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Resveratrol and/or exercise improves physical performance in aged mice

in vivo resveratrol

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#1 malbecman

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Posted 18 December 2017 - 05:01 PM


 Overall, res + exercise were better.  Res or exercise along exhibited similar benefits.

 

 

J Physiol Sci. 2017 Dec 11. doi: 10.1007/s12576-017-0582-4. [Epub ahead of print]
Resveratrol and/or exercise training counteract aging-associated decline of physical endurance in aged mice; targeting mitochondrial biogenesis and function.
Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction and decreased mitochondrial content are hallmarks of aging that leads to decreased physical endurance. Our aim was to explore the anti-aging effect of resveratrol (RSVT) supplementation, a polyphenol, and/or exercise training, started at an older age, on improving physical activity, therefore, help in frailty avoidance and promotion of healthy aging in elderly. Eighteen-month-old aged mice received RSVT (15 mg/kg/day) and/or exercise trained for 4 weeks showed significant longer time to exhaustion with decreased blood lactate and free fatty acids levels associated with improved oxidative stress evidenced by decreased gastrocnemius muscle lipid peroxidation and increased antioxidant enzymes activities, catalase and superoxide dismutase, when compared to aged mice control group. These changes were accompanied by over-expression of skeletal muscle peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) mRNA, the master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis, and increased muscle citrate synthase activity, a marker for mitochondrial function. These findings may provide evidence for improved physical endurance by RSVT supplementation or exercise training with better results of their combination, even at an older age, through increasing mitochondrial biogenesis and function. Increased muscle PGC-1α mRNA expression and citrate synthase enzyme activity in addition to improved aging-associated oxidative damage were among the mechanisms involved in this protection.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Citrate synthase; Mitochondrial dysfunction; PGC-1α; Resveratrol

PMID: 29230719
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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: in vivo, resveratrol

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