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#151 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 03:18 AM

Palenque

http://www.mesoweb.c...gus/099_50.html

The Sarcophagus of Pakal the Great



Copyright Merle Greene Robertson

#152 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 03:30 AM

http://www.mesoweb.c...akals_tomb.html

WHO IS BURIED IN PAKAL'S TOMB?

The discovery of the sarcophagus of a great Maya ruler deep within the Temple of Inscriptions at Palenque is one of the great stories of archaeology.


Alberto Ruz, director of research at Palenque for Mexico's Instituto Nacional de Arqueologia y Historia, had long wrestled with an enigma involving the pyramid. No one had been able to explain why a flagstone in the center of the temple's floor had a number of holes drilled in it. Finally Ruz noticed that the walls of the temple continued beneath the floor level, and he suddenly realized that the ancient Maya had sealed off a chamber below. Lowering the final slab into place with ropes through the drill holes, they had sealed the holes with stone plugs.

Ruz spent four seasons digging down beneath the floor of the Temple of the Incriptions. It was stultifyingly hot and dangerous work. At last, in the summer of 1952, Ruz shined his flashlight through a peephole that his workers had cut through the limestone. As he later described the sight:

"Out of the dim shadows emerged a vision from a fairy tale, a fantastic, ethereal sight from another world. It seemed a huge magic grotto carved out of ice, the walls sparkling and glistening like snow crystals. Delicate festoons of stalactites hung like tassels of a curtain, and the stalagmites on the floor looked like drippings from a great candle. The impression, in fact, was that of an abandoned chapel. Across the walls marched stucco figures in low relief. Then my eyes sought the floor. This was almost entirely filled with a great carved stone slab, in perfect condition."




The lid of Pakal's sarcophagus depicts the dead ruler's descent into the underworld of Xibalba. He falls down the cross-shaped World Tree. This tree was the central axis of the world as the Maya conceived it, connecting the starry heavens with the surface of the earth and Xibalba below.


For the first time in more than a thousand years, human eyes beheld the glorious carved sarcophagus lid of a great ruler of Palenque. That the tomb belonged to an important ruler was beyond doubt, considering its magnificence. The entire pyramid of the Temple of Inscriptions had been built around it. But who that ruler might be was a lingering question.

Then David Kelley and Floyd Lounsbury analyzed inscriptions from the temple to determine that the occupant of the sarcophagus was named "Shield", or Pakal (originally spelled Pacal, then Hanab-Pakal and now Janahb' Pakal).
Pakal the Great ruled Palenque for most of his 80 years, and it was reasonable to conclude that he had built the Temple of Inscriptions as his own burial monument. But Ruz was disturbed by the fact that the bones in the sarcophagus appeared to belong to a man some forty years younger than Pakal at the time of his death. Preliminary analysis from the bones indicated a middle-aged male, but this analysis was never published for scientists to examine, confirm or reject. A subsequent report in 1971 seemed to confirm the earlier finding based on limited wear on the skeleton's teeth.

Meanwhile, epigraphers--scholars who study and interpret inscriptions--had determined definitively the dates of Pakal's birth and his death at an advanced age. "Lord Shield Pacal was by all accounts a most remarkable man," wrote Peter Mathews and Linda Schele in a presentation to the First Palenque Round Table in 1974. "Apparently in power, at least in name, by the age of 12 1/2, he ruled for almost 70 years. His was a dominant influence at Palenque and he was surely the man responsible for its sudden blossoming c. 9.10.0.0.0 into a major Classic site." Mathews and Schele had no doubt that the body found deep beneath the Temple of the Incriptions was that of Pakal.

Yet a controversy has raged over the epigraphical findings. It has at times been viewed as a conflict between "scientific" and "non-scientific" research, that is, the methods of anthropologists and forensic scientists versus those of epigraphers.

Schele and Mathews respond as follows in The Code of Kings :

"For our part, we have always maintained that the arithmetic involved in analyzing the inscriptional dates of Hanab-Pakal is incontrovertible, whether or not our proposed interpretations of specific events are overturned. To prevent ambiguity, Palenque's scribes tied Hanab-Pakal's birth, accession, and death to the Long Count and to named k'atun-endings that recur only once every 375,000 years. And...they also tied his birth and accession dates to the end of the first piktun, which will occur in A.D. 4772. Thus, if his dates are to be changed, they must move at least 375,000 years into the future."


Or as Schele put it in 1992 (in Ancient Mesoamerica 3):

"The last argument against the chronology is that in some way the epigraphers do not understand what the Maya intended to say--that, for example, two people are being named as one person, that the history is a fabrication, or that some special way of dealing with time was being used. Concerning these possibilities, I can only say that each of these propositions requires that all of the inscriptional data that use the same calendrics or historical glyphs must be thrown out with the Palenque data, including all knowledge about the Maya and the Mesoamerican calendar in precolumbian, colonial, and modern contexts. This includes the entirety of Tatiana Proskouriakoff's 'historical hypothesis' and all of the histories that have been published for all Maya sites."

Schele and Mathews point to a 1996 personal communication from Allen Christenson, a dentist who has worked extensively with the Smithsonian in forensic analysis, that "wear is not a factor in elite dentition as they likely had a diet with more boiled atole which caused little wear."

And Norman Hammond and T. Molleson (1994, Mexicon 16) are cited to the effect that "people who survive to advanced age in any population naturally have 'young bones' compared to their contemporaries. These survivors do not age as rapidly as other members of the same population, so they might look younger to physical anthropologists assessing their age from skeletal remains."




The Oval Palace Tablet depicts Lady Sak K'uk', Pakal's mother, offering him a crown on the day he assumed the kingship. Pakal sits on a double-headed jaguar throne.


The inescapable conclusion is the fitting one: Pakal the Great is buried in Pakal's tomb.

#153 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 03:56 AM

http://www.mayadisco...ogy/default.htm




PAKAL'S TOMB By Francisco Cámara Riess



One of the most important structures in Palenque is the Tomb of Pakal, discovered in 1952 by Alberto Ruz Lhuillier inside the Temple of the Inscriptions. Pakal died on August 31, 638 at eighty years of age. He had assumed the throne in A.D. 615 at the age of twelve, and ruled for 68 years. During his long reign—near the end of the Classic Period (AD 250-900)—Pakal transformed Palenque into a great city. Around AD 675, as an old man nearing death, he undertook the construction of his burial temple.



As the crypt is larger than the entrance to the chamber, it is thought that it was built before the pyramid. Pakal's body was placed in the limestone, body-shaped sarcophagus and then it was sealed with a 3.8 by 2.2 meter stone cover. Once the burial rites were completed and the chamber sealed with a layer of stucco, five or six sacrificial victims were laid in the small antechamber. The stairway inside the temple was filled with rubble, jade, pottery and shell offerings. A stone airshaft, called a "psychoduct," was built starting at a notch in the funeral chamber door and rising to the upper floor of the temple. According the late Linda Schele, a renowned researcher, the Maya believed that the shaft allowed a mythological serpent to rise from Pakal's tomb to the place occupied by his descendants.

The scene depicted on the sarcophagus' lapidary stone represents the instant of Pakal's death and his fall to the Underworld. A strip of heaven (skyband) frames the entire scene with kin (day or the sun) in the upper right or northeast corner and akbaal (night or darkness) on the far left or northwest corner. The movement of the sun from east to west represents Pakal's journey from life into death. Symbols fill the background of this scene—shells, jade beads, signs of plenty, and others—carried on spirals of blood. The open mouth of the Xibalba, the Underworld, is carved on the bottom of the stone. Two dragon skeletons, united at the lower jaw, make up a U-shaped container that represents the entrance. The dragons' lips are curved inward, as though closing over Pakal's falling body. There, inside the Underworld at the center of the Universe, stands the Tree of the World with a Celestial Bird—symbol of the kingdom of heaven—poised on its highest branch.

The Tree of the World is specially marked as a sacred object: the symbols for te or "tree" confirm it is a cottonwood. The symbols for nen or "mirror" indicate that the tree is a shining and powerful being. The enormous figure of God C—symbol of blood and that which is holy—is inserted in the base of the trunk and is linked with Pakal's body. The tips of the tree's branches are shaped like the bowls used to catch sacrificial blood. Jade beads and tubes surround the square-nostriled dragons that are born from these vessels, indicating that they are especially sacred. These jewel-covered monsters are depicted in deliberate contrast to the skeletal dragons below them. Te first represent the heavens, the most sacred of the three levels of the Maya cosmos; the second illustrate the world of death into which Pakal falls.

A two-headed serpent bar—the Maya symbol of royalty—is wrapped around branches of the Tree of the World. The body is made of jade segments, again conferring special value on the serpent. The heads on each end of the bar correspond, piece by piece, to the skeletal dragons at the opening to the Underworld. Whereas the Underworld is like a skeleton, Earth, represented by the serpent, has flesh.

During his fall from the Tree of the World, Pakal is seated upon the Monster of the Sun. The monster is aptly represented in its state of transition between life and death: a skeleton from the mouth down, with eyes that have the dilated pupils of living beings. The sun enters into this state of transition at dawn and at dusk. Here, however, the emblem of the Monster of the Sun contains the cimi or sign of death, emphasizing imagery representing the "death of the sun" or sunset, with the sun located on the horizon, ready to sink into the Underworld . . . and take the dead king with it.

Pakal appears to be tumbling at an angle on the head of the Monster of the Sun, also a symbol of his transition from life into death. His loincloth and his heavy jade collar (both the front and back are depicted on the stone) seem to be floating away from his body. His knees are flexed, his hands relaxed. His face is calm because he expects to defeat death. A bone piercing Pakal's nose symbolizes that even death carries in it the seed of rebirth. In the Maya dialects, "bone" and "large seed" are synonymous. Thus, the bone is the seed of Pakal's resurrection.

