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Scientists may have found one path to a longer life

aging juvenile hormone kynurenine pathway urate 1/3-methylhistidine

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#1 Engadin

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Posted 10 July 2020 - 10:38 PM


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S O U R C E :   MedicalXpress

 

P A Y W A L L E D   P R I M A L   S O U R C E :   Journals of Gerontology (Metabolic Signatures of Life Span Regulated by Mating, Sex Peptide and Mifepristone/RU486 in Female Drosophila melanogaster)

 

 

 

 

 

 

drosophilame.jpg

 

Drosophila melanogaster. Credit: Wikipedia/CC BY-SA 2.5

 

 

 

Scientists at USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences may have found the beginnings of a path toward increasing human lifespan.

 

The research, published July 10 by the Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences, shows the drug mifepristone can extend the lives of two very different species used in laboratory studies, suggesting the findings may apply to other species, including human beings.
 
 
Countering wear and tear inflicted by males
 
Studying one of the most common laboratory models used in genetic research—the fruit fly Drosophila—John Tower, professor of biological sciences, and his team found that the drug mifepristone extends the lives of female flies that have mated.
 
Mifepristone, also known as RU-486, is used by clinicians to end early pregnancies as well as to treat cancer and Cushing disease.
 
During mating, female fruit flies receive a molecule called sex peptide from the male. Previous research has shown that sex peptide causes inflammation and reduces the health and lifespan of female flies.
 
Tower and his team, including Senior Research Associate Gary Landis, lead researcher on the study, found that feeding mifepristone to the fruit flies that have mated blocks the effects of sex peptide, reducing inflammation and keeping the female flies healthier, leading to longer lifespans than their counterparts who did not receive the drug.
 
The drug's effects in Drosophila appear similar to those seen in women who take it.
 
"In the fly, mifepristone decreases reproduction, alters innate immune response and increases life span," Tower explained. "In the human, we know that mifepristone decreases reproduction and alters innate immune response, so might it also increase life span?"
 
 
Overcoming juvenile hormone effects
 
Seeking a better understanding of how mifepristone works to increase lifespan, Tower and his team looked at the genes, molecules and metabolic processes that changed when flies consumed the drug. They found that a molecule called juvenile hormone plays a central role.
 
Juvenile hormone regulates the development of fruit flies throughout their life, from egg to larvae to adult.
 
Sex peptide appears to escalate the effects of juvenile hormone, shifting the mated flies' metabolism from healthier processes to metabolic pathways that require more energy to maintain. Further, the metabolic shift promotes harmful inflammation, and it appears to make the flies more sensitive to toxic molecules produced by bacteria in their microbiome. Mifepristone changes all of that.
 
When the mated flies ate the drug, their metabolism stuck with the healthier pathways, and they lived longer than their mated sisters who did not get mifepristone. Notably, these metabolic pathways are conserved in humans, and are associated with health and longevity, said Tower.
 
 
Hope for humans?
 
In a scientific first, Tower and collaborators Chia-An Yen, who obtained her Ph.D. last spring from USC Dornsife College, and Sean Curran, associate professor of gerontology and biological sciences at USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology and USC Dornsife College, also gave mifepristone to another common laboratory model, a small roundworm called C. elegans. They found the drug had the same life-extending effect on the mated worm.

 


Edited by Engadin, 10 July 2020 - 10:39 PM.






Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: aging, juvenile hormone, kynurenine pathway, urate, 1/3-methylhistidine

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