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PAYWALLED_Age-related epigenetic drift deregulates SIRT6 expression and affects its downstream genes in human ...

sirt6 interaction network mirna methylation peripheral blood mononuclear cells (pbmcs) aging longevity

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#1 Engadin

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Posted 03 July 2020 - 06:27 PM


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F U L L   T I T L E :    Age-related epigenetic drift deregulates SIRT6 expression and affects its downstream genes in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

 

 

P A Y W A L L E D   S O U R C E :   Epigenetics

 

 

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT
 
Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) exerts a protective effect on health and extends the lives of model organisms. We, therefore, aimed to clarify whether age-related epigenetic drift is responsible for differences in SIRT6 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy young (n = 55, mean age 27.5 ± 4.4 years), middle-aged (n = 51, 65.4 ± 3.3 years), and long-lived (n = 51, 93.9 ± 3.6 years) humans. In silico analysis was performed using the STRING network. No age-related differences were observed in the percentage of SIRT6 CpG island methylation.
 
However, the age affected the expression of miR-34a-5p, miR-125a-5p, miR-186-5p, miR-342-5p and miR-766-3p (all p < 0.0001), miR-181-2-3p and Let-7c (both p = 0.0003), and miR-103a-3p (p = 0.0069). A negative association was observed between SIRT6 mRNA and miR-186-5p (rs = −0.25, p = 0.026), and a positive association was observed with miR-34a-5p (rs = 0.31, p = 0.0055) and miR-181a-2-3p (rs = 0.39, p = 0.0002). SIRT6 mRNA also negatively correlated with the expression of TP53 (rs = −0.41, p = 0.0126) and MYC (rs = −0.35, p = 0.0448). Notably, the expression of several miRNAs and genes was similar in young and long-lived groups but different from the middle-aged group.
 
We conclude that age-related epigenetic changes can affect the expression of SIRT6 in PBMCs and, in this way, possibly influence immunosenescence. Moreover, molecular events could differentiate ‘normal’ ageing from that of long-lived individuals.
 
 
 
 
 
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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: sirt6, interaction network, mirna, methylation, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (pbmcs), aging, longevity

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