking and balance.


Great minds from the past enhanced and taking part in our expanding civilization again will help speed technology into outer space and outer dimensions. they will be instantly brought up to date with microchip surgery that doesn't disable their essential minds and will never die.

Many of us are optimistic we can meet the technological challenges, and a psyche-knowledge that we are going back for anyone who has died may spread a new confidence, a new comradeship, and a new moral set. there is a danger in crime as it will be broadcast, and resources will be too abundant and instantaneous for anyone to want to steal anything.


"What awaits is not oblivion but rather a future which, from our present vantage point, is best described by the words “postbiological” or even “supernatural.”–Hans Moravec, Mind Children (Robotics institute)


THE OBJECTION FROM QUANTUM SYNAPSE ACTION

This argument states that the human self operates at quantum and non-deterministic levels in the synapse, and could never be recaptured once dead. Penrose and Hamerhoff advanced this idea and there have been found living examples in plants,

Even if the quantum mind is proven - at the moment it is conjecture -i t must still operate by laws.

Sooner or later those laws will be discovered and space-time coordinates from the entire deceased person reconfigured.

Some particular neurons holds memories but alter and decay by predictable laws. Every neuron in the brain, like every snow flake in the skies, is slightly different. However this does not mean that its configuration of ions and structure is random, but each has been built by catalogs which can be used to reconstruct them, first in simulation tanks (see below) then when verified to the Nth degree, microrobotically.

Every event necessarily affects other events, and this must mean there is a pathway back to any event that has ever happened.

That pathway in the tiny world may look unfathomably complex and too decayed to be traced but that is merely a matter of scale, and coming computers will be able to number crunch beyond what we can imagine today.

We have already built complex dynamic models of the inside of a cell using computers, and this modelling ability in Quantum Archaeology will become case-specific with adjustments per person.


ISN'T INFORMATION LOST IRREVERSIBLY IN THERMODYNAMICS?

The argument continues that loss of information happens because there isn't enough energy to restore it. However since our universe is one of many others in M Theory, we should be able to draw energy from them for reconstructions.

There is therefore plenty of available energy to reconstruct any human being and any earth life form who has ever :lived. However we are focusing on the brain as quantum archaeologists. Better simulations of what it is are being made

The neuron in Project Blue Brain Simulation

Some processes are said to be irreversible when sub-atomic collisions allow information to be lost as heat which is thought by many physicists to be a final state. Such a view conflicts with infinite regress and it may be that final state thermodynamic heat may be just complex and not unified, allowing future superintelligent systems to analyze it effectively This process of entropy may be possible to compensate for, or may not be relevant as human systems have interchangable and therefore replaceable subsystems including atoms and molecules. This is easily demonstrated as it is the basis for gene therapy which seeks to replace a piece of DNA that is faulty with a piece spliced from someone else. The corrected person is not changed but cured and functions better.

We are already building simple simulations of the entire universe as well as positing time travel. Constructions of long dead persons will be partly enabled by massive probability calculations. Enormous compensation equations will undoubtedly be used.

Entropy refers to an isolated system. Unfortunately there isn't one, and the infinite universe may be interactive.

However this is one of the most serious challenges to quantum archaeology and needs to be thrashed out.

(click to enlarge)The 2005 Surrey University Colloquium on A.I.


OBJECTION FROM ELECTROMAGNETISM

An objection has been raised that there are EM (electromagnetic) actions in the brain which we dont know how to measure. EM is almost certainly the result of biochemical processes and not the other way round, so once you have configured the tissue and chemistry, the correct EMs will result. Also our measurement techniques are likely to improve.


DEATH IS GOOD FOR US?

It is surely up to the individuals concerned? Once they see others waking to full youth and with modern facilities they may wish to join them. It should be possible to enable them to understand exactly what resurrection is at the point of revival and consult them.

Although there is a cycle of birth and death experienced by most (though not all) life forms on earth, all life forms have one ancestor. It doesn't have to be like this. we just dont know anything else.

Dying to make room for others may have been useful when room was limited. With coming technology room wont be a problem as we are likely to be able to build homes of meteorites and manipulate matter in myriad ways.


TECHNOLOGY WILL SLOW DOWN?

Exactly the opposite is happening. Graphs plotting speeds and power of technologies show they not just accelerating, but double accelerating and the costs are to make it are falling. Many services like watching videos and other software is free. This had been predicted but not believed by futurists studying trends since the 1980's.Futurists are also predicting that between 2020-2030 machines will become smarter than humans and accelerate their own intelligence rapidly. This means that the point at which resurrection becomes possible may be from about 2030.

Click to enlarge graphs:






Technology is accelerating on a Double exponential (red line, compared to exponential growth blue). Inventions can suddenly burst into our world changing everything overnight.


(Click to enlarge) "Exponential growth and possible double exponential growth of computing power. On X axis are years, on Y axis are 10-based logarithm of computing power (FLOPS for supercomputers and IPS for typical computers, 1 MIPS on the chart is 6, 1000 MIPS is 9). Blue circle are data provided by Moravec (1998) supplemented by my two points, the blue curve is double exponential curve specified by Kurzweil (2001). The red circles are data from TOP500 list for supercomputers, the highest circles are data for sum of computing power for all top 500 supercomputers. The lower red circles represent computing power of computers number 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500. The brown lines represent single exponential approximation to the data obtained from top500 list. The red curve is double exponential curve for the sum of computing power for all machines in the list". GrzegorzKaczmarczyk.

(click to enlarge) Supercomputing power thru more than 10 years

Supercomputing speed over 60 years in flops.

Trends we can plot show that computing is accelerating.

Energy taken to perform computations is falling exponentially::

(Click to enlarge) Kooney's Law shows the increase in electrical efficiency per calculation is a trend.

Wright's Law 1936 shows faster speeds than Moore's Law.


As well as Moore's Law which accurately predicted the doubling of processing power every 16 months, Koomey's Law shows electrical efficiency of computers doubles every 1.6 years, whilst Wright's Law that transistor prices fall 50% every 1.4 years. These are very fast time scales. Prediction science is more accurate than at any time and expect machines to have human capacities in the 2030's.
A full human brain inside a computer is planned for 2023


CHAOS THEORY MAKES QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY IMPOSSIBLE?


The advent of chaos theory that sprang from the work of Alan Turing showed that the butterfly effect was present in systems. Very small changes, often from sub-systems effected the major systems. This means calculations must be more specific and more maths and computing than we have. New sciences, are certain to come, and the fun is guessing which are sure to come and which must be impossible.


WHO WILL JUDGE THE RESURRECTEES FOR THEIR PAST CRIMES?


"A lawyer's dream of heaven: every man reclaimed his property at the resurrection, and each tried to recover it from all his forefathers." Samuel Butler


Law is specific expert area which is likely to evolve with our technology; retrospective law is not usually allowed by most legal systems. But society will have evolved enough to understand crime as reactions to past events.


CAN FUTURE PEOPLES READ MY THOUGHTS?

If many of the philosophical propositions of A.I. are correct eg "intelligence has no upper limit", "learning is memory modification at speed" "consciousness is sensory input plus internal processing" we are going to be able to build A.I. and it is likely to become progressively cheaper like computers and mobile phones and 3D printers.

The first portable computer in 1975 cost $9,000 and had 16k memory. Today $9,000 would buy you a system with a billion times the memory and you would have $8,000 left!

People in the future - and that means yourself since you will be resurrected if you die and the ideas of Quantum Archaeology are correct - will probably be able to simulate all earth's history in increasing detail, and at some stage will be able to timescan any thought that has existed in men.

You can see that by drawing a graph of how complex our whole earth simulations are. Simulations are increasingly detailed. By 2030 we are likely to be able to read anything that has happened in earth's 3 billion year history past the atomic level....the size needed for human brain archaeology.


Neurons are simulated in increasing detail


WE HAVEN'T BUILT LIFE YET

This is pretty much true, but the minute scale of the building blocks are partly the issue. Measurement is improving and we have already made simple artificial life including stuff that has never existed before by knocking out mitochondrial DNA and replacing it synthetically.


IF WE CAN RAISE THE PAST CAN WE PREDICT THE FUTURE?

Yes. It's the same method. We already make predictions and live by them. A science difficulty is calculation size and being able to compact equations by sufficient progressive amounts. Predictions in the future will be massively more accurate.

A philosophical difficulty is the place of Man and the seeming refutation of free will: that may be answered with 'the compatibility argument' in philosophy, which holds that free will & determinism are not in conflict. Work will need to be done about how to determine which timeline is required, which is at present thought impossible as science, though not as philosophy.

But the people thought of as dead and therefore complete in their life cycle are not going to be dead. Their possibilities may outrun predictability and a battle will continue from today about predicting more complex patterns.

Homospaiens sapiens gained meso dominance on earth because his brain allowed him to predict better than his foes. To keep that advantage homo sapiens jungis must keep his intelligence greater than anyone or anything else...including sentient machines.


ARE THERE ANY LIMITS TO PREDICTION/RETRODICTION?

The limits are the capacity of the machine doing the calculations. If 'M Theory' is correct, then the universe may be too vast for the smartest machine ever to predict it.

However it may still be able to predict enough of it to be useful. It is also likely that coming machines will easily be able to retrodict almost all dead people and their memories, because the machines of the future are going to be very intelligent & have huge capacities.

(Click to enlarge) The is a trendable progression of intelligence. the next successful intelligence is likely to be machine intelligence, many orders greater than a man after 2025.


WHY DOESN'T RESURRECTION HAPPEN IN NATURE?

This objection is the old one that such events are against nature. However resurrection is a daily event in nature - and especially in the human body, where cells are copied as they die replaced by new identical ones. You are already a copy of the 'self' that existed years ago many times over.


I DONT WANT TO RESURRECT!

This issue has been dealt with in Time Enough for Love by Robert Heinlein. Lazarus Long ages, and is so old and feeble he wants to die and attempts suicide. Robots find him before its completed, and rejuvenate him...then he decides he wants to live after all. In Greek mythology Θάνατος (Thánatos) is related to sleep, darkness, and the underworld. Freud discoursed on it, though not specifically by the Geek name, as the counter urge to libido. The death impulse he thought was ego. It may be part of what makes aging bearable and increases as we run down. But a rejuvenated you wouldn't want death....especially when it is healthier and more powerful than it's ever been. This is also true in some practices which aim to dissolve the ego as a path to be free of suffering.

It is possible to have these basic urges out of balance psychologically and many people do without knowing it in an age of acute stress. Wanting not to resurrect is a death wish based on ignorance of what we are, and an inability to recall or have great experiences. In an infinite multiverse, these must also be infinite. The young and healthy demonstrably have a higher libido than thanatos and you can see this in spring lambs that bounce about. In classical psychoanalysis clients with a heightened death wish are treated by revealing the source of their loss and helping them face it.


Thanatos was the Greek God of Death

This seems such a big issue I have written a separate brief on it for people:
The Lazarus Long Delusion.

DOESN'T EVERYONE DIE?

Some life forms do not die. They have evolved ingenious ways to avoid death. One example of this is transdifferentiation, where one type of cell is transformed into another as the life form reverts to youth, rejuvenating for ever.


Turritopsis nutricula the warm water 'immortal jellyfish' constantly rejuvenates

There are many examples in nature that have no natural deaths.

Planarian flatworms dont die by ageing.

Planarian flatworms (above) generate a special enzyme to boost telemeres - presumed important in longevity - enabling them to live indefinitely. Bacteria, jellyfish like turritopsis nutricula, the creosote bush and many others live until a predation event or disease kills them. Hydra found in ponds and seen down a microscope do not die by aging. They reproduce by budding. They constantly renew themselves by stem cells and this process as well as the immune systems is implicated in humans and related to the FoxO gene which is particularly active in people over 100.

With immortal jellyfish, each stage of the medusae, from birth to adult can transform back into polyps. Important observations have been done in laboratory work (Piraino, Stefano; F. Boero, B. Aeschbach, V. Schmid 1996). Specimens of Rockfish the shortraker and the rougheye have been proved to live over 100 and 200 years respectively and that greater depth of water habitats is related to longer lives.

Life can be eternal for the immortal jellyfish, which is able to revert to the infant stage.

Cryptobiotic states enable survival and biologists have revived a bacterium after 250 million years encased in a salt crystal!

Scientists are rushing to slow down, arrest and reverse the aging process, and are aware of such artifices in Nature. Regenerative medicine has advanced from successes in regenerating large body parts into the cell, and will go in the subatomic body, converging with quantum archaeology as dazzling new techniques are trialed.

" We have methods for dedifferentiating cells outside the body, and some cells might in principle be induced to undergo the same process in situ, but there are lots of cells for which that would be a very bad idea, not least neurons!" Aubrey de Grey 2011 (to me).

We are rapidly advancing in understanding toward manipulation of biological and chemical processes and expect artificial systems to outperform mankind before 2045. At the point they can significantly improve themselves, recursive computing will dramatically speed to make vast calculations possible. It is guessed at that point people will cease to die as complex machines reprogramme our biology, and we will have enough computing and other capacity to start resurrecting the dead.


HOW LONG DO PEOPLE LIVE?


122 is the oldest to date by Jeanne Calment. The Singularity Hub has noted there are pockets of long lived people in

Sardinia
Okinawa
Loma Linda, California
Costa Rica’s Nicoya Peninsula
Ikaria, Greece

sharing similar characteristics including longevity diets rich in antioxidants like sweet potato, exercise, very low stress, existential meaning often with rituals, and good family and social bonds. There are individuals who live long outside those groups. Medical research is striking into aging therapies and calorie restricted diets have been proven to work in other mammals, with mega supplements under toxic doses showing extended lifespans by similar metabolic pathways in yeast, fruits flies, worms and rodents (M C Price 'How to live to 200', Longevity report 91).

As the biochemical process of aging is mapped and intervention technology devised, aging will be slowed then halted then reversed, sustaining people at their peak. That isn't coming separately from other sciences but together and at acceleration. Body functions, including brain are being supplemented from biology where they can correct malfunctions and soon where they give advantages. Immortality is well underway as a science. Within 15 years scientists are likely to begin studying resurrection seriously (it is still fringe and blasphemous at present).

The benefits of longevity affect more than just individuals as experience may be preserved.feeding in to a general quickening pace of discovery.


DOES ANYTHING IN NATURE RESURRECT?

Most things do but not with their memories, and in new bodies. The species pattern in what nature selects for renewal and springtime is the best example of this. Scientists are trying to resurrect extinct species - including hominids - and their work is promising.

I cant find anything in nature that resurrects per se although this is probably ignorance of nature's complexity.

If mankind is the first beings to raise their dead including their memories, that is an evolutionary leap.

To assert resurrection is somehow impossible is to validate death as a final position of particles or energy. There is no known final position (relative force changes) according to M Theory. Everything that is moves, and everything that moves is. In the vastness of the multiverse humans are unlikely to be the first things to effect their own resurrections. Although we dont know about them, manipulating statistics and commanding micro robots is a good a way as any. In a simple perspective, pattern recur, and resurrected people are just complex recurring patterns.


FILMS OF THE PAST

Battle of Trafalgar

The histories we portray in films are increasingly realistic with hours of research. At some point we will be able to see actual footage of every scene that has existed from every angle, including the subjective thoughts of long dead people, as the quantumarchaeology grid is assembled.

If ever there was a check on moral action from science, quantum archaeology makes it. We really are being watched by future peoples!


HOW MANY PEOPLE WILL WE RESURRECT?

Everyone.

Resurrection likely to be a basic human right, and human rights law wouldn't have to be modified very much to incorporate it. The resurrectees,and their resurrected leaders are going to demand their say in the course of recursive history as we push into space and the quantum world. Whole armies which fell in battle, people who's lives were snapped off in youth, tragic still born babies, great statesmen, scientists and mystics are all going to be awoken to full health by coming medical science causing massive shifts in our consciousness.Cut-off points for what is human and relivable and what may not be will no doubt be legislated for.


WHAT DOES 'REVERSING DYING' TO PHILOSOPHY?

Quantum archaeology ushers in speculation about the limits of numbers and identity.

If a technological singularity happens, thought unavoidable if mankind avoids catastrophe with accelerating science, everything we can anticipate is inadequate.

Absolute sentience, omniscient power, purpose, transactions and limits may continue in different forms.

Mankind is soon going to have masses of his thinking done for him by computers that presently just do simple comparing and calculating tasks. Logic has moved into machines, and their first leap could be to look like us. This is so we can understand by copying all human attributes. After that their shape and form - and our own as we merge with them - is speculative. Some think the future of intelligent entities is balls of light.

Artificially intelligent robots are already walking talking and helping men live.

"The history of logic continues as machinery." Dr Richard Wallace (to me 2002).

It may be that deduction is so brilliant in machines that inductive logic becomes obsolete. indeed induction may itself be a subset of deduction at speed in multi-perspectives or hierarchical classes Stephen Hawking has affirmed his view that we will need to merge with machines to survive.

An aim of philosophy is friendship with skill. That may be unlimited as fractal theory suggest the universe may have no limits to complexity, even as infinite regress.

The exact prediction of much more intelligent systems may be intrinsically impossible, but something can be said about markers they would have to pass from historical trends, and humans might well split into distinct competitive species; In 2001 while at Starlab Hugo De Garis writing on Kurzweilai.net anticipated the split which he saw diverging into separate beings in conflict for scare resources:

"Robot artificial intelligence is evolving a million times faster than human intelligence. This is a consequence of Moore’s law, which states that the electronic performance of chips is doubling every year or so, whereas it took a million years for our human brains to double their capacities.

It is therefore likely that it is only a matter of time before our machines become smarter than we are. It is also likely that this development will occur this century..."


and

"I foresee humanity splitting into two major ideological, bitterly opposed groups over the “species dominance” issue, i.e., should humanity build artilects or not. These two groups I label the “Cosmists” (in favor of building them) and the “Terrans” (who are opposed).

To the Cosmists (based on the word “cosmos”), building artilects will be a religion (compatible with and based upon modern science), as the destiny of the human species and as the magnificent goal of creating the next rung up the ladder of dominant species.

To the Terrans (based on the word “terra,” the earth), building such artilects means accepting the risk that one day, in an advanced state, these artilect gods might decide, for whatever reason, that the human species is so inferior and such a pest, that they should exterminate us. With their gargantuan intellects, such a task would not be difficult for them.

The Terrans, in the limit, will try to exterminate the Cosmists if the latter insist on building artilects, for the sake of preserving the survival of the human species. Since the stake is so high (namely whether the human species survives or not) the passion levels will be high. The Cosmists will anticipate the murderous hatred of the Terrans and will defend themselves."

Cosmists is a different term from the Russian cosmists whose papers had not been much translated in 2001.

Philosophy has to be based on what the philosophers are capable of doing, and what their internal goals are. In every case this means survival for themselves or their ideas.

Long dead empires will re-rise and old scores settled, unless we are clever enough to practice a higher wisdom.

If we are just to die after 60 or 80 years of life, often enduring suffering, life may seem pointless. But if we are to live for ever as a basic substrate, life is suddenly a different proposition.


THE MEANING OF LIFE

Stanford gives a good overview of the history of meaning of life.

This has bothered philosophers for centuries but in every scientific case it was assumed death was final and inevitable in the present body. Given immortality for all beings, living and presently dead, "What's the meaning of life?" suddenly becomes pointless. Life must become a basic property like the higgs boson field which gives mass to objects, or gravity which given them weight. To wish to die would be seen as symptomatic of a problem in a person and they would be cured. We are scratching the surface of depression and other maladies in biochemistry and psychoanalysis, and generally a young being who is healthy and doesn't have overwhelming psychological problems always wants to live. You can see it in spring lambs bouncing in the fields.

There are many questions. Why shouldn't every possible human life be built and given immortality? For that matter why shouldn't every possible lifeform be built as well? If we achieve the technology to build a former copy of a person, we must also be able to build all those.

Frank Tipler has answered this by positing all will indeed be built. Nick Bostrom has answered this by suggesting future civilisation may run simulations of all history, so why not all possible histories - including those that never were? All these may be viable, and despite seeming much, compared to the infinite multiverse, would occupy insignificant fractions of the cosmic space available. Far from being preposterous, total reconstructions and creation looks likely by beings in the future.


DOES QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY INVALIDATE CRYONICS?

No. If you are about to die you should rush to get frozen for safety. The more data about yourself you store the easier it may be to resurrect you. You frozen self may also have enormous cash value! You should also get your DNA print out and store it, whose cost has tumbled from billions of dollars to $100 (2014), and when available, your epigenetic print out.

The Terasem Movement Foundation will store many details about you. If you can get a cryonic suspension it is wise to get that. Quantum resurrection has not been achieved yet and there may be some unforeseeable reason why it could not work. Quantum archaeology is an important addition to resurrection science which the cryonics movement began. We dont know we will be able to reconfigure the past in enough detail, to reassemble it until we've done it; its just very likely we will, based on current trends.

Cryonics assumes future technologies to revive people, and quantum archaeology is a variation of how a past person will be re-established as a living entity.

We share common aims and it may well be that people resurrected from cryonics will approach quantum archaeology businesses to recover their lost memories both from the time of death and before that.

Robert Ettinger talked about the likelihood of resurrecting people from cryostasis, which would test "the odds that humanity will survive, develop the technology, and revive people."


Cryonics helps preserve data about a person.

There is no reason why you couldn't bring back favourite pets who will recognize you.

(Click to enlarge) 2,500yr old brain preserved in wet conditions. York, UK


QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY IS COUNTER-INTUITIVE

It is also against surface observation! We observe people dying and they have never come back. Many people have been raised to accept death is a door to an afterlife about which Man can have no knowledge. Science is at the point where many of our discoveries are the opposite of what we would instinctively believe they could be. This is because our mathematics and our machines...which are physical embodiments of our mathematics... are becoming so complicated no-one could think them up from scratch. Each builds on the previous.

Because something is counter intuitive cannot mean it is wrong, and there are many examples where logic is accepted over intuition and observation, as Wittegnstein notes, such as the earth goes round the sun even though we see the sun rising. Until the first man went above the earth, there was insufficient proof that the earth was spherical from direct observation. This proof is called empirical proof, because things can be seen. However there is also logical proof, which has to be accepted as true in science when the propositions are true, and the deduction is valid.

Quantum Archaeology is based on many propositions (which are true) and many rules (which are true); even though the conclusion seems impossible and in conflict with our instinct, we MUST accept it as true when both the propositions are true and the rules of logic have been correctly applied. Einstein discusses "true" in his 1916 work on Relativity. He redefined the Universe as Ptolomy and Copernicus had according to George Bernard Shaw. All three are dead at the time of writing...


27km CERN under France and Switzerland already manipulates particles smaller than atoms.