In the end, Pakal falls as a deity with the smoking knife of God K embedded in his forehead. He was a god in life, and a god when falling into death.

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#154 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:04 AM

http://instructional...Info.00025.html

Pyramid of the Inscriptions. Diagram of crypt




The crypt contains Pakal the Great's remains 80 feet below the Temple.

Pakal's tomb was finally discovered in the mid-twentieth century during the archaeological investigations of Alberto Ruz Lhuillier, when he noted that the inner walls of the temple did not end at their junction with the floor, but continued below it. This observation, together with his deduction that the unusual holes in one large floor slab were in fact lifting holes, led him to the conclusion that something important laid under the temple.

Note: This image is from the book ANCIENT MAYA by Sylvanus Morley. Drawing by S. Greco.)

#155 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:07 AM

http://instructional...Info.00027.html

Tomb of Pakal in the Pyramid of the Inscriptions



The archaeologists found a large tomb chamber about 10 by 4 meters in size, with a vaulted ceiling over 7 meters high. The walls were decorated by nine stucco figures representing the nine lords of the underworld, the Bolontiku.

#156 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:10 AM

http://instructional...Info.00028.html

Tomb of Pakal in the Pyramid of the Inscriptions




Most of the vaulted tomb chamber found under the Pyramid of the Inscriptions was filled by a mammoth limestone sarcophagus, its sides carved with portraits and hieroglyphs.

#157 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:12 AM

http://instructional...Info.00029.html

Tomb of Pakal in the Pyramid of the Inscriptions with decorated sarcophagus



The most stunning object in the tomb was the magnificently carved sarcophagus lid. Its scene shows Pakal at the moment of death, falling like the sun at sunset into Xibalba and immediately resurrecting as a World Tree.

Note: This image is from the National Institute of Anthropology and History

#158 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:14 AM

http://instructional...Info.00031.html

Lid of the Tomb of Pakal



This drawing made by Linda Schele clearly depicts Pakal falling in death into the open jaws of the underworld, along the axis mundi, and the cross-shaped tree of life that supports the heavens, which are represented by the two-headed serpent and the celestial bird. Pakal dies and immediately ascends to heaven converted into the Maize God.

#159 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:16 AM

http://instructional...Info.00032.html

Comparison of the raising of the world with the movement of the Milky Way



The scene on Pakal's sacrophagus lid has a very clear association, for like the sun, Pakal will master the forces of Xibalba and be reborn as a deity, just as the sun in reborn each day at sunrise. The pathway of their descent is marked by the world tree, shown sprouting from behind Pakal. The entire scene is framed by a skyband containing the symbols of the most important celestial deities, including the sun, the moon and Venus.

#160 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:19 AM

http://instructional...Info.00024.html

Pyramid of the Inscriptions. Diagrams



The tomb under the Pyramid of the Inscriptions laid undetected during more than a century of explorations that failed to discover the apparently obvious clues to its existence.

#161 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:20 AM

http://instructional...Info.00022.html

Pyramid of the Inscriptions



The Temple of the Inscriptions was built above Pakal's crypt, which is reached by a vaulted stair that descends from the floor of the temple building through the heart of the pyramid to a level below the ground.

#162 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:22 AM

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Pyramid of the Inscriptions. detail



Pakal raised his funerary mountain, the Temple of the Inscriptions, against the flank of the huge mountains that loom behind it.

#163 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 04:28 AM

http://www.delange.o...alenqueTomb.htm

The Tomb Of Pakal
George And Audrey DeLange


Palenque (Pa-len-kay).

One of the most important structures in Palenque is the Tomb of Pakal, discovered in 1952 by Alberto Ruz Lhuillier inside the Temple of the Inscriptions. Pakal died on August 31, 683 at eighty years of age. He had assumed the throne on July 29, 615A.D. at the age of twelve, and ruled for 68 years. During his long reign—near the end of the Classic Period (AD 250-900)—Pakal transformed Palenque into a great city. Around AD 675, as an old man nearing death, he undertook the construction of his burial temple.

As the crypt is larger than the entrance to the chamber, it is thought that it was built before the pyramid. Pakal's body was placed in the limestone, body-shaped sarcophagus and then it was sealed with a 3.8 by 2.2 meter stone cover. Once the burial rites were completed and the chamber sealed with a layer of stucco, five or six sacrificial victims were laid in the small antechamber. The stairway inside the temple was filled with rubble, jade, pottery and shell offerings. A stone airshaft, called a "psychoduct," was built starting at a notch in the funeral chamber door and rising to the upper floor of the temple. According the late Linda Schele, a renowned researcher, the Maya believed that the shaft allowed a mythological serpent to rise from Pakal's tomb to the place occupied by his descendants.

The scene depicted on the sarcophagus' lapidary stone represents the instant of Pakal's death and his fall to the Underworld. A strip of heaven (skyband) frames the entire scene with kin (day or the sun) in the upper right or northeast corner and akbaal (night or darkness) on the far left or northwest corner. The movement of the sun from east to west represents Pakal's journey from life into death. Symbols fill the background of this scene—shells, jade beads, signs of plenty, and others—carried on spirals of blood. The open mouth of the Xibalba, the Underworld, is carved on the bottom of the stone. Two dragon skeletons, united at the lower jaw, make up a U-shaped container that represents the entrance. The dragons' lips are curved inward, as though closing over Pakal's falling body. There, inside the Underworld at the center of the Universe, stands the Tree of the World with a Celestial Bird—symbol of the kingdom of heaven—poised on its highest branch.

The Tree of the World is specially marked as a sacred object: the symbols for te or "tree" confirm it is a cottonwood. The symbols for nen or "mirror" indicate that the tree is a shining and powerful being. The enormous figure of God C—symbol of blood and that which is holy—is inserted in the base of the trunk and is linked with Pakal's body. The tips of the tree's branches are shaped like the bowls used to catch sacrificial blood. Jade beads and tubes surround the square-nostriled dragons that are born from these vessels, indicating that they are especially sacred. These jewel-covered monsters are depicted in deliberate contrast to the skeletal dragons below them. Te first represent the heavens, the most sacred of the three levels of the Maya cosmos; the second illustrate the world of death into which Pakal falls.

A two-headed serpent bar—the Maya symbol of royalty—is wrapped around branches of the Tree of the World. The body is made of jade segments, again conferring special value on the serpent. The heads on each end of the bar correspond, piece by piece, to the skeletal dragons at the opening to the Underworld. Whereas the Underworld is like a skeleton, Earth, represented by the serpent, has flesh.

During his fall from the Tree of the World, Pakal is seated upon the Monster of the Sun. The monster is aptly represented in its state of transition between life and death: a skeleton from the mouth down, with eyes that have the dilated pupils of living beings. The sun enters into this state of transition at dawn and at dusk. Here, however, the emblem of the Monster of the Sun contains the cimi or sign of death, emphasizing imagery representing the "death of the sun" or sunset, with the sun located on the horizon, ready to sink into the Underworld . . . and take the dead king with it.

Pakal appears to be tumbling at an angle on the head of the Monster of the Sun, also a symbol of his transition from life into death. His loincloth and his heavy jade collar (both the front and back are depicted on the stone) seem to be floating away from his body. His knees are flexed, his hands relaxed. His face is calm because he expects to defeat death. A bone piercing Pakal's nose symbolizes that even death carries in it the seed of rebirth. In the Maya dialects, "bone" and "large seed" are synonymous. Thus, the bone is the seed of Pakal's resurrection.

In the end, Pakal falls as a deity with the smoking knife of God K embedded in his forehead. He was a god in life, and a god when falling into death.

We start by climbing 52 feet up the Temple Of Inscriptions and then by walking into the beautiful temple at the top by way of one of the five entrances. Let us now enter into the secret shaft and decend into the Tomb Of Pakal! It is August in Palenque! First we notice the smell of guano from the bats that roost in the temple. The humidity must be about 99% and the temperature must be about 100 degrees F! It is hot, and humid. The air is thick! We can hear our own heavy breathing as we try to catch our breath as we decend deep into the heart of the tomb. We are soaking wet with sweat. But, what we are about to see is worth all that it takes to do this trip! This is perhaps the most exciting sight to see in all of Yucatan!



Lord Pakal's Tomb Adjacent To The Small Room




When First Discovered, Pakal Was Inside, Face Covered With Jade Mask!




Lord Pakal's Jade Funeral Mask




Drawing Of Inscriptions

#164 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 07:45 PM

http://www.civilizat...a/mmp09eng.html



Pacal's tomb


Pacal was 80 years old when he died. His reign, and that of his son Chan-Bahlum, are credited for inspiring the exceptional beauty of Palenque's art and architecture. The sarcophagus lid weighs as much as five tons and the sarcophagus itself weighs in excess of fifteen tons. Because of its enormous weight and size, it was set in place at the base of the temple before construction began.

The limestone sarcophagus lid is carved with a scene of Pacal at the moment of his death. He is shown falling down the World Tree into the jaws of the Underworld. He is accompanied by an image of the head of a skeletal monster carrying a bowl marked with the sign of the sun. This sign indicates that Pacal would be reborn as a god by defeating the Lords of Death who live in the Underworld. Portraits of his ancestors can be seen around the four sides of his coffin. Each figure is wearing a headdress symbolizing a fruit tree.




Replica of Pacal's tomb
Medium: Limestone
Date: Late Classic Period, 650 A.D.
Location: Temple of Inscriptions, Palenque, Mexico


Maya kings normally inherited their title through their fathers. Pacal's father was not a king, but his mother and great grandmother were both powerful women who ruled as true kings. Although this created a dilemma for the government because of the convention of patrilineal descent, these two exceptional women defied tradition by taking charge of the throne. Pacal established an unshakable claim to the throne even though he was not the son of a king. He explained this change as being preordained by the gods.

