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Patients set to benefit from new guidelines on artificial intelligence health solutions

clinical trial design technology

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#1 Engadin

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Posted 14 September 2020 - 06:56 PM








S O U R C E :   MedicalXpress


O P E N   A C C E S S   P R I M A L   S O U R C E S :   


1. nature: Reporting guidelines for clinical trial reports for interventions involving artificial intelligence: the CONSORT-AI extension


2. nature: Guidelines for clinical trial protocols for interventions involving artificial intelligence: the SPIRIT-AI extension








Patients could benefit from faster and more effective introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) innovations to diagnose and treat disease—thanks to the first international standards for reporting of clinical trials for AI.
As evaluation of health interventions involving machine learning or other AI systems moves into clinical trials, an international group has developed guidelines aiming to improve the quality of these studies and ensure that they are reported transparently.
The use of these international guidelines will enable patients, health care professionals and policy-makers to be more confident on whether an AI intervention is safe and effective. This is a key step towards trustworthy AI in health.
Development of new reporting guidelines which expand on the current SPIRIT 2013 and CONSORT 2010 reporting frameworks will boost transparency and robustness for clinical trials evaluating AI health solutions.
Future clinical trials evaluating an AI intervention will be expected—and often required—to report their publications to the new standards. The guidelines will also help medical professionals, regulators, funders and other decision-makers assess the quality of planned clinical trials and assess whether the algorithm is safe and likely to bring about patient benefit.
Researchers from the University of Birmingham and University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (UHB) worked with leading insttitutions from across the world—including the United States and Canada—and have published their findings and the new guidelines today in Nature Medicine, the BMJ and The Lancet Digital Health.
Researchers developed the additional guidance to tackle concerns that many studies of AI are of insufficient quality and are not transparent. This was highlighted in research published last September, led by several of the same researchers which highlighted that less than one percent of 20,500 analyzed studies relating to health AI were of sufficient quality that independent viewers could have confidence in their results.
Professor Alastair Denniston, Lead for AI at Birmingham Health Partners Center for Regulatory Science and Innovation, and Consultant Ophthalmologist at UHB, commented: "Patients could benefit hugely from the use of AI in medical settings, but before we introduce these technologies into everyday practice we need to know that they have been robustly evaluated and proven to be effective and safe. Our previous work showed just how big a problem this can be and that we needed a way to cut through the hype surrounding AI in healthcare. These new reporting guidelines—SPIRIT-AI and CONSORT-AI—provide a solution to the 'hype' problem. They provide a clear, transparent framework to support the design and reporting of AI trials that will help to improve quality and transparency. These extended guidelines will help to reduce wasted effort and deliver effective AI-led medical interventions to patients quicker."
SPIRIT-AI extension is a new guideline for clinical trials protocols and CONSORT-AI extension is a new reporting guideline for clinical trial reports, for evaluating interventions with AI components.
Professor Melanie Calvert, NIHR Senior Investigator and Director of Birmingham Health Partners Center for Regulatory Science and Innovation commented: "There is growing recognition that interventions involving AI need rigorous evaluation to demonstrate their impact on health outcomes. Without this, we risk not generating sufficiently robust evidence to decide whether AI interventions should be commissioned in the real world. These new guidelines will help to identify and overcome research challenges associated with AI-led health innovation, but we could not have got to this exciting point without the help of patients involved in research."


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