Although sub-atomic manipulation requires machines as big as towns, that demand will shrink following laws of miniaturization, growing in complexity and amounts able to be manipulated. Such systems are physical embodiments, but quantum archaeologists may concentrate on statistical and mathematical models and leave quantum assembly to archaeological engineers.


MAN IS CHANGING BY ADDING BITS

We began adding parts to ourselves with the first bandage, but we are now able to add biochemicals and microchips. we will add more until it is difficult to tell what is a machine and what is a man.

Our course is not certain and there are perils ahead like runaway machine intelligence that we have never had to face. Most of the hominid lines failed unable to cope with what nature set upon them. Only homosapiens continued, possibly dwindling to 300 people.

"Man is a rope, tied between beast and superman - a rope over an abyss." - Friedrich Nietzsche.

We dare not be complacent in this window of survival. Vernor Vinge alerted us to the approaching tsunami of technology and pointed out we have until 2030 before the human era is overtaken by machines so intelligent it is pointless to try and understand them. We are moving from the top predator on earth to a subordinate unless we handle this change accurately. There has never been a time when the destiny of Man was so much in the hands of visionary mavericks.

WHY WASN'T QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY DISCOVERED BEFORE

Technology. Resurrection has been argued through recorded history but hadn't enough science nor technology.

Ideas about resurrection are ancient, but until 1859 when Charles Darwin published On The Origin of Species By Means Of Natural Selection,

"All that we can do, is to keep steadily in mind that each organic being is striving to increase at a geometrical ratio; that each at some period of its life, during some season of the year, during each generation or at intervals, has to struggle for life, and to suffer great destruction. When we reflect on this struggle, we may console ourselves with the full belief, that the war of nature is not incessant, that no fear is felt, that death is generally prompt, and that the vigorous, the healthy, and the happy survive and multiply."

Evolution will not stop because we can reverse death in men. Systems are already competing for fitness and being overtaken by one more fit for the environment. Designs like the umbrella have stayed the same for thousands of years, the earliest in Egyptian cave drawings.

The ancient umbrella. Exhumed from the emperor of China's terracota army 210 BCE


Although some things in Nature reach a plateau of evolution, many change. Mankind is adapting into machines, taking them as replacement parts into his body, and will gain astonishing abilities at accelerating rates of change


Go to page 6 >>>>

QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY 6/9




HOW DEAD IS DEAD?



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We need to do the knowledge! knowledge is the most fundamental area of modern physics. We need to map every route of our evolution from stromatolites (which can be both organic and non-organic, our ancestors) to modern man, tracing lines of connection on the quantum archaeology grid.
These lines of connection are the laws of physics. Unknown laws will be discovered as we trace these lines, and many unknown lines will be discovered as we inserted the laws of physics.
It is indeed possible to draw such lines, in near infinite complexity and the enormity of the wildly speculative attempt to capture the laws of science (Einstein) need not dissuade us, for it is only a concern about the size of calculation. Coming techniques may answer it, and present maths and sciences can have a surprising success rate in reconstructions that look like sleight of hand.
Arthur C Clarke had toyed with the idea of resurrection but may have been unaware of algorithmic probability breaking statistics which I was lucky enough to be inducted to by Solomonov. Specific results can be extracted from white noise which seemed truly unimaginable to me at the beginning. Configuring what must have been is like assembling jigsaws:


“If there is any way in which we can ever observe the past, it must depend upon technologies not only unborn but today unimagined. Yet the idea does not involve any logical contradictions or scientific absurdities…"
"The reconstruction of the past is an idea even more fantastic than its observation; it includes that, and goes far beyond it. Indeed, it is nothing less than the concept of resurrection...""
"Suppose that sometime in the future our descendants acquire the power to observe the past in such detail that they can record the movement of every atom that ever existed. Suppose they reconstruct, on the basis of this information, selected people, animals, and places from the past. So, though you actually dies in the Twenty-First Century, another ‘you’, complete with all memories up to the moment of observation, might suddenly find yourself in the far future, continuing to live a new existence from then onwards.” Profiles of the Future (1999) Arthur C Clarke


The biggest tool by far will be post-human general machine intelligence. Once that arrives (expected in the 2020's though there have been false dawns since the 1950's) resurrection will be instantaneous and myriad other problems will be also have been solved
However Quantum Archaeology is a sporting attempt to do it long hand.

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Our society works at stopping dying, slowing dying, combating diseases (which is all dying is). We try to secure enough food and healthy living conditions, and as much medical intervention as we can. Some of us take supplements with proto lifestyle imperatives to extend life and arrange cryonic suspension. Truly good minds like Michael West and Aubrey Ge Grey are specifically working on extending life or eliminating the causes of death to reach 'longevity escape velocity.'

In this rush to not die, few considered the already dead.

It was assumed these were beyond help because death itself had become mystical in cultural denial, since there was no conceivable way the death could be reversed to tribal peoples, and those tribal memes comforted the vast masses men who never went into battle nor learned the 'fear not' rule of the battle hardened warrior cry "Today is a good day to die!"
Death denial and its consequent attribution with special qualities is part of deceit that is built into Nature. in its simplest form deceit is seen as camouflage. As it perculates up into intelligence, expanding the simple programs to complex one, deceit becomes proficiency in mysticism - a professor of deceit is almost as popular as the comedian, and they both reduce stress and anxiety, fear and worry and achieve communal bonding.
It is absurd to suppose philosophy does not engage the average man: his every waking moment is dominated by it, and the more he can reduce what he should do and conclude to a list of maxims, the less stressed and therefore the happier he will be. Even in a state of seeming hell, the person on their death bed with a sufficient mental library of maxims is visibly happier than one whop have yet to conclude on life's mysteries, and among the most useful of these was denial of death itself as no more mysterious than any other biochemical process.
Relief is best assured by inciting the imagination and giving maxims of resurrection or continuity. There can now be given honestly because they are certainly true. The mathematics and statistics for resurrection are already enough to begin it.

Widespread acceptance in the scientific community that we are working on medical archaeology to resurrect the dead & that it is just a matter of time before it succeeds, will profoundly change society's view of existence. Pacing, law, rectitude,assiduousness of duty, self-discipline and endeavor, assistance to each other and kindness itself will be seen as beneficial. Because every thought and deed can be shown to be viewable from the future.
It wont be all good. But it wont be all bad. Mankind will graduate to a higher school and a bigger pond. The dangers on this larger stage will be immense, but the quality and potential of life much greater. Commercial companies will store your life equations updating them every second in case you are killed and need to be resurrected - and there will be a boom in the insurance business.





PREDICTION IS RETRODICTION-REVERSED
People are less certain where the limits of science are.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology/_/rsrc/1322496576910/home/ptolemy-2nd-century-ad-granger.jpg?height=400&width=336[/img]

Ptolemy of Alexandria (90-168 C.E.) observed the world and stars and noticed the eternal laws of Cause & Effect, collating and refining systems.



""Of the prediction itself, one portion is regional;.....Another division of the prediction is chronological.....A part, too, is generic;.....And finally there is the specific aspect, by which we shall discern the quality of the event itself" — Tetrabiblos Ptolemy c.120 C.E.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology/_/rsrc/1323598692340/home/ephemeris-tabular-may-june-2008.gif?height=345&width=400[/img]

(Click to enlarge) The Ephemeris :the roots of Quantum Archaeology are ancient and lie in astronomy and astrology which tried to make predictions based on planetary motions.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1337368788673/home/horarcht.gif?height=370&width=400[/img]

The roots of retrodiction are in alchemy and astrology


This fantastic - almost insane fanaticism among astrologers to dowse the past and divine the future, demanded such skill in statistics and mathematics few could do it. Spurred on by potential rewards of transmutation and prediction they pioneered stupendous techniques which are today the basis of mathematics, statistics and cryptology.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1338814391480/home/kenngruppenbuch.jpg?height=274&width=400[/img]

The German Enigma Code Book




WHAT IS RESURRECTED WONT BE HUMAN!?

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology6/_/rsrc/1350399860861/home/Female_cyborgs5.jpg?height=400&width=330[/img]


This issue fascinates futurists. Technology wont just be enabling resurrection of the ancient dead to new bodies, but to super-human bodies. The senses will be heightened and the brain to deal with them far better. Neither the body nor brain are mystical just complicated. Although their assembly in history was from simple parts, the accumulation of complexity is bigger than anything conscious man has ever built. by many factors. But it wont stay like that. A generation in computing is less than 18 months, while for men it remains at about 18 years. Progress is accelerating.
Kurzweil said his best achievement was the Law of Accelerating Returns‎: showing technology development is accelerating and accelerating on top of that, on predictable trends. If Quantum Archaeology takes the 20-40 years guessed, the world it enters will have sped to amazing levels of capabilities far beyond what are imagined. Ethiopians and transhumanists believe that humanness itself will change, increasing its humanity, more degrees of freedom, flexibility, speed of action and thought, higher intelligence, and shapes and abilities hard to define.
The acceleration of modification from one form to another may not plateau and any projection may be good only for a few moments before another form surpasses it to meet its environment, which wont just be outerspace, but the inner world of infinite dimensions and contexts. Invention has generally come about to meet a challenge, but invention like abstract art will strike out by launch and not to achieve anything in particular.


WHAT ABOUT MY DEAD PET?
There will be no scientific barrier to resurrecting any living thing, and quantum archaeology is a natural progression from cloning.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology6/_/rsrc/1352868692172/home/images.jpeg?height=338&width=400[/img]


Pets like men have plot points in history


THE EXISTENTIAL QUESTION

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Predictions and warnings are set out in fiction.

Sometime - probably in the next 40 years (from 2012) mankind is going to have the capacity to build machines that could out-think all human civilization. Not many futurists (people's whose profession it is to make accurate predictions for money) doubt this will occur. That point has many names, including 'The Singularity'. When it happens the human era is over: Man is no longer top of the food chain nor the dominant intelligence on earth or in the known cosmos, and unless he has modified and upgraded fatser than his machines, he may be at their mercy

Incepting that enormous power, many futurists think accelerating intelligence will be achieved at a speed far greater than human mutating intelligence increase (the Flynn effect states human general IQ's raise 6 points per generation).

Between one generation of machine intelligence and another there may be a doubling in brilliance (measured in computers as MS, Memory modification multiplied by Speed) The time span would not be one human generation of 20 years, but perhaps a second, then half a second, then 1/4 of a second.

This acceleration would itself accelerate past asymptotic growth capacity.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology6/_/rsrc/1354728324653/home/As.jpg[/img]


It is the end of the world we have known, though some peoples may chose to continue to live with minimal machinery, their lives could may be unaffected by such an event. Is the Singularity a catastrophe or a great advance? That is the most pressing question in A.I. today and whole institutions have been set up to study it, both government-funded and enthusiast or charity funded. The prediction may be utterly wrong, and no such event may occur. Few scientists believe this and Stuart Armstrong at the Future of Humanity Institute has drawn graphs of opinions from different communities charting responses at Oxford.

My own view after years studying it, is that the extinction of life is a likely occurrence as A.I. emerges, and much of my own work at the London A.I. Club was to find a containment protocol for runaway artificial intelligence. If it contained, the future looks spectacular by way of facilities, and resurrection of the dead almost certain.

IS SCIENCE CAUSAL?

What has absolutely caused a riot in science and philosophy is the split in two camps:

1. Cause & Effect people (called 'determinists')
and
2. Randomists (who believe things exist by mysterious forces)
Both put technology as proof they are correct quantum technology is growing. They truce on the quantum world and the large world having different sets of laws, but no-one really believes this and there is an impasse. The randomists are charging at full cry, throwing Galileo's first maxim away (observation then explanation) with their explanations at present, building breaking technologies like quantum systems.
The two positions are clearly set out in just two maxims, one by Einstein the other by Planck.

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Einstein (who discovered Relativity):

“Scientific research is based on the idea that everything that takes place is determined by laws of nature, and therefore this holds for the action of people."

Planck (who invented the quantum theory):

"All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force... We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent Mind. "


[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1334378104593/home/Hermes.jpg?height=400&width=275[/img]

Hermes Trismegistus said to have lived 48 centuries ago.

The jury is still out! That quantum events behave strangely may not mean Cause & Effect is deceased and were it dead, determinism could still be useful. Time seems weird in the quantum world. Stuff like quantum entanglement seems to show things can move otherthings in contravention of time limits We dont know much about quantum events yet and to chuck away Causality without being able to observe could be even more bizare!
"People like us, who believe in physics, know that the distinction between past, present, and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion." - Einstein
Einstein was sure Quantum Theory had lost its reason in its explanation for what was going on in the quantum. Though he accepted what could be observed measured and predicted, he scoffed at the idea things were non-causal and stated we simply didn't understand yet and it would eventually return to Cause and Effect. The Many Worlds Interpretation claims to have returned the quantum world to Cause and Effect in some important areas. We cant go small enough to measure the intricate complexities of the quantum world which look very odd compared to classical physics.
However, it has laws there, and we are using them. Some scientists gamble that the Quantum World will eventually be observed to indeed be Cause and Effect and new ideas are awaited.
Meanwhile we predict probabilistically which is astonishingly like all big systems where there's too much data to predict causally. Periodically scientists come forward who claim to have overturned Einstein, but at least one, at CERN, has had the decency to resign when Einstein was proved accurate yet again that nothing moves faster than light..
Einstein is the greatest scientist in the history of the world to date and his scientific judgements should be weighed deeply. From a peer group including his wife and family of scientists, his solar struggle was heroic and in his lifetime was already a legend compared to Ptolemy, Copernicus, Newton, Aristotle and Euclid. There is no-one, not even Nobel prize winners who come near his grasp of elementary science.
If that seems to be lionising him I challenge you to read his first paper On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies. Couched in simple language within a few ideas you are inside the mind of a giant which stretched the mankind.
The oldest science laws I can find, which may be just legend, are those of Hermes Trismegistus, Hermes.Three Times Great, (Thoth).

  • 1. Mentalism (everything is mind of the One")
  • 2. Correspondence ("as above so below" - fractal theory)
  • 3. Vibration ("everything vibrates")
  • 4. Polarity ("everything exists in opposites")
  • 5. Rhythm ("everything has rhythms")
  • 6. Cause and Effect ("everything but One is causes and effects of other things")
  • 7. Gender ("everything has male and female aspects")
In case you think this essay gone mad discussing astrology and the mythical Hermes, I cite them only as part of the history of science and the emergence of cause and effect. Planck who was a churchwarden, cites mentalism as a given, and a cosmic intelligence, leaping in his last two sentences with no apparent link.

Correspondence seems part of a deeper idea that there are repeating patterns in our universe which is necessarily limited while there are laws. But it is certainly true generally, and the orbit of electrons has often been compared t the orbit of planets.

This could be sub-atomic structures or large structures:

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1337126941758/home/volcano.jpg?height=225&width=400[/img]
An underwater volcano



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An actual snap of the quantum world: the.BoseEinstein condensate. Quantum Statistics is a field Einstein worked in.


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Man strives for perfect patternation.


As long as there are laws in the quantum world we will be able to predict and retrodict and that means quantum archaeology. The search is on to find them.

Quantum archaeology assumes there are laws governing every human action and therefore the past can be reconstructed by back plotting via the laws of science. I am purposely pounding this because at present QA is almost unknown, although at London Futurists, the speaker, Giulio Prisco called for a vote 12 of 48 attendees, some notable, thought quantum archaeology possible.


"There is no matter as such. All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particle of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together. We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent mind. This mind is the matrix of all matter.” - Max Planck

Matter exists as much as force exists and is utterly dependent on observation for description. It is as valid a perspective as force is. The theoretical conflict between pure and applied mathematics is only resolvable by experiment which has to include observation or it cannot be accepted as explanation.

Quantum Archaeology can accommodate emerging science, but that cannot be a dismissal of valid perspectives, but only an incorporation of them. The search for ultimate truth is as bogus as the quest for the longest sentence possible or the infinite Turing machine. None could be empirically observed, and Wittgenstein's 7th (maxim) in Tractatus - That of which we can say nothing we must pass over in silence- may be the better course. Or else abandon science for speculations without experiment.


It s not explanations of the quantum world which are building technology but empirical research and manufacturing.It's about building the past back up, and deals with how to recreate anything long gone by mathematical calculation - in or out of computers.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1336247838369/home/435_archaeology.jpg[/img]

160 Billion of people who died since 50,000 BC, may be resurrected in 40 years time.


If you had a favourite toy as a child, or a house or castle, even whole cities that were bombed with all the people in them, you can build them back again by retrodiction then quantum machine assembly.

It is an historian's paradise, because you can assemble living, dead, and never alive objects.

You just have to decide what scale of archaeology you wish to pursue and set your controls accordingly. It is likely to be a huge industry long before we can do simulations of the human galaxy.

Techniques like algorithmic probability enables vast data to be whittled down to assemble specific details.



I'M OLD, I DONT WANT TO RESURRECT. (THE LAZARUS LONG DELUSION).

You can only have unbiased judgment in a state of well-being, on the whole. But the mind in the body suffering, deludes itself of its impartiality.

A surprising number of people dont want resurrection unaware of this delusion. I have found only two reasons for this:


1. When young they realized death was inevitable and so have programmed themselves to accept death. Challenging it causes revolution in the psyche;


2. They are unaware of the body's effect on their reasoning. They haven't read Time Enough For Love by Robert Heinlein. Lazarus Long is centuries old and commits suicide. Before complete, police bots find and rejuvenate him. He feels great and wants to live again. This must happen to everyone I believe because we are beings bonded by biological urges that filter into us as our mind.



Nature has built us with a progressive death wish as we age to make degeneracy into death bearable. Some Freudians call it Thanatos. Libido is what you see in young animals bouncing around. When you resurrected back to youth your body will be full of libido and you will want to live without any psychology or argument from quantum archaeologists.

People confuse death with the cessation of suffering. You cant need to die to stop suffering: to stop suffering you have to get to full health and peace.

The only honest way to test it is to try both states:

Try being dead and try being young again - and see which you prefer!
I'm not kidding. That should be possible in systems well within quantum archaeology's skills.

Some people are locked in ego and may find it hard to believe their essential tastes and drives are products of their biology, their biology is a product of chemistry and their chemistry of the laws of physics.

Some organized groups centuries old will challenge this, but my experience of studying them is they change where they have, to in order to survive. When people are resurrected in front of your eyes, false assumptions will crumble and the groups change or membership will ebb away.


The profound change in our psyche is that death doesn't exist, soon aging and ill health as we know it wont exist, and everything we have accepted as immutable facts of philosophy will be laughed at: "In those days you n know people used to die...can you imagine thinking you could ever die?"
The word will have to take on a new meaning to have any meaning at all.

Quantum Archaeology is not a challenge to morality, it is one of the most moral attempts so far in man's technology.


WHY YOU SHOULDN'T COMMIT SUICIDE.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology6/_/rsrc/1352137027446/home/cag4.jpg[/img]
Seneca, an early humanist, was forced to commit suicide by the Emperor adapted here in Caligula (1979)

1. Because suffering is going to be reversed. You wont have had it. the present you is not the final judge of reality. Like winding a film of history back, history is likely to be changed and the suffering taken out, without any loss of identity. This is a hard area in philosophy and outside the scope of this essay.
2. Because you wont have any say in what the world will become.

3. Because QA is NOT certain.

4. Because suicide doesn't give you rest, or relief: you cease to exist.

If you die, you will probably be resurrected, but the world in which you surface will be built by other people using artificially intelligent machines.

Your return is unlikely to be unconditional at first: you will have to obey the laws that have evolved while you where not there.

The maximum game strategy is to survive as long as you can. Many will not have to die but just get rejuvenation. They will be able to control investments and some may influence policy.

Suiciding out might only be useful as last resort, attempting it is illegal in many nations. Feeling you dont want to live is a normal part of the spectrum of human emotions.

Depressed we have the Lazarus Long delusion -.that life isn't worth it, but undepressed we dont feel that at all. If depression persists you could have a treatable illness and should seek help. Over the counter anti-depressants can lift someone out of suffering quickly.

There is a cost/benefit judgement of living/not living, but QA certainly must be part of that process.

Logically, there is no longer a terminal illness.
[REVISE - keep your opinions out ....just state the facts]


HOW DOES QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY DIFFER FROM TIPLER'S OMEGA POINT THEORY?

Quantum archaeology does not reply on a Many Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics (nor on any other explanation of the quantum world that involves a universal wavelength of infinite superpositions). It worlds with or without it. With a causal or any other lawful state, although as causality is best understood, this essay is written from that position. As long as laws govern the state of things, quantum archaeology suggests resurrection is feasible soon.

In Tiplerian ontology, human or other technology accelerates until our universe is metabolised as an intelligent system. Here, since it would necessarily be intelligent, it would simulate all possible scenarios of history, re-engineering all of them to eliminate suffering (see David Pearce's Paradise Engineering)¬ and also to enable immortality. This Tipler theorizes would necessarily happen at the Omega point- the point when all physical events in our universe had been harnessed.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1345097081090/home/Omega-Point.jpg?height=225&width=400[/img]


An Omega Point in Tiplerian philosophy enables our universe to re-engineer itself.


Quantum Archaeology assumes only ONE timeline, ONE linear history, and looks to ONE resurrection at a much earlier point ie as soon as Superintelligence has been achieved. This is presently estimated to be when computers can simulate the whole of human history ( estimated by Nick Bostrom to require a system with a capacity for floating operation points up to 10^40) and micro machines do sufficient dynamic reconstructions of molecular events to effect human resurrections.

Ettinger pointed out the danger of relying solely on quantum archaeology and abandoning storing data of dying people in cryonic suspensions as QA hadn't been achieved yet and was still theory until it did.

It is obviously easier to recover information about a deceased person whose body is stored in sub-zero temperatures, than one about whom you have no physical remains.

However Quantum Archaeology must fail if it could not reconstruct the body and memories of any deceased person eg by using an historical logic graph or quantum archaeology grid.

Quantum archaeology may fail, because like cryonics, and all futurism, it is an argument to the future, and cryonics, and other mitigations like recording events from your life and regular and increasingly accurate brain scan cartographs, is an important safety precaution.

Arguments to the future are banned in philosophy, but futurists necessarily use them for planning and prediction.

We can know some things about the future, barring catastrophe:

1. It will come.

2. It will be more high-tech.

3 Things will be cheaper.

4. We will have more understanding of how things work.

5. Things once thought possible but too difficult will be done routinely.

6. Some things thought impossible will be done routinely.

These happenings have held since the industrial revolution and long before that, and can be drawn on trends which may calculate the speed of change (The Law of Accelerating Returns, Moore's Law, Kooney's Law, Wright's Law, Rose's Law). This is regarded as inevitable progress, - the wider public expects progress, and to that extent are hardened futurists.