To legitimize his claim, he declared his mother to be the living embodiment of the First Mother, who created the gods and humans. This meant that Pacal was the son of a goddess. To add more weight to his argument, he claimed he was born on a day that exactly replicated the birth date of the First Mother. In this way, he secured his position as king.

#165 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 07:55 PM

http://www.students....mayan_books.htm

Mayan Government

Government was a central aspect of the Maya civilization. It was run by priests, who also ruled cities, led ceremonies and performed other various tasks. Maya priests would perform these ceremonial services daily after climbing the hundreds of temple steps. Maya priests most likely also caused the collapse of the Maya civilization when the lower class Mayas revolted from harsh rule and abandoned the cities.




The burial mask of Lord Pacal.


One of the most eminent Maya rulers was Lord Pacal. He became king at the age of 6 and legally took the throne at 12. Pacal was a priest/ruler/king for about 50 years before his death. Government of the Ancient Maya civilization consisted of a large city, the capital, which ruled the surrounding farming area and smaller communities. The capital was made up of a ceremonial center that was surrounded by a few houses and the town hall. It served as the center for all major political, religious, and economic activity, but the ceremonial center had no permanent inhabitants. Priests lived in the ceremonial center during religious ceremonies. Elected officials, from the surrounding farm area, also lived in the ceremonial center during their term and returned to their farms at the end of the term so a new elected official could takeover.

In both the priesthood and the ruling class, nepotism was apparently the prevailing system under which new members were chosen. New kings were chosen by the king passing down his position to his son. After the birth of a heir, the kings performed a blood sacrifice by drawing blood from his own body as an offering to his ancestors. A human sacrifice was then offered at the time of a new king's installation in office. To be a king, one must have taken a captive in a war and that person is then used as the victim in his accession ceremony. This ritual is the most important of a king's life as it is the point at which he inherits the position as head of the lineage and leader of the city. The religious explanation as to why the institution of kingship was performed this way is because Mayans believed their rulers were necessary for continuance of the Universe.


o Only priests/rulers/kings were allowed to be in the temples.
o The priests lived in huge palaces.
o Priests in small villages were the godfathers and assisted in births.
o Priests led ceremonies like ch'acak to please the gods.

#166 bobdrake12

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Posted 04 January 2003 - 08:17 PM

http://216.239.53.10...&hl=en&ie=UTF-8

The Mark of the Sun Shield (excerpts)

You cannot move through the shadow jungle of galactic space without first confronting your own fears and the unknown. Lord Pacal still resides over the site and keeps the uninitiated at bay


At one time Palenque was a metropolis, similar to urban environments that we currently live in. The city structures, upon entering, are built to to the side of scaling hills, and you must climb great lengths to reach the insides. The scaling effect is much like the skyline effect of a major city such as New York or San Francisco. However, when you enter the city you are surprised because the skyline is buried within a jungle that cannot be seen until you are suddenly there.

Unlike the Yucatan peninsula which is unusually flat, Palenque is a hilly jungle. To access many of the ruins, you must climb hills and cross meandering aquaducts. Most of these aquaducts were dug by the Mayans to bring usable water into the cities. There are still many unexcavated ruins in Palenque, and excavation teams -- like those at most of the other Mayan sites -- are still uncovering and reassembling structures that have been buried for hundreds and thousands of years under the changing and lush landscape.

Many of the Lacandon still live within the jungles, and have built up a resistance move-ment to protect their biosphere, which has kept them at odds with the federal government. Christian missionaries have had a hard time reforming this tribe due to restraints on accessibility. However, there seem to be other elements at-large that have protected the Lacan-don from being reformed, and the area vibrates with the flow of unseen energies.

The most reknown ruler of Palenque, Pacal Votan, is buried within the Temple of the Inscriptions. You must climb a great distance to enter this pyramid, and then descend an equal distance to reach the tomb. The Temple is the most imposing structure in Palenque, built for a king. One gets the feeling that when you reach the top you can break through physical limita-tions and touch the heavens. This is a feeling that many of the pyramids emanate, but here, the feeling is more dominant than at some of the other sites I have visited.

I did not feel the harsh energies that accompany some of the other Mayan/Aztec sites. Here, there was a more remote feeling, of being in two worlds at the same time. While this feeling is common in many of the sites, here there were no invisible boundaries to cross to straddle the other world. There was also a quiet that does not accompany many of the other sites. Palenque had been a thriving metropolis in its time that had nourished its people, and Pacal Votan was the mightiest of rulers -- Lord of the Sun Shield.

After exploring most of the ruins, I found myself almost obsessively attracted to the Governor's Palace. The name, of course, was given in later years by archaeologists and explorer's who would reside in these complexes during excavations. However, that did not distract from the power and lure of this particular complex. Unlike other governor's palaces that I have seen, this multilevel, multiroom, maze-like structure with it's massive columns and court-yards felt like a castle fit for a formidable king. In fact, it has been noted by some Mayans that two queens reigned over the metropolis even before Lord Pacal became its most reknown ruler.I spent three hours in the Palace that Friday, and then three hours more on Saturday. I wandered through the corridors, and mazes, and meditated in a part of the structure that has been determined by scholars to have been the baths or spas. Whether for physical healing or spiritual healing, the baths were certainly used for deep cleansing and my gut feeling regarding the purpose of the spas is far different than that disseminated by the traditionalists.

Timekeeper Hunbatz Men believes that the complex was used primarily for the accumulation of high knowledge.I also spent time studying and meditating on the relief that depicted the coronation of Pacal Votan. Interestingly, when my film was developed, I found that I had returned there on three occasions to shoot pictures, apparently forgetting that I had already been there. However, this particular spot would prove even more interesting as the visit unfolded, and would invoke a timewarp in my consciousness.

The Mayans at Palenque lived in two worlds at once and eventually made the total shift to pure fourth-dimensional consciousness. They are still there, in the past, present, and future. This time warp is a magnet for the prepared initiate and a boomerang to those who are ill intentioned. Palenque is a place in which to meet with the ancestors and transcend physical mortality after you've successfully faced and embraced the shadow. You cannot move through the shadow jungle of galactic space without first confronting your own fears and the unknown. Lord Pacal still resides over the site and keeps the uninitiated at bay. To meet him face-to-face, in fourth dimensional space, one must be well-taught and prepared to pass through the turbulent galactic center and integrate left-brain consciousness with right-brain intuition, or superconsciousness. Only then can one come face-to-face with all that is, and walk with the ancestors.

#167 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 06:21 AM

http://www.sacredsit.../2nd56/106.html

Palenque, Mexico



Pyramid temple of Pacal Votan, Palenque, Mexico

Vast, mysterious and enchanting, the ruined city of Palenque is considered to be the most beautifully conceived of the Mayan city-states and one of the loveliest archaeological sites in the world. Its geographic setting is splendid beyond words. Nestled amidst steep and thickly forested hills, the ruins are frequently shrouded in lacy mists. A rushing brook meanders through the city center and from the temple summits there are stupendous views over an immense coastal plain. Here and there, piercing the dark green forests, soar great pyramids, towers and sprawling temple complexes. In its period of cultural florescence however, Palenque was even more beautiful, for then its limestone buildings were coated with white plaster and painted in a rainbow of pastel hues. These fabulous ruins were so hidden in the jungles that their existence was unknown until 1773. Even then, Palenque was discovered and lost several times until 1841 when the explorers Stephens and Catherwood arrived and described it in detail.

Scattered pottery shards show that the site was occupied from as early as 300 BC, but most of the buildings were constructed between the 7th and 10th centuries AD. Then, mysteriously, the great city was abandoned and reclaimed by the inexorable claws of the jungle. Even the Mayan name of the city was lost, and the ruins received their current name from the nearby village of Santo Domingo de Palenque. While the ruins have received some of the most extensive excavation and reconstruction efforts of any of the Mayan sites, only 34 structures have been opened of an estimated 500 that are scattered around the area. As one wanders through the ruins or gazes from atop the tall buildings, small hills are seen everywhere about the site. These are not hills however, but Mayan structures long overgrown with jungle.

The photograph shows the so-called Temple of the Inscriptions. Erected in 692 AD, it was originally an eight storey platform later converted into a three-tier pyramid. In 1952 an amazing discovery was made inside this pyramid. Beneath the slab floor of an inner room was found a stairway leading down to a funerary crypt 80 feet (24 m) below. The crypt contained a coffin with a skeleton covered with jade ornaments and other precious jewels. Inscriptions reveal the burial to have been of the great priest/king Pacal Votan who ruled the city from 615-683 AD. It is interesting to note that since the coffin is too large to maneuver down the staircase, the crypt must have been constructed prior to the pyramid that now covers it. This fascinating structure, both temple and tomb, was the primary sacred site in Palenque and one of the most visited pilgrimage shrines in the vast Mayan territories.

#168 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 06:23 AM

http://mayan.tzolkin...pacal/pacal.htm



(Lord) Pacal Votan (631 - 683 A.D.)

#169 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 06:29 AM

http://www.earthasce.../time/pacal.htm






For over 30 years Jose Arguelles has been exploring the Mayan prophesies and concept of time, based on his research into the mysteries of the sacred site of Palenque in Mexico, and especially his study of the lid of Pacal Votan's tomb.

While most Western-trained archeological researchers have merely accepted Mayan mathematics as a unique, if baffling phenomenon, of no value whatsoever to the modern world, Jose Arguelles recognized early on that the Maya were practicing a 'time science' well in advance of anything we know about, and that they deliberately left clues as to its nature.

