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PAYWALLED__T cells with dysfunctional mitochondria induce multimorbidity and premature senescence

aging microbiology diseases particle physics health

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#1 Engadin

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Posted 23 May 2020 - 08:50 PM


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P A Y W A L L E D   S O U R C E :   Science Mag

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract
 
The impact of immunometabolism on age-associated diseases remains uncertain. Here, we show that T cells with dysfunctional mitochondria due to mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) deficiency act as accelerators of senescence. In mice, these cells instigate multiple aging-related features, including metabolic, cognitive, physical, and cardiovascular alterations, which together result in premature death.
 
 
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T cell metabolic failure induces the accumulation of circulating cytokines, which resembles chronic inflammation characteristic of aging (“inflammaging”). This cytokine storm itself acts as a systemic inducer of senescence. Blocking TNF-α signaling or preventing senescence with NAD+ precursors partially rescues premature aging in mice with Tfam-deficient T cells. Thus, T cells can regulate organismal fitness and lifespan, highlighting the importance of tight immunometabolic control in both aging and the onset of age-associated diseases.
 
 
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Edited by Engadin, 23 May 2020 - 09:24 PM.

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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: aging, microbiology, diseases, particle physics, health

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