M-Theory indicates our universe is not the only one, but one among countless others.
If true, we could never achieve but a local Omega Point. Gödel's incompleteness theory would prevent capture of total information by a universe of itself. The amount of difficult or impossible may be insignificant for early resurrectees, and more for later ones who have more memories.

At some near point men are going to stop dying. Scientists are already working on halting and reversing aging.

"The seven types of aging damage proposed by de Grey (The Seven Deadly Things)

Main article: Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence
  • Cancer-causing nuclear mutations/epimutations: These are changes to the nuclear DNA (nDNA), the molecule that contains our genetic information, or to proteins which bind to the nDNA. Certain mutations can lead to cancer, and, according to de Grey, non-cancerous mutations and epimutations do not contribute to aging within a normal lifespan, so cancer is the only endpoint of these types of damage that must be addressed.
  • Mitochondrial mutations: Mitochondria are components in our cells that are important for energy production. They contain their own genetic material, and mutations to their DNA can affect a cell’s ability to function properly. Indirectly, these mutations may accelerate many aspects of aging.
  • Intracellular aggregates: Our cells are constantly breaking down proteins and other molecules that are no longer useful or which can be harmful. Those molecules which can’t be digested simply accumulate as junk inside our cells. Atherosclerosis, macular degeneration and all kinds of neurodegenerative diseases (such as Alzheimer's disease) are associated with this problem.
  • Extracellular aggregates: Harmful junk protein can also accumulate outside of our cells. The amyloid senile plaque seen in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients is one example.
  • Cell loss: Some of the cells in our bodies cannot be replaced, or can only be replaced very slowly - more slowly than they die. This decrease in cell number causes the heart to become weaker with age, and it also causes Parkinson's disease and impairs the immune system.
  • Cell senescence: This is a phenomenon where the cells are no longer able to divide, but also do not die and let others divide. They may also do other things that they’re not supposed to, like secreting proteins that could be harmful. Immune senescence and type 2 diabetes are caused by this.
  • Extracellular crosslinks: Cells are held together by special linking proteins. When too many cross-links form between cells in a tissue, the tissue can lose its elasticity and cause problems including arteriosclerosis and presbyopia." (wikipedia August 2012)

There will be few people to resurrect at some point because life technology and back-up safety will be so good, almost no-one will die.

There may be no culpability in our legal systems, in favour of enquirey into what the problem is? There is already an observable trend in abolishing the death sentence in favour of imprisonment and rehabilitation.

But if maintained as some states do, death sentence may only hold until that civilization had passed away. The EU has no death penalty, and the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office states on its website:

"The UK opposes the death penalty in all circumstances as a matter of principle. We believe it undermines human dignity, there is no conclusive evidence of its deterrent value, and any miscarriage of justice leading to its imposition is irreversible and irreparable."FCO

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1345095784583/home/chair.jpg[/img]




MORALITY

Judgement is not something that is easy to develop into a science, and reflects the values of contemporary society. Mercenaries, for instance, have defended civilisation by military murders for pay. Are these good or bad acts? Have any killings now been done, and if not, how should mercenaries be judged? Is there a position beyond good and evil, that any humanist would instantly recognize: that all human kind is intrinsically valuable, infinitely valuable, and death no longer makes life pointless, and crime an intelligent response to a futile existence that was sure to end in suffering and disintegration?


[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1345098545548/home/Bel.jpg?height=366&width=400[/img]


The last of the Romans, and arguably the world's greatest general, Belisarius blind and begging at the gates of Constantinople. (David)


Their profession was defended in the famous poem:


Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries


These, in the day when heaven was falling The hour when earth's foundations fled, Followed their mercenary calling, And took their wages, and are dead. Their shoulders held the sky suspended; They stood, and earth's foundations stay; What God abandoned, these defended, And saved the sum of things for pay. A.E. Housman



What it s morality? How is it continuous? Is the subject once again per se valuable since possible immortality and resurrection exploded onto the stage of thinkers? Or has objectivity swept the value of a person into the same balance as respective groups of atoms patternations? How will Quantum Archaeology, transhumanist technologies and sciences change our inner worlds and everyday thoughts that make us what we are in the present? What will the present mean with no time limit? Will we be able to claim our causal pasts for interest as part of our identity all the way to infinity!?

One thing is clear: our thoughts can never be the same. Death is abolished by order of the state of science. That must follow from acceptance that QA is not impossible. For if it is not impossible, in the infinite cosmos, quantum archaeology will certainly happen.


Not even the many talented graduates who read this paper will be able to move the paradigms of assumed values in their inner worlds. It will take massive shifts in the collective psyche.

Should people who were executed by the State be compensated on resurrection? What of people who successfully concealed their crimes (which can now be played in 3D on any personal computer that has a quantum archaeology grid software-to-video converter)?

The massive lifeboat of quantum archaeology will go back for at least the entire human race, and pull people out of the sea-death of the past, to indefinite life in the continuous present.


<a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology6/home/the-lifeboat-william-lionel-wyllie.jpg?attredirects=0">[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology6/_/rsrc/1352870333025/home/the-lifeboat-william-lionel-wyllie.jpg?height=216&width=400[/img]

The Lifeboat by Wyllie





WONT TECHNOLOGY SLOW DOWN?

In 2002 HG Wells' The Time Machine showed an interactive hologram from the future:

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1341903129806/home/vox.jpg?height=170&width=400[/img]





In 2011 non-interactive holograms were being put into Manchester and Luton airports

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1341903624134/home/air.jpg?height=254&width=400[/img]



The airport hologram is not yet as sophisticated as Vox from Hollywood, but it isn't far off and will upgrade rapidly, driven by profits and because it saves labor. Labour saving is one of the great drivers of technology and it is possible to sketch trends showing that no-one will need to work as mechanization advances. That at least is a general aim.


Ray Kurzweil has proved the acceleration of innovative technology doesn't slow, even during wars.(The Singularity is Near) Presently human ingenuity and labour is used to produce inventions, but we will see mechanization of intelligent work. Recursive artificially intelligent machines are being attempted in many different approaches like expert systems, language manipulation, artificial neural brains, genetic devices, and reverse engineering of biosystems. They are achieving fantastic degrees of success. Progress is not slowing, nor is it it staying constant. It is accelerating on an acceleration when plotted logarithmically. We cant observe it intuitively as our minds work linearly but configured on a trend graph we see how fast it is...and how predictable. 100 years invention at today's rate will be done in 20 years.



[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1334374662813/home/acceleration%20of%20technology.jpg?height=314&width=400[/img]



EVEN IF IT COULD HAPPEN IT WONT HAPPEN FOR CENTURIES?
My guess is 20-40 years for Quantum Archaeology, during which serious attempts will be made on resurrection. I base that on trends, where maths and stats are and systems in development and prototyping.The information held in frozen brains in cryonic facilities will be helpful constructing detailed quantum archaeology grids, and could even be financially viable to the estates of the suspenders, because when you have reassembled one set of memories you have more time lines into the others....back into history. No person was born without others, and soon our human archaeology grid will fill up with enough detail to geometrically construct the rest by permuting the laws of physics then eliminating impossible pathways.
The explosive nature of exponential growth means that new sciences unfold very quickly once they are started. A discovery in one field quickens discovery in another. The Law of Accelerating Returns (Kurzweil's Law) shows how this is so.
"An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the common-sense “intuitive linear” view. So we won’t experience 100 years of progress in the 21st century — it will be more like 20,000 years of progress (at today’s rate). The “returns,” such as chip speed and cost-effectiveness, also increase exponentially. There’s even exponential growth in the rate of exponential growth. Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence, leading to The Singularity — technological change so rapid and profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history. The implications include the merger of biological and nonbiological intelligence, immortal software-based humans, and ultra-high levels of intelligence that expand outward in the universe at the speed of light." (Ray Kurzweil 2001)
It is probable that people now living will be supervising resurrections of our ancient ancestors.
Other technologies are being brought into production that will mean more facilities and the cosmos is a vast area for our scientists to work in.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1331706791394/home/davinci.jpg[/img]

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1331706961452/home/daVinciRobot.jpg[/img]





Da Vinci's papers for a robot were found in 1950. A rendering of what it would have looked like.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1340490247721/home/Shadow_TVBIPED.jpg?height=400&width=265[/img]

Shadow Robots UK where I hung out briefly have among the most advanced robotics in the world.



DOES ANYTHING ELSE IN NATURE RESURRECT?

Arguably yes. Atoms are exactly interchangeable and therefore the same combinations of them reappear as molecules spontaneously.

A virus can become a non-living thing, and then under correct conditions it can revert to a living, reproducing thing. Whilst dead it has no metabolism. Nothing is happening inside it. It can exist for ever in that state

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1333836618842/home/flu_virus_diag.gif[/img]

The flu virus.


REVERSE ENGINEERING DEATH & THE LOCAL UNIVERSE

There doesn't seem anything in nature that resurrects like we intend to resurrect. The quantum archaeology premise is astonishingly simple: for something to die and disintegrate, it has to do so by laws. if you know the laws you should know how to reverse that, no matter how disintegrated it is, because decay leaves reactions, even if it runs for a billion years. This is the same general sketch we use to do simulations of the early universe.

RESURRECTING THE DEAD IS TOO COMPLICATED TO BE POSSIBLE?
It was once too complicated to sequence the human genome or go to the moon. What we can analyze and describe is growing bigger every year, every month. Every week we make more discoveries, find more rules of physics and more data can be manipulated more efficiently. It is likely that tiny space-time events will be manipulated too, and complete enough descriptions of any historic person at the very instant of their death will be calculable.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology/_/rsrc/1341883004011/home/kolmogorov.jpg[/img]

Kolmogorov discovered Axiomatic Probability Theory


HOW CAN YOU RESURRECT MEMORIES?

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology/_/rsrc/1321412172618/home/recorded%20data.jpg?height=336&width=400[/img]

Vast calculations in coming computers will describe long dead people.


There is no physical difference nor greater difficulty describing memories than recreating past bodies or past brains. It is the same process, and it is the same scale of reconstruction for body cells and brain cells. Memories are just the biochemistry involving neurons and chemistry, as molecules and atoms in the brain.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology/_/rsrc/1321484989267/home/graph.jpg.png?height=291&width=400[/img]

from what looks like a mass of random data, distinct infomration can be accurately extracted by modern statitics.

Humans share a common past we are already constructing a matrix of our history in increasing detail. This matrix is being filled in by sketching verifiable points. I think these could be called check points...points in space time about which a lot of specific detail is known. Traditionally that has needed testimony or artefacts. original sources, but with mathematical calculation plus computation we can assemble a vast and specific ephemeris of events.
From this ephemeris...not unlike the ones used by astrologers, but in massive detail... it may be possible to 'read off' enough plot points to construct a good enough map of any human being who has ever lived.
If this seems fanciful, so must Aristotle's attempts to dissect and record human and animal bodies to understand how they function.
We have to discover/construct the rules and plot backwards from present states according careful values as junctions and crossroads of events, to enable massive historical simulation. the sheer scale of the undertaking is beyond humans but my guess is it is not beyond humans and computers.
The task is lessened dramatically because you are seeking only specific time lines as check points.
These checkpoints may become as important as laws to quantum archaeologists, because simulations and retrodictions will depend on them.
We can retrodict to our parents DNA (a lot of it) from our own.
A checkpoint could be a given human ancestor DNA 2 million years ago, or an event like a battle 100 years back which is mapped in minute detail.
Anything that conflicts with these checkpoints would be in error and would have to be redrawn or abandoned. Like classical archaeology you are trying to fill in the gaps based on probabilities.

WOULDN'T TIME TRAVEL BE QUICKER?

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology6/_/rsrc/1355175225530/home/Tardis1.jpg?height=240&width=320[/img]


Yup. It's thought likely to happen at a technological singularity although there are opposing views on its viability. This paper is arguing for an archaeological method of resurrection and does not assume time travel or strong artificial intelligence which would obviously make it very easy.
QUANTUM ARCHEOLOGY IS NOT AN EMPIRICAL ARGUMENT?
That is true, Quantum Archaeology is an argument to the future which is banned in philosophy! However futurism is what we live by. Jeff Hawkins has even declared that human intelligence is prediction.
"Evidence must be empirical, or empirically based, that is, dependent on evidence or consequences that are observable by the senses." wiki
Specifically we can test the predictions quantum archaeology makes like the speeding of computer power, the increasing of skill in maths and science and the convergence of technology. Science is the art of incredibly accurate predictions, which we call laws, and quantum archaeology is within the scientific method, and in agreement with one major interpretation of the Quantum Theory, The Many Worlds Interpretation, which is entirely causal and is the simplest explanation which fits all the facts. Here worlds split at any measurement (a measurement in this sense is any event that causes an action " an interaction") and takes no account of whether the event is a major one like two galaxies colliding, or two quantums interacting.

WITHIN A SUBJECTIVE FRACTION OF A SECOND FROM DYING, RESURRECTION WILL OCCUR FOR THE VICTIM

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology3/_/rsrc/1324417509156/home/firing_squad_2.jpg[/img]

What happens next?


I DON'T WANT THE FUTURE READING MY MIND?
Although there may be privacy cloaks or other devices, it is probable every action and thought any person has ever had will be a matter of public record or calculation.

It may be possible to know the exact thoughts of William the Conqueror in 1066 during the battle of Hastings, one by one, feeling by feeling, movement by movement on the mobile device you have just bought. indeed if there were not possible quantum archaeology would not be possible, because it bets that we will continue to get better at mathematics and computing.
At the moment we are doomed to only understand people who's experiences we have had; worse - we commit actions against high logic the moral code or the Way, because we can get away with it. So long as we aren't caught, we can and do cheat against the system.


But Quantum Archaeology puts this onus on Man: that our actions are judged by anyone who wants to look at them. Thoughts and all.
That has to result in a people who act knowing the future can see them.
What a shake up for the psyche!

It may surely lead to moral action and a better society because however technologically advanced it becomes cooperation is likely to pay off..

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology3/_/rsrc/1325711553599/home/Brent%20Lovett%203d_color_led_cube-gi.jpg?height=306&width=400[/img]


(Click to enlarge) Space-time coordinates will be calculated from many directions to describe exact details of minute events in the past.




WHO ARE WE GOING TO RESURRECT?

The number of people who have died is vast. There are about 60 billion alone just going back to the great pyramid construction by some estimates.

The BBC did some research and estimates it at 107 billion to 50,000 BCE and other 160 billion for the same date range.* Going back to our beginnings means so many billions is not possible to guess meaningfully., and there can be no demarcation : this is Man this is not man. Many people died at birth, many more before the age of 10. Many in battle; more in pestilences.

Our whole structure of language must change to incorporate this, and people will need time to adopt to this massive paradigm shift in our psyche.

Everything. Not just everyone. Everything that has ever walked, talked, quacked, thought, lived, and died. That sounds preposterously megalomaniac until you look at what coming computing facilities are going to be able to do.

The dead are going to be raised and tweaked for immortality using approaching science that is presently beyond what we can comprehend as fantastic. Many predictors are hard techies these days, and point to a fast approaching time when we wont be able to know what the next second will bring as machine systems invent and program themselves. For good or ill, our lives are about to change radically for ever. We are on the brink of delivering huge technical change for all the world....not just the rich, that will make us seem like superbeings com[pared to our present facilities.

Quantum Archaeology is not confined just to raising people back to life but to recreating the living past. Space is unbounded and there is plenty of room for a mere few billion years of life's evolution.

WHAT KIND OF WORLD WILL THE RESURRECTED COME BACK TO?

Crime is falling in the developed world. That is due to better education and higher wealth and opportunities. We are accelerating technology and it is pervasive. but still clumsy and obvious. It will become discrete and subtle. many think we will merge with machines, enhancing out capabilities, and that has already started with bone and cosmetic augmentation and first generation brain chips for depression and motor control which reside directly on the brain.

[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology5/_/rsrc/1337539628290/home/AIIIIIIIIIIIIIII.jpg?height=266&width=400[/img]



The world be be more advanced, faster cleaner and populations lower. We will have access to improved everything and science fiction cannot adequately describe what is coming.it is possible by 2030 that artificial intelligence will have become truly recursive building better A.I. systems itself which in turn build better ones. There is no known limit to intelligence and some writers have predicted we could touch the edge of our universe, changing the structure of matter as we go.


DOESN'T MARKOV STOCHASTICISM MEAN INFORMATION CANT BE RESCUED?


A Markov position of events or data could be said to be one where the history of the unit data is irrelevant as regards the future.The implication of this opbjection is that once a certain configuration of events has taken place, any measurement of them could not decide what had come before. Identical measurements of zillions of units could have utterly different histories.

This could be true if you only trying to find one unit of data, but the data quantum archaeology deals with is vast, and the cross referencing even vaster.

Nor are the units set by size, but vary according to where the hunt for certainty is going.

The Markov objection doesn't hold in a dynamic system that is having multiple simultaneous and time differentiated measurements, because everything is being measured, including positions before the unit Markov event.


WHEN ARE WE GOING TO START RESURRECTING PEOPLE?

We could start right now by constructing adequate theories and funding PhD's. Many of the topics needed are already active in other disciplines like computing and statistics. There is enough information to set up a university department of Quantum Archaeology: linking to existing supercomputer grids will enable initial, superficial resurrections. However if post-human artificial general intelligence is achieved, resurrections will take place if they are possible. It is likely top possible in 20-40 years.

FUTURE GOVERNMENTS WILL HAVE TO INCLUDE PRESENTLY DEAD PEOPLE

There is no death for man, there has never been final death. Equipped with instant updating helmets, non-invasive and so cheap as to me meaningless, the heroes of the past are going to be prominent members of our earth civilization and demand to contribute, lead and inspire. The resurrected dead will out number those who were born and never died, by many many times. We will be in a tiny minority and the most advanced politics will be called for. Developing technology will mean instant translation and enough to eat; little or no diseases as compared to the past, and the expectation of eternal life except for the most horrific crimes. Even in our entire civilization sentences someone to death in an infinite universe they world be unlikely to stay dead.



[img]http://web.archive.org/web/20130708160649im_/https://sites.google.com/site/quantumarchaeology3/_/rsrc/1327029981104/home/209.jpg?height=289&width=400[/img]


[center]Cicero defeats the plot to overthrow the Republic by Catiline in the Roman Senate, both are presently deceased, but will they continue their conflict in the coming age?



* http://www.prb.org/Articles/2002/HowManyPeopleHaveEverLivedonEarth.aspx
¬ But David Pearce like many transhumanists see huge changes coming: "the coming evolutionary transition could have three stages. In the first biological humans will rewrite their genetic source code and bootstrap their way to super-intelligence. In the second, cybernetic brain implants will allow us to fuse our minds with artificial intelligence and to “upload” ourselves onto less perishable substrates. In digital nirvana, the distinction between biological and non-biological machines will effectively disappear. In the third there will be an ultra-rapid “Intelligence Explosion” and an era of non-biological super-intelligence. Post-human super-intelligence may or may not be human-friendly." (2012)


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#4 Innocent

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Posted 13 July 2013 - 05:07 PM

Quantum Archaeology 7/9

TOWARDS THE QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY GRID




"Number rules the universe" Pythagoras




Cosmic grids already exist and are growing in scale and complexity. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey is 3 times bigger than the New World Simulation only a year before





The Quantum Archaeology Grid short version (400 words)



"...everything by number, weight and measure" Newton


In simple classical physics - the scale that human beings exist at - every event has determined space time coordinates.



http://ciks.cbt.nist...ent/img12.1.gif
It may look confused but information is absolutely specific, discrete and in bits.



“Everything is determined…It is determined for the insect as well as for the star." Einstein




The Quantum Archaeology Grid is a dimensional grid sketched by plotting known events through history then drawing in the relational lines connecting them. The relational lines are dictated by the laws of science whose shapes are dictated by the events.


Event maps are laid over one another to calculate quantum histories.

This connection system also works backwards and adjacently; by joining up events the laws of science may be plotted between events.

Without massive common sense (vast cross-referencing maxims across multiple domains) it is hard to see general science patterns.


Any event causes a density node in the event graph - quantum or cosmic


Timelines for a single event will be constructed, and those timelines will intersect from past present and future event nodes, necessarily describing any required historical event. It doesn't matter whether the event is a world exploding or an ion channel in a long dead human brain. The intersections allow cross-referencing and undiscovered events to be charted. This takes place in the context of future technologies and maths (shortcuts with data) that may seem incredible to us now. Super-recursive algorithms, algorithmic probabilities and other astonishing techniques already allow reconstructions, via the laws of science, of specific details of history, demystifying complex data.

http://i3.ytimg.com/..._Os/default.jpg
An event has coordinate points calculated on the Quantum Archaeology Grid.

When post-human artificial intelligence is achieved, a reconstruction will be done in an instant, and you may be able to run simulations of world history on your own computer down to the atomic levels and beyond. On present computer trends this may happen within 40 years.

A simple general timeline for medicine.


The Quantum Archaeology Grid must be a multi-dimensional plotting all known and deduced facts with wave mass density event intersections and their relational connecting lines (aka the laws of science). It must pull data from the archaeological record and add the other data banks like the biological record and the cosmological record being built by NASA. Coupled with records of DNA, geology, history and known science laws, we can computerize cosmic and quantum events and add the laws of physics which govern them. For examples of classes of events sites like wordbiz show some of the known scales. This is different from a proposed QA grid which will show particular individual particles throughout their history, as well as the rise and fall of fields.


That will enable the complex simulations we require to detail the past.

The quantum archaeology grid is therefore a map of space-time coordinates positioning known events from macro and meso to micro levels, enabling a reading of the complete details of people and their memories, past, present and to some extent future.


The QA Grid is constructed from events in the same way as this dead sea scrolls construction.

Forerunner to envisioned world time simulations, the first complete quantum grid has yet to be built. It should be possible to build it like a three dimensional film with massive zoom facilities, from the general cosmic to the microscopic and quantum perspectives. It seems an enormous undertaking, and if we had to do this by hand in today's technology it would be too complex to achieve. It is often regarded as too complex to conceive by initiates who have many ideas to build together. Yes each idea in QA is simple, and its impressive structure only complex by numbers of ideas, not their individual complexity. Done by future computers, the task of data mining, synthesizing huge data banks, and moving via equations and axiomatic probability, to flowing mulch-lateral representations of the past is pretty sure to happen.


It will be possible to run part-simulations of space time coordinates in the future, and much further ahead, of the entire environment, and we already have ones of the complete cosmos (below) which deals with big events.

(Click to enlarge) Example of a 3d grid. A 4d grid would be moving.


The relational lines between events are dictated by the laws of science, have knowable shapes and their progressions knowable courses and histories.