Concluding that humanity has evolved since Babylonian times under a false and artificial timing frequency, leading to a potentially disasterous deviation from nature, Jose has devoted his life to unraveling the Mayan mathematical code which demonstrates that time is indeed the fourth dimension.

"The 20th century began with the equation "E=MC^2." The theory of relativity binds space within the speed of light and really says nothing about time. Its applications have produced 50 years of cold war and nuclear terrorism... Before the 20th century becomes the last century of human evolution, we offer the corrective equation:T(E)=Art, (E)nergy factored by (T)ime=Art, where (E) is the energy of any whole system, (T), the 13:20 unifying timing frequency, and 'Art' the result of factoring energy by time. This is why nature is constantly wonderous and artistic. This equation also points to the creative direction humanity could take by rejecting its false timing frequency and returning to natural time."

#170 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 06:36 AM

Excerpts from the book

The Call of Pacal Votan - Time is the Fourth Dimension


http://www.earthasce.../time/jose1.htm

Description and Nature of the Problem

1. In all of modern thought and civilization there is one dominant, all-inclusive and ever-expanding problem: humankind's alienation from nature. Not being able to resolve this problem, nor being able to think about it in any other way than by the means by which this problem has come about, i.e. through modern science and technology, hope for a positive planetary future grows dimmer every day.

2. Conditioned over many generations by a self-reinforcing languaging which postulates an unquestioned worldview of space and matter, even the thought that the problem of humanity's alienation from nature could be seriously approached by any other method than that of the modern techno-scientific one is treated either with ridicule or as a threat. In this regard the invisible hierarchy of science forms a priesthood whose thriving interest is increasingly bogged down in the protection and promotion of its own system, and hence comes to resemble more and more the antiquated priest hoods of the past whose very existence became a barrier to the truth.

3. The crux of the problem of modern science and the dilemma of a social order totally at odds with the natural order is its exclusive basis in investigations of space and matter and the concurrent and consequent view that time is a function of space; and that while space as a description of matter is of the third dimension, time is of a 'lesser' dimension, the fourth. Yet even in those areas of experimental research that speak of a space-time continuum, there is no clearly agreed-upon under standing of the nature of time, nor is there a description of time apart from the terms, theories and mathematical of space which is of the third dimension. This applies even to the most discontinuous and non-Euclidean geometries, i.e. Riemann, chaos theory, et. al, which are, nonetheless, all descriptions derived from considerations of space.

4. The confusion regarding time and the fourth dimension results, on the one hand, from the inadequacy of using measurements and instrumentation designed to describe space and matter to measure and define time and the fourth dimension; and, on the other hand, this confusion is the consequence of the self-reinforcing languaging of third dimensional space science which, becoming bound by its own unexamined mental and limiting cultural standards, is profoundly inhibited in its ability to ask the right questions or to approach the issue of time and the fourth dimension in a genuinely fresh manner. The notion that time and the fourth dimension might possess their own intrinsic qualities, mathematics and epistemology, quite apart from the science and mathematics of space, is totally inadmissable to modern science. In fact, such an admission would mean the end of science as we now know it.

5. A further factor limiting the understanding of modern science is its tendency toward entropic discretion of research, resulting in ever more abstract and abstruse microfields, each with its own language and terminology. From this factor arise two further consequences. The first is an increasing lack of cross communication which, with no comprehensive systematic ordering principle whatsoever, creates an over whelming deluge of information whose usefulness diminishes in proportion to its quantity and lack of total comprehensibility.

The second is the proliferation of technologies and technological 'innovations' which, resulting from a diversity of entropically discrete fields, and without any safeguards as to the ultimate effects of their application, increasingly diminishes the human capacity to withstand the multitude of effects, while impacting the environment in ways that become ever more unpredictable and potentially catastrophic. In sum, the results of applied third-dimensional space science create problems of both a mental and material nature which, lacking comprehensibility of communication and responsibility for effects, is nothing less than a moral and ethical disaster. This is especially so since, the obvious deleterious effects of modern techno science notwithstanding, civilization continues to proceed with these methods as if there were no other way.

6. Science - the intelligent capacity to know, define, measure and communicate - is an evolutionary phenomenon whose standards change and vary according to the circumstances and issues facing different phases in the development of intelligence. In spite of the general and inevitable tendency of modern science toward entropic discretion, a counter-trend toward a whole systems approach or methodology has, here and there, made its presence felt. This whole systems approach, rooted more in the biological than the physical sciences, and turning ever more to a consideration of the planet as a single unitary organism or ecosystem, is the only viable context within which a fresh description of time viewed from its own dimension may be undertaken.

7. Such a truly whole systems understanding will have as its end not only an accurate description of the principles of time viewed from its own dimension, but will provide the basis for the establishment of a post-scientific perspective and method by which the problems of human alienation from nature could at last be successfully resolved.

To achieve this grand and noble end implies that a correct under standing of time and the fourth dimension will also offer a new and radically innovative basis for the reordering of human society. In this the true understanding of time viewed from its own dimension will at last be launched a logical and comprehensive post scientific revolution as vigorous as and even further-reaching in its reformulation of human thought and feeling than the scientific revolution of the 17th century. More than just an antidote, the principles of time viewed from its own dimension will provide a positive basis not only for the reorganization of human society, but also for the amelioration of the planetary ecosystem.

#171 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 07:04 AM




Actually, time is probably much more complex than stated in Jose Arguelles' article (shown above), but the reason for not understanding it may just be the myopic focus this Type 0 civilization has on the three visible dimensions.

Cumrun Vafa at Harvard has a theory that time has two dimensions.

While I believe Vafa might be on the right track, again his F-Theory is probably an over-simplification due to the preconceived influences this Type 0 civilization has on the general population's paradigms.

The paper by Micio Kaku (shown below) describes M-Theory. Kaku's paper might be helpful in displaying that the article shown above (written by Jose Arguelles) might sound rather weird for most laymen; but I don't believe it is weird enough to solve the mystery of space-time (which the Mayans just might have solved long ago, but this wisdom certainly would not be for sale if it were possessed today by certain underground indigenous adepts).

bob


http://www.mkaku.org/mtheory.html




M-Theory: The Mother of all SuperStrings

"Vafa recently added a strange twist to this when he introduced yet another mega-theory, this time a 12 dimensional theory called F-theory (F for "father") which explains the self-duality of the IIb string. (Unfortunately, this 12 dimensional theory is rather strange: it has two time co-ordinates, not one, and actually violates 12 dimensional relativity. Imagine trying to live in a world with two times! It would put an episode of Twilight Zone to shame.) So is the final theory 10, 11, or 12 dimensional?"


Every decade or so, a stunning breakthrough in string theory sends shock waves racing through the theoretical physics community, generating a feverish outpouring of papers and activity. This time, the Internet lines are burning up as papers keep pouring into the Los Alamos National Laboratory's computer bulletin board, the official clearing house for superstring papers. John Schwarz of Caltech, for example, has been speaking to conferences around the world proclaiming the "second superstring revolution." Edward Witten of the Institute for Advanced Study in Prince- ton gave a spell-binding 3 hour lecture describing it. The after- shocks of the breakthrough are even shaking other disciplines, like mathematics. The director of the Institute, mathematician Phillip Griffiths, says, "The excitement I sense in the people in the field and the spinoffs into my own field of mathematics ... have really been quite extraordinary. I feel I've been very privileged to witness this first hand."

And Cumrun Vafa at Harvard has said, "I may be biased on this one, but I think it is perhaps the most important development not only in string theory, but also in theoretical physics at least in the past two decades." What is triggering all this excitement is the discovery of something called "M-theory," a theory which may explain the origin of strings. In one dazzling stroke, this new M-theory has solved a series of long-standing puzzling mysteries about string theory which have dogged it from the beginning, leaving many theoretical physicists (myself included!) gasping for breath. M-theory, moreover, may even force string theory to change its name. Although many features of M-theory are still unknown, it does not seem to be a theory purely of strings. Michael Duff of Texas A & M is already giving speeches with the title "The theory formerly known as strings!" String theorists are careful to point out that this does not prove the final correctness of the theory. Not by any means. That may make years or decades more. But it marks a most significant breakthrough that is already reshaping the entire field.

PARABLE OF THE LION

Einstein once said, "Nature shows us only the tail of the lion. But I do not doubt that the lion belongs to it even though he cannot at once reveal himself because of his enormous size." Einstein spent the last 30 years of his life searching for the "tail" that would lead him to the "lion," the fabled unified field theory or the "theory of everything," which would unite all the forces of the universe into a single equation. The four forces (gravity, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak nuclear forces) would be unified by an equation perhaps one inch long. Capturing the "lion" would be the greatest scientific achievement in all of physics, the crowning achievement of 2,000 years of scientific investigation, ever since the Greeks first asked themselves what the world was made of. But although Einstein was the first one to set off on this noble hunt and track the footprints left by the lion, he ulti- mately lost the trail and wandered off into the wilderness. Other giants of 20th century physics, like Werner Heisenberg and Wolfgang Pauli, also joined in the hunt. But all the easy ideas were tried and shown to be wrong. When Niels Bohr once heard a lecture by Pauli explaining his version of the unified field theory, Bohr stood up and said, "We in the back are all agreed that your theory is crazy. But what divides us is whether your theory is crazy enough!"

The trail leading to the unified field theory, in fact, is littered with the wreckage of failed expeditions and dreams. Today, however, physicists are following a different trail which might be "crazy enough" to lead to the lion. This new trail leads to superstring theory, which is the best (and in fact only) candidate for a theory of everything. Unlike its rivals, it has survived every blistering mathematical challenge ever hurled at it. Not surprisingly, the theory is a radical, "crazy" departure from the past, being based on tiny strings vibrating in 10 dimensional space-time. Moreover, the theory easily swallows up Einstein's theory of gravity. Witten has said, "Unlike conventional quantum field theory, string theory requires gravity. I regard this fact as one of the greatest in- sights in science ever made." But until recently, there has been a glaring weak spot: string theorists have been unable to probe all solutions of the model, failing miserably to examine what is called the "non- perturbative region," which I will describe shortly. This is vitally important, since ultimately our universe (with its wonderfully diverse collection of galaxies, stars, planets, sub- atomic particles, and even people) may lie in this "non-perturbative region." Until this region can be probed, we don't know if string theory is a theory of everything -- or a theory of nothing! That's what today's excitement is all about. For the first time, using a powerful tool called "duality," physicists are now probing beyond just the tail, and finally seeing the outlines of a huge, unexpectedly beautiful lion at the other end. Not knowing what to call it, Witten has dubbed it "M-theory." In one stroke, M-theory has solved many of the embarrassing features of the theory, such as why we have 5 superstring theories. Ultimately, it may solve the nagging question of where strings come from.

PEA BRAINS AND THE MOTHER OF ALL STRINGS

Einstein once asked himself if God had any choice in making the universe. Perhaps not, so it was embarrassing for string theorists to have five different self-consistent strings, all of which can unite the two fundamental theories in physics, the theory of gravity and the quantum theory.

Each of these string theories looks completely different from the others. They are based on different symmetries, with exotic names like E(8)xE(8) and O(32).

Not only this, but superstrings are in some sense not unique: there are other non-string theories which contain "super- symmetry," the key mathematical symmetry underlying superstrings. (Changing light into electrons and then into gravity is one of the rather astonishing tricks performed by supersymmetry, which is the symmetry which can exchange particles with half-integral spin, like electrons and quarks, with particles of integral spin, like photons, gravitons, and W-particles.

In 11 dimensions, in fact, there are alternate super theories based on membranes as well as point particles (called super- gravity). In lower dimensions, there is moreover a whole zoo of super theories based on membranes in different dimensions. (For example, point particles are 0-branes, strings are 1-branes, membranes are 2-branes, and so on.) For the p-dimensional case, some wag dubbed them p-branes (pronounced "pea brains"). But because p-branes are horribly difficult to work with, they were long considered just a historical curiosity, a trail that led to a dead-end. (Michael Duff, in fact, has collected a whole list of unflattering comments made by referees to his National Science Foundation grant concerning his work on p- branes. One of the more charitable comments from a referee was: "He has a skewed view of the relative importance of various concepts in modern theoretical physics.") So that was the mystery. Why should supersymmetry allow for 5 superstrings and this peculiar, motley collection of p-branes? Now we realize that strings, supergravity, and p-branes are just different aspects of the same theory. M-theory (M for "membrane" or the "mother of all strings," take your pick) unites the 5 superstrings into one theory and includes the p-branes as well. To see how this all fits together, let us update the famous parable of the blind wise men and the elephant. Think of the blind men on the trail of the lion. Hearing it race by, they chase after it and desperately grab onto its tail (a one-brane). Hanging onto the tail for dear life, they feel its one- dimensional form and loudly proclaim "It's a string! It's a string!"

But then one blind man goes beyond the tail and grabs onto the ear of the lion. Feeling a two-dimensional surface (a membrane), the blind man proclaims, "No, it's really a two-brane!" Then another blind man is able to grab onto the leg of the lion. Sensing a three-dimensional solid, he shouts, "No, you're both wrong. It's really a three-brane!" Actually, they are all right. Just as the tail, ear, and leg are different parts of the same lion, the string and various p- branes appear to be different limits of the same theory: M- theory. Paul Townsend of Cambridge University, one of the architects of this idea, calls it "p-brane democracy," i.e. all p- branes (including strings) are created equal. Schwarz puts a slightly different spin on this. He says, "we are in an Orwellian situation: all p-branes are equal, but some (namely strings) are more equal than others. The point is that they are the only ones on which we can base a perturbation theory." To understand unfamiliar concepts such as duality, perturbation theory, non-perturbative solutions, it is instructive to see where these concepts first entered into physics.

DUALITY

The key tool to understanding this breakthrough is something "duality." Loosely speaking, two theories are "dual" to each other if they can be shown to be equivalent under a certain interchange. The simplest example of duality is reversing the role of electricity and magnetism in the equations discovered by James Clerk Maxwell of Cambridge University 130 years ago. These are the equations which govern light, TV, X-rays, radar, dynamos, motors, transformers, even the Internet and computers. The remarkable feature about these equations is that they remain the same if we interchange the magnetic B and electric fields E and also switch the electric charge e with the magnetic charge g of a magnetic "monopole": E <--> B and e <--> g (In fact, the product eg is a constant.) This has important implications. Often, when a theory cannot be solved exactly, we use an approximation scheme. In first year calculus, for example, we recall that we can approximate certain functions by Taylor's expansion. Similarly, since e^2 = 1/137 in certain units and is hence a small number, we can always approximate the theory by power expanding in e^2. So we add contributions of order e^2 + e^4 + e^6 etc. in solving for, say, the collision of two parti- cles. Notice that each contribution is getting smaller and small- er, so we can in principle add them all up. This generalization of Taylor's expansion is called "perturbation theory," where we perturb the system with terms containing e^2. For example, in archery, perturbation theory is how we aim our arrows. With every motion of our arms, our bow gets closer and closer to aligning with the bull's eye.) But now try expanding in g^2. This is much tougher; in fact, if we expand in g^2, which is large, then the sum g^2 + g^4 + g^6 etc. blows up and becomes meaningless. This is the reason why the "non-perturbative" region is so difficult to probe, since the theory simply blows up if we try to naively use perturbation theory for large coupling constant g. So at first it appears hopeless that we could ever penetrate into the non-perturbative region. (For example, if every motion of our arms got bigger and bigger, we would never be able to zero in and hit the target with the arrow.) But notice that because of duality, a theory of small e (which is easily solved) is identical to a theory of large g (which is difficult to solve). But since they are the same theo- ry, we can use duality to solve for the non-perturbative region.

S,T, AND U DUALITY

The first inkling that duality might apply in string theory was discovered by K. Kikkawa and M. Yamasaki of Osaka Univ. in 1984. They showed that if you "curled up" one of the extra dimensions into a circle with radius R, the theory was the same if we curled up this dimension with radius 1/R. This is now called T- duality: R <--> 1/R When applied to various superstrings, one could reduce 5 of the string theories down to 3 (see figure). In 9 dimensions (with one dimension curled up) the Type IIa and IIb strings were iden- tical, as were the E(8)xE(8) and O(32) strings.

Unfortunately, T duality was still a perturbative duality. The next breakthrough came when it was shown that there was a second class of dualities, called S duality, which provided a duality between the perturbative and non-perturbative regions of string theory. Another duality, called U duality, was even more powerful.

Then Nathan Seiberg and Witten brilliantly showed how anoth- er form of duality could solve for the non-perturbative region in four dimensional supersymmetric theories. However, what finally convinced many physicists of the power of this technique was the work of Paul Townsend and Edward Wit ten. They caught everyone by surprise by showing that there was a duality between 10 dimensional Type IIa strings and 11 dimensional supergravity! The non-perturbative region of Type IIa strings, which was previously a forbidden region, was revealed to be governed by 11 dimensional supergravity theory, with one dimension curled up. At this point, I remember that many physicists (myself included) were rubbing our eyes, not believing what we were seeing. I remember saying to myself, "But's that's impossible!"

All of a sudden, we realized that perhaps the real "home" of string theory was not 10 dimensions, but possibly 11, and that the theory wasn't fundamentally a string theory at all! This revived tremendous interest in 11 dimensional theories and p- branes. Lurking in the 11th dimension was an entirely new theory which could reduce down to 11 dimensional supergravity as well as 10 dimensional string theory and p-brane theory.

DETRACTORS OF STRING THEORIES

To the critics, however, these mathematical developments still don't answer the nagging question: how do you test it? Since string theory is really a theory of Creation, when all its beautiful symmetries were in their full glory, the only way to test it, the critics wail, is to re-create the Big Bang itself, which is impossible. Nobel Laureate Sheldon Glashow likes to ridicule superstring theory by comparing it with former Pres. Reagan's Star Wars plan, i.e. they are both untestable, soak up resources, and both siphon off the best scientific brains.

Actually, most string theorists think these criticisms are silly. They believe that the critics have missed the point. The key point is this: if the theory can be solved non- perturbatively using pure mathematics, then it should reduce down at low energies to a theory of ordinary protons, electrons, atoms, and molecules, for which there is ample experimental data. If we could completely solve the theory, we should be able to extract its low energy spectrum, which should match the familiar particles we see today in the Standard Model. Thus, the problem is not building atom smashers l,000 light years in diameter; the real problem is raw brain power: of only we were clever enough, we could write down M-theory, solve it, and settle everything.

EVOLVING BACKWARDS

So what would it take to actually solve the theory once and for all and end all the speculation and back-biting? There are several approaches. The first is the most direct: try to derive the Standard Model of particle interactions, with its bizarre collection of quarks, gluons, electrons, neutrinos, Higgs bosons, etc. etc. etc. (I must admit that although the Standard Model is the most successful physical theory ever proposed, it is also one of the ugliest.) This might be done by curling up 6 of the 10 dimensions, leaving us with a 4 dimensional theory that might resemble the Standard Model a bit. Then try to use duality and M- theory to probe its non-perturbative region, seeing if the symmetries break in the correct fashion, giving us the correct masses of the quarks and other particles in the Standard Model. Witten's philosophy, however, is a bit different. He feels that the key to solving string theory is to understand the underlying principle behind the theory.