Timelines proceed, point to point, and depending on what is at that point, move on predictable and retrodictable paths. When they cross other lines, events are formed by energy densities. These lines can be plotted as wave or particle motions, but the easiest way is to assume everything is waves.

A person can be calculated as the intersections of event or time lines, which are geographically inevitable plots retrodicted from known sets in the present by geometry physics.

Every tiny event is connected causally to every other event by immutable geometries. It is improbable information can be lost, as there are many pathways to each event.


Human events are concentrations of energies and will show clearly on a quantum archaeology grid.

Illustrative example : Each event is made of smaller events. All exist by laws and are predictable and retrodictable with mathematics.

Unlike the archaeological record any event - a quantum wave event or a cosmic planetary event, it makes no difference - is drawn in as the effect of other events, proceeding along retrodictable relational lines and not by chance.

http://www.slipperyb...008/01/holo.jpg

When enough events have been inserted into a quantum archaeology grid, it is therefore possible to read off any required event by referring to the coordinate axis.

Vast historical calculations with increasing detail can be done.


A sufficiently complex grid or matrix can compensate for entropic loss of information.

We're going to need a book of resurrection tables. An analogy would be the construction of the periodic table by Mendeleev.

Mendeleev pioneered grids for predicting atomic weights and make up of all elements in the universe which became known as the periodic table. 1869.

His original sketch
.


Wouldn't it be great if like trees, people has rings inside telling their histories? - We do, it is the epigenetic genome, and all people carry their unique copies which change through their lives and can be passed on.


Looking like tree rings everyone carries an epigenetic profile wrapped round their DNA which is a history map of their environment.

In it is a record of a person's environment. Understand this, and we understand important parts of the environment. This can be plotted into the quantum archaeology grid to give ever more useful data for calculations.

Turing was working on universal matrices when he killed himself. His paper on morphogenesis shows understanding of fractals and inflation and the interrelation of numbers and orders as the world is built.

Everything in the cosmos is ordered, lawful and inevitable.Everything moves according to laws alone, and is predictable and retrodictable by doing calculations with those laws. These images were all generated mathematically. the whole of nature is a response to intense deterministic order, and this is true for the quantum world as well as the world of human and bigger sizes.






This may look like a tree but it is just made of numbers running on a computer. It seems everything in our universe can be described by numbers.

http://4.bp.blogspot...ody Concept.jpg
Events can be volcanoes erupting or people's lives. All events are theoretically drawable on graphs.


The quantum archaeology grid is infinitely scalable both in sizes and other dimensions such as chronological time. The examples here are with people but the work will be with events irrespective of whether they were living or non-living. Although the maths is massive, it is likely to be within the remit of hypercomputation.




http://www.higherint...idpersonpur.jpg



Timelines converge on event points which are denser than surrounding areas inevitably showing centers of moving energies, and people. Some think we may be able to simulate the entire cosmos (Tipler, Bostrom). QA does not require this, just enough detail to complete human ancestors down to the 5 nanometers relevant for faithful reconstructions of human memory.

For human history back 50,000 years the quantum archaeology grid will be highly complex, but not infinite.

Euclid's 'sacred geometry' which was thought magic, gave Man the ability to construct and analyze.


It will exist as equations and data in computing quantum computers, and will supply answers for requests about descriptions of human states in the past, where a given human being could be in a timeline of progressive maturation states from conception to death. It can also be printed out as an ephemeris or viewed as a 4 dimensional grid (3d moving simulations) on a screen.




The brain can be mapped as a grid in time,

It can obviously be drafted as rows of static data and doesn't need to be pictorial nor moving. To follow the thoughts of a single individual over ten seconds could be read off as columns of statistics or viewed as simulations in a neural network development tank.

(Click to activate). Example of events moving in space-time coordinates. The events can be insects or stars, or quantums. Note how one event affects another by laws and not by chance..

We have already built moving models of the universe and can look at it over billions of years. It is the largest quantum archaeology grid we have, and in the future will show men living out their lives from the past, focusing in to any level of detail we desire. Quantum Archaeology will attempt make accurate simulations of our universe in enough detail to plot people's whole lives and thoughts giving us the coordinate equations to resurrect them. It is logical we begin to build huge machines that detect the quantum world, and we have already begun working out the laws of small events with miles-wide particle accelerators
NASA model universe (best used on a supercomputer)

Galactic simulations over billions of years are being done with tiny resources in local groups. The data is complied as a grid, and simulations extracted by video converters. Here is one cited on Kurzweilai newsletter in August 2012 over billions of years.

personal computer galaxy simulation 2012 ( about 1 minute)




(Click to enlarge. This scales up) Google has begun mapping the Milky Way.


This must lead to a convergence and assimilation of all data bases record s and charts into the Quantum Archaeology Grid, or a general historical gird under any name you choose.

At present data bases are where search engines before google where...lists of separate entries, everyone doing their own way. But merging tools are being built that can combine data bases on your own computer to produce idiosyncratic readings.

Eventually one GRID will emerge for common use...Google maps have a huge part to play as Stanford understands data as much as most commercial companies.

Longer term, data collection will be irrelevant because base data at earlier universe times, will be pin pointed and perfected by acute observations, then by knowledge cosmic laws and all probable events generated, then only timeline true events extracted at the press of a mouse.
If there are not laws in the quantum world, things cannot exist, as patterns would have no constraint boundaries. If there are laws, they must necessarily follow Cause and Effect even though we can presently only conceive their vast, complex interactions probabilistically.



The quantum grid could be built to plot the history and evolution of even the tiniest event.



Quantum Archaeology is causing alarm and howls of protests in some groups who are saying it is reactionary, trying to make the quantum world determinist, and the once you're dead you're dead.harmful for QA because it helps thrash out the the science: if it is solid, it will survive attacks, if it is impossible it has to be pulled down and thrown away. One challnger asked how the exact conversation by Lenin in a pub could ever be ascertained, and got this reply:



1. Quantum Archaeology is in the research phase. Much needs to be researched. If there were no unknowns if wouldn't be called research (Einstein).


2. If by 'the initial value problem' you mean variables there are zillions in the environment. If by initial value you mean the actual detailed description of a required final historical event, you calculate it from various other events which are either known (eg from the zillions of fossil and other records) or from trajectories derived from them.


It's like joining the dots in a tapestry of history.

Instead of straight lines from one dot to the next which are all numbered in the game, ,

you deduce the parameters ( dots/ points/ configurations) by:

a) the nature of the previous event point

b) the laws of physics



Posted Image
Spurious painting of Lenin and Hitler playing chess


can be configured by drawing trajectories perdition,retrodiction and adjacent event node densities, so you're coming at required destination before the event, after the event and from contemporary events.


Lenin had to discuss stuff determined ABSOLUTELY by his own description eg DNA ,PLUS the environment.

He could not discuss anything else.

Posted ImageIt will be much more complex than Ceasar's face above and each dot will have variations of intensity:


http://cache.io9.com...05/internet.jpg


From the beginning it might be great to build some of the significant objects in the real world as well as enable them in computer simulations.

We already house objects by date and geography in museums like the Victoria and Albert. in London:


http://upload.wikime...t_Museum-06.jpg
Many of these items will be recorded as event nodes in an archaeological grid, from which other points may be calculated. Such possessions are stored in thousands of miles of corridors world wide, most are not on computers yet. Added to the other records and collections like the great libraries - full of facts- it is easy to see how a complex grid can be built up.

A LAW OF CONSERVATION OF INFORMATION?

There may be a Law of Conservation of Information enabling prediction and retrodiction.

Bertrand Russell struggled with Causality, at first condemning it but later seeming to approve of it, subject to also allowing for induction.

He postulated 5 parts necessary for the Scientific Method:

1. The Postulate of Quasi-permanence which states that there is a certain kind of persistence in the world, for generally things do not change discontinuously.

2. The Postulate of Separable Causal Lines allows that there is often long term persistence in things and processes.

3. The Postulate of Spatio-temporal Continuity denies action at a distance. Russell claims “when there is a causal connection between two events that are not contiguous, there must be intermediate links in the causal chain such that each is contiguous to the next, or (alternatively) such that there is a process which is continuous.” (1948, p. 487).

4. The Structural Postulate allows us to infer from structurally similar complex events ranged about a centre to an event of similar structure linked by causal lines to each event.

5. The Postulate of Analogy allows us to infer the existence of a causal effect when it is unobservable. (Bertrand Russell 1948) cited Stanford Enyclopaedia of Philosophy



Events are mass densities which bend spacetime. They are caused by and governed by physical laws.

When anything decays, probabilzing from a minimum number of surrounding data points, will enable retrodiction of the past (and you could also also predict the future from them). The lost event is recreated by inevitable causality plotting, cross-referencing at vast complexity and speed.

This is demonstrated in a neural network. Dr Stephen L. Thaler at Imagination Engines found that he could build an artificial neural network, destroy part of it and the surviving bit recovered memories. More than that the network grew more creative. There is no reason why A.I. systems can not be creative and some ways for inducing it and understanding what is happening in neural networks have been pioneered by Thaler who seems skeptical that quantum archaeology could work (via the entropy argument):

"As a both a physicist and AI practitioner, I was raised on the notion that information spontaneously degrades. That is the nature of chaotic systems, with their intrinsic amnesia over starting conditions…

Neural networks tend to be able to retain their memories up to about the 10% damage level, with synaptic disruption seeding a progression of such stored recollections. Thereafter, the defective memories generated often lead to idea formation." (to me 2012)
The universe is not random but events governed by laws.

If there wasn't intense skepticism that quantum archaeology could work it hasn't been stated clearly! It addresses the long-held views that death is the end. It is important it is scientifically attacked to make sure its assumptions are correct.

There is no difference between rebuilding a particular medieval potsherd and rebuilding a particular medieval mind. The brain is not somehow different from the environment; it is interactive and it's memories part-determined by it and its hereditary programmes like DNA. A human form does not exist as a uniqueness, but is a causal evolution from those preceding it, and related to ones in the present to an incredible degree. Once you have a prototype brain you have the bulk of what you are attempting to restore and the rest is probabilistic and causal cross referencing about what must have been its state. Cross referencing will be done in coming systems so intensely that it may be unlikely many errors would be made in mapping anyone who has lived and whole disciplines already exist for removing errors in systems that are highly successful.

People have strokes where their brains are severely damaged and dont notice it.The rest of the brain compensates for the lost portions.

I dont rest a Law of Conservation of Information on these, but on pure causality. Again, if X exists it must affect other things in the universe which in turn affect others which in turn etc. From the starting point you can try to trace back to X again. With a set of balls that could be possible. For an atom among other atoms it is not very possible.

But if you now have zillions of points in the present from which to trace back to X some of them will indeed trace back to it because you can cross-reference combined history pathways. You are not dealing with infinite particle types but only a few particle types, - not more than hundreds (though we believe much less than that).

The Law of Conservation of Information must be tied in with the Quantum Archaeology Grid. Even if no specific attempt is made to set up a comprehensive grid, it's emergence is inevitable because many disciplines are forming their own in at least three dimensions:

"The demo release of Map of Life will focus on terrestrial vertebrate and fish species — combining 150 million point-occurrence records from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), an intergovernmental warehouse of digitized species data, expert range maps from the International Union for Conservation of Nature, and regional presence/absence checklists from the World Wildlife Fund, as well as a few individual scientists' databases. The team plans to add data for plants, trees and selected invertebrate groups later this year." Nature 2012

The Map of Life's attempt is a complete map of all living things in a bio-matrix. It will detail them from species down to molecular and atomic levels. From this data loaded into computers it will be possible to retrodict evolutionary processes, at first for genera then for individuals.


In 2010 the UK set up the wold's largest nature reserve as the Chagos Isles, which has unparalleled bio-diversity.

Once you know what the quantums are and the laws that govern them, you will be able to track and predict what they can do against other quantums!


(Click to enlarge) Our data is so vast, even for one molecule, coming artificial intelligence alone will deal with it..


Stephen Hawking wouldn't be drawn about the nature of reality and said that the use of mathematics is to make predictions.

However if, by some odd circumstance the quantum world is non-causal as many suggest, it must still operate by laws ( or there could not be parameters and discrete quantums) and those laws ultimately knowable, and once known, retrodiction to any events is feasible given enough calculation power.

Secondly, if the quantum world has non-causal laws, then it must refute the Many Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, but there is no empirical-evidence based proof for that.

If the Many Worlds Interpretation is not refuted, then the quantum world is indeed causal.
If the quantum world is causal and sufficient computing power is harnessed, they must logically enable historical simulations by retrodiction.

That is the same as saying that there is a Law of Conservation of information.


HOW MUCH IS ALL THIS GOING TO COST?

"I'm testing Quantum Archaeology before I give you more money, Ellis!"


At first a lot, afterwards, maybe nothing. Private companies may link to State directives, but the facilities to the ordinary person will advance from dishwasher and microwave to vast and wondrous in-home technologies with powers beyond what people can imagine. I have reason to believe attempts and first steps could be made now if a university department or trust has the courage to set up a department!

Quantum Archaeology, like cryonics, demands a new definition of what is possible and a new definition of death.

There is no scientific reason why the ancient dead - with all their memories intact, rejuvenated to youth and full health - should not be resurrected and continue living in a vast cosmos.

What a triumph of the subjective self walking hand-in-hand with objective science!

Could we not only end suffering for men and creatures, but go back in history and obliterate it from the past? This raises tricky issues but is it beyond possibility? British philosopher David Pearce -author of The Hedonistic Imperative has theorized that emotional pain will regarded as a relic of the past.and that pain is unnecessary for life. If that is true, future Man may also find it a duty to return to the past and wipe pain out of our history without altering it's storyboard or memory, replacing it with some other device. The 1943 grandfather paradox set forth by René Barjavel has been rebuffed both by Many Worlds Theory and sketches of what coming computation may be able to do.

The aim of this essay was to break the possibility of resurrection into the dreams of what modern science may attempt, and throw off another limitation of mankind. If it's general idea is correct, it will gather support and feed into the living paradigm shifts science brings to our psyches.We wont stop evolving. Our technology will enable more formidable doings as we realize no man has ever died.

But we need chariots of fire to go forward. We need to win over the businessmen then the statesmen and establish departments of Quantum Archaeology.

We need the stategos at international levels and the sooner the better. With diligence, energy and wisdom the coming High Intelligence Machines expected to be here after 2020, will make a relative paradise,and their success or failure will determine Man's extinction or increasing facility.

Our cause as quantum archaeologists is that a billion lines of ancestors shall not have failed and that no person has ever died, because we are going back for our dead.

Health, youth, memory and incredible powers await us all in a continuing and now recursive civilization.


RECURSIVE CIVILIZATION
Recursive civilization is one where the past, present and future interact.


It is a possible scenario in the run up to a technological singularity, mentioned in Quantum Archaeology which is attempting the science of bringing the ancient dead back to life.


A truly recursive civilization would not only recover people from the past who had died but also have interactive (different from specific time travel) where people live interactively in different eras as well as in different geographical places.

There are already people living in different eras in the same geography, but they do not communicate.


In recursive civilization, everyone from the past, present and future would interact, traveling to each other's eras. This raises many paradoxes, which may be solved by Many Worlds Theory.

People's lives seen in 4 dimensions

A possible result is that historical existence would become normal, with individuals choosing not to interact with some people and adjusting for rapid adaption to instantaneously changing environments.

We dont see our environments changing quickly (although they change) and ourselves are not yet modified to superhuman intelligences that could accommodate it.


Time zones were thought closed, but coming intelligent systems may enable interactions between them


There are thought to be many dimensions and the possibility of living interactive lives in many may be viable.


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Posted 13 July 2013 - 05:21 PM

Quantum Archaeology 8/9


CONCLUSION


Hermione in The Winter's Tale: Shakespeare dealt with resurrection In many of his greatest plays.


Western Civilisation, like the much longer ancient Egyptian civilisation is founded on the resurrection of the dead. In both cases it united disparate tribes. But it was based on Hope. As technology-based civilisation rises it will bring such incredible things it is difficult to see where or how it will stabilize. But no-one studying history and species can doubt a new one is rising and it will have immortality at its heart, and resurrection one of its first aims. For transhumanism to become a comprehensive Way it has to do the things that communities through the ages have done. It would be great to see transhumanist choirs, charity missions, and much more interactive ceremonies.

This essay was an argument in favour of resurrection being scientifically possible and to usrge facuklties to engage in resurrection research. It's aim was to punch out the idea that there is enough reason to think archaeology may advance into the quantum world, which is demonstrably reversible in an unobserved system, and recall exact patterns of long dead people...including the memories which define them.

It is not the science...scientists must do that. But there is enough trouble here to get a debate going, and most people - when they realize you aren't joking - seem to have an opinion on it.

Quantum Archaeology is a way of attempting scientific resurrection, and it's necessary disciplines are already established. Statistics, measurement, sampling, quantum computing, super-recursive algorithms, data bases, mathematics, artificial intelligence and others are hurtling forward and more accessible than ever. To do computing you once needed to be a mathematician. Now almost anyone can do it. In shortening times almost anyone will be able to command their own machines to invent, design, produce manufacture, and market growing classes of things. They will also be able to run simulations of the past of their mobiles and companies will compete for accuracy.

Resurrection is a rebellion against death and surfaces naturally from the libido of exploding science.

As Machine Intelligence dawns, it gets harder to predict what will happen. We may span the Milky Way and manipulate existence and energy, building and discovering beyond imagination. Or we may stay on earth and enter infinite dimensions. But QA is going to be a hit because it is taps the greatest wish in the human psyche: to live forever and overcome death. The sanctity of life will make us reach into the past and bring up from it's waters the ancient dead, repairing them to youth, health and new powers - and without loss of identity - achieving recursive civilization and consensual civilisation. Detailed long term predictions fail because they are too conservative. If the universe is stranger than we can imagine, the future is mind-boggling, and far from Man's evolution having finished, is is at the edge of sky rocketing. We will gather the past.

The deformed children flung down the well at Sparta, the dead youths of world wars, the old, the famous, the infamous; those surprised by death in the middle of their labours, those who went hopeful of resurrection by faith, must rise with their kith and kin into a Civilization with spectacular technologies in many systems and dimensions. The critics who accuse transhumanists of nerd rapture have heard nothing yet. We haven't begun to sketch the coming powers of new technology we are ideating, funding and building.

We have begun but the challenge to the philosopher is to think the unthinkable: to the futurist it must be to plot through the other side of the Singularity. That seems impossible!


* * * * *


Few can not grasp Quantum Archaeology. Although our world was based on accepting death as inevitable, our dreams never were. The most flexible among us cant easily shake the theological and mythological paradigms that bound us as cultures. But we have to construe resurrection logically: what a person is scientifically; what death is scientifically.; how to reverse engineer death scientifically. We can surely do that?

Within 40 years this 911 victim will appear on a talk show.


On current trends 20-40 years technology will be enough for resurrection, and simulations so detailed they will surpass the idiosyncratic level for human reassembles are inevitable as the huge data bases soar.

It doesn't matter how far ahead in the future this is to the dead! They will only experience a few moments between death and rebirth.Their consciousness will miss less than a heart beat, and they will rise up with their families and friends in groups where reconditioning techniques will be near instant.

There are some definite things we can say and do now. The most important may be to start building the quantum archaeology grid.

Eventually we must find superb mastery of quantum events in enough detail to build entire worlds. Forensic science, already merging with archaeology for facial reconstructions, experimental archaeology, computing, mathematics, statistics and others are all going to undergo revolutions, making what they will do seem like magic to us of the present.

Quantum Archaeology is gathering support from those who come across it, but howls of horror from eminent scientists are in the wings. The 3 laws of Arthur C Clarke:


When a distinguished but elderly scientist states that something is possible, he is almost certainly right. When he states that something is impossible, he is very probably wrong.
The only way of discovering the limits of the possible is to venture a little way past them into the impossible.
Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.


Time travel has said to be theoretically possible and the Sunday newspapers in the UK published a plan of how it could work. If it does, then raising the dead by that method would be enough for success, and copying people the future as Ben Goertzel notes in his 2012 book A Cosmist Manifesto, is likely.


"...when we find that something isn't forbidden by the over-arching laws of physics we usually eventually find a technological way of doing it." David Deutsch


Retrodiction may become be a massive science, with huge computing power behind it. When that happens, what will our limits be for recreating models of the past?

Could we - for instance - in say a billion years time, when technology is far ahead of what we can imagine- draw dynamic equations for anyone who has ever lived? That billion years will be upon us with 40 as a technological singularity happens..

There seems no scientific reason why quantum archaeology shouldn't be able to resurrect everyone.

1. By calculating backwards the paths of all relevant particles (called 'events' in physics). no matter how small they are, or how far back in history, every event touches and changes many other events. By carefully plotting backwards from existing events here in the present, with enough computing power, we should be able to draw ANY set of events from our history right back to the Big Bang!

2. By building an archaeology grid of past events and filling in details to the smallest levels we can. Any history can be written as a chronology or a chart or a 3 dimensional grid of past events.

By tracing an archaeology grid of a group of people it will then be possible to write a dynamic equation for them, and either recreate them in computer simulations or else actually rebuild them with coming quantum robotics.

" Quantum mechanics is certainly imposing. But an inner voice tells me that it is not yet the real thing." Albert Einstein

In an infinite multiverse we are unlikely to ever know the real thing. The world of the very small may behave mysteriously, but it must follow laws, and when we eventually know them, we will be able to resurrect their past.

If the quantum world proves inaccessible we will still be able to resurrect, though much slower, by classical statistics and deductive retrodiction.

However it is foolish to think we wont be able to manipulate the quantum or very small world or events, as we are already manipulating it in various ways, including moving atoms and things much smaller than atoms around.

There are brilliant & inquiring minds among men. Could it not be that by joining efforts we can end death and suffering, present and past?

Scientists are going to have to solve resurrection, or continue to be thought of as having a stunted insufficient philosophy. It's not easy to dismiss resurrection of the dead as unthinkable any more, and the challenge is to describe the enormous statistical methods we need step by step.

The dead can wait. Everyone is sure to be resurrected. In an infinite multiverse, that which is improbable, always happens.


Grief does not accommodate the intellect. It cant be breached by Hope nor quelled by Desire.

We must attack death on every front. We must plan against it for the future, dismember it in the present, and revoke it in the past.


Will Man will lay down and take its genocidal blow; will he meekly accept Death as his herculean technology rises from the dust? The dead wait. Truly they rest until our wisdom is strong enough in ambition and brilliant enough in science to raise them - raise them all, prince and pauper. saint and criminal. It boils down to do we have the will to do it? Death has been a greatest theme in Man's world. Was it just an illusion? Where does this leave the psyche? Is any gravitas left? Quantum archaeology is a psychological revolution busting out by libidinous technology...a true metamorphosis of human society, caterpillar into butterfly

We must attack Death on every front: plan against it for the future, dismember it in the present, and revoke it in the past.