Let me explain. Einstein's theory of general relativity, for example, started from first principles. Einstein had the "happiest thought in his life" when he leaned back in his chair at the Bern patent office and realized that a person in a falling elevator would feel no gravity. Although physicists since Galileo knew this, Einstein was able to extract from this the Equivalence Principle. This deceptively simple statement (that the laws of physics are indistinguishable locally in an accelerating or a gravitating frame) led Einstein to introduce a new symmetry to physics, general co-ordinate transformations. This in turn gave birth to the action principle behind general relativity, the most beautiful and compelling theory of gravity. Only now are we trying to quantize the theory to make it compatible with the other forces. So the evolution of this theory can be summarized as: Principle -> Symmetry -> Action -> Quantum Theory According to Witten, we need to discover the analog of the Equivalence Principle for string theory. The fundamental problem has been that string theory has been evolving "backwards." As Witten says, "string theory is 21st century physics which fell into the 20th century by accident." We were never "meant" to see this theory until the next century.

IS THE END IN SIGHT?

Vafa recently added a strange twist to this when he introduced yet another mega-theory, this time a 12 dimensional theory called F-theory (F for "father") which explains the self-duality of the IIb string. (Unfortunately, this 12 dimensional theory is rather strange: it has two time co-ordinates, not one, and actually violates 12 dimensional relativity. Imagine trying to live in a world with two times! It would put an episode of Twilight Zone to shame.) So is the final theory 10, 11, or 12 dimensional?

Schwarz, for one, feels that the final version of M-theory may not even have any fixed dimension. He feels that the true theory may be independent of any dimensionality of space-time, and that 11 dimensions only emerges once one tries to solve it. Townsend seems to agree, saying "the whole notion of dimensionality is an approximate one that only emerges in some semiclassical context." So does this means that the end is in sight, that we will someday soon derive the Standard Model from first principles? I asked some of the leaders in this field to respond to this question. Although they are all enthusiastic supporters of this revolution, they are still cautious about predicting the future. Townsend believes that we are in a stage similar to the old quantum era of the Bohr atom, just before the full elucidation of quantum mechanics. He says, "We have some fruitful pictures and some rules analogous to the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization rules, but it's also clear that we don't have a complete theory."

Duff says, "Is M-theory merely a theory of supermembranes and super 5-branes requiring some (as yet unknown) non- perturbative quantization, or (as Witten believes) are the under- lying degrees of freedom of M-theory yet to be discovered? I am personally agnostic on this point." Witten certainly believes we are on the right track, but we need a few more "revolutions" like this to finally solve the theory. "I think there are still a couple more superstring revolutions in our future, at least. If we can manage one more super- string revolution a decade, I think that we will do all right," he says. Vafa says, "I hope this is the 'light at the end of the tunnel' but who knows how long the tunnel is!" Schwarz, moreover, has written about M-theory: "Whether it is based on something geometrical (like supermembranes) or some- thing completely different is still not known. In any case, finding it would be a landmark in human intellectual history." Personally, I am optimistic. For the first time, we can see the outline of the lion, and it is magnificent. One day, we will hear it roar.

#172 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 02:27 PM

Do these two articles relate?

Maybe we will find out in the near future.

bob



http://www.aip.org/e...it/pnu347-4.htm



Physics News Update
The American Institute of Physics Bulletin of Physics News

Number 347 (Story #4), November 19, 1997 by Phillip F. Schewe and Ben Stein


SPARE TIME.
Descartes gave us co-ordinate geometry, with its three spatial dimensions.

Einstein put time on an equivalent footing, creating 4-dimensional spacetime. String theory added six more spatial dimensions, and M theory added yet one more for a total of eleven (see Update 329).

Now Cumrun Vafa of Harvard has added still another----an extra element of time---to make the existing theories more compatible with each other. Because of possible side effects, such as faster-than-light travel or questionable causality (time would not be measured sequentially along an axis but would spread out into a plane), Vafa's "F Theory" has not found many adherents yet. (New Scientist, 1 November.)


http://www.thewildro...n_calendar.html

MAYAN CALENDAR

The time keeping system of the Mayans was a combination of several cycles that meshed together, marking the movement of the Sun, Moon and Venus. Their sacred calendar, the Tzolkin, is based on the cycles of the Pleiades, encompassing 26,000 years. This is reflected in the Tzolkin by 260 days, pairing the numbers from one through thirteen with a sequence of twenty day-names. Thirteen is the vibrational force that is found in all things, the source of all knowledge in the galaxy, and is representative of movement. The twenty is derived from the product of number four, representing Measure, and five, the number of the primary matrix structure (consisting of the center and four cardinal points).





The Tzolkin is known as the Long Count because it deals with large cycles of time. The Sun/glyphs of the calendar represent cosmic memory activation tools that interact with your DNA, the memory of the body. Therefore, the calendar is not only an exceptionally accurate map of the cycles of the cosmos, but is also a tool for accelerating and activating our memory of who we are in relationship to the truth behind the mystery of the cosmos. Each glyph is charged with precise information that activates our emotions in very specific, personal ways.





The hierarchy of days is as follows:

Day = Kin (keen)

Month of 20 days = Uinal

Year of 360 days = Tun (toon)

20 Tuns = K’atun (k’a toon)

20 K`atuns = Baktun (backtoon)


The emergence of humankind - Homo Sapiens - represents a particular stage in the evolutionary cycle of a star system, a stage in which the purposive integration of the four levels of consciousness becomes a distinct planetary possibility. The stage, Homo Sapiens, has a duration of 26,000 tun or five great cycles of 5,200 tun each. The 26,000-tun cycle is roughly equivalent to the so-called Platonic Great Year. The 5,200-tun cycle is but the fifth or last stage of the current evolutionary cycle. What we are experiencing is the climax of our particular species and evolutionary stage - the very last 26 years of a cycle some 26,000 years in length!" (Jose Arguelles, The Mayan Factor, p. 175)

Where do we go from here? This 26,000-year cycle is slated to end on December 21, 2012. We are now in the last k’atun of the cycle, stage 13, AHAU. Thirteen, the foundation movement in all things, is the most powerful of the galactic pulsation rays. With the morphogenetic quality of “Complete Transformation," AHAU should lead us into spiritual regeneration and a planetary golden age. On December 21, 2012, a rare celestial alignment will culminate, aligning the galactic and solar planes. At this point, the winter solstice sun will conjunct the Milky Way, creating a “sky portal” in the “dark rift” of the Milky Way. The morphogenetic quality beginning on this date, 1 IMIX, will be “Galactic Synchronization.”

“The unique moment, the moment of total planetary synchronization, 13.0.0.0.0 on the beam, will arrive – the closing out not only of the Great Cycle, but of the evolutionary interim called Homo Sapiens. Amidst festive preparation and awesome galactic-solar signs psychically received, the human race, in harmony with the animal and other kingdoms and taking its rightful place in the great electromagnetic sea, will unify as a single circuit. Solar and galactic sound transmissions will inundate the planetary field. At last, Earth will be ready for the emergence into inter-planetary civilization. Then, as if a switch were being thrown, a great voltage will race through this finally synchronized and integrated circuit called humanity. The Earth itself will be illumined.” (Arguelles, p. 194)

#173 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 02:41 PM

More on Lord Pacal Votan...

bob



http://www.clearligh...arge/pacal.html




Pyramid of Pacal Votan, Palenque, Mexico

#174 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 10:01 PM

http://www.marsearth...lizations3.html

The Lid of Palenque, Decoded - Part 1

In the ancient Mayan ruins of Palenque, in Central America, a sarcophagus was discovered. The Lid had been intricately carved with images. These images had not meant much to archeologists until the language of the Maya had been translated.

Now we find that the data contained within this writing system is so advanced that no one would have been able to digest it's message until recently. It was written by people with an in depth knowledge of our solar system that no one has obtained to this day. How or where they obtained this knowledge will remain a mystery...The main facets of this data were preserved in the inscriptions contained on The Lid of Palenque.

There have apparently been a number of civilizations down through the ages that have had this very precious knowledge that is currently unavailable to us. This includes knowledge so extreme that it enabled people to build the Pyramids, as well as a number of other ancient wonders of the world and numerous other outstanding achievements down through history. The knowledge of moving or altering large pieces of stone with precision has been attained by different civilizations, such as the Maya, and lost numerous times.

This is all interesting, but there seems to have been information available to people at one time that was so far reaching that it seems impossible to grasp how anyone could have attained this understanding prior to the past several decades. I am not referring to simple knowledge of unknown mechanics such as building in stone. Now it has become quite evident that at one time people had a thorough understanding of the construction of our Sun, it's several different layers that rotate in different sequence and have very different magnetic fields. They also understood how these fields affected Sunspots, how the sunspots affected human life on Earth and even understood the cycles of these magnetic fields within 1 day over a course of over one million days. And, they knew that the sunspot cycles are repeatable.

The Sun was, and is, known to go through a series of cycles that differentiate the rotation of the Suns core from the outer sheath of it's body. The outer layer of our Sun revolves entirely once every 37 Earth days. This is understood today. This layer and the core rotate at different speeds. It may seem similar to an electric generator. Eventually the Sun reverses it's magnetic fields. This may happen roughly every 18,000 years. At this time the Earth attempts to reverse it's fields to align with the sun, which causes tremendous alteration of the Earths surface features. The continents may pull apart and the polar ice may melt and shift...

But there is a constant change of these magnetic fields taking place which produces cycles of sunspots that repeat. Life forms conceived while the Earth is in a particular position in relation to the Sun and to a particular Sunspot configuration may have particular characteristics. This is the basis of what we now refer to as Astrology...Before the science became nebulous through the blurring of time, the constellations were used to chart the position of The Earth in relation to The Sun and it's magnetic fields. This would be as reliable as charting the tides by the Moons particular positioning...

This knowledge would have been ours for the past several centuries if the Spanish conquerors of Mexico had not destroyed all of the scientific materials they discovered that they thought were of The Devil. It seems that the Maya may have been much more advanced than any european culture was able to comprehend in the 16th century. We are now able to see that they had mathematically mapped our Earths relationship to the Sun, The Suns configuration, understood the decimal point and the exact moment major constructive events in our solar system occurred long before europeans even had a written language. They knew that the orbit of the Planet Venus would occur in a particular position X amount of times until the next reversal of the Suns magnetic fields and had this all marked out for future generations.

The next time the Sun would undergo this transformation, throwing the Earth into a catastrophic disaster, was marked by The Maya as to be in the Year 2012. This was all inscribed in the ornate lid of the burial sarcophagus according to Pacal, leader of the Maya, around the year 683AD. Also impressive is the fact that both the Lid and sarcophagus are too large to have been moved into the pyramid after it was built, implying that the pyramid was built around them as a burial temple for this great leader...they even mapped out to the exact day this magnetic reversal will occur...

#175 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 10:20 PM

http://www.marsearth...lizations3.html

The Lid of Palenque, Decoded - Part 2



Mayan "Codex" of written information

Other Mayan data is available and has been deciphered and their entire mathematical system has been deciphered. It is understood that this mathematical system was based on the the Earths relationship to the Sun. They understood that the Earth's polar axis has been shifted by several Suncycles that have already occurred down through the ages...


Relationship of the Earth to Sunspot cycles mapped by constellations and monitored through "Astro-Logical" sequencing.

In trying to understand the nature of technological advancement we may view statements made by Adrian Gilbert in a recent publication. He states that like footprints in the sand each new wave of technology erases itself. He uses the abacus being erased by the logarithmic table which was then erased by the slide rule which was then erased by the electronic calculator and so on as an excellent example of how our collective memory of history is absolutely ignorant of past events. Soon the telegraph (telephone) pole will be erased, completely, by the geostationary satellite, in space.

To future generations, following a catastrophe or great flood, this might suggest that we, today, were very low tech people who didn't even use the telephone. But, of course, this is not true.


So therefore we must look again at how the Maya, and other pre-colombian civilizations, appeared to be. If they did not use the wheel it would seem they were far more advanced than modern humans, not less, and had no need for the wheel during their stage of development. It is as though, in our arrogance, we imagine the crew of a space ship resorting to bicycles (the Wheel) to get from their space ship to the surface of a planet.

Scientist Maurice Cotterell, attributed with decoding the famed Lid of Palenque by the scientific community, first stated that the peak sunspot cycles occur every 11.1 years. The longest peak to peak cycle was recorded in years 1788-1805 and the shortest interval of 7.3 years was 1829-1837. From 1645 to 1715 no sunspots at all were recorded...

Next he mentions it is often said that we cannot ask the question "What is the angular difference between The Suns magnetic field and The Earths?" because we are on the face of it unable to quantify the differentially rotating fields in relation to The Earths position. But there IS a method of achieving this...These figures were thoroughly understood by the ancient Maya and probably a number of other ancient civilizations. They understood this so well that they knew exactly how many orbits of the planet Venus would occur before the sun entered into it's final cataclysmic reversal of it's magnetic field, which would dramatically affect our Earth.




Mayan "Death Mask" composed of Jade (Lord Pacal)


Not only were the effects of sunspots and the Suns magnetic fields upon earth and it's inhabitants well understood, but now we begin to realize that the cranial deformation or forehead flattening used by these ancients probably was a method of enhancing a more effective functioning of the brain. It now appears that magnetic devices were used rather than simply stones, in the flattening of the persons skull. This may have affected the central pineal or hypothalamus regions of the brain in ways we are still unaware of. We also have no idea how they were able to move 30 ton rocks without beasts of burden or use of the wheel. In some cases rocks much heavier than this have been found that had been moved to a mountain top where there actually was no road to the top large enough to accommodate a rock anywhere near this size.


Aztec "Calendar Stone" Displaying Cycles of Planetary Events

There seems to have been world wide knowledge at some time in the remote past that concerned abilities we are now not aware of. These techniques apparently were used by the Egyptian, Maya, Aztec, as well as a considerable number of other civilizations. This knowledge had been protected and handed down with great reverence for centuries. When the European explorers appeared, and thought they were dealing with "savages", they killed them, destroying as much of this "satanic" data as they were able to... Although many believe the ancients had some type of force field device or electromagnetic anti-gravitational device we really can only speculate.

From our perspective the known evidence does seem to imply natural methods were used for everything that was done. There appears to have been natural forces at work, whether they were mental or mechanical, in moving the large stones as well as in the perception of distant events in our solar system.

If any of you have any data to add to this please do so. This may be one of the most dynamic frontiers entered during recorded history.

#176 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 10:32 PM

http://www.uwec.edu/.../AngiePacal.htm






Pacal” the great” was the first emperor in a chain of a very powerful dynasty that constructed many of the buildings at Palenque. He built the Temple of Inscriptions which contains his tomb underneath an intricate staircase that leads a person through the temple. This staircase was filled with pottery shards and gold offerings that were given after Pacal’s death. The most interesting item that is found at the bottom of the temple is the Sarcophagus lid of Pacal. This lid was carved with a depiction of what in 1970, “Many believed it showed an astronaut taking off” (McAuliffe, 75).





With further research of the site the archeologists have discovered that it is Pacal himself being taken into the underworld by a large mouth. It also contains a depiction of a flowering world tree that has a celestial bird perched on top of it. The lid is surrounded with a sky band that shows night and day and the moon and the sun all in unison.

It is thought that Pacal is falling down the world tree and is on his way to the underworld to continue his life in a different level of the world. This passage to death for Pacal is one of the most interesting items that have been found at any Mayan site and helps historians to understand the Mayans ideas regarding life and death and how it relates to their worldview.

#177 bobdrake12

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Posted 05 January 2003 - 10:39 PM

http://wingedmammal...._palenque.shtml

The Lid of Palenque




This is the famous Lid of Palenque, sealing the tomb of Mayan king Lord Pacal.


Bats figured prominently into the religious beliefs of the ancient Maya. Independent scientist Maurice Cotterell discovered the image of a bat hidden within the famous Lid of Palenque below. His theory states that the images along the edges of the lid are codes for how the image in the center can be overlaid upon itself to reveal hidden pictures that tell the story of Mayan creation and destruction. The bat most likely symbolizes the death of the great king whose tomb the lid covers.




This is the hidden bat image within the lid image at the top. This shows the bat approaching above and flying away below.

#178 Lazarus Long

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Posted 09 February 2003 - 07:40 PM

The following article was forwarded to me by an old friend and I think the issues are germane to the discussions about Mayan prophecy that some of us have had before in the old forum as well as here.
It has a certain "synchronicity" that I find simultaneously intriguing and serendipitous.

I hope you all enjoy it, Bob, Doc, Saille, et al, ;)

Here is that article. Our e-mail is:
wipfli@bendcable.com


Love from Glory
Subject: Mayan time keepers

The Mayan Calendar: The World will Not End

Carlos Barrios was born into a Spanish family on El Altiplano, the highlands of Guatemala. His home was in Huehuetenango, also the dwelling place of the Maya Mam tribe. With other Maya and other indigenous tradition keepers, the Mam carry part of the old ways on Turtle Island (North America). They are keepers of time, authorities on remarkable calendars that are ancient, elegant and relevant.

Mr. Barrios is an historian, an anthropologist and investigator. After studying with traditional elders for 25 years, since the age of 19, he has also became a Mayan Ajq'ij, a ceremonial priest and spiritual guide, Eagle Clan.

Years ago, along with his brother, Gerardo, Carlos initiated an investigation into the different Mayan calendars. He studied with many teachers. He says his brother Gerardo interviewed nearly 600 traditional
Mayan elders to widen their scope of knowledge.

"Anthropologists visit the temple sites," Mr. Barrios says, "and read the stelas and inscriptions and make up stories about the Maya, but they do not read the signs correctly. It's just their imagination...Other people write about prophecy in the name of the Maya. They say that the world will end in December 2012. The Mayan elders are angry with this.

THE WORLD WIL NOT END.....
IT WILL BE TRANSFORMED!


The indigenous have the calendars, and know how to accurately interpret them, not others."

The Calendars Mayan comprehension of time, seasons, and cycles has proven itself to be vast and sophisticated. The Maya understand 17 different calendars, some of them charting time accurately over a span of more than ten million years. The calendar that has steadily drawn global attention since 1987 is called the Tzolk'in or Cholq'ij. Devised ages ago and based on the cycle of the Pleiades, it is still held as sacred With the indigenous calendars, native people have kept track of important turning points in history. For example, the day keepers who study the calendars identified an important day in the year One Reed, Ce Acatal, as it was called by the Mexicans. That was the day when an important ancestor was prophesied to return, "coming like a butterfly."

In the western calendar, the One Reed date correlates to Easter Sunday, April 21, 1519 the day that Hernando Cortez and his fleet of 11 Spanish galleons arrived from the East at what is today called Vera Cruz, Mexico. When the Spanish ships came toward shore, native people were waiting and watching to see how it would go. The billowing sails of the ships did indeed remind the scouts of butterflies skimming the ocean surface. In this manner was a new era initiated, an era they had anticipated through their calendars. The Maya termed the new era the Nine Bolomtikus, or nine Hells of 52 years each. As the nine cycles unfolded, land and freedom were taken from the native people. Disease and disrespect dominated. What began with the arrival of Cortez, lasted until August 16, 1987 - a date many people recall as Harmonic
Convergence. Millions of people took advantage of that date to make ceremony in sacred sites, praying for a smooth transition to a new era, the World of the Fifth Sun.