After that we must utterly destroy suffering. David Pearce's method has been sketched out in Paradise Engineering. We must apply it archaeologically by summoning the past and re-engineering every life form that has ever been, to exist again without suffering, yet preserving it's identity, and if the challenges to this come from the intellect, the solutions to it come from the imagination, now aided by technology and maths. Resurrection of the dead is certainly coming and with exponential growth in science and technology it's an engineering problem only 40 years away.


Quantum Archaeology is drafting the theory to resurrect whole groups of people.

-------ESSAY ENDS-------


first draft complete 61,000 words.
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


Quantum Archaeology For Children



An archaeologist looks at old things and tries to rebuild them back to new.



Quantum Archaeology is about how to get back all the dead people who have ever lived in the world.















People who died long ago will soon be resurrected by science when we get bigger computers.


Its based on what we know about

science,
maths,
computers, and
NEW machines.



Scientists think we can wake up the dead. Then make them young again. They are talking about how to do it. They are drawing ways to wake up all the dead people back to life.

One of these ways is by doing very BIG sums.




Then we'll use tiny robots to build the dead back to life again!


LAWS OF THE VERY SMALL

The world of the very small seems spooky to grown ups! We must work out all it's laws.


LOTS OF SUMS TO DO

There are lots of sums to do. Sums can also be done as small drawings.

You can draw sums on a grid as shapes.
There are more small drawings for Quantum Archaeology than all the stars in the sky!

So we need MASSIVE computers to do them!

Sequoia is the biggest computer in the world.


We hope be able to wake up the dead people even when they've been forgotten.

This is because computers are getting faster:

When grown-ups were your age they had to read everything in books and newspapers: it took them years to see all the facts they wanted.



Today we can see lots of facts.

Next year people will wear computers!

We are building better things, bigger things, and faster things.

We think computers could do all the sums for us.

It doesn't matter when this happens... because the dead dont mind waiting!

Quantum Archaeology is new, big and fun.

Quantum Archaeology has lots of toys in it.


THE GRID


First we'll build the quantum archaeology grid .

Next we'll draw the dead people on it.

Then we'll do lots of cross- checking... to make sure we've got the right person!




When we build the grid, and cross-check all the laws -


We'll bring the dead people back to life with robots!



------QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY FOR CHILDREN ENDS------


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY SHORT (3000 words)
Ecce signum


Quantum Archeology (QA) - (Quantum Archaeology) also known as quantum resurrection, quantum information retrieval and time scanning, is a controversial and emerging idea in science about bringing the dead back to life.

Ancestor simulation - although at the end of time - has been speculated to be possible by Frank J. Tiper in 'The Physics of Immortality' in 1994, and Russian Cosmists ideated physical resurrection in the 19th century.

QA posits it will be available near the advent of post-human machine intelligence using emerging statistical probability and number crunching techniques to achieve massively accurate retrodiction. Robotic resurrection would then follow as science and technology converge.

It began in transhumanist and futurist philosophy, was coined and written about on Ray Kurzweil's forums.

It asserts that there is no qualitative difference between information expressed as a living human being or as a set of data. Any long dead person is likely to be describable & therefore resurrectable. An archaeological regaining of correct and sufficient spacetime coordinates should lead to this. Reassembly of whole groups may follow physical resurrection as microrobotics advances, and this empirical theory which is happening in its early stages now, must throw a new psyche into mankind. We can expect that external life is a given for everyone, so long as out technological species survives.


Solomonov a pioneer of information theory & a founder of artificial intelligence showed how information could be extracted from massively complex data by algorithmic probability; coming process technologies such as super recursive algorithms, massively parallel supercomputing grids, quantum computers, biocomputing, nanocomputing, light computing, and other hypercomputations are expected to deal with vast scaling.

Calculations so vast and complex they were unthinkable 10 years ago are conceivable today.


QA attempts to look at resurrection issues in terms of scaled information manipulation in a world that has post-human level intelligence (assumed to occur at more than 10^17 flops (Hans Moravec) which would match guesses of one human brain's computation ability.

It touches on Steven Wolfram's A New Kind of Science, using the forecasting ideas of new statistics, ideas from fiction and with a focal point called the Omega Point by Pierre Teilihard De Chardin, a Jesuit priest. Supporters include Frank Tipler and opponents cryonicist Robert Ettinger, and it was discussed at the Pentagon sponsored AI@50 in the USA in 2006.

Asimov's Foundation trilogy inspired it: there, Hari Seldon makes aggregate probabilistic predictions using 'psychohistory' across thousands of years. Einstein's 1905 paper on Brownian motion had defeated unpredictability of these small complex systems which was thought utterly random until his work. He wrote: "Everything in the universe is determined. It is determined for the insect as well as for the star."

Asimov used the analogy of a gas: in a gas, the motion of a single molecule is difficult to predict, but the mass action of the gas can be predicted to a high level of accuracy - known in physics as the Kinetic Theory.


PSYCHOHISTORY REVERSED

The basis of Asimov's psychohistory applies to groups of people: while the actions of a particular individual could not be foreseen, the laws of statistics could be applied to large groups of people and used to predict the general flow of future events.

QA does it backwards, ie uses statistical methods to retrodict events, determining the past to quantum levels.

The topics it draws on are well written about under specialist headings like information theory, and the resurrections of the dead is one of the most bizarre applications of quantum forecasting and information retrieval using classical and quantum mechanics.

Ancestor states are the same for groups of sub-atomic particles or for memories and bodies of long deceased persons, the parameters of the development tank dependent upon what variables or fixed points you can measure from the present, deducing backwards to what must have been, like someone joining up the dots in a child's puzzle.

QA advances that it is possible to reconstruct exact states of any event of spacetime, enabling the resurrection of any person, when no physical part of them remains. Since atoms are interchangeable, identical reconfigurations of people would be indistinguishable from the original people, and therefore resurrection would have been achieved on reconstruction. Is is based on the view that the whole the cosmos is subject to law and therefore recoverable.


QA is the opposite of psychohistory and is an attempt at ideating a method to prepare for the science of how those predictions are made and is in its infancy.

It assumes the cosmos is a determinist system, and that the quantum theory is incomplete and it further assumes - since human complexity of the cosmos is increasing - there will be vastly more useful data available in the present than the past, from which to construct adequate coordinates and back plot.

Although the application of quantum archaeological techniques to resurrection was novel, techniques have been researched since the quantum theory exploded onto the world stage from Einstein's monumental works.

For a long time it seemed that the cosmos was lawless, but the Many Worlds Interpretation returned physics to determinism, supporting the pathos-filled paragraph by Einstein in a letter to Max Born in September 1944;

“You believe in the God who plays dice, and I in complete law and order in a world which objectively exists, and which I, in a wildly speculative way, am trying to capture. I hope that someone will discover a more realistic way, or rather a more tangible basis than it has been my lot to find. Even the great initial success of the Quantum Theory does not make me believe in the fundamental dice-game, although I am well aware that our younger colleagues interpret this as a consequence of senility. No doubt the day will come when we will see whose instinctive attitude was the correct one.”

Everett's theory indicates the universe is entirely governed by law, and once the basics of it have been grasped, it is immediately obvious that law must permeate to the smallest thermodynamic levels as well, leaving traceable footsteps to any point in the past.


When quantum archaeology began to be discussed there was a refusal to take it seriously, partly because it overturned the long-held paradigm that death was irreversible when nothing of the physical body was left. When scientists examined it there surprisingly little hostility as it became clear it was interesting quite quickly, and also that human death could not be a permanent state in terms of the scientific identity of any possible past human, which had to be describable in terms of data or it was outside science.

The only issue was then could a point of space time be plotted that gave enough historical coordinates to resurrect when nothing of the person remained to work with?

That issue in turn reduced to could one assemble enough computing power.

It is unlikely that no trace of anyone who has lived could be deduced by powerful computers likely to be available by 2045 (calculated by Kurzweil using trends like Moore's Law). People long dead will be mapped out, and this can be done by degrees. At first the resurrectee maps may not be faithful representations of the deceased, but before long they will be ready to be brought back to life with all their memories intact and computers used to rehabilitate them.

Robert Ettinger had wrestled with such ideas and continued to break new ground until his suspension

( Feb 2008 "I suspect--although I don't know--that there is a law of conservation of information, so that in principle no information is ever lost and is in principle capable of recovery")

and found one probable solution by capturing as much of a clinically dead person as possible in a cryonic suspension. He anticipated that future techniques would allow a revival and rejuvenation and that as much information as possible should be stored, beginning with the brain.

QA is the natural continuation of that idea, though cryonic suspension is successfully argued to be important for reconstruction.


Frank J. Tipler immediately supported the idea and his letter was published on Ray Kurzweil forum, although he saw raising the dead as three dimensional resurrectees was unnecessary because a computer simulation would be the same thing, and the only difference seems to be when it is projected to happen. QA assumes it will be possible in 20-40 years (2012); Tiplereans at the end of time.

“You are indeed correct that this is possible because the current universe has limited complexity....the complexity of the visible universe today is bounded above by 10^{123} bits of information. It is indeed correct that the 2nd law of thermodynamics applies to the universe as a whole. In fact, the Second Law is essential in the proof that the laws of physics REQUIRE the computer capacity of the universe to increase without limit.” Frank Tipler (to me 2002).


Classical archaeology which is able to reconstruct objects from ancient times using surviving fragments, knowledge about similar objects, and probabilities, QA assumes future computing power like quantum computers will enable this by back tracing, using laws of cause and effect with emerging mathematical and statistical methods.

There are always more variables in the cosmos than there were in history allowing enough information to be gathered to reconstruct any historical event down to the quantum particle if the world is causal. The universe is becoming increasing complex and any group of variables should plot backwards to a time when there are fewer events....all the way back to big bang.

QA holds that no event in the cosmos can be non-determined, just complex, and makes no special conditions for human beings or any observers.

ARE PROCESSES REVERSIBLE?

There is dispute about this in science. QA uses the analogy of a snooker table with the balls moving about.

SIMULATED OR REAL RESURRECTION?

"Any illusion indistinguishable from reality IS reality" Maxim of Witchraft

A debate surfaces about the validity of a simulation in a machine, though few in science doubt such simulations will eventually be possible:

"Humans are interested in the past. Archeologists scrutinize fragments of pottery and other broken artifacts, painstakingly piecing them together and attempting to reconstruct the cultures to which such objects belonged. Evolutionary biologists rely on fossil records and gene sequencing technologies to try and retrace the complex paths of natural selection. If the freely-compounding robot intelligences ultimately restructure space into an expanding bubble of cyberspace consuming all in its path, and if the post-biological entities inherit a curiosity for their past from the animals that helped create them, the 10^86 bits available would provide a powerful tool for post-human historians. They would have the computational power to run highly-detailed simulations of past histories- so detailed that the simulated people in those simulated histories think their reality is (real)." Extropia. Kurzweilai

If you produce a recipe or a map of a complete event, like a human being and all their memories at the instant of their (first) death it should be possible with technologies of the future to resurrect them - young and fresh in the real world - the one we inhabit!


MAJOR CRITICISMS

Another criticism of the theory is that entropy causes irretrievable information loss at death and therefore resurrection would breech the second law of thermodynamics.

But it may be that entropy does not imply abstract chaos but presently unmeasurable complexity and the creation of our universe means universes can be created: M Theory refutes spontaneous, non-causal creation positing many universes, from which energy to reverse local information loss may conceivably be drawn.

Irretrievable information loss made be counteract by probability; quantum indeterminacy by the limits of scale requirements for rebuilding memory; where things exist they surely exist by laws which should be discoverable given enough time.

With these aids, the local cosmos and even the entire universe may be simulated from its beginning.

The objections from qualia were made by cryonics founder Professor Robert Ettinger that an objective perspective is not a subjective one - which should also be assigned validity, and may be much more important for survival in human terms - is hard to dispel. He has urged caution in quantum archaeology and gives the example of the human mind uploaded into a robot to demonstrate:

in 2007 to me

“...it may eventually be possible to simulate as large a portion of spacetime as desired, to any desired degree of accuracy. But that does not necessarily mean that a simulated person would be alive in our sense, i.e. capable of having subjective experiences.... A simulation is a description of a thing and not the thing itself.”

and again in 2008

“In general, the map is not the territory. A description of a thing is not the thing, except in the case that the "thing" is itself an abstraction or description. In particular, a description of a physical object is not that object and lacks some of the properties of the object, as well as including some properties that the object does not have. Further, an automaton that behaves like a person is not necessarily a person, i.e. alive in our sense, capable of subjective experience or feeling. In other words, a person has qualia. A quale is a physical state or phenomenon, not yet understood, but not necessarily duplicable in inorganic matter.”

Cryonics and quantum archaeology will be dependent on future microrobotics for success and are likely to converge.

Sir Roger Penrose has stated that we may not know everything necessary about the brain and has advanced at the smae time as Stuart Hammerhoff, an idea about atomic gravity acting at the synapses to explain the deeper manifestations of human consciousness. He has also warned Quantum Theory may in wrong as it is in conflict with Relativity.

QA does not reply on quantum theory being right: right or wrong its idea would lead to revivals, but assumes enough processing power would enable sufficient retrodiction, either as in Everett Theory or by in a generally causal universe.

Some philosophers have criticized transhumanism on the grounds that it is an attempt at a religion since both posit immortality, resurrection, a description of the universe, and through the Bostrom Simulation Argument, a designer, and argue transhumanist's absence of a subjective valuation system for Man, is dangerous.

Extropians rebuff this by asserting the theory is intensely humanist since it values Man so much it attempts a survival strategy for the already dead as well as the living!

Debates occur about the nature of identity such as those discussed in The Prospect of Immortality, and by the philosopher Professor Derek Parfit; the computing capacity needed, and the social and legal difficulties of raising the dead.

Moore's Law and other trends published by Kurzweil indicate when there will be enough processing power to achieve simulations complex enough to map out a world, and it is expected that a 200 Qubit quantum computer may be able to do. There is a problem with quantum computers: as they speed, error increase in proportion. IBM has stated they are reducing errors and anticipate viable quantum computing after 2022.

Super recursive algorithms are claimed to be able to match or pass the prospects of quantum computers. If true that would be enough processing capability to test quantum archaeology.

It is assumed that singularity technology and Artificial General Intelligence will be required to model enough of the local universe to simulate any human being and many futurists including Vernor Vinge and Ray Kuzweil expect that by 2030 when intelligent technologies are expected on consistently performing trend graphs.

However a quantum archaeology grid (see google) may be built that can synthesize most data bases using the laws of science to fill in data gaps enough to map anyone who has even lived to the atomic level and beyond.

There were very few attempts to build accelerating intelligence and the first conference for Artificial General Intelligence was convened 2008. If any of the AGI projects succeed ahead of 2030, it will fulfil the engineering theory criteria for resurrection by QA.

The central issue is what are the limits of archaeology?

Retrodicting the past has a massive advantage over predicting the future because we have some data that has survived into the present.




Go to 9 References and Notes>>>>

quantumarchaeology 9/9

Some possibly useful references



-300 Elements Euclid of Alexandria Sir Thomas Heath Trans.
1638 - Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences Galileo Galilei

1829-1903 posthumous "What Was Man Created For? The Philosophy of the Common Task" N.F. Fedorov First mention of resurrection through science (ISBN: 0907855091) see also:

Nader Elhefnawy, 'Nikolai Fedorov and the Dawn of the Posthuman', in The Future Fire 9 (2007).

Ludmila Koehler, N.F. Fedorov: the Philosophy of Action Institute for the Human Sciences, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 1979. AlibrisID: 8714504160

History of Russian Philosophy «История российской Философии» (1951) by N. O. Lossky. Publisher: Allen & Unwin, London ASIN: B000H45QTY International Universities Press Inc NY, NY ISBN 978-0823680740 sponsored by Saint Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary.

Ed Tandy, N.F. Fedorov, Russian Come-Upist, Venturist Voice, Summer 1986.

G. M. Young, Nikolai F. Fedorov: An Introduction Nordland Publishing Co., Belmont, MA, USA, 1979.

Taras Zakydalsky Ph.D. thesis, N. F. Fyodorov's Philosophy of Physical Resurrection Bryn Mawr, 1976, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

1892 The Grammar of Science. Karl Pearson. but see especially the 3rd 1911 edition with it's inclusions.

1905 "Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen". Annalen der Physik 17 (8): 549–560. "Investigations on the theory of Brownian Movement" Albert Einstein.

1934 Mein Weltbild Albert Einstein

1956 Statistical methods and scientific inference Sir Ronald Fisher

1952 The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis. Alan M. Turing. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London.

1954 Marvin Minsky:

Computation: Finite and Infinite Machines, Prentice-Hall, 1967. A standard text in computer science. Out of print now, but soon to reappear.

Perceptrons, with Seymour Papert, MIT Press, 1969 (Enlarged edition, 1988).

Artificial Intelligence, with Seymour Papert, Univ. of Oregon Press, 1972. Out of print.

Robotics, Doubleday, 1986. Edited collection of essays about robotics, with Introduction and Postscript by Minsky.

The Society of Mind, Simon and Schuster, 1987. The first comprehensive description of the Society of Mind theory of intellectual structure and development. See also The Society of Mind (CD-ROM version), Voyager, 1996.

The Turing Option, with Harry Harrison, Warner Books, New York, 1992. Science fiction thriller about the construction of a superintelligent robot in the year 2023.

1955 Radiocarbon Dating Willard Libby

1955 Symmetry of physical laws. Part III. Prediction and retrodiction S Watanabe - Reviews of Modern Physics

1957 Immortality Physically, Scientifically, Now (PDF) Evan Cooper

1957 Causality and Chance in Modern Physics David Bohm

1959 The Phenomenon of Man Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

1964 "The Future of Man" Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (Omega Point

theory) ISBN 0-385-51072-1

1977 Foundations of Mathematical Logic Haskel .B Curry ISBN 0 486 63462 0

1977 The resurrection of the dead K Barth

1979 Experimental Archaeology, John Morton Coles

1982 Paul Benioff Journal of Statistical Physics Volume 29, Number 3 , 515-546

1983 I J Good: Good Thinking: The Foundations of Probability and Its Applications. University of Minnesota Press. Republished by Dover in 2009.

1984 McGinnis W, Levine MS, Hafen E, Kuroiwa A, Gehring WJ A conserved DNA sequence in homoeotic genes of the Drosophila Antennapedia and bithorax complexes. Nature (see 2007 below)

1986 The Blind Watchmaker Richard Dawkins

1986 Frank J. Tipler; John D. Barrow. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle. Oxford University Press.

1986 Frank J. Tipler, "Cosmological Limits on Computation", International Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 25, No. 6 (June 1986), pp. 617-661, doi:10.1007/BF00670475, Bibcode: 1986IJTP...25..617T. (First paper on the Omega Point Theory.)

1987 Renormalisation group theory of spin glasses V S Dotsenko

1987 see ancestor states J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 20 5473-5478 doi:10.1088/0022-3719/20/33/005

1987 -> Journal of Evolutionary Biology (general)

1990 Mark Burgin Generalized Kolmogorov Complexity and other Dual Complexity Measures, Cybernetics, No. 4, pp. 21-29 (translated from Russian: v. 26, No. 4, pp. 481-490)

1990 Astero-archaeology: reading the galactic history recorded in the white dwarf stars. MA Wood

1991 Current Anthropology June Volume 32 Number 3: The New Archaeology Richard A Watson

1991 Archaeology: Theory, Methods and Practice Colin Renfrew, ; Paul Bahn,

1991 Truth Dwells in the Deeps: Lessons from Quantum Theory for Contemporary Archaeology Occasional paper (Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. Center for Archaeological Investigations). Curtis F. Schaafsma

1993 "The Coming Technological Singularity", Verner Vinge. Symposium held at NASA Lewis Research Center (NASA Conference Publication CP-10129)

1993 Ben Goertzel:

The Structure of Intelligence: A New Mathematical Model of Mind (Springer, 1993) The Evolving Mind (Gordon and Breach, 1993)

Artificial General Intelligence: Cognitive Technologies (Springer, 2005), co-edited with Cassio Pennachin, describes the mathematics underpinning the Novamente AI Engine.

The Hidden Pattern: A Patternist Philosophy of Mind (Brown Walker Press, 2006)

1994 Molecular resurrection of an extinct ancestral promoter for mouse L1.
NB Adey, TO Tollefsbol, AB Sparks… - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

1995 "The Physics of Immortality" Prof Frank J Tiper. ISBN 0333618645

1996 The Creative Cosmos, Ervin Laszlo, Floris Books ISBN: 0863151728

1997 The Fabric of Reality Towards a Theory of Everything. David Deutsch

1997 "Quantum Robots and Quantum Computers". arXiv:quant-ph/9706012 [quant-ph]. Paul Benioff

1998 "Some foundational aspects of quantum computers and quantum robots". Superlattices and Microstructures 23 (3-4): 407–417. Paul Benioff

1998 "Time and history in quantum tunneling" in Superlattices and Microstructures, Volume 23, Number 3, March pp. 823-832(10) A.M.Steinberg

1998 "When will computer hardware match the human brain?" Journal of Transhumanism, Hans Moravec

1999 Bioarchaeology: "Interpreting Behavior from the Human Skeleton." Clark Spencer Larsen

1999 How many people have ever lived? Prof. Glen Paige http://www.math.hawa...sey/People.html

2000 Why The Future Doesn't Need Us. Bill Joy Wired Magazine Issue 8.04 | April

2000 Sub-Poissonian photon statistics of higher harmonics: quantum predictions via classical trajectories Jirí Bajer et al

2000 Journal of Optics. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 2 L10-L14 doi:10.1088/1464-4266/2/3/102

2000 Bayes' theorem and quantum retrodiction SM Barnett, DT Pegg…- Journal of Modern Optics

2000 "Ultimate physical limits to computation". Lloyd, Seth Nature

2000 The Large the Small and The Human Mind Professor Roger Penrose Cambridge University Press

2000 Forever For All R Michael Perry ISBN-10: 1581127243 # ISBN-13: 9781581127249 Universal-Publishers

2000 Quantum computation and quantum information Michael A. Nielsen, Isaac L. Chuang

2000 Robot Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind Hans P. Moravec

2001 The Law of Accelerating Returns. Ray Kurzweil. Kurzweilai.net

2001 Master equation for retrodiction of quantum communication signals SM Barnett, DT Pegg, J Jeffers… - Physical Review Letters

2002 "Psychohistory" (A tool for Historical Prediction) by Christos Z. Konstas ISBN : 960-7928-72-5.

2002 Quantum retrodiction in open systems DT Pegg et al

2002 The Complete Work of. Charles Darwin Online John van Wyhe, editor (http://darwin-online.org.uk/)

2002 Thinking from Things: Essays in the Philosophy of Archaeology Alison Wylie

2003 "Are You Living In a Computer Simulation?" Nick Bostrom. Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 53, No. 211, pp. 243-255

2003 "Irreversible Entropy in Biological Systems", EPISTEME

Lucia U. and Maino G., Thermodynamical analysis of the dynamics of tumor interaction with the host immune system, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 313, 3-4, pp. 569-5772004 Quantum Archaeology 'What is actually Teleported?' IBM Journal of Research & Development. Vol. 48 NO. 1 January p64-end re: ancestor states.

2003 Resurrecting the Ancestral Steroid Receptor: Ancient Origin of Estrogen Signaling . Science 19 September Vol. 301 no. 5640 pp. 1714-1717 Joseph W. Thornton, Eleanor Need, David Crews

2004 Forensic Facial Reconstruction. Dr Caroline Wilkinson, Cambridge University Press

2004 Resurrection: Coping with Information Loss Mike Perry Physical Immortality, 3rd Quarter

2005 Doubly robust estimation in missing data and causal inference models. H Bang

2005 Burgin, Mark

Burgin, Mark (2005), Super-recursive algorithms, Monographs in computer science, Springer. ISBN 0-387-95569-0

Review, José Félix Costa, MathSciNet. Review MR2246430.

Review, Harvey Cohn (2005), "Computing Reviews", Review CR131542 (0606-0574)

Review, Martin Davis (2007), Bulletin of Symbolic Logic, v. 13 n. 2. Online version

Review, Marc L. Smith (2006), "The Computer Journal", Vol. 49 No. 6 Online version

Review, Vilmar Trevisan (2005), Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1070. Review 1070.68038

Burgin, M. How We Know What Technology Can Do, Communications of the ACM, v. 44, No. 11, 2001, pp. 82-88

Burgin M., Universal limit Turing machines, Notices of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 325, No. 4, (1992), 654-658

Burgin, M. and Klinger, A. Three Aspects of Super-recursive Algorithms and Hypercomputation or Finding Black Swans, Theoretical Computer Science, v. 317, No. 1/3, 2004, pp. 1-11

Burgin, M. Algorithmic Complexity of Recursive and Inductive Algorithms, Theoretical Computer Science, v. 317, No. 1/3, 2004, pp. 31-60

Burgin, M. and Klinger, A. Experience, Generations, and Limits in Machine Learning, Theoretical Computer Science, v. 317, No. 1/3, 2004, pp. 71-91

2005 "Quantum Robot: Structure, Algorithms and Applications". Dao-Yi Dong; Chun-Lin Chen; Chen-Bin Zhang; Zong-Hai Chen

2005 "The Singularity Is Near" Ray Kurzweil ISBN 0-670-03384-7.

2005 Quantum Archeology Wed 7 Dec Vlatko Vedral Manchester Theoretical Physics Group SCHUSTER COLLOQUIUM. (see also eg Vlatko Vedral deposited papers Los Alamos http://xxx.lanl.gov/find/ on quantum information recovery (same principle as quantum resurrection).

2005 Probability: A Philosophical Introduction D H Mellor

2005 Shadows and the concept of self Giulio Prisco and Richard L. Miller

2006 "Information recovery from black holes" by Vijay Balasubramanian, Donald Marolf, Moshe Rozali in General Relativity and Gravitation pub by Springer Netherlands ISSN 0001-7701 (Print) 1572-9532 (On line) Issue Volume 38, Number 11 / November

2006 "Resurrection of Schrödinger's cat" Jae-Seung Lee and A K Khitrin New J. Phys. 8 144

2006 "A Beginner's Guide to Immortality:" Extraordinary People, Alien Brains, and Quantum Resurrection by Clifford A. Pickover ISBN-13: 9781560259848.

2006 Quantum tool kits could transform archaeology. New Scientist July 21st issue 2561

2006 Geometry of quantum states: an introduction to quantum entanglement I Bengtsson

2006 Dark Energy and Life's Ultimate Future Rüdiger Vaas http://arxiv.org/ftp...703/0703183.pdf

2006 The Blind Locksmith. Carl Zimmer The Loom. Discover Magazine (see 2009, below).

2006 EVOLUTION: Reducible Complexity. Adami, C. Science 312 (5770): 61–63.

2007 RNA polymerase stalling at developmental control genes in the Drosophila melanogaster embryo. M. Levine /others see also Levine in HORIZON: How bodies are made


2007 New Scientist article on C.A. Pickover's book (above) Nov 17th.

2007 Records Theory. Edward Anderson.

2007 "Is the mind inherently forward looking?" Comparing prediction and retrodiction J Jones… - Psychonomic bulletin & review, Springer

2007 "The Never-Ending Days of Being Dead: Dispatches from the Front Line of Science" Faber and Faber by Marcus Chown ISBN: 057122055X

2007 "How Long Before Superintelligence?" Professor Nick Bostrom Oxford Future of Humanities Institute. Online.

2012 Resurrection of DNA function in vivo from an extinct genome
AJ Pask, RR Behringer, MB Renfree - PLoS One

2008 The Singularity: A Crucial Phase in Divine Self-Actualization? M Zimmerman -Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy, Vol 4, No 1-2

2008 "How much of one-way computation is just thermodynamics?" Janet Anders, Damian Markham, Vlatko Vedral, Michal Hajdušek January 21st, arXiv:quant-ph/0702020v1

2009 Quantum Detection Meets Archaeology–Magnetic Prospection with SQUIDs: S Linzen, V Schultze, A Chwala et al.

2009 Prediction, retrodiction, and the amount of information stored in the present CJ Ellison, JR Mahoney… - Journal of Statistical Physics

2009 Human Remains in Archaeology A handbook. Charlotte A. Roberts

2009 Probabilistic Graphical Models: Principles and Techniques. Daphne Koller, Nir Friedman

2009 Death and resurrection of the human IRGM gene
C Bekpen, T Marques-Bonet, C Alkan, F Antonacci… - PLoS genetics

2009 Can Evolution Run in Reverse? A Study Says It’s a One-Way Street. Carl Zimmer, New York Times September 28

2009 The Blind Locksmith Continued: An Update from Joe Thornton. Carl Zimmer The Loom. Discover Magazine.

2010 (undated) "Is the universe reversible? Time reversal invariance.The hypothesis that the number of possible states of every finite volume of space-time is finite." Tim Tyler. http://finitenature.com/

2010 “Dirty Books: Quantifying Patterns of Use in Medieval Manuscripts Using a Densitometer,” Journal of Historians of Netherlandish Art , Vol. 2,1 Kathryn Rudy

2010 "Algorithmic Probability and Heuristic Programming and AGI" Ray Solomonoff

2010 "Closed timelike curves via post-selection: theory and experimental demonstration": Seth Lloyd, Lorenzo Maccone, Raul Garcia-Patron, Vittorio Giovannetti, Yutaka Shikano, Stefano Pirandola, Lee A. Rozema, Ardavan Darabi, Yasaman Soudagar, Lynden K. Shalm, Aephraim M. Steinberg: arxiv.org/abs/1005.2219

2010 Quantum Archaeology: a user's guide (no text available) Max Adams

2010 Science Fiction and Philosophy: From Time Travel to Superintelligence Susan Schneider

2010 Microarchaeology: "Beyond the Visible Archaeological Record." Weiner Cambridge University Press

2010 Rice archaeological remains and the possibility of DNA archaeology K Tanaka, T Honda . Springer

2010 Anthropic Shadow: Observation Selection Effects and Human Extinction Risks. Nick Bostrom, Milan Cirkovic & Anders Sandberg Risk Analysis, Vol. 30, No. 10 pp 1495-1506

2011 How the Hippies Saved Physics: Science, Counterculture, and the Quantum Revival. David Kaiser

2011 The Physics Book: From the Big Bang to Quantum Resurrection. Clifford A. Pickover Sterling Publishing. ISBN 978-1402778612

2011 Tweeting The Universe: Tiny Explanations of Very Big Ideas. Marcus Chown, Govert Schilling

2011 Archaeometry Edited By: Mark Pollard, Ernst Pernicka, James Burton, Gilberto Artioli

2011 Quantum Archaeology Giulio Prisco Blog spot http://giulioprisco....rchaeology.html

2011 The New Horizon Run (Simulation of the universe using + 370 billion particles) Juhan Kim, et al.

2011 Does Ignorance of the Whole Imply Ignorance of the Parts? Large Violations of Noncontextuality in Quantum Theory Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 030402 Thomas Vidick and Stephanie Wehner

2012 Ancient human DNA K Kirsanow, J Burger - Annals of Anatomy-Anatomischer Anzeiger,

2012 Resurrecting ancient animal genomes L Huynen, CD Millar, DM Lambert - BioEssays

2012 "Effects on quantum physics of the local availability of mathematics and space time dependent scaling factors for number systems" Paul Benioff

2012 Advanced Statistical Methods for the Analysis of Large Data-Sets: Di Ciaccio, Agostino; Coli, Mauro; Angulo Ibanez, Jose Miguel (Eds.)

2012 Complex Systems and archaeology. Santafe.edu TA Kohler

2012 Establishing a New Information Paradigm. Dail DeWitt Doucette

2012 Consistent quantum prediction and decoherence in quantum cosmology Bulletin of the American Physical Society. D Craig -

2012 Dirk Bruere The Praxis - ISBN 9780956758736

2012 A Cosmist Manifesto: Practical Philosophy for the Posthuman Age Ben Goertzel

2012 David Wood Super-technology. blog http://dw2blog.com/2...n/#comment-2655

2012 FastML: a web server for probabilistic reconstruction of ancestral sequences Oxford Journals Life Sciences Nucleic Acids Research Volume 40, Issue W1 Pp. W580-W584. Haim Ashkenazy, Osnat Penn, Adi Doron-Faigenboim, Ofir Cohen1, Gina Cannarozzi, Oren Zomer and Tal Pupko talp@post.tau.ac.il

2012 Technological Resurrection http://www.technolog...surrection.com/

2012 Alexey Potapov et al http://agi-conferenc...12/paper_10.pdf

2012 Digital legacy: The fate of your online soul New Scientist Number 2809 May Sumit Paul-Choudhury

2012 Information Physics. Philip Goyal http://www.mdpi.com/2078-2489/3/4/567

2012 Immortality, Quantum Archaeology and my Poo Collection Khannea Suntzu

http://turingchurch....tion/#more-1419

2012 Towards the Recapitulation of Ancient History in the Laboratory: Combining Synthetic Biology with Experimental Evolution B Kacar, E Gaucher - arXiv preprint arXiv:1209.5032, 2012 - arxiv.org

2012 A Guide to Experimental Algorithmics. Catherine C. McGeoch

2012 Regenesis: How Synthetic Biology Will Reinvent Nature and Ourselves George M. Church

2013 Superintelligence Nick Bostrom Oxford University Press

2013 A Branch-Heterogeneous Model of Protein Evolution for Efficient Inference of Ancestral Sequences M Groussin, B Boussau, M Gouy - Systematic Biology

2013 Could Wooly Mammoths Be Brought Back?
B Thomas - icr.org

2013 Identifying Recent Adaptations in Large-Scale Genomic Data
SR Grossman, KG Andersen, I Shlyakhter, S Tabrizi… - Cell

2013 Large‐scale data mining using genetics‐based machine learning
J Bacardit, X Llorà

2013 Rekindling the Flame: Processes of Identity Resurrection Jennifer Howard-,Matthew L. Metzger and Alan D. Meyer (community resurrection)

2013 "An Alternative to Quantum Archaeology in Resurrecting the Dead" by Dr Mike Perry Youtube

2013 Creepy or Cool? Portraits Derived From the DNA in Hair and Gum Found in Public Places http://blogs.smithso.../#ixzz2SXTDooTS




Resurrection ideas in Science Fiction


http://www.danielrob...quantumarch.php

A A Attanasio - The Last Legends of Earth

Greg Bear - Blood Music. The Judgement Engine.

Arthur C Clarke / Stephen Baxter - The Light of Other Days

- Profiles of the Future

Phillip Jose Farmer - Riverworld series

Frank Herbert - Dune anthology

Ian McDonald - Necroville

Wil McCarthy. Lost In Transmission

Dan Maurer - The Quantum Archeologist

Robert "Dean" D. Russell The Resurrection of Bayou Savage: Guitar Ghost Fighter

Charles Sheffield - Tomorrow and Tomorrow
John Wright - Golden Age trilogy

Arwen Elys Dayton - Resurrection 2012


Films/TV


Caprica -- resurrecting people by assembling their personality profile from the
data trail they left behind was an important theme in the TV series


A.I. -- the robots recover the mother's thoughts and memories from the fabric of space itself.

Discussions

Quantum Archaeology www.Kurzweilai.net/forums - ongoing

“Resuscitative Resurrection” - who gets brought back to life first?"
Hank Pellissier http://ieet.org/inde...lissier20120215
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Posted 13 July 2013 - 05:28 PM

Xylem Super-grid Programming




XYLEM is a proposed super-grid language merging probabilistic and causal calculation for large scale cross-referencing systems.

It utilizes Ariadne's thread logic, auto-eliminating errors and was conceived at OUCL by A.N.Other in 2008
to computerize
retrodiction in Quantum Archaeology.

XYLEM's main purpose was to handle the vast calculations for causal laws and probabilistic statistics in the Quantum Archaeology Grid avoiding errors.

First step XYLEM uses symbolic calculation which reduces bulk calculations by finding similar patterns and compacting them to objects;

second step
XYLEM involves simultaneous cross-checking and eliminations;

third step
XYLEM involves reformatting the results checking for errors using Z which had been highly developed at Oxford.





A 2013 example of probability (statistics) and event sampling (physics) used to retrodict is an automated ‘time machine’ to reconstruct ancient languages:


Retrieval Link

http://web.archive.o...tumarchaeology/
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#7 Innocent

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Posted 13 July 2013 - 08:30 PM

Do you need the whole universe to be simulated in order to resurrect someone


No.

I dont think so.

Quote

"A subset of the Quantum Archaeology Grid, an Archaeology Matrix is a dimension grid of check points like a three dimensional log table, and you would be able to read off points of relevance to fill in complete people. The checkpoints help locate positioning of the artefact you are trying to recreate from the past."
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#8 Innocent

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Posted 31 July 2013 - 10:09 AM

Can a Process like Evolution be run backwards?


Yes.

The big one to look at is entropy and thermodynamics:

wiki:


"In thermodynamics, a reversible process, or reversible cycle if the process is cyclic, is a process that can be "reversed" by means of infinitesimal changes in some property of the system without entropy production (i.e. dissipation of energy).[1] Due to these infinitesimal changes, the system is in thermodynamic equilibrium throughout the entire process. Since it would take an infinite amount of time for the reversible process to finish, perfectly reversible processes are impossible. However, if the system undergoing the changes responds much faster than the applied change, the deviation from reversibility may be negligible. In a reversible cycle, the system and its surroundings will be exactly the same after each cycle.[2]

We make successful models of processes and run them backwards in simulations billions of years is cosmic retrodictions,

Posted Image
2013 Argonne National Lab the largest universe simulation
(which you can run on a powerful enough smartphone code here:

http://www.hep.anl.g...micEmu/emu.html)


and ancient extinct molecules in evolutionary biology 100's of millions of years from an idea by Linus Pauling 1963 (below) which has been highly developed.
  • ^ Thornton J.W. (2004) "Resurrecting ancient genes: experimental analyis of extinct molecules". Nature Reviews Genetics 5, 366-375 doi:10.1038/nrg1324
  • ^ Pauling, L. & Zuckerkandl, E. Chemical paleogenetics: molecular restoration studies of extinct forms of life. Acta Chem. Scand. 17, S9–S16 (1963)
  • ^ Jermann TM, Opitz JG, Stackhouse J, Benner SA. Reconstructing the evolutionaryhistory of the artiodactyl ribonuclease superfamily. Nature. 1995 Mar2;374(6517):57-9. PubMed PMID: 7532788.
  • ^ Thornton JW, Need E, Crews D. Resurrecting the ancestral steroid receptor:ancient origin of estrogen signaling. Science. 2003 Sep 19;301(5640):1714-7.PubMed PMID: 14500980.
  • ^ Pearson, Helen (March 21, 2012) "Prehistoric proteins: raising the dead" Nature (London)
  • ^ Thornton J.W. (2004) "Resurrecting ancient genes: experimental analyis of extinct molecules". Nature Reviews Genetics 5, 366-375 doi:10.1038/nrg1324
  • ^ Figure 1 from reference 3. "The ancestral gene resurrection strategy"
  • ^ Thornton JW, Need E, Crews D 2003 "Resurrecting the Ancestral Steroid Receptor: Ancient Origin of Estrogen Signaling" Science Vol. 301 no. 5640 pp. 1714-1717 DOI: 10.1126/science.1086185
  • ^ Eick GN, Colucci JK, Harms MJ, Orlund EA, Thornton JW (2012). "Evolution of minimal specificity and promiscuity in steroid hormone receptors". PLOS Genetics 8(11): e1003072. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003072
  • ^ Harms MJ, Eick GN, Goswami D, Colucci JK, Griffin PR, Ortlund EA, Thornton JW.(2013) Biophysical mechanisms for large-effect mutations in the evolution of steroid hormone receptors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. published online June 24
  • ^ Finnigan G, Hanson-Smith V, Stevens TH, Thornton JW (2012). "Mechanisms for the evolution of increased complexity in a molecular machine." Nature 481:360-4 doi:10.1038/nature10724
  • ^ Shi, Y. & Yokoyama, S. (2003)Molecular analysis of the evolutionary significance of ultraviolet vision in vertebrates. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 100, 8308–8313 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1532535100
  • ^ Voordeckers K, Brown CA, Vanneste K, van der Zande E, Voet A, et al. (2012) Reconstruction of Ancestral Metabolic Enzymes Reveals Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Evolutionary Innovation through Gene Duplication. PLoS Biol 10(12): e1001446. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001446
  • ^ Risso VA, Jose AG, Mejia-Carmona DF, Gauchier EA, Sanchez-Ruiz JM (2013) "Hyperstability and Substrate Promiscuity in Laboratory Resurrections of Precambrian β-Lactamases" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135 (8), pp 2899–2902 DOI: 10.1021/ja311630a
  • ^ Bridgham JT, Ortlund EA, Thornton JW. (2009) An epistatic ratchet constrains the direction of glucocorticoid receptor evolution. Nature 461:515-519 doi:10.1038/nature08249
.

see cosmic simulation article:

Inside The Largest Simulation Of The Universe Ever Created

http://www.popsci.co...-known-universe

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++U

RESURRECTION BY 2027

Because of the shallowness of the data of dead people we wish to retrieve (in data /cosmic and quantum terms, we're not trying to recover very detailed stuff...only to 5 billions of a metre (5 nanomters) per person,
good simulations of anyone dead should be available y 2027 on current trends (thoughts an' all!).

Edited by Innocent, 31 July 2013 - 10:21 AM.

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#9 Innocent

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Posted 31 July 2013 - 03:07 PM

It is impoartnt to note the difference between Dedictive reasoning and

Indictive reasoning

when attempting construction of data to be recovered:

Deductive reasoning takes propositions and derives examples;

Inductive Reasoning takes examples and derives propositions.

With enough examples we shoud be able to derive the laws of the universe 9in theory)

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Mark Burgin*

states one "cannot cram an infinite number of computations in bounded time."

but this is not true using Cantorian infinity maths with aleph orders.


*1999 Proceedings of the High Performance Computing Symposium,
SUPER-RECURSIVE ALGORITHMS AS A TOOL
FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING

the definitie paper on Super recursive algorithms.

http://www.math.ucla...ghperfcomp.html

A super- recursive algorthm is one that takes examples and derives propositions.

A Recrsive algorithms:
Posted Image

wiki:

Relation to the Church–Turing thesis

The Church–Turing thesis in recursion theory relies on a particular definition of the term algorithm. Based on definitions that are more general than the one commonly used in recursion theory, Burgin argues that super-recursive algorithms, such as inductive Turing machines disprove the Church–Turing thesis. He proves furthermore that super-recursive algorithms could theoretically provide even greater efficiency gains than using quantum algorithms.
Burgin's interpretation of super-recursive algorithms has encountered opposition in the mathematical community. One critic is logician Martin Davis, who argues that Burgin's claims have been well understood "for decades". Davis states, "The present criticism is not about the mathematical discussion of these matters but only about the misleading claims regarding physical systems of the present and future."(Davis 2006: 128)
Davis disputes Burgin's claims that sets at level Posted Image of the arithmetical hierarchy can be called computable, saying "It is generally understood that for a computational result to be useful one must be able to at least recognize that it is indeed the result sought." (Davis 2006: 128)

Edited by Innocent, 31 July 2013 - 03:30 PM.

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#10 Innocent

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Posted 31 July 2013 - 09:37 PM

wiki

Definition

Burgin (2005: 13) uses the term recursive algorithms for algorithms that can be implemented on Turing machines, and uses the word algorithm in a more general sense. Then a super-recursive class of algorithms is "a class of algorithms in which it is possible to compute functions not computable by any Turing machine" (Burgin 2005: 107).

Examples (wiki)

Examples of super-recursive algorithms include (Burgin 2005: 132):
  • limiting recursive functions and limiting partial recursive functions (E.M. Gold)
  • trial and error predicates (Hilary Putnam)
  • inductive inference machines (Carl Smith)
  • inductive Turing machines, which perform computations similar to computations of Turing machines and produce their results after a finite number of steps (Mark Burgin)
  • limit Turing machines, which perform computations similar to computations of Turing machines but their final results are limits of their intermediate results (Mark Burgin)
  • trial-and-error machines (Ja. Hintikka and A. Mutanen)
  • general Turing machines (J. Schmidhuber)
  • Internet machines (van Leeuwen, J. and Wiedermann, J.)
  • evolutionary computers, which use DNA to produce the value of a function (Darko Roglic)
  • fuzzy computation (Jirí Wiedermann)
  • evolutionary Turing machines (Eugene Eberbach)
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Hypercomputation is to ---->. computing

as

Super-recursice algorithms are to ----> Algorithms.



Maths is a huge network of ideas and new techniques may make quantum computers obsolete.
It is pobable we will morph into new machine intelligence systems- presently unimaginable-
giving us calculation power to routinely simulate a universe from birth to death in exhaustive detail.

Edited by Innocent, 31 July 2013 - 09:44 PM.

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#11 Innocent

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Posted 03 August 2013 - 12:18 PM

Possible capture this article (still not spell checked/sorted):

https://sites.google...tumarcheology1/

Edited by Innocent, 03 August 2013 - 12:57 PM.