From that 1987 date until now, Mr. Barrios says, we have been in a time when the right arm of the materialistic world is disappearing, slowly but inexorably. We are at the cusp of the era when peace begins, and people live in harmony with Mother Earth. We are no longer in the World of the Fourth Sun, but we are not yet in the World of the Fifth Sun. This is the time in-between, the time of transition.

As we pass through transition there is a colossal, global convergence of environmental destruction, social chaos, war, and ongoing Earth changes. All this, Mr. Barrios says, was foreseen via the simple,
spiral mathematics of the Mayan calendars. "It will change," Mr. Barrios observes. "Everything will change." He said Mayan Daykeepers view the Dec. 21, 2012 date as a rebirth, the start of the World of the Fifth Sun. It will be the start of a new era resulting from, and signified by, the solar meridian crossing the galactic equator, and the earth aligning itself with the center of the galaxy.

At sunrise on December 21, 2012 for the first time in 26,000 years the Sun rises to conjunct the intersection of the Milky Way and the plane of the ecliptic. This cosmic cross is considered to be an embodiment of the Sacred Tree, The Tree of Life a tree remembered in all the world's spiritual traditions. Some observers say this alignment with the heart of the galaxy in 2012 will open a channel for cosmic energy to flow through the earth, cleansing it and all that dwells upon it, raising all to a higher level of vibration.

This process has already begun, Mr. Barrios suggested. "Change is accelerating now, and it will continue to accelerate." If the people of the Earth can get to this 2012 date in good shape, without having destroyed too much of the Earth, Mr. Barrios said, we will rise to a new, higher level. But to get there we must transform enormously powerful forces that seek to block the way.

A Picture of the Road Ahead >From his understanding of the Mayan tradition and the calendars, Mr. Barrios offered a picture of where we are at and what may lie on the road ahead:

***The date specified in the calendar: Winter Solstice in the year 2012 does not mark the end of the world.
Many outside people writing about the Mayan calendar sensationalize this date, but they do not know. The ones who know are the indigenous elders who are entrusted with keeping the tradition "Humanity will continue," he contends, "but in a different way. Material structures will change. From this we will have the opportunity to be more human."****

We are living in the most important era of the Mayan calendars and prophecies. All the prophecies of the world, all the traditions, are converging now. There is no time for games. The spiritual ideal of this era
is action. Many powerful souls have reincarnated in this era, with a lot of power. This is true on both sides, the light and the dark. High magic is at work on both sides.

Things will change, but it is up to the people how difficult or easy it is for the changes to come about. The economy now is a fiction. The first five-year stretch of transition from August 1987 to August 1992 was the beginning of the destruction of the material world. We have progressed ten years deeper into the transition phase by now, and many of the so-called sources of financial stability are in fact hollow.

The banks are weak. This is a delicate moment for them. They could crash globally if we don't pay attention. One critical period is October and November 2002. If the banks crash in these months then we will be forced to rely on the land and our skills. The monetary systems will be in chaos, and we must then rely on our direct relationship with the Earth for our food and shelter. The North and South Poles are both breaking up. The level of the water in the oceans is going to rise. But at the same time land in the ocean, especially near Cuba, is also going to rise.


A Call for Fusion

As he met with audiences in Santa Fe, Mr. Barrios told story about the most recent Mayan New Year ceremonies in Guatemala. He said that one respected Mayan elder, who lives all year in a solitary mountain cave, journeyed to Chichicastenango to speak with the people at the ceremony. The elder delivered a simple, direct message. He called for human beings to come together in support of life and light. Right now each person and group is going his or her own way. The elder of the mountains said there is hope if the people of the light can come together and unite in some way.

Reflecting on this, Mr. Barrios explained:
"We live in a world of polarity:
day and night, man and woman, positive and negative. Light and darkness need each other. They are a balance. Just now the dark side is very strong, and very clear about what they want. They have their vision and their priorities clearly held, and also their hierarchy. They are working in many ways so that we will be unable to connect with the spiral Fifth World in 2012."

"On the light side everyone thinks they are the most important, that their own understandings, or their group's understandings, are the key. There's a diversity of cultures and opinions, so there is competition, diffusion, and no single focus."

As Mr. Barrios sees it, the dark side works to block fusion through denial and materialism. It also works to destroy those who are working with the light to get the Earth to a higher level. They like the energy of the old, declining Fourth World, the materialism. They do not want it to change. They do not want fusion. They want to stay at this level, and are afraid of the next level.

****The dark power of the declining Fourth World cannot be destroyed or overpowered. It's too strong and clear for that, and that is the wrong strategy. The dark can only be transformed when confronted with simplicity and open-heartedness. This is what leads to fusion, a key concept for the World of the Fifth Sun.****

Mr. Barrios said the emerging era of the Fifth Sun will call attention to a much-overlooked element. Whereas the four traditional elements of earth, air, fire and water have dominated various epochs in the past, there will be a fifth element to reckon with in the time of the Fifth Sun: ether. The dictionary defines ether as the rarefied element of the Heavens. Ether is a medium. It permeates all space and transmits waves of energy in a wide range of frequencies, from cell phones to human auras. What is "ethereal" is related to the regions beyond earth: the heavens.

Ether the element of the Fifth Sun is celestial and lacking in material substance, but is no less real than wood, stone or flesh. "Within the context of ether there can be a fusion of the polarities," Mr. Barrios said.
"No more darkness or light in the people, but an uplifted fusion. But right now the realm of darkness is not interested in this. They are organized to block it. They seek to unbalance the Earth and its environment so we will be unready for the alignment in 2012. We need to work together for peace, and balance with the other side. We need to take care of the Earth that feeds and shelters us. We need to put our entire mind and heart into pursuing unity and fusion now, to confront the other side and preserve life."

To be Ready for this Moment in History Mr. Barrios told his audiences in Santa Fe that we are at a critical moment of world history. "We are disturbed," he said. "We can't play anymore. Our planet can be renewed or ravaged. Now is the time to awaken and take action." "Everyone is needed. You are not here for no reason. Everyone who is here now has an important purpose. This is a hard, but a special time. We have the opportunity for growth, but we must be ready for this moment in history."

Mr. Barrios offered a number of suggestions to help people walk in balance through the years ahead. "The prophesied changes are going to happen," he said "but our attitude and actions determine how harsh or mild they are."

We need to act, to make changes, and to elect people to represent us who understand and who will take political action to respect the earth. Meditation and spiritual practice are good, but also action. It's very important to be clear about who you are, and also about your relation to the Earth.

Develop yourself according to your own tradition and the call of your heart. But remember to respect differences, and strive for unity. Eat wisely. A lot of food is corrupt in either subtle or gross ways. Pay attention to what you are taking into your body. Learn to preserve food, and to conserve energy.

Learn some good breathing techniques, so you have mastery of your breath.

Be clear. Follow a tradition with great roots. It is not important what tradition, your heart will tell you, but it must have great roots. We live in a world of energy.

An important task at this time is to learn to sense or see the energy of everyone and everything: people, plants, animals. This becomes increasingly important as we draw close to the World of the Fifth Sun, for it is associated with the element ether -- the realm where energy lives and weaves.

Go to the sacred places of the earth to pray for peace, and respect for the Earth which gives us our food, clothing, and shelter. We need to reactivate the energy of these sacred places. That is our work.

****According to Mr. Barrios' reading of the Mayan calendar, if war happens in November 2002 or after, then it's bad, but not catastrophic. But if it happens between April and November 2003, it will be catastrophic. Really bad. It could eventually result in the death of two-thirds of humanity. "So stay active," he said. "If we are active, we can transform the planet. The elders watch to see what happens."****

Many Mayan elders and knowledge keepers may be eliminated in the next few years. For the first half of the current Katun (20-year period) the dark side has a lot of power. But that will pass 3 to 4 years from now. The tide can turn. Amazing things are going to happen.

****One simple but effective prayer technique is to light a white or baby-blue colored candle. Think a moment in peace. Speak your intention to the flame and send the light of it on to the leaders who have the power to make war or peace.****


We Have Work to Do

According to Mr. Barrios this is a crucially important moment for humanity, and for earth. Each person is important. If you have incarnated into this era, you have spiritual work to do balancing the planet. He said the elders have opened the doors so that other races can come to the Mayan world to receive the tradition. The Maya have long appreciated and respected that there are other colors, other races, and other spiritual systems. "They know," he said, "that the destiny of the Mayan world is related to the destiny of the whole world."

"The greatest wisdom is in simplicity," Mr. Barrios advised before leaving Santa Fe. "Love, respect, tolerance, sharing, gratitude, forgiveness. It's not complex or elaborate. The real knowledge is free. It's encoded in your DNA. All you need is within you. Great teachers have said that from the beginning.
Find your heart, and you will find your way."

#179 bobdrake12

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Posted 10 February 2003 - 05:37 AM

QUOTE
"The greatest wisdom is in simplicity," Mr. Barrios advised before leaving Santa Fe. "Love, respect, tolerance, sharing, gratitude, forgiveness.


Lazarus Long,

Thanks for your contribution.

Ethics and Morals (Love, respect, tolerance, sharing, gratitude, forgiveness) are far more important (and powerful) than anything. They are revealed in the stillness.

bob

Edited by bobdrake12, 10 February 2003 - 05:50 AM.


#180 kurdishfella

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Posted 09 September 2020 - 02:41 PM

 

 

Ruz shined his flashlight through a peephole that his workers had cut through the limestone.

why is it not called peekhole?






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