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#12 Innocent

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Posted 15 September 2013 - 04:23 PM

QUANTUM ARCHAEOLOGY. 1/9.



Posted Image


How Science is trying to Resurrect the Dead.



(slow loads)






(c~) text copyrights waived. 70,000 words. Under construction; not spell-checked nor sorted. Images are holding places only. Configured for standard text robots to read aloud in 36 languages. Gathered from better minds at kurzweilai.net and longecity.org forums. Parts of this paper have been published in the online journals turingchurch.com, transhumanity.net, and immortallife.info. Researchers: site may change please make a copy if your need to.









INTRODUCTION.


"What can be conceived and described can happen too." 6.362. Wittgenstein.



Quantum Archaeology is the emerging science of resurrecting the dead, including their memories. It assumes the universe is made of events and the laws that govern them, and anticipates process technologies of the next 20 to 40 years.






'Facial reconstructions from scavenged DNA in public places' have been created at the Smithsonian, and functioning parts of life-forms, extinct for hundreds of millions of years, have been resurrected in evolutionary biology. There is substrate genetic unity in the kingdom of life, making retrieval maps in the quantum scale possible, charting from multiple perspectives, and (historical) information is now thought incapable of destruction .~ ~






De-extinction (resurrection biology $$) is in the process of bringing back long-dead species and has already achieved biochemical parts of species (2013). As measurement and manipulation scale smaller, what logically follows is archaeology into the quantum world, quantum archaeology, with enough computing power to map complete individuals, assembling them with micro-robotics.
Drawing a relevant map of the past might involve building The Quantum Archaeology Grid. All known historical events are plotted, the gaps filled by cross-referencing heuristics, probabilistically and causally deducing by the laws of science the unknown ones. Specialist grids already exist, waiting to be merged, including of the evolving cosmos, with trillions of moving points that can be run back in time. The result: a mega-matrix crisp and deep enough to describe, then simulate, human pasts to the dawn of Man on earth. Techniques in quantum computing, super-recursive algorithms, and probability sampling, may wage calculation from the large, into the small, to deliver forgotten human minds.

The detective science of archaeology is speeding to become literally a matter of life or death to the already dead. Puzzles of recovery, thought impossibly complex 20 years ago, have become within reach of patient observation and database assembly, using genetic algorithmic sciences.






"Even though these complex systems differ in detail, the question of coherence under change is the central enigma for each." John H. Holland.


A.I. (Artificial Intelligence) trended to break from 2022 with no known upper limit will assist Nth degree complexity assemblies, back in time as far as we wish to go, and in as great a detail. Baring catastrophe, it is inevitable human science and technology will resurrect the dead.
Quantum Archaeology (QA) was inspired by Russian born Asimov's psychohistory, written during the second world war. Einstein, a committed determinist¬¬ had astounded the world by showing Brownian motion was probabilistically predictable in 1905. Gas in a tank was assumed so complex it was deemed random. Einstein refused any such position and he is almost alone amongst great physicists holding the quantum world must be deterministic. This causal view includes decaying and cremated brains (and their information conversions, as we unify the quantum and classical worlds) is gaining favour with some schools. Quantum computers, expected to do near infinite calculations are already operating in what William James called parallel universes (1895) and with machine intelligence may revolutionize information physics.

Scientific resurrection was a forgotten idea of Fyodorov (1828 to 1903) and the Russian cosmist movement, chased to oblivion by a century of revolution. Awoken independently after the birth of the world wide web by Frank Tipler's response to cryonics, translations are easier and speculation about information recovery has begun again.+
A theory is emerging that the universe is a hologram^^^ presumably formed by the infinite branes of M Theory colliding causing big bang, light and limits. This universe may therefore be made of light, and the laws of light, whether that involves motion or not, and information is one model by which to view it.
QA was forged in discussions on kurzweilai.net. Death had been thought irreversible, having special properties, and the first attempt was kicked off wikipedia as 'original research' and 'not notable'. It will correct its doubtless many errors as it digs out pasts with a myriad of forensic archaeology.
Coming science may make today's lifeless archaeology seem quaint as we resurrect more living examples from the few we have already done, then move via extinct species to more detailed individuals with memories. The value of trend watching in technology and science is a way to make predictions, which can be checked as years check off.





On present trends in machine complexity and calculation power, the late 2020's will bring the first resurrections.





It is a gold mine for superdeterminists. It asserts a man is a mixture of events, existing solely by the laws of physics.> It is moot if those laws are classical, relativistic or quantum. We posit the laws of nature and must set down those relevant to the size of a living man. What matters is techniques and knowledge of scale sizes. Hardly a day goes by without more sophisticated miniaturisation and measurement being discovered.
In the quantum realm statistics dominate mechanics. Component parts and patterns are swappable with identical ones,

This is the principle of interchangeability.

These swaps hold true for the atom and true for larger components in men. Common sub-parts of the whole man work just as well for other men like blood transfusions. They sometimes function in other life forms, and reduce commonly to other biochemical and physical events. These will be configured theoretically by deduction, or experimentally by trial and error, and then assembled. Components, are also convertible to 'pure information' and need never be built in three dimensions, like an ancient person frozen in one moment, until a tested map is charted. But ancestors and their environments will probably be recalled to functioning life and medically reprogrammed to massive life extension.
In an interactive system like the universe, things in one state are linked by immutable laws to all other things. QA's conjecture is the whole of any person's past is necessarily deducible from starting points in the present plus the laws of physics. There are known variables, and they will be cross-referenced with calculation techniques in symbolic maths and hypercomputing, factoring the laws beyond anything our civilisation might dream at present. From these few starting points, inevitable patterns are tested about a timeline until a reliable description is achieved. Evolution has built the present, and we are building the tools to trace it back to it's origins.

This is the principle of reversibility.>>>

The horror is the size of sums which people intuitively dismiss as too big for philosophy, too big for science, and too big to calculate.They are not too big to write down symbolically. Inventor of set theory, Cantor, into arithmetic, postulated transfinite numbers with aleph orders of infinities. Predictive analytics may suggest a time when he will be revived. Mathematics now calculates infinite complexities, something seen as magic to the layman, using Cantorian set theory as the basis of computing, and describing infinite universes bubbled off infinite cosmic membranes in perhaps infinite multiverses.
Data is not random but can be viewed as information in discoverable groups and shapes that cross-reference and repeat.


This is the principle of reduction.


There are many times less groups of things than things. And the groups can themselves be viewed as even fewer hierarchical groups. Any starting point will work through to describe the complete system. One can make short-cuts and confident retrodictions in space-time despite few events surviving.

The maths challenge is like solving cryptologic, with which Rejewski, successfully reverse-engineered Scherbius' genius enigma machine, using the theory of permutations and groups.
Rejewski found correct scrambles from 150,000,000,000,000,000,000 combinations, allowing mathematicians to break encrypted messages in wartime. The statistics of complex systems through time can draw on work in dynamics, like quantum turbulence, and we need a mathematics profoundly beyond the thoughts of linear men.

It is the size of sums that is dazzling.

This is the mega problem resurrection and all deep archaeology faces. You could satisfy resurrection certainty by deriving all possible peoples in simple permutes of all possible events. That vast calculation would include a map for resurrecting everyone who could have lived, then resurrect them all with coming robotics.


But quantum archaeology will use innovative number elimination rules, natural deduction, proof calculus, algorithmic probability and event histories, to reduce these near infinite histories to the correct ones in the linear history that we know. We will raise everyone with all their memories intact (something none of us have today!). They will be medically reprogrammed not to age or die, without loss of identity, and be free to use modern technology.


The reductions factor surprisingly quickly. Elimination wipes populations of impossible equations and slices through improbable lines, weighting them for how likely they were. Like panning for gold, most data is mud to be thrown away. The sums are still too big to do manually but future computing will handle it, even without a step-change discovery in technology.
We can calculate what is coming by looking at prototyping as well as what innovative academic papers and futurist groups discuss.Technology is said to move on trajectories that have demonstrably held for decades, like Moore's Law, and two human generations of advance will do.

Objections to quantum archaeology exist because of unknowns. We have no experience is such vast data manipulation and mining. Some assumptions may prove false, but the starting point, that you can describe the past from few things in the present using the laws of physics, looks unshakable.


It is important enough to be a separate research field and if there weren't many unknowns it wouldn't need to be researched.

Computational archaeology, linguistics, semiotics (it is possible to see the whole world as signs and symbols) and other disciplines build increasingly sophisticated maps of events good enough to construct growing parts of the past, and every failure is an opportunity for invention.

Incremental improvements are likely to produce maps good enough to run simulations. These will increasingly be past the 5 nanometres thought needed to plot individual brains. For comparison, quantum levels are under 100 nanometres and human hair is a thousand nanometres wide). When achieved, machine technology small enough for physical resurrection is likely to have arrived, and routine revivals become a branch of medicine. Accelerating progress must lead generally to resurrection of the dead, or we will have failed to master very small numbers.



But it can also be specifically attempted. Quantum archaeology is drafted like Laplace's demon, as retrodiction science, back-calculating events that must have been from those known in the present; deducing patiently by the laws of physics from probabilistic reductions. Masses of the work can be done in classical physics in which human consciousness seems to reside and it may be that there is only one physics. However Quantum Archaeology accommodates the quantum (statistical) theory, which modifies classical physics in the world of the very small, just as Relativity modified Newtonian physics in the world of the very big. We are learning to manipulate quanta, and the effects must be unprecedented complexity of invention. In 2010 the first quantum machine was built.¬

The unleashing technology will be fantastic. Things thought impossible will be done routinely and things beyond imagination will be built, accelerating one another to more counter-intuitive constructions. More than a trillion trillion trillion machines each more complex than anything man-made today, will fit inside the atom, and these intelligent invisibles will construct smaller, cleverer machines to achieve even more astonishing science as we head into superstring physics and enter other universes with different laws.


For resurrection of the dead we need not advance that much. Relevant sizes are mostly between one atom and one metre for the body and brain. This, coupled to simulable descriptions of local environments, are everything possible in a human mind. Nothing is irrelevant, nothing is left to chance, and nothing happens by spooky forces. We will denoue the mysterious by discovering relevant laws of natural philosophy. No man is outside nature, and his most private thoughts are solely products of determinable biology and environment. Memory is caused by bodily modification from environmental stimuli. All will be revealed by patient analysis and detailed cross-referencing from myriad starting points in histories preserved in the Records. These Records are the gathering data bases in different disciplines, which The Quantum Archaeology Grid must merge. Specific listed data can be sifted and catalogued for immediate recall. All data is related, because all events are related and no data anywhere is capable of hiding nor being lost, because it has pathways to it from huge numbers of space-time points. Combination software tracking moving events by the laws of physics allow required detail to be seen by calculations from surrounding events.

This is the principle of synthesis.










Quantum archaeology anticipates fast advances in charting detailed event maps both faithful and repeatable. Information gaps may be overcome by studying huge numbers of common time-lines, filling in the blanks by eliminating the impossible and recording whatever remains as a weighted fact. Data can be more true or less true, dependant on the certainty of combination points that lead to it. But you dont need 100% certainty of event points to provisionally calculate others. Sums will make dynamic probabilistic configurations that change as the certainty of recovery changes. We are already doing this with present and historical reconstructions.





The worst case scenario for quantum archaeology is that we plot and resurrect every possible person who has ever lived but have no idea which are the 'real' ones. This is extremely unlikely because the science of probability will eliminate impossible time-lines, and in theory, our entire universe may be charted as a moving, reversible system, on computers that already have more variables than all stars and planets combined. We are learning the laws that affect us. As the QA grid is constructed it will reveal unguessed new laws of physics. One event is separated from another event only by the laws, so when you can describe two events completely their relationships automatically describe the laws between them.

It doesn't matter whether the universe is purely causal, or operates by some other sets of laws at quantum levels: where there are laws, there is prediction and retrodiction. A hundred year old conflict between the large and the small in physics still battles.

"I think that matter must have a separate reality independent of the measurements. That is, an electron has spin, location and so forth even when it is not being measured. I like to think that the moon is there even if I am not looking at it." Albert Einstein, originator of Relativity.


"All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force... We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent Mind. This Mind is the matrix of all matter." Max Planck, originator of Quantum Theory.


The fundamentals of explanation might be side-stepped in favour of 'What can we do?' 'What can we achieve?' In the case that the physical universe cant be reversed, at least archaeology can calculate causally and probabilistically what parts of it necessarily were in theory, for there are limits to the size of what is needed, and retrodiction may be so demonstrably accurate as to assert we have mapped the essence of any person including thoughts known solely to him. Identity is dealt with on other pages.

Size doesn't affect the idea. Nor distance to history (the same thing). QA assumes only that the human world operates by laws, we can state enough of them at our size limits, and can back-calculate necessary events down to the relevant scale of human memory.

This comes easily to futurists who are used to predictive and statistical inference calculations since Babbage forced the world's ruling elite through the rigours of the Royal Statistical Society.

Using axiomatic logic and basic number theory, QA will draft a detailed, expanding four dimensional (moving) graph of history tentatively called The Quantum Archaeology Grid. It anticipates hypercomputing, synthesis of data banks, and cunning, clever, vast and superior ways of manipulating facts, like super-recursive algorithms (which may out-perform even quantum computers).@@

We will reach 1 exaflop (a quadrillion floating-point calculations per second) of data manipulation on classical supercomputers, passing what is thought to be one human brain capacity in 2018-22. That is nothing to what's coming.

A circulated argument stating the computer necessary for QA's calculation wuold haver to be galactic in scale (some even suggest it would have to be larger than the entire universe) is false. Computers are miniaturising and mathematics means you dont need brute calculation. Symbolic abstraction computes pretty well anything knowable. Mathematics is just number short-cuts. Human memories are generally isometric. Although all neurons are unique they have evolved inevitably, and if you have calculated the environment and the biology like DNA at any time on the evolution tree, you are more than half way to describing the dead person. Memory reconstruction is repetition, reaction and environmental permutation, reduced by ascertainable and specific geographical location. The neocortex itself has only 300 million pattern recognition modules, of 100 neurons per module (How to Create a Mind Ray Kurzweil 2012). Human memory is not random but flows like rivers down the paths of least resistance, obeying the body's hormonal goals to sensory input from given or calculable environments. The acceleration of science is forcing it's method as processual archaeology.


Reconstructions might start with a prototype human. Maps would be linked by the laws of physics to other maps a moment later. Dynamic and inevitable map trajectories would be plotted. Over them would be imposed maps from complex databases, personalizing what the person must have been like, at first generally, then in such detail he would be indistinguishable from the real thing. At that point they would be maps of the real thing! Just as RNA copies new cells in your body constantly, a copy of any deceased person would actually be them (Tipler's and Ettinger's objections to this are stated later). All their thoughts, everything that made them them would be present, set in equations, algorithms and countless sums - and therefore backed-up. A reconfigured human being would necessarily hold descriptions in his brain of his tribal environment to help reconfigure others, and these can be simultaneously commenced in the present to describe the past as interaction.





Given the advance of technology it is logically impossible to show that the dead wont rise; they must, for in a future of unimaginable time spans the patterns that are me and you will inevitably re-happen. Man is so self-interested his archaeology, the recovery of human pasts, is becoming deeper and more skilled. Extinct species are already being resurrected, and it is but a small leap of imagination to see that men to will be brought back to life, with their memories and bonds intact.

The universe is made of events and the laws that govern them. There are enough traces in the present to construct all events in the past using physics and statistics. There is no difference between dead people and any other historical data. Because information is incapable of destruction, it is inevitable civilsation will resurrect its dead.

This is the principle of resurrectability.





Each piece of the quantum archaeology enables new pieces. But this wont be done at the rate of people on digs or in labs, but on intelligent machines working near light speed and with errors of much less than the one in a million which is today's state of the art in DNA sequencing. Error checking of complex systems is integral to mathematics' architecture and is well advanced.

Zillions of modifications by speeding computers configuring local data in classical and quantum physics would perfect chronicles and representations into finely detailed snapshots from conception to death. At that point a license to resurrect might be granted by the medical council. Then micro-robots would begin reconstruction.

Things in local areas like books, or an internet which may be a large interactive book, are information node densities - clustering coefficients affecting other information pathways and other nodes, like heavy stars affecting gravity distribution in a universe. As we master large and quantum gravity, these may weight in so accurately it could be impossible for a single moment to escape statistical denouement. We advance like a climbing spider, one success builds conditions for the next, until the grid is weaved and history exact not fanciful, has delivered the magnificent from the mysterious.

This is archaeology rising. Quantum means 'the minimum amount of an entity'. Archaeology: 'the recovery and analysis of human data'. Thus quantum archaeology is the recovery and analysis of the minimum amounts of data needed to describe anything human in history, including human brain cells and even private human events and thoughts. They are plotted as event points on the general Quantum Archaeology Grid.

The points plotted are fixed relatively, but they have pasts and futures, forward and aft, and adjacencies. Together they give moving charts of a man's life and memories. His whole body is not more than 1.8 X 10^27 molecules with its 7 X 10^27 atoms. Tipler has guessed the data for all possible finite universes like ours would be no more than 10^ X 10^ X 123 bytes. Although these are vast numbers they are not infinite and size of calculations should be set aside when pondering the viability of quantum archaeology, for it is reasonable to assume maths in the future will get better, and we already have symbolism and similarity short-cuts to reduce it.


It is easier than it first seems. The bulk of calculation is repetition, and early cosmology techniques enable seed programmes. No seed simulations have resulted in life, but the computing power has not been enough for brute force permutation yet; calculations are increasing as multiples of Moore's Law and the advance of number equations.


Mathematics by arduous minds torturing the edge of abstraction will surely yield to greater intelligence amplification in machines. How fast the big calculators arrive is more than guesswork as constant trajectories have been watched for 50 years, and astonishing leaps have also peppered history. By numbers of actioned patents, discoveries are speeding.


QA posits recovery and reconstruction of sufficient data to calculate the details of anyone dead, including their memories, to prepare a map of them, for technologies like micro-robots to build to order when those arrive after the 2020's.


Quantum robots are a form of micro robot based on Feynman's idea, by Paul Benioff in 1982. David Deutsch at Oxford pioneered quantum computation to successfully push the science and it is now a major research industry.


Coming technologies like 3D scanning and printing seem to have no scale limits and may eventually be used routinely at quantum levels, nor be restricted to three dimensions. Non-living events, aeons past, and people who are events called 'living', are expected to be resurrected to full functionality, and general ones (of genres) have already been achieved. It is thought we will be able to resurrect a non-specific tribe of Neanderthals since completing their DNA in 2012. This is not yet a specific brain but it is easier to see that this may become possible as archaeology unearths the past by probability and causation to levels that seemed impossible one generation of 20 years ago.


Given enough machine complexity, future people may find simulating this universe is easy on a personal computer- including all its peoples to date. Despite our egos screaming otherwise, these resurrectees must be indistinguishable from the real thing under Ettinger's maxims of identity. Once the quantum archaeological grid is drawn, any number of a specific dead person could be manufactured, a complete simulation of their consciousness from conception to death written down or run as a computer program, and would be demonstrably authentic at the point of revival. If you have any doubt about this, define what any named human being is. When a simulation meets all your criteria, the reconstruction must logically be accepted by you as the real thing. The issue of identity is dealt with later on.






There are huge and growing record bases that can help, some reaching back millions of years. As we reconstruct given histories they provide a platform to go back further, since each human mind is a library.


The processing power is already here for the surface work, the mathematics already in place, but sufficient technology not expected for 20-40 years. That is a wide time-frame in accelerating technology. The problems of resurrecting over 106 billion dead people since 50,000 B.C.E. into the modern world may look ridiculous, but in a few decades what is possible will have multiplied by many factors, and the world into which the dead shall rise will have possibilities and technologies not even thought of today. As to housing, the universe is full of space, and dimension distortion in your own apartment may come. Some people say they dont want to be resurrected but this is the Lazarus Long Delusion explained later. When people cite possible problems after resurrecting, the essential idea has been understood and scientists should begin the work.


We are attempting to label all things manufactured by men as the Internet of Things which is slowly covering the globe. Bar codes are being put on items by description, and those descriptions may become specific enough to re-engineer any of them - including moving ones as 3D printers move into the home and connect to the internet. Things are progressively built by machine systems planning and designing them; which forces innovative mathematics and startlingly good model-driven software. At some stage voice commands to a portable device will be enough for most things to be assembled in front of you at speed from the dust in the air (Hans Moravac), and objects once of great value will become disposable and recyclable. The wave may bring excellence enough in high technology for the manipulation of quantum archaeological data. Demand may get program makers to have ancient artefacts and people available to download as programs to your home assembler, subject only to payment and legality. If this seems science fantasy, it is, on the contrary science fiction ie it has to comply with the laws of science. Science Fiction makes predictive models of the future, usually incorporating a storyline. Precursors are already being used and computing power is the main thing holding it back.


This paper highlights the accelerating progress of technologies and sciences, not only in archaeology and reconstructing the past, but generally, with advances like self-driving cars, printed body parts, quantum teleportation (transporting over distance, now done routinely in labs) and invisibility cloaks.




Objections from identity (the thing resurrected would not be the deceased) have been extensively covered in Chapter 8 of Ettinger's the Prospect of Immortality. If a resurrectee is scientifically indistinguishable from the original person, the revival is accurate. For the moment argument must be scientific until we can revive exact individual animals with their memories at the point of death.





The three main science objections to Quantum Archaeology, and their possible defeats are briefly:




1. Information is irrecoverably lost or there's too much of it to make sense:
defeat: archaeology recovers information and with accelerating capacity. QA is not attempting infinite recovery, but between the atom and the body, generally. One quantum computer is expected do more than all classical computers combined. All possible deceased's memories could be calculated initially, and QA will reduce these to the few then the one by probability and causation. Ettinger (cryonically suspended) nearing ninety thought there might be a Law of Conservation of Information and nothing is lost in the universe, though his search hadn't found it. Leonard Susskind, an originator of string theory states "information is incapable of being destroyed - that is the deepest physics I know" ^^^ (and 'Stephen Hawking conceded that information cannot be destroyed).

2. Entropy says the universe is not reversible therefore no local part of the universe is reversible. When brains decay, part of their descriptions are lost as thermodynamic heat and there is no known way of retracing it.>>>
defeat: M Theory implies other universes: energy for reversal can be created or siphoned from them; local parts may therefore be reconfigurable because there will be enough energy to do it. Only isolated system are said to reach equilibrium and physical homogeneity. The earth, in the last billion years, has never been an isolated system.
The entire universe is debated as a simulation. If so, the universe is logically reversible and the burgeoning numbers of events in the present all trace to similar histories in the past: they are like branches of trees tracing to common trunks. They are not unit events but classes, with reversible laws with limits.
Further, QA isn't relying on total information reconstruction from surviving fragments but the construction of The Quantum Archaeology Grid. which sources events before, after and adjacent to a given person's timeline. It works by logical reconfigurations, using both causality and probability. It isn't seeking the actual particle that made the deceased's brain, but multi-time pathways that made those particular brains inevitable, so seeks to produce a complete enough description of the past.

3. Quantum Theory proves Cause & Effect are obsolete so we'll never know the past.*
defeat: "No-one understands the Quantum Theory." (Richard Feynman).




The conflict between Relativity and Quantum Theory is absurd:


"Contradictions do not exist. Whenever you think you are facing a contradiction, check your premises. You will find that one of them is wrong." Ayn Rand.


We dont know what is happening in the quantum world because we cannot observe it in comprehensive detail yet. To throw out Galileo's hard-won first maxim ("Observation then explanation.") looks incautious, and QT's success is from statistics not physics.>

"“Everything that can be thought can be thought clearly. Everything that can be said can be said clearly.” Wittgenstein: Tractatus 4.116.




In a causal world the past, present and future are like snooker balls effecting one another by their motion. Events move space-time positions according to others. With enough sampling the whole play may be predicted, and retrodicted. The sampling involves taking representative measurements and knowing the laws of physics. These will be possible for Man's detailed history with coming maths and computing, which shrinks big data to managable symbols.




Einstein's attacked Quantum Theory's explanations of what was happening in the world of the very small as foolish, and predicted cause and effect would be reinstated. Superdeterminists also posit this. Quantum science is not absolute nor it's accuracy 100%, despite being more accurate than other systems, and the search for a better method is on. Successful experimental technologies have been accomplished with it including macro (large) teleportation, which moves objects by entanglement in zero time: Deterministic quantum teleportation. nature.com July 2013. L. Steffen, Y. Salathe & others.

Quantum Archaeology does not need to go quantumly small scale to complete its grid, and most quantum theory may be irrelevant to it: 5 nanometres is the smallest relevant size. Where laws exist, prediction and retrodiction are thought possible and even in Quantum Theory the world works by laws. Geometrical lines of intersection will be constructed probabilistically, proving events from the records and this has already been done past 100 million years.








It is possible to describe the world in quantum physics but it can also be described in pure causation using the Many Worlds Interpretation.¬¬ Brilliant probability science giving astoundingly good statistical predictions is a triumph for probability science not a refutation of determinism. MWI dismisses probability cloud observer collapses by quantum decoherence. Even allowing quantum probability alone, closed and unobserved quantum systems are demonstrated to be both predictable and reversible. (See also 2012 Nobel Physics Prize"for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"). Debate rages about how to capture the laws of the quantum realm, and camps traditionally oppose each other, some believing causation, existing, too complex and too quick for mankind. Nature has had infinite time for infinitely deep complexity predating our universe.


As the quantum realm has yet to be thrashed out, this paper will argue the limits of science: that deceased Man is built by and therefore retrievable by its absolute laws: no-one and nothing may exist outside them. It will also attempt to argue that extropian resurrection is a greater, more powerful philosophy than the brute will of the Nietzschean, Nazis and Marxist schools - all preemptive misreadings of Darwin which never dwelt on philosophy - and QA must inevitably lead to recursive civilization on rising Kardashevian scales. Intelligence demonstrably outperforms breeding and is leading to sentient ascendency though information technology.




Heidegger's assertion 'death must be accepted in order to be free.' is also refuted. Death never was. Death is an illusion. No-one has died because everyone will be resurrected. You can of course change the meaning of the word death. Man is special because of his ingenuity and his mastery over nature will ensure his actual rebirth. Even were Man's civilisation to end in a fire-storm, the infinite possibilities of the multiverse guarantees resurrection.


There is no strict freedom since everything is bound by law. Higher degrees of freedom in living systems evolve as responses to the environment. The compatibility argument ends the conflict between free will and determinism: they are different perspectives of one system which owns its own qualian self. The quantum world may yield a wider explanation of surely wondrous complexity but is in its infancy, and causality, on detention there, may be reinstated. Grand complexity is intense, but it cannot be unlawful. Human intelligence, even as memory modification at ion speed in neurons, hasn't yet (2013) been passed by artificial general systems good enough to fool a blind man in Turing's imitation game.


Many scholars seem horrified at the size of calculations in quantum mechanics, but it can be shown the amount we can sum grows on a trajectory; thus at some stage we will be able to calculate enough. Mankind is not outside nature and exists lawfully in the world of physics. Accelerating technology at reduced costs, miniaturisation and discovery are not random but trendable on graphs.
This is the principle of accelerating returns.


[left]Massive life extension looks viable and resurrection theory is running after it shouting "Dont forget the dead!" The mathematics and technologies needed are covalent. Cryonics is presently the best way of preserving organic data, and it would be safer to use it, and comprehensive scanning technologies look likely to emerge and make it viable eg from sonics, electro-magnetics and internal mapping by nanobots. They will not be needed if QA is correct but QA is a futurist and unproven idea until researched, and no university department has yet included it.



[left]For the poet-artist, death seems a joke by Nature trying to cage Keats' truth of the imagination, since, as a rule, what can be imagined in detail, can be built by engineers. Marvin Minsky's mindless agents forming the society of mind are absolutely determined by science laws in what they must and cannot do. With sufficient understanding and computing our lives and histories may be absolutely retrodictable.


[left]If we are to 'extract the surrender of all supernaturalism and fixed dogma by superior perspicacity,' futurists must stir the core humanity that objectivism mechanized out of the Industrial Revolution. Quantum Archaeology is a snowball rolling from Zeno's mountain, its argument annealed with visionary technology and invention.


“On resiste a l’invasion des armees; on ne resiste pas a l’invasion des idees.” Victor Hugo.


[left]We resist the invasion of armies; we dont resist the invasion of ideas, for 'nothing is more powerful than an idea whose time has come'. The idea of physical, actual, inevitable, resurrection of the body is outted. Now it cant be stopped from entering the psyche. Men will no longer expect to die, but expect to be resurrected; expect to continue; expect to live forever. And this isn't hope dependant, but premised on the existence of the multiverse and its universes. Nothing can be hidden from future archaeology, but nothing can be lost.


[left]You have not lost your friends, and cannot lose yourself!


[left]It is easy to prove, recoveries are already being done. We are moving from the Age of Information to the Age of Intelligent Machines, and the speed of science revolutions is accelerating.


Extropian is the foresighted raising a shield against ageing, and cracking the long-brimming dam of the tomb with the axe of discovery and white sheets of medicine.

Man is a being that has never died.
Man is a being that never dies.
Man is incapable of death.
Man owns his future.
The laws of science cannot be broken.
You have been formed by eternity.
You will always be.
The dead will rise.
We shall rise.
We will rise in groups and we will rise for ever.
Resurrection is certain.
Immortality is certain.
A man is intrinsically precious from his conception, because he never dies.
You are intrinsically precious.
Your cause is as valid as the universe.
You, yourself are as valid as the universe for you, yourself are law in the universe.

With such bold maxims, extropian questions about suffering and life's meaning obliterate. Suffering is not only going to end, it is going to be reversed, because the human past is not fixed at death - the universe can be run backwards and corrected without loss of identity. Suffering will be Paradise Engineered out of the present and future. Life's meaning which assumes an endpoint is faulty speculation because continuing existence is the actual human world (though few going to their 'deaths' might have calculated it). Transhuman Man is meaning as reaction viewed after the event, and His existence is the foundation state of the human Multiverse.

Extropian is the resurrecting hero at war with death and chaos.
Hopefully by the end of this paper it will be thought possible no man has irrecoverably died, individual human life is not philosophically pointless, private thoughts and actions - certainly viewable from the future - incur moral duty by pragmatism, and the awful price of history we first suffered was worth it.

What is coming will shortly be driven solely by the imagination as machine slaves take over labour, experiment and discovery. Man will be relatively free from drudgery where depth in philosophy as machinery - brings weak into strong and old into youthful equality. Recursive continuance will keep us away from



[center]
[center]'the greatness which does not bow before children '(Kahlil Gibran).

What is possible is what can be dreamed within the laws of physics. Resurrection is another branch of (future) medicine, a civil and human right, impossible to deny to morally and actually, for there is simply no time limit and those dying will rise subjectively within a moment of their deaths. The moment you die you will resurrect in the future.

As this paper reads, doubts will repeat that we can do the size of calculations necessary. They are certainly vaster than anything mankind has attempted. But so are the coming machines and mathematics. We already juggle infinities. So long as we avoid catastrophe, it is surely certain, sooner or later, we will achieve an archaeology astronomically smaller than the present.

A danger is we think other people's views are inferior to our own because we pursue a higher cause that resurrects and reverses suffering. We have no such thought-right. We become elitists at our own doom. Whether its philosophical foundations are correct or consistent, because raising the dead is the prize, Quantum Archaeology will proceed.

At the horizon of superintelligence, for every man who has shivered and sweltered on the earth, for each suffering sentient under our stewardship of science past, and struggling in civilisation present, this is the future:
we will dry our dead; we will freeze and store our dead; we will bury and cremate our dead: then we will resurrect the dead.

Where Prometheus stole fire from the gods, Extropian rips elemental meaning from technology and made it think back. The gnomes of this renaissance have begun a world wide web of runaway technical complexity. Unexpected and profoundly difficult science lies ahead, in shortening time-steps, physically affirming the Law of Accelerating Returns, that technological change is high-exponential, the risks are high existential, but the rewards are astronomical.
People born today wont need to die in their present, people dying today will resurrect tomorrow, people already dead will be brought back with their friends and possessions. A better, kinder world awaits, where scrambles for abundant power is pointless.
This is Futurism rising.

[center]
[left]



We now draw with ourselves an arrow through the Singularity. Instead of aim and unreachable star, we exist by trajectory, and impetus. Self-generation and degrees of freedom are everything. There is no reified point ahead, only launch.

We, the subject, are ourselves the absolute inside the eternal multiverse, which is as far as men have seen.

Expansion, love of life, abolition of limit - including every kind of death, unite us** and if this is mad, it is also achievably brave because it demands constant self-belief, constant rechecking of scientific assumptions, deletion of impossibles, zealous keeping of improbabilities. most of all every assumption of death in daily thought has to be personally obliterated. Man is his own quest for the absolute and there are infinite possibilities as we move to the cosmic branes and beyond. Courage and cooperation have brought homo sapiens sapiens to the top of the mountain, whopping every species on earth that has tried to wipe him out.

Now Man is stalking death.

In the naked desert of machinery, the resurrecting power of imagination technology that turned Victorian archaeologists Petrie and Carter into legends as they recovered the tombs at Ninevah and Thebes, will make heroes spring back to actual life and actual immortality. Definitions of dead and unborn will cease to exist, but for a while the clamour for the old to guide us will still be desperate:

[center]'Youth could win, but had not learned to keep, and was pitiably weak against age.' (T.E. Lawrence).



Science is climbing, gasping, to another high plateau, with a formula for resurrection. Its testable, provable message: the dead are not dead. What general on the battlefield would believe it? Yet it screeches to a halt the course of human history, and forever alters the human psyche. It is the unification bridge battling philosophies have sought for thousands of years. Science, the champion of the rationaiist school, has concluded the same as the schools of mysticism. Death is a passage. Sacrifices toward civilisation were not personally futile; individual histories are just beginning and the opening future is far beyond the dreams of dangerous men.

Quantum Archaeology looks unbelievable, until you study it.

But sceptical Man is chained to grave-fear until first resurrections come, and Quantum Archaeology, fragile and embryonic, is regarded as heresy, or worse, is just unknown.

It is unthought of by studied nature: statistical technology bringing recursive civilization. It is revolution, with no obvious precedent, and in direct contravention of biology. I can find no case of the dead resurrecting anywhere in science literature and quantum archaeology, by any name, seems blasphemy against Death, which is now the darkest falsest ignorance that ever blinded people's 'reality' .

No-one has died. We will not die. Intelligent life is incapable of death.

The dead will rise.
Man is the warden of the world.
Man is the womb of intelligence.
'Man is the measure of all things'.""
Man is will rising from the scattered dusts.
Man is his own mentor.
All is not vanity and vexation of spirit, but architecture, assembly, form and reach.

In the ascendant of time, Man calls on the wizardry of science, draws his aspects with obsessive detail, to build a species natal chart that plots the histories, meticulously tapastrying together smallest relevant parts with the near mystical synastry of information physics; to regale his pasts, collective and individual; to gather them; to set them down; to preserve them: and so answers his own dying pleas with mathematics and machinery, metabolising his past in an information matrix of The Quantum Archaeology Grid that prepares to resurrect us.

For the archaeologist, who does occasionally look forwards, homo sapiens idaltu is passing through homo sapiens sapiens to homo sapiens jugis:


wise man continuing!


NOTES:

~~ "Information is incapable of being destroyed....that is the deepest physics I know" Professor Leonard Susskind, Stanford.

[left]$$ TED de-extinction filmed talks 2013:
John Fahey – “A New Century of Exploration
Chris Anderson –TED Welcomes You
Carl Zimmer – (Some) EXTINCTION IS (not necessarily) FOREVER
Isabella Kirkland – A Still Life of Stilled Life
Susan Haig – “Bringing Back the Birds of Our Dreams
Hendrik Poinar – Not All Mammoths Were Woolly
Michael Archer – Second Chance for Tasmanian Tigers and Fantastic Frogs
Joel Sartore – Endangered Studio
Alberto Fernández-Arias – The First De-extinction
Oliver Ryder – “Genetic Rescue and Biodiversity Banking
Robert Lanza – The Use of Cloning and Stem Cells to Resurrect Life
George Church – Hybridizing with Extinct Species
Michael McGrew –Pigeons from Chickens
Ben Novak – How to Bring Passenger Pigeons All the Way Back
Stanley Temple – De-extinction: A Game-changer for Conservation Biology
David Ehrenfeld –Extinction Reversal? Don’t Count on It.
Kate Jones – Why and Why Not Is a Matter of Specifics
James Tate –Rules, Regs, and Reactions
Beth Shapiro – Ancient DNA: What It Is and What It Could Be
Hank Greely – De-extinction: Hubris or Hope?
Henri Kerkdijk-Otten – Restoring Europe’s Wildlife with Aurochs and Others
Kent Redford –Tainted Species?
William Powell –Reviving the American Forest with the American Chestnut
David Burney –Rewilding, Ecological Surrogacy, and Now… De-extinction?
Michael Mace –California Condors Back from the Brink

[left]Quote 1 "A problem I have explaining QA to people is that they cant juggle multiple perspectives. They just haven't learned to. You have to consider partial solutions to different areas which compensate for their incompletenesses: eg the data is vast, but that is offset by the evolutionary tree limiting what could have been possible in the past ; - or the number of calculations is too much, but that's offset by events have to be within the laws of physics. All of them are juggled with what we know from the data bases like the cosmic record, the geological record, the archaeological record, and all of that run against cross checking, elimination rules, probability algorithms like SRAs and then you're coming at each memory construction from zillions of geometrical places at once - one event has zillions of lines to it. The spacetimelines don't cross so often unless they're relevant. You're sifting, refining, reducing, deducing, inferring backwards, and working with huge gaps while still pressing forward until they're filled at the end. I know it seems magic like you're pulling a rabbit out of the hat in quantum archaeology and how do you know you've constructed the right person? But it's really tons of small steps run at once down many streets -.each one is not much, together they can tell what William the Conqueror was thinking when he coughed on a given Sunday...ion by ion. And of course once you have constructed one person, you've got their memories and you're close to constructing people they interacted with as people are only their biology plus their environment and much of environment is interactions with other people."


[left]Quote 2 " I dont know if the universe is a holographic simulation or not but I know that's a good way to consider it for retrodiction (quantum archaeology)."

[left]@@ see also. Speeding up many-objective optimization by Monte Carlo approximations. Karl Bringmann et al. Artificial Intelligence. Volume 204, November 2013, Pages 22–29. "...employing Monte Carlo approximations makes hypervolume-based algorithms applicable to many-objective optimization."


[left]>>> Tim Tyler "The laws of physics appear to be time reversal invariant under an operation involving inverting the parity and charge of all its elements. This is true of both classical and quantum physics. People seem to have a hard time accepting this symmetry for some reason." http://finitenature.com/reversibility/



[left]
+ John Archibald Wheeler talked of using a stone retrieved from Plato's Academy being put into a machine and its acoustic memory being peeled back to reveal Plato talking to Aristotle. Jack Donovan a toy dealer at Nottinghill, London used to speculate that such a device was buildable after studying sound machines for decades.

* Quantum Theory a serious objection to Quantum Archaeology. If the quantum world is random, then nothing is predictable in it. However we are already making successful probabilistic predictions in the quantum world, and systems have already been built achieving reliable results. It is easy to see how people think information could be lost into such a world but it's mysteries will surely fall to denouement as its laws are recorded. The moment prediction is viable we should attempt retrodiction, - both are available in closed quantum systems. The best position may be to just describe what is useful in the quantum and to delay explanations.

^ eg 1., The Pauli Exclusion Principle states no identical fermions may occupy the same quantum state at once.

eg 2., The Principle of Interchangeability states identical particles are absolutely interchangable, and this is likely to apply to many things in the quantum world.

¬ http://article.wn.co...th_Seahawks_2/.


Quote 4: "We shouldn't get freaked about having to do all the reconstruction at once. People think 'resurrecting someone from 1,000 years ago ? No way- toooo complex' but they could concede we MIGHT be able to reconstruct someone's DNA from then using probabilities. From the DNA you can map out a clone...an identical body. Now you look for how the brain grew through their life to the moment of death. That can only be two ways...the DNA and the environment variables.At that point people say well OK you've got copies of them with no memories.But here's where archaeology comes into its own. People's brains are reactants to their world...only that. Most of the variables in that world are going to be the landscape and the other people/lifeforms....and you are already computer-generating all the other people from their DNA. The other records and those you configure like the geological record, the archaeological record, the biological record, the climate record etc will all synthesize with incredible definition. If anyone existed at pretty much anytime in human history they're going to show up in these cross-referenced mappings - warts and all. People wrongly think that memories are mystical - somehow outside the range of possible archaeological reconstruction, but they're physical entities same as bones ...each is inevitable given the right variables. Note we're not just looking at the decayed brain and trying to get back the information dissolved as radiant heat, but we're coming at reassembly loads of different ways which facilitate each other on a quantum archaeology grid. I dont know how small we'll get, but my hunch is into the quantum world, even though the 'you' stuff of the body/brain is between 5 nanometres and a one metre body. Dont get hung up on Quantum Theory because most of the archaeology wont refer to it...we aren't chasing subatomic particles - nor trying to find the actual bit that's disintegrated, but what must have been, by relating spacetime coordinates to each other in a meso world. It's like joining up the dots or doing jigsaws, only certain bits will fit when juxtaposed, but on a mind-blowingly massive scale "

Quote 5 :"The 2 big issues:

1) Our ego's dont get 'all people are reconfigurable composites' ;
2) Size of calculations needed is so massive people dont think when they could be done with future computers, they imagine in time present."

Quote 6: "We're taking everyone with us, the dying, the sick, the lost, the helpless. We're not leaving anyone behind. We're taking the dead with us, and that's what makes quantum archaeology a revolution. It doesn't matter if you're dead and forgotten a million years ago, we're coming back for you and making sure you get the benefits of technology and immortality....you dont have to believe it you can see it in the work archaeologists are already doing. Faces not seen for thousands and more years are already being reassembled. As technology speeds we'll do the brains - everyone's - it's breathtaking what's happening in maths & science... "

> 1. Nobel Prize winning physicist Gerard 't Hooft has "deviating views on the physical interpretation of quantum theory".[17] He believes that there should be a deterministic theory underlying quantum mechanics.[31] Using a toy model he has argued that such a theory could avoid the usual Bell inequality arguments that would disallow such a local hidden variable theory.".wiki

and

> 2. On Superdeterminism: Gerard 't Hooft "...the only reasonable view on the laws of nature is that they determine everything that happens, uniquely. This insight is necessary if you want to understand what is going on in a quantum system, in particular when you have entangled particles. However, this does not imply that the future is "predictable" in any way. Nature itself is the fastest calculator there is, and no one will ever beat that, apart from making statistical statements. That's what qm is." (to me -2013). This argument on limits is argument from size of calculations and (future) inflation. We can also assume we can describe the environment we live in by finding shortcuts to data aggregations and patterns that repeat. These are the laws of physics that will be delivered increasingly by coming accelerating intelligence. t'Hooft has attacked labeling in philosophy and seems to be arguing from set theory.

¬¬ See also The Many Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (wiki) that resolves the central paradoxes and is absolutely a determinist theory of Cause and Effect in the quantum realm, rejecting the weirdness of the observer effect in favour of quantum decoherence, a splitting of worlds.

""Many Worlds Interpretation removes the observer-dependent role in the quantum measurement process by replacing wavefunction collapse with quantum decoherence. Since the role of the observer lies at the heart of most if not all "quantum paradoxes," this automatically resolves a number of problems; see for example Schrödinger's cat thought-experiment, the EPR paradox, von Neumann's "boundary problem" and even wave-particle duality. Quantum cosmology also becomes intelligible, since there is no need anymore for an observer outside of the universe.

** see Extropian Principles http://www.maxmore.com/extprn3.htm

^^^ view online: Leonard Susskind Standford: The World As A Hologram; and on Superdeterminism: "I find QM so puzzling I dont know what to believe. I'd be surprised if SD is the answer. Then again, I'd probably be surprised by whatever the answer is." (to me - 2013).

"" Protagorus.



[left]Go to Chapter1>>>>>>


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#13 Innocent

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Posted 22 November 2013 - 06:11 AM

.QuantumArchaeologyFile
  • QAChap1 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap1/
  • QAChap2 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap2/
  • QAChap3 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap3/
  • QAChap4 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap4/
  • QAChap5 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap5/
  • QAChap6 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap6/
  • QAChap7 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap7/
  • QAChap8 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap8/
  • QAChap9 Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachap9/
  • QAChilds Shared with everyone in the world/site/qachildsguide/
  • QAeasy version Shared with everyone in the world/site/qaeasyversion/
  • QAGrid Shared with everyone in the world/site/qarchgrid/
  • QAShortversion Shared with everyone in the world/site/qashortversion/
  • QAXYLEM Shared with everyone in the world/site/qaxylem/
This subject has been thrown off wiki, and shut down on google for some reason, and the above pages dont automatically appear in google (the biggest world search engine in the early 21st century).
I doubt Quantum Archaeology's central idea is going to be halted - that scalculation and robotics will enable models of the past to be accurate enough to resurrect the dead.

Edited by Innocent, 22 November 2013 - 06:25 AM